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Collections. 



NOTICES. 

Members are informed that separate copies of each of the following Papers are on 
hand, and can be obtained by application to the Secretary at the prices given 

below: s. d. 

Copies of the Chaldon Wall-Painting, on large paper 

Le Keux's Engraving of Horsleydown in 1590 

The Barker Deed 2 6 

The Corporation of Godalming, by RALPH NEVILL, F.S.A. (reprinted from 

Vol. XIX of the Collections], in paper covers 2 

Catalogue of Books in the Library of the Surrey Archaeological Society 

Vol. II of the Society's Collections (Parts I and II only), in paper covers, each 5 < 

Vol. Ill bound in cloth 10 

Vol. VII (Parts II and III only) in paper covers, each 7 6 

*Vol. VIII in paper covers ... 20 

Vol. IX 20 

*Vol.X 20 

*Vol.XI 20 

*Vol. XII .- 20 

*Vol. XIII 20 

*Vol. XIV 20 

fVol. XV bound in cloth 15 

fVoLXVI 15 

tVol. XVII 15 

fVol. XVIII ., 15 

tVol. XIX 15 

fVol. XX 15 

fVol. XXI 15 

tVol. XXII 15 

tVol. XXIII 15 

fVol. XXIV 15 

fVol. XXV ,. 15 

Vols. I, II (Part III), IV, V, VI, and VII (Part I), are out of Print. 

* To Members, 15s. f To Members, 10s. 

Cloth Covers for Binding may be had on application to the Hon. Sec. Price, Is. each. 

Extra Volume, No. 1. 

A CALENDAR OF THE FEET OF FINES 
RELATING TO THE COUNTY OF SURREY, FROM THE 
SEVENTH YEAR OF RICHARD I TO THE END OF THE 
REIGN OF HENRY VII. 

Extracted and Edited by FRANK B. LEWIS, B.A. 

8vo,pp. 338, viz., Preface i v, Calendar 1232, Index 233338. 

Price to Members, 7s. 6d, bound in cloth ; Non-Members, 10s., ditto. 

Reprinted from "Surrey Arcliceological Collections." 

THE CHURCH PLATE OF SURREY, 

By Rev. T. S. COOPER, M.A., F.S.A. 

With over 50 plates and other illustrations: 

8vo,pp. 399, via., Preface i xvi, Catalogue 1 366, Index 367 383. 
NOTE. This reprint consists of 75 copies only, of which 25 are presentation copies. Price 21*. net, 

bound in cloth. 

V/ A V E R L~iTY" ABBEY, 

By HAROLD BRAKSPEAR, F.S.A. 

With large Ground Plan in colours, 19 Plates, and other Illustrations. 

8vo,pp. 109, viz., Preface i viii, Text 196, Index 97101. 

Price 10s. 6d. net, bound in cloth. 

Reprinted from "Surrey Arcliceological Collections''' 

THE GLOBE THEATRE. 

With numerous plates. Price, in paper covers, 5.?. 



SURREY 




RELATING TO THE 



HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OF THE COUNTY. 



PUBLISHED BY 



Sums Ercijffologtral g 




VOL. XXVI. 



LONDON: 

fcg l&otootilg & &xr, limi^Jr, fat 
THE SUREEY AECH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY, 
CASTLE ARCH, GUILDFORD. 

MDCCCCXIII. 




[The COUNCIL of the SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY desires it to be 
distinctly understood that it is not responsible for any statements or opinions 
expressed in the COLLECTIONS ; the Authors of the several Communications being 
alone accountable for the same.] 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXVI. 



PAGE 

Report of Proceedings at the Castle Arch, Guildt'ord ix 

Twenty-third Congress of Archaeological 

Societies in Union with the Society of Antiquaries (referred to} ... xv 

Report of Proceedings at Chertsey, Thorpe and Egham xv 

List of Members xvii 

Rules of the Society xli 

Rules for governance of the Library xlv 

Form of Application for Admission of Members xlvii 

ARTICLES : 

A List of Monumental Brasses in Surrey. Compiled by MILL 

STEPHENSON, B.A., F.S.A. (Continued from S. A. C., Vol.. XXV.) 1 

Lingfield College. By THEODORE CRAIB 81 

Notes from a Carshalton Vestry Book. By Miss HILDA FOSBERY ... 100 

Stoke d'Abernon Church : Some recent Discoveries. By PHILIP 

MAINWARING JOHNSTON, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A 121 

NOTES : 

I. An Ecclesiastical Quarrel at Horley 134 

II. A Series of Finds at Ewell 135 

III. Animal Remains and Saxon Burials found near Coulsdon ... 139 

IV. The Needier Family HO 



v i CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

V. Surrey Bridges and Waterways 141 

VI. Old Houses on Clapham Common 147 

VII. Human Remains found at Banstead 147 

VIII. Discoveries at Garbrand Hall, Ewell 148 

IX. Roman Waterpot found at Camberwell 149 

X. A Cinerary Urn and other matters found at Dorking and 

Betchworth 149 

XL Recent Additions, etc., to the Society's Museum 150 

XII. The Society's Collection of Deeds 151 

RECENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL PUBLICATIONS : 

General Note 153 

Reviews : 

A History of Banstead in Surrey. By H. C. M. LAMBERT, C.B. ... 157 

The Churches of Wotton, AHnger and Oaltn'ood in the County 

of Surrey. By F. R. FAIRBANK, M.D., F.S.A 159 

Cambridge County Geographies: Surrey. By G. F. BOSWORTH ... 160 

Cambridge Manuals of Science and Literature : The Ground Plan 
of the English Parish Church and The Historical Development 
of the English Parish Church. By A. HAMILTON THOMPSON, 
M.A., F.S.A 161 

INDEX TO VOL. XXVI 1C2 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS: 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY: 

PAGE 

Richard Skinner and Wife Agnes, 1499. Camberwell, Surrey 4 

John Scott, Esq., Baron of the Exchequer, 1532, and Wife Elizabeth. 

Camberwell, Surrey 8 

The Scott Monument. Camberwell 9 

Edward Scott, 1538. Camberwell, Surrey 11 

Palimpsest Inscription, Edward Scott, 1538. Camberwell, Surrey ... 13 

John Bowyar, Esq., 1570, and Wife Elizabeth, 1605. Date of Brass, 

1570. Inscription added. Camberwell, Surrey 15 

Mathye Draper, Esq., 1577, and Wife Sence. Camberwell, Surrey ... 18 

Reverse of Dove Inscription. Camberwell, Surrey 21 

Reverse of Dove Shield. Camberwell, Surrey 21 

Head of Margaret Gaynesford. Carshulton, Surrey 28 

Nicholas Gaynesford and Wife Margaret. Brass engraved between 

1480-90. Carshalton, Surrey face 28 

Shields on Front of Gaynesford Tomb. Carshalton, Surrey 29 

Walter Gaynesford, 1193. Carshalton, Surrey 33 

Thomas Elynghrigge, Esq., 1497, and Wife Elizabeth. Carshalton, 

Surrey 35 

Our Lady of Pity. Carshalton, Surrey 37 

John Burton, 1524. Carshalton, Surrey 40 

Nicholas Saunder, Esq., 1553, and Wife Alice. Chad wood, Surrey ... 45 

Crest of Saunder. Charlwood, Surrey 47 

A Civilian, c. 1390. Cheam, Surrey 52 

A Civilian, c. 1390. Cheam, Surrey 53 

John Yerde, Esq., 1449, and Wife Dame Anne, 1453. Brass engraved 

about 1470-80. Cheam, Surrey 55 



LIST OF ILLUSTKATIONS. 

PAGE 

A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BKASSES IN SUREEY (continued) : 

Palimpsest Shield. Cheam, Surrey 56 

John Compton, 1450, and Wife Joan, 1458. Cheam, Surrey 59 

William Wodeford, 1459. Cheam, Surrey 59 

Thomas Fromond, Esq., 1542, and Wife Elizabeth. Cheam, Surrey ... 61 

Reverse of Fromond Brass. Cheam, Surrey 62 

Lucy Roper, 1614. Chipstead, Surrey 70 

The Adoration of the Shepherds. Cobham, Surrey 74 

Palimpsest Brass. Cobham, Surrey 75 

Brass formerly at Cobham, Surrey 77 

STOKE D'ABERNON CHURCH: SOME RECENT DISCOVERIES: 

Plan of the pre-Conquest Church, in the light of recent Discoveries ... 122 

Inscription on South Wall of Chancel, above vaulting of c. 1210 ... 124 

Saxon Priest's- Chamber Door... 127 



Plate I. Stoke D'Abernon Church. North-west View face 129 

Plate II. Ditto. South-east View 130 

(From Drawings by W. Twopenny, 1828.) 



Fire-place in Norbury Chapel 131 

Pillar-piscina Bowl, c. 1140, found 1909, in pocket of early-13th-cent. 

vaulting 132 

Plate III. Stoke D'Abernon Church. View of the Chancel ... face 132 
(From a Drawing by W. Twopenny, 1828.) 



NOTES. 



OLD HOUSES ON CLAPHAM COMMON: 17th or early-18th-cent. ... face 147 

FINDS AT GARBRAND HALL, EWELL 148 

ROMAN WATER-POT found at Camberwell 149 

CINERARY URN found at Cotmandene, Dorking f ace 149 



REPORTS OF PROCEEDINGS. 



THE FIFTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING (in accordance 
with Rule XIII) was held, by kind invitation of His Worship the 
Mayor of Guildford (W. T. Patrick, Esq., J.P.), in the Town Hall, 
Guildford, on Saturday, the 20th of April, 1912. Mr. Alderman F. F. 
Smallpeice, J.P., Vice-President, in the Chair. 

The Honorary Secretary read the Notice convening the Meeting. 

The Minutes of the last Annual General Meeting were read and 
adopted. 

The Accounts and Report, being printed and in the hands of 
Members, were taken as read. 



REPORT OF COUNCIL. 

THE COUNCIL OF THE SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY has 
much pleasure in submitting this, its Fifty-seventh Annual Report, 
together with the Cash Account and Statement of Assets and 
Liabilities for the year ending 31st December, 1911. 

THK ANNUAL EXCURSION was held on Thursday, July 13th, the 
places visited being Guildford, Shere, and Albury. The Council takes 
this opportunity of thanking all who helped to make that Meeting a 
success. Very hearty thanks are due also in this place to the Master 
of the Charterhouse (Rev. Gerald S. Davies) : by the kind invitation 
of the Master and Mrs. Davies, Members of the Society were privileged 
to pay a special visit to the Charterhouse on the afternoon of Saturday, 
14th October, and were entertained there. 

During the year the ANNUAL VOLUME for the year 1910 was issued 
(Vol. XXIV). It contains valuable papers by Mr. R. A. Roberts, 
Dr. Eric Gardner, Mr. P. M. Johnston, F.S.A., Miss Ethel Stokes, 
Dr. J. M. Hobson, Mr. F. Lasham, and Mr. C. T. Davis. The Annual 
Volume for the past year (Vol. XXV) is now in hand. The lengthy 
process of editing for the press the General Index to the first twenty 



x REPORTS OF PROCEEDINGS. 

volumes of the Society's Collections is still proceeding ; and the manner 
of its publication, an expensive matter, has been engaging the attention 
of the Council and will be the subject of a proposition to be made by it 
at a Special General Meeting immediately following the Annual General 
Meeting. 

The general question of the preservation of THREATENED ANTI- 
QUITIES has been before the Council in many forms during the past 
year. Quite the most serious danger, though public attention was not 
strongly drawn to it, was that which threatened St. George's Hill 
at Weybridge. This hill has upon it an exceptionally fine early 
British Camp, the interest and importance of which (described in last 
year's volume of the Society's Collections} are enhanced by the 
numerous finds of pottery and weapons made recently in its neigh- 
bourhood. Building operations, now inevitable there, at one time 
threatened the most interesting features of the hill ; but the Council 
is glad to report that, thanks to the constant efforts of the Society's 
Local Secretary, Dr. Gardner, and to the ready acquiescence of the 
new owner, the worse dangers have been averted. 

A case of danger to antiquities which has had a larger share of 
public attention is that touching the old houses in Farnham Road, 
Guildford. With regard to this the Council has little to add to the 
remarks on the same subject made in a former Report. The matter, 
however, occupied considerable space in some of the daily papers and 
has served to attract to the whole question the attention of the Surrey 
County Council, which has now elected a Committee, upon which the 
Society is duly represented, to consider the question of the preservation 
of Surrey Antiquities. Partly in connection with this action of the 
County Council and partly in response to an appeal for information 
made by Sir Schomberg McDonnell, of H.M. Office of Works, the 
Council has decided to undertake a Schedule, arranged alphabetically 
under parishes, of all Surrey Antiquities of importance. It is hoped 
that this summary list, which will be printed during the year and issued 
to Members of the Society, may prove to be of considerable value. 

Another danger, one of a different kind, may here be referred to in 
connection with the recent presentation of a large number of PRIVATE 
DEEDS OF THE HTII AND 18TH CENTURIES, for which the Council 
has to thank LORD GRANTLEY. It cannot be too strongly urged 
upon Members that such deeds, even though they be of a com- 
paratively late date, will be in the future, if they are not now, a 



REPORTS OF PROCEEDINGS. XI 

principal source of information upon local history ; that under the 
present requirements for the proving of title their legal value is 
small ; that they tend, consequently, either to be ill-kept , and 
neglected or to be so separated for the purposes of collectors as to 
lose a large part of their historical value ; and that, in the absence 
of any official provision, the County Archaeological Society is 
obviously the proper custodian for them. Some account of Lord 
Grantley's gift and of other deeds in the possession of the Society 
will be given shortly in the Society's Collections. 

Turning to other ADDITIONS TO THE LIBRARY AND MUSEUM, 
the Council have great satisfaction in calling the attention of Members 
to their acquisition of a set of photographic negatives and prints the 
latter now bound in an Album in the Library of a collection of water 
colour paintings of Surrey Churches and other buildings made at the 
beginning of the 19th century. The Council is much indebted to the 
owner, Edgar Sharpe, Esq., of Eeigate, for permission to photograph 
this valuable collection, a specimen from which has been already 
reproduced in Vol. XXIV. 

The Library has also profited by a gift from Miss Smiles of twenty- 
four volumes of the Genealogist, and by the deposit, upon loan, of a 
number of volumes of Archceologia, with the general index volume, 
by Ralph Nevill, Esq., F.S.A. 

The formal OPENING OF THE NEW MUSEUM, control of which is 
shared by this Society with the Town Council of Guildford, occurred 
during the present year, but has been already referred to by anticipa- 
tion in last year's Report. 

The Society numbers at present 491 Members, viz. : 86 Life, 403 
Annual, and 2 Honorary Members. It has gained during the past 
year, 33, and has lost by resignation, 20, and by death, 9 Members. 
Among the last mentioned, the Council has particularly to deplore two 
old Members and Vice-Presidents, the late Sir William Grantham and 
the late Earl of Onslow. It has to announce with pleasure that the 
present Earl of Onslow, who as Viscount Cranley was already a 
Member of the Society, has accepted the position of Vice-President 
in succession to his father. 

The following Members of Council retire by rotation this year but 
are eligible for re-election : Lt.-Col. Godwin Austen, F.R.S. ; Arthur 
F. Charrington, Esq. ; Lt.-Col. C. A. Gordon Clark ; Rev. T. S. 



x il REPORTS OF PROCEEDINGS. 

Cooper, F.S.A. ; George C. Druce, Esq., F.S.A. ; Mill Stephenson, 
Esq. B.A., F.S.A. ; Arthur J. Style, Esq., F.R.I.B.A. ; and Sir John 
Watney, F.S.A. 

On the Motion of the Chairman it was resolved " That the Report 
of the Council for 1911, together with the Accounts for that year, he 
received, adopted, and entered on the Minutes." 

The following gentlemen were re-elected Members of Council : 
Lt.-Col. Godwin Austen, F.R.S. ; A. F. Charrington, Esq. ; Lt.-Col. 
C. A. Gordon Clark ; the Rev. T. S. Cooper, F.S.A. ; G. C. Druce, 
Esq., F.S.A. ; Mill Stephenson, Esq., F.S.A. ; A. J. Style, Esq., 
F.R.I.B.A., and Sir John Watney, F.S.A. 

It was then resolved and carried unanimously " That a vote of 
thanks be offered to the President, Council and Officers of the Society 
for their services during the past year." 

The Honorary Secretary and Honorary Auditors were in turn 
re-elected to those positions with like votes of thanks. 

It was then moved by the Chairman, seconded and carried 

(1) That the Rules proposed by the Joint Committee for the govern- 

ance of the Museum, which had been approved by the Town 
Council of Guildford and the Council of this Society, should be 
adopted. 

(2) That the Council should have power to elect, every November, 

Members to represent this Society upon the Joint Committee. 

Votes of thanks to the Chairman and to the Mayor for his kind 
hospitality ended the meeting. 

Immediately afterwards a SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING was held, 
Mr. Smallpeice in the Chair, when the following Resolution, of which 
due notice had been given, was proposed by the Chairman, seconded by 
Mr. F. B. Eastwood, and carried unanimously 

" That the Council be authorised to appropriate from the Reserve 
" Fund of the Society a sum not exceeding 50 towards the pay- 
" ment for the printing and publishing of the General Index to 
" Vols. I to XX of the Society's Collections:' 

Tea and an inspection of the fine Corporation Plate (again by kind 
invitation of the Mayor) finally closed the proceedings. 



REPORTS OF PROCEEDINGS. 



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REPORTS OF PROCEEDINGS. XV 

An account of the proceedings at the TWENTY-THIRD CONGRESS 
OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETIES IN UNION WITH THE SOCIETY OF 
ANTIQUARIES is issued with the present volume. 



The Annual Excursion was held on Thursday, July 18th, 1912, an 
exceptionally large party of Members assembling at Chertsey Station. 
Chertsey Church was first visited, and described by Mr. P. M. Johnston: 
after which the most interesting Fish Ponds and other remains of the 
Abbey were examined by kind permission of the occupant of the site ; 
these were described by Mr. H. E. Maiden. The party then drove to 
Thorpe, where lunch was taken ; after which the Church was inspected, 
with a description by Mr. Johnston. 

The next place visited was the magnificent house of Great Fosters, 
at Egham, every part of which the Society was permitted by the owner 
to examine in detail ; papers being read by Mr. Ralph Nevill on the 
Architecture, and by Mr. F. Turner on the History of the House. 

The day ended with tea in the grounds of Milton Park, by the kind 
invitation of Baron George de Worms, Members driving afterwards to 
Egham Station. 



LIST OF MEMBEBS 



AND 



KULES 



OF THE 





LONDON: 
PRINTED BY KO WORTH & CO. LIMITED, 

FOR 

THE SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, 

CASTLE ARCH, GUILDFORD. 

1913. 



SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



Council Room, CASTLE ARCH, GUILDFORD. 



PATRON. 

HER ROYAL HIGHNESS 

THE DUCHESS 

OF ALBANY. 




PRESIDENT. 

COLONEL THE HON. 

HENRY CUBITT, 

LORD LIEUTENANT 

OF SURREY. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 



His Grace the LORD ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY, D.D. 
His Grace the DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, KG., F.S.A. 

The Right Hon. the EARL OF ONSLOW. 

The Right Hon. the EARL OF LOVELACE. 

The Right Rev. the LORD BISHOP OF KINGSTON, D.D. 

The Right Hon. LORD ASHCOMBE. 

The Right Hon. LORD FARRER. 

The Right Hon. LORD ALVERSTONE, G.C.M.G., Lord Chief Justice 

of England. 

Sir FREDERICK POLLOCK, Bart., M.A., LL.D., F.S.A. 

Sir EDWARD W. BRABROOK, C.B., F.S.A. 

W. KESWICK, M.P. 

H. COSMO BONSOR. 

The Rev. GERALD H. RENDALL, Lit.D. 

F. F. SMALLPEICE, J.P. 

Sir JOHN WATNEY, F.S.A. 

EDWIN FRESHFIELD, LL.D., D.L., F.S.A. 



COUNCIL. 

Lt.-Col. GODWIN-AUSTEN, F.R.S., F.G.S., F.R.G.S, F.Z.S. 
W. BRUCE BANNERMAN, F.S.A. 
A. RIDLEY BAX, F.S.A. 

E. A. CHANDLER. 
ARTHUR F. CHARRINGTON. 
Lt.-Col. C. A. GORDON CLARK. 
Rev. T. S. COOPER, M.A., F.S.A. 
FREDERICK A. CRISP, F.S.A. 
Rev. GERALD S. DAVTES, M.A. 
GEORGE C. DRUCE, F.S.A. 
FRANK B. EASTWOOD. 

W. E. ST. LAWRENCE FINNY, M.D. 

ERIC GARDNER, M.B. 

MONTAGUE S. GIUSEPPI, F.S.A. 

HENRY HORNCASTLE. 

PHILIP M. JOHNSTON, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A. 

S. WAYLAND KERSHAW, M.A., F.S.A. 

F. A. HEYGATE LAMBERT, F.S.A. 
H. E. MALDEN, M.A. 

RALPH NEVILL, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A. 
EDMUND WARD OLIVER. 
R. GARRAWAY RICE, F.S.A. 
MILL STEPHENSON, B.A., F.S.A. 
ARTHUR J. STYLE, F.R.I.B.A. 



TREASURER. 

T. S. VERNON COCKS. 
TRUSTEES. 



T. S. VERNON COCKS. 
The Right Hon. LORD ASHCOMBE. 

HONORARY SECRETARY. 
HILARY JENKINSON, B.A., F.S.A., 29, Cheyne Row, Chelsea, S.W. 

ASSISTANT HONORARY SECRETARY. 

R. L. ATKINSON, B.A, Ingram House, Stockwell Road, S.W. 

HONORARY PHOTOGRAPHER. 

G. C. DRUCE, F.S.A. 

AUDITORS FOR 1913. 

CECIL T. DAVIS. ~7~ A. BONNER. 

BANKERS. 

Messrs. COCKS, BIDDULPH & CO., 43, Charing Cross, S.W. 
HONORARY LOCAL SECRETARIES. 



ALDERSHOT W. E. FOSTER, F.S.A. 

CAMBERWELL PHILIP M. JOHNSTON, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A. 

COBHAM Lt.-Col. C. A. GORDON CLARK. 

CROYDON W. BRUCE BANNERMAN, F.S.A. f. 

DORKING H. E. MALDEN, M.A. 

EPSOM H. H. PARKINSON. 

FARNHAM HAROLD FALKNER. 

GODALMING G. T. PlLCHER. 

GUILDFORD RALPH NEVILL, F.S.A, F.R.I.B.A. 

HASLEMERE E. W. SWANTON. 

KINGSTON-UPON-THAMES ...W. E. ST. L. FINNY, M.D. 

OXTED ARTHUR F. CHARRINGTON. 

RICHMOND ALBERT A. BARKAS. 

SUTTON JAMES CURTIS, F.S.A. 

THAMES DITTON ARTHUR J. STYLE, F.R.I.B.A. 

WANDSWORTH CECIL T. DAVIS. 

WEYBRIDGE ERIC GARDNER, M.B. 

WIMBLEDON GEORGE C. DRUCE, F.S.A. 

WOKING HENRY HORNCASTLE. 

LIBRARIAN AND CURATOR. 
Mr. FREDERICK H. ELSLEY, Castle Arch, Guildford. 

BOOKBINDERS. 
A. STRAKER AND SON, SMITH BROTHERS, LTD., 4, Carmelite Street, E.C. 



XX111 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Corrected to August, 1913. 



Any Member intending to withdraw must signify this intention in writing before 
January 1st, otherwise he will be considered liable to pay his subscription for 
the current year. 

It is particularly requested that speedy intimation of any change of residence, 
or errors in addresses, may be sent to the Hon. Secretary. 



TLis * denotes Life Compouuders. 

*1 BARROW, RUFUS, 6, St. Simon's Avenue, Putney, S.W. 

Adams, Mrs. Weldon, The Lawn, Portsmouth Road, Guildford. 

Ady, Rev. W. H., The Rectory, Ockham. 

Ahlers, Miss E. K, Holly Bank, Godalming. 
* Albany, Her Royal Highness the Duchess of, Claremont, Esher. 

Alcock, Miss E., Forest View, East Grinstead, Sussex. 

Allen, George, Staffield Lodge, 163, Ramsden Road, Balham, S.W. 
*Alverstone, The Right Hon. Lord, Lord Chief Justice of England, G.C.M.G., 
Hornton Lodge, Kensington, W., and Winter fold, Cranleigh. 

Anderson, John E., Acton House, Mortldke. 

Anderson, Rupert D., Waverley Abbey, Farnham. 

Annand, Col., Field Place, Compton, Guildford. 

Anstruther, Miss Evelyn, Lord's Hill, Shamley Green, Surrey. 

Apperson, G. L., I.S.O., Oakdene, Haywards Heath, Sussex. 

Arnold, C. F., The Causeway, Horsham, Sussex. 

Ashcombe, The Right Hon. Lord, 17, Princes Gate, S.W. 

Aston, W. W., 44, Portland Place, W. 

Atkinson, R. L., B.A., Asst. Hon. Sec., Ingram House, Stockwell Road, S.W. 
*Attlee, Miss, Rose Hill, Dorking. 

Austen, Lt.-Col. Godwin, F.R.S., F.G.S., F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., Nore, Godalming. 

B. 

BACON, Captain K. V., The Lodge, Hale, Farnham. 

Baker, H. Kendra, Kingsclere, Waterden Road, Guildford. 
'"'Baker, Lawrence J., J.P., 10, Ennismore Gardens, S.W. 
*Baunerman, W. Bruce, F.S.A., 4, The Waldrons, Croydon. 



XXIV SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Barchard, Mrs., Admiralty House, Lewes. 

Barclay, Edwyn, 10, Vicarage Gardens, Kensington, W. 
*Baring, The Hon. F. H., 34, Great Cumberland Place, W. 

Barkas, A. A., Public Library, Richmond, Surrey. 

Barlow, C. J., Western Down, Guildown Eoad, Guildford. 
^Barnard, Sir Herbert, F.S.A., Burrows Lea, Gomshall. 

Barnes, G. S., C.B., Foxholm, Cobham, Surrey. 

Barralet, Thomas C., Eastcote, Oxted, Surrey. 
*Barron, E. J., F.S.A., 10, Endsleigh Street, Tavistock Square, W.C. 

Barron, A. L., Clophill, Sandy Lane, Wallington. 
*Barrow, a. See A BAREOW. 

Barwell, Rev. Prebendary, F.S.A., Blechingley House, Blechingley. 

Bashall, H. St. John H., Elm Grove, Ockham, Surrey. 

Bashall, John, M.A., Downs Hill, Runfold, Farnham. 

Bates, Ernest, A.R.I.B.A., Winton Croft, Purley Downs Road, Purley. 

Battersea Public Library, Lavender Hill, S.W. 

Bax, A. Ridley, F.S.A., 7, Cavendish Square, S.W. 
*Baxter, Edwin Wynne, 9, Laurence-Pountney Hill, E.G. 

Beaumont, F. H., Buckland Court, Betchworth. 

Beck, Rev. Canon E. J., M.A., 4, Scroope Terrace, Cambridge. 

Bed well, C. E. A., 9, Mount Adon Park, East Dulwich, S.E. 

Bell, W. A., Pendell Court, Blechingley, Red Hill. 
*Bell, W. A. Juxon, Pendell Court, Blechingley, Red Hill. 

Benecke, Miss, Furze Hill, Hambledon, W. Godalming. 

Berlin Royal Library, per Asher & Co., 13, Bedford Street, Covent Garden, 

Bernau, Charles A., 17, Billiter Square Buildings, E.G. [W.C. 

*Berry, Frederick J., Limps field, Surrey. 

Bidder, H. F., F.S.A., 10, Queen's Gate Gardens, S.W. 

Biddulph, G. T., Douglas House, Petersham, Surrey. 
*Binney, Mrs., Denmark Road, Carshalton. 

Bird, Rev. G. S., Great Bookham Rectory, Surrey. 

Birts, W. T., Ashtead Grange, Leatherhead. 

Blake, John S., Holmleigh, 10, Onslow Road, Richmond, Surrey. 

Bolton, William, F.R.S.L. 

Bond, Francis, M.A., F.G.S., Hon. A.R.I.B.A., Stafford House, Duppas 
Road, Croydon. 

Bond, Richard S., Croylands, Surbiton. 

Bonner, A., 23, Streathbourne Road, Upper Tooting S W 
*Bonsor, H. Cosmo 

Booker, R. P. L, F.S.A., Eton College, Windsor, and Ling Cottage, Hindhead. 

Bouverie, Hon. Stuart PleydeU, High Barn, Hascombe. 

Bowles, Miss, Ranmoor Cottage, Guildford. 

Bowring, S. H., Amberley, Bury Lane, Horsell, Surrey. 

Bowyer, Percy A., Avoca, Heene Road, West Worthing. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXV 

*Boyson, A. P., Tring, Herts. 

Boyd, Mrs., Hill House, Harvey Road, Guildford. 
*Brabrook, Sir E. W., C.B., F.S.A., 178, Bedford Hill, Balham, S.W. 

Braithwaite, Basil, J.P., D.L., Hookfield, Epsom. 

Breidenbach, R. B., Aberfoyle, Addiscombe Grove, Croydon. 

Bremner, A., Airlie Lodge, Surbiton. 

*Brewster, W. H. Edric, 9, Hampton Court Road, Hampton Wick, Kingston- 
upon-Thames. 

Bridger, H. L., Berkeley House, Hampton-on-Thames. 

Brighton Public Library. 

*Brodie, Sir Benjamin V. S., Bart,, M.A., F.S.A., Brockham Warren, 
Betchworth. 

Brooke, Edward, Ufford Woodbridge, Suffolk. 
"Browne, J., Birchwood, 36, Park Hill Road, Croydon. 

Bryant, Mrs., South Hall, Guildford. 
*Burbidge, W. H., Marlyns, Guildford. 
*Burgess, Charles, 35, High Street, Godalming. 

Burkitt, Rev. H. J. V., Stoughton Vicarage, Guildford. 

Bury, Henry, May field House, Farnham, Surrey. 

Buscarlet, Mrs., The Manor House, Stoke d'Abernon, Cobham. 

Butler, Geoffrey, Marling Cottage, Merstham. 

Butler, Hubert A., Crab Hill, South Nut field, Surrey. 

Butler, Miss, The Fishponds, Sm'biton Hill. 

Butler, Miss M., The Fishponds, Surbiton Hill. 

C. 

CANHAM, G. M., 19, Great Winchester Street, E.G. 
^'Canterbury, His Grace the Lord Archbishop of, D.D., Lambeth Palace, S.E. 

Carless, Thomas James, 7, Spring Terrace, Richmond, Surrey. 

Carlisle, A. D., M.A., Northacre, Godalming. 
' :;: 'Carpenter, Miss, 34, Waldrons, Croydon. 

Carpenter, Miss Clara E., The Mary Datchelor Training College, Camber- 
well, S.E. 

Carpenter, Dr. A. B., Wykeham House, Bedford Park, Croydon. 

Carr, Rev Arthur, M.A., Addington Vicarage, Croydon. 

Cave, George, K.C., M.P., Wardrobe Court, Richmond, Surrey. 

Chadwyck-Healey, Sir C. E.H., K.C.B., K.C., F.S.A, Wyphurst, Cranleigh, 
Surrey. 

Chalcraft, H. T., Austen Road, Guildford. 
:!: "Chambers, Arthur W., 10, Addison Gardens, Kensington, W. 
*Chambers, Major Edward, Rodmill, Weybridge. 
' :i: 'Chambers, James, M.D., The Priory, Roehampton. 

Chance, Sir William, Bart., J.P., Orchards, near Godalming. 



XXVI SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

^Chancellor, Edwin Beresford, M.A., F.R.Hist.Soc., The Gladdy House, 
Wargrave, Berks. 

Chandler, Allen, Bunch Lane House, Haslemere. 

Chandler, E. A., Lasham's Hill, Witley, Surrey. 

Chapman, H. M., St. Martin's Priory, Canterbury, Kent. 
*Charlesworth, Jesse, Nutfield Court, Nutfield. 
*Charrington, A. F., East Hill, Oxted, Surrey. 

Charrington, M. V., How Green, Hever, Kent. 

Charterhouse School Library, Godalming. 
*Chester, Henry Morris, LL.D., C.C., Poyle Park, Tongham, Farnham. 

Chichester, Rev. Canon, Rose Hill, Dorking. 

-Churchill, Charles, 5, Mansfield Street, W., and Waverley Cottage, 
Weybridge. 

Clark, Lt.-Col. C. A. Gordon, Appletons, Cobham. 

Clark, C. S. Gordon, Fetcham Lodge, Leatherhead. 

Clulow, C. A., Billiter Square Buildings, 2, 3, and 4, Billiter Avenue, E.G. 

Coates, Sir E. F., Bart. M.P., 99, Gresham Street, Bank, E.G. 

Cocks, T. S. Vemon (Treasurer), 43, Charing Cross, S.W. 

Cocks, Walter, Baker Street, Weybridge. 
*Colman, Sir Jeremiah, Bart, J.P., Gatton Park, Gatton. 

Colvill, J. C. 

Comber, John, Ashenhurst, Albury Road, Guildford. 

Congress Library, Washington, U.S.A., per Edw. G. Allen & Son, Ltd., 
14, Grape Street, Shaftesbury Avenue, W.C. 

Connor, Arthur B., 1, Mulberry Walk, Vale Avenue, Chelsea, S.W. 

Constitutional Club, The, Northumberland Avenue, W.C. 

Cook, C. A., Sullingstead, Hascombe, Godalming. 

Cooke, E. M., 27, Denmark Avenue, Wimbledon. 

Cooper, Rev. T. S, M.A., F.S.A., Chaleshurst, Chiddingfold, Godalming. 

Cooper, Mrs. T. S., Chaleshurst, Chiddingfold, Godalming. 

Cooper, Wilbraham V. 

Cotton, L. F., Dowdeswell, Haslemere. 
*Cow, Mrs. F. D., Ryecroft, Streatham Common, S.W. 

Cox, Miss, Kenton House, Ewell Road, Surbiton. 

Cox, George Percy, Stone House, Godalming. 
*Crisp, F. A., F.S.A., The Manor House, Godalming. 
*Crosse, Miss Kathleen M., The Yew House, Caterham Valley, Surrey. 

Croydon Free Public Library, Croydon. 

Cubitt, Col. The Hon. Henry, Lord Lieutenant of Surrey, Denbies, Dorking. 
*Curtis, James, F.S.A., Redcourt, Christchurch Park, Sutton, Surrey. 

D. 

DAI/TON, Rev. G. F., The Rectory, West Clandon, Guildford. 
Dancocks, G. W., Haldon House, Kingston-upon-Thames. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXvil 

Davenport, Horace, Bodbury, Kingston-upon-Thames. 

Davidson, Artliur C., The Poplars, Shalford, Guildford. 
*Davies, Rev. G. S., M.A., The Master's Lodge, Charterhouse, E.G. 

Davis, Cecil T., Public Libraries, West Hill, Wandsworfh, S.W. 

Deakin, Miss Ethel, Sylvans, Peaslake, Surrey. 

Dibdin, Sir Lewis T., KG., M.A., D.C.L., F.S.A., Dean of the Arches, 
Nobles, Dormansland, East Grinstead, Sussex. 

Dixon, C. W., Great Roke, Witley, Surrey. 

Dixon, Mrs., Great Roke, Witley, Surrey. 

Druce, G. C., F.S.A., Eavenscar, The Downs, Wimbledon, SW. 

Drummond, Arthur W. B., 40, Park Lane, Croydon. 
*Drammond, Miss, Fredley, Mickleham, Dorking. 

Durham, John, Claremont Road, Surbiton. 

Dutton, Mrs., Birch Hall, Windlesham, Surrey. 

E. 

EAGLETON, Leonard 0., 42, Ladbroke Grove, W. 
Earle, Mrs. C. W., Woodlands, Cobham. 
East, John F., Dol Peris, Surrey Road, Bournemouth. 
Eastwood, Frank B., High Clandon, near Guildford. 
Eastwood, Mrs. F. B., High Clandon, near Guildford. 
Eastwood, John E., Enton Lodge, Witley, Godalming. 
Edge, Rev. W. H. F., M.A., All Saints' Vicarage, Tilford, Farnham. 
Elliot, Robert J., Ph.D., Bramfield, Godalming. 
Ellis, Hugh J., Ashwicke, King Charles Road, Surbiton, 
Ellis, H. M. 

Ellis, Stanley, 28, Chertsey Street, Guildford. 
Elyard, Miss E. L., 31, Kensington Mansions, EarVs Court, S.W. 
Etherington-Smith, J. H., F.S.A., East Ella, Putney, S.W. 
Eumorfopoulos, George, Clandon Regis, near Guildford. 
Evans, Richardson, The Keir, Wimbledon Common, S.W. 
*Evelyn, John H. C., Wotton House, Dorking. 

F. 

FAIRBANK, F. R., M.D., F.S.A., Felixstowe, St. Anne's Road, Caversham. 
Falkner, Harold, 24, West Street, Farnham. 
*Farrer, The Right Hon. Lord, Abinger Hall, Dorking. 
Fearon. J. G., Birdhurst, Reigate. 
Felton, C. W., 7, Elmers Drive, Teddington. 
Field, Rev. E. W., Peter stowe, Woking. 
Field, W. S., Hill Crest, Eaton Road, Button, Surrey. 
Finny, W. E. St. Lawrence, M.D., J.P., Tamesa, Kingston Hill, Surrey. 
Firth, Miss E. E., Donisthorpe, Guildford. 



XXviii SURREY ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

*Fisher, S. T., c/o Rev. Chas. Fisher, Hollin, Tentcrden, Kent. 

Floyer, Rev. John K., F.S.A., The Rectory, E slier. 

Ford, J. W., D.L., J.P., F.S.A., The Croft, Shalford, Guildford. 

Foster, Mrs. John H., The Mount, Witley, Godalming. 

Foster, Major K. 0., J.P., Shenley, Redhill, Surrey. 
^Foster, W. E., F.S.A., Lindum House, Aldershot. 

Fox, Charles, Warlingham-on-the-Hill, Surrey. 

Foxlee, W. T., Ranmore, Prince's Road, Weybridge. 
*Francis, William, 11, Liverpool Road, Kingston-upon-Thames. 

Freeman, George H., Melbourne House, Queens Road, Kingston Hill. 

Freire-Marreco, Miss B., Potters Croft, Horsell, Woking. 

Fremantle, H. J., Mansell Road, Wimbledon. 
*Freshfield, Edwin, LL.D., D.L., F.S.A., 31, Old Jewry, E.G., and Chipstead. 

Fry, L. G., Stony croft, Limps field. 

G. 

GANDY, Walter, 27, Rodenhurst Road, Clapham Park, S.W. 
-Gardner, Eric, M.B., Fellside, Weybridge. 
*Garnett, W., Quernmore Park, Lancaster. 

Garsia, H. C., Glencairn, Epsom. 

Gibson, J. H., The White House, Aldershot. 
*Giuseppi, M. S., F.S.A., 94, Vineyard Hill Road, Wimbledon, S.W. 

Glyn, Rev. A. P., East Clandon Rectory, Guildford. 

Godden, Miss, Kincairney, Weybridge. 

Goldney, F. H., Prior Place, Camberley. 

Goodenough, F., Cobham Lodge, Cobham. 

Goodman, C. H., Ludwell, West Hoathly, Sussex. 

Gow, John, Batnors Hall, I/ingfield. 

Gower, Charles Leveson, Titsey Place, Limpsfield, Surrey. 

Grane, Rev. Canon, Cobham Rectory, Surrey. 

Grant, Rev. Canon, United Arts Club, 10, St. James's Street, S.W. 

Greenwell, Sir Walpole, Mar den Park, Woldingham, Surrey. 

Guildford and Working Men's Institute, Guildford. 

Guinness, Hon. Rupert, C.M.G., Pyrford Court, Woking. 

Giinther, H. A., M.B.Lond., Hampton Wick, Kingston-upon-Thames. 

H. 

HAMMERSMITH PUBLIC LIBRARIES, Carnegie (Central) Library, Hammer- 
smith, W. 

Hammond, Arthur B., 15, Angel Court, Throgmorton Street, E.G. 
Harding, E. J., M.A., Colonial Office, Whitehall. 
Harding, N. H., 110, N. Pine Avenue, Chicago, III, U S.A. 
Hare, Evan, Briar House, Woodborough Road, Putney, S.W. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. Xxix 

Harke, Rev. H. M., Tongham Vicarage, Farriham. 

Hart, Edwin, Little Park Hill, Bletchingley. 

Hartmann, W., Milburn, Esher. 

Harvard University Library, per Edward G. Allen & Son, Ltd., 14, Grape 
Street, Shaftesbury Avenue, W.C. 

Heath, Miss 0. M., Hare Dene, Albury. 

Heaton, Beresford R., Hound Down, Gomshall. 

Henderson, A. D., The Mills, Ewell. 
^Henderson, David, Vachery, Cranleigh, Surrey. 

Henderson, Rev. J. D., Fetcharn Rectory, Surrey. 

Herron, G. F., Elmstead, Pyrford, Woking. 

Hesketh, R. L., Farringford, St. Martin's Avenue, Epsom. 

Hill, Rev. F C., Shere Rectory, near Guildford. 

Hinsley, Rev. A., D.D., St. Edward's, Sutton Park, Guildford. 

Hobson, J. M., M.D., Esquimalt, Grosvenor Avenue, Carshalton. 

Home, Gordon, 43, Gloucester Street, Warwick Square, S W. 

Hooper, L. J. E., Little Tangley, near Guildford. 

Horncastle, H., Lindisaye, Woodham Road, Woking. 

Home, W. E., M.P., c/o Geo. Godwin, 26, High Street, Guildford. 

Hovenden, E. C., J, The Waldrons, Croydon. 
*Hovenden, Frederick, 

Howard, A., Cedar Lawn, Ailsa Road, St. Margaret's-on-Thames. 

Howard, H., Wisley, Surrey. 
*Hudson, Rev. W., M.A., F.S.A., 65, Ashley Gardens, Westminster, S.W. 



IONIDES, Ambrose, Rowbarns Grange, East Horsley. 

J. 

JACKSON, W. C., F.R.G.S., Woodcote End House, Epsom. 
Jacobs, G. J., F.R.A.S., Lansdowne, Sydney Road, Guildford. 
Jaggers, Rev. J. E., Merton Vicarage, Surrey. 
Janson, Mrs. E. C., Newdigate Place, Newdigate. 

Jenkinson, C. H., B.A., F.S.A. (Hon. Sec.), 29, Cheyne Row, Chelsea, S.W. 
Jenkinson, Miss Mary L., Thurlow, Holloway Hill, Godalming. 
*Jillard, H. P., Truska, Godalming. 
Johnston, J. L., Kirkton, London Road, Guildford. 

Johnston, Philip M., F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A., Sussex Lodge, Champion Hill, S.E. 
Joyce, Miss R. J., The Cottage, Brockham, Betchworth. 

K. 

KEEBLE, F. H., Manor House, Tats field, Westerham. 
Kelham, H. V. L., Tangley Croft, Burgh Heath Road, Epsom. 



XXX SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Kelham, Mrs. H. V. L., Tangley Croft, Burgh Heath Road, Epsom. 

Kelly, A. L., Hockley Lands, Worplesdon, Guildford. 

Kenrick, Jarvis, Pendell, Blechingley, Red Hill 

Kensington Public Library (Herbert Jones, Chief Librarian), Kensington 
High Street, W. 

Kerby, J. Ramsay, Southboro' Lodge, Hook near Surbiton. 
*Kershaw, S. W., M.A., F.S.A., 17, Dorlcote Road, Wandsworth, 8.W. 

Kilbnrn, Miss B. M., Folders, Albury Road, Guildford. 

Killick, H. F., Rawdon, 9, Marlborough Road, Bournemouth. 
*Kimber, Sir Henry, Bart., M.P., Lansdowne Road, West Hill, Putney. 

King, John F. C., The Lodge, Blindley Heath, South Godstone. 

Kingston, The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of, D.D., Kingston House, 
South Side, Clapham Common, S.W. 

Kingston-upon-Thames Public Library, Kingston-upon-Thames. 

Kitchin, George, Rosenlaui, Marryat Road, Wimbledon Common. 
*Knipe, H. R., 9, Linden Park, Tunbridge Wells. 

Knutsford, The Right Hon. Viscount, G.C.M.G., Pinewood, Godalming, 
and 75, Eaton Square, S.W. 



LAING, R. A., Shirleyhurst, Raddyffe Road, Croydon. 

Lambert, Miss Beatrice, The Tan House, Church Stretton. 
*Lambert, F. A. Heygate, F.S.A., Fairlawn House, near Epsom. 
*Lambert, Henry C. M., C.B., The Larches, Banstead. 
*Lambert, Uvedale, South Park Farm, Blechingley, Redhill. 

Lancaster, Sir W. J., South Lynn, Putney, S.W. 

Lane, Colonel, Downfold, Albury Road, Guildford. 

Lane, Mrs. Murray, St. Anthony's, Weybridge. 

Langdon-Down, R., M.B., M.R.C.P., Normansfield, Hampton Wick. 

Lasham, Frank, 61, High Street, Guildford. 
"Latham, Morton, Hollow Dene, Frensham, Farnham. 

Lathbury, D. C., Hascombe, Godalming. 
*Layton, Thomas, F.S.A., 22, Kew Bridge Road, Kew Bridge, W. 

Lee-Steere, H. C., J.P., Jayes Park, Ockley, Surrey. 
*Leete, Joseph, Eversden, Lancaster Road, South Norwood, S.E. 

Leigh-Bennett, Henry Wolley, Thorpe Place, Chertsey. 

Lincoln's Inn, the Hon. Society of, per the Librarian, Lincoln's Inn 
Library, W.C. 

Lind, George J., Rua do Golgotha 121, Oporto, Portugal. 
*Lindley, R. S., Godstone Place, Godstone. 

Livett, Rev. G. M., F.S.A., The Vicarage, Wateringlury, Kent. 

London, The Corporation of, Guildhall Library, E.G. 

London Library, St. James's Square, S.W. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXXI 

*Lovelace, The Right Hon. the Earl of, Horsley Towers, Leaiherhead. 
*Lumsden, Miss Mary, Warren Cottage, Cranleigh, Surrey. 

Liming, W. A., Bakeham House, Engle field Green. 

Lunn, E. L., East Dene, Nightingale Road, Guildford. 



M. 



MACANDREW, Miss, Juniper Hall, Dorking. 

Mackenzie, J. Robertson, Chesters, Sidney Road, Guildford. 

Macmaster, Donald, K.C., M.P., la, Cockspur Street, S.W. 

Maitland, W. J., C.T.E., Witley Manor, Godalming. 

Maiden, H. E., M.A., F.R.Hist.Soc., 17, Rose Hill, Dorking. 

Maiden, Mrs., 17, Rose Hill, Dorking 

Malthus, Col. S., C.B., Dalton Hill, Albury, Guildford. 

Manchester, John Rylands Library. 

Marsh, A. J., Castle Cottage, Blechingley. 

Marsh, Frederick R., The Court, Guildford. 

Marshall, C., Rozel, Surbiton Hill Park, Surbiton. 

Marshall, Mrs. Dendy, Chinthurst Lodge, Guildford. 

Marsland, Ellis, 32, Camberwell Grove, S.E. 

Martin, Henry A., M.D., Westfield, Portsmouth Road, Surbiton. 

Master, C. Hoskins, Exbury House, Exbury, Southampton. 

Master, J. H., J.P., Montr ose House, Petersham, Surrey. 

Masterman, John Story, M.A., F.R.G.S., St. Margaret's, Dorking. 

May, Thomas, The Poplars, Manor Road, Richmond, Surrey. 

Mellersh, Alfred W., Fir Grove, Godalming. 

Mellersh, Miss E., Woodlands, Hambledon, Godalming. 

Milbourn, Thomas, 12, Beaulieu Villas, Finsbury Park, N. 

Miller, A. T., Emlyn House, Leatherhead. 

Milne, J. Grafton, Bankside, Goldhill, Farnham. 

Minet, W., M.A., F.S.A., Fountain Court, Temple, E.G. 

Minet Public Library, Knatchbull Road, Camberwell, S.E. 

Mitchell, Miss, Milford Lodge, Godalming. 

Monier-Williams, M. F., 6 and 7, Great Tower Street, E.G. 

Moody, Sir J. M., Cane Hill, Coulsdon, Surrey. 

Moore, R., Courtlands, Park Hill Road, Croydon. 

Morris, J. E., B.A., Blakesware Farm, Ware, Herts. 

Morrish, J. J., Oaklands, Oxshott, Surrey. 

Mott, Herbert, Elm House, West Clandon, near Guildford. 

Mountain, H. S., The Red Cottage, Holmbury, Dorking. 

Moysey, Miss E. L., Pitcroft, Guildford. 

Mozley, H. W., High Street, Haslemere, Surrey. 

Murray, Mrs., Ellesmere, Weybridge. 



XXxii SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



N. 

NASH, J. R., Thorncroft, Farnham. 

Neale, Mrs. Walter, High Mount, Fort Hill, Guildford. 

Nevill, Henry, Bermuda, Warren Road, Guildford. 

Nevill, Ralph, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A., Clifton House, Castle Hill, Guildford. 
*-Norman, Philip, F.S.A., 45, Evelyn Gardens, South Kensington. 

Norris, Mrs., Hill View, Ryde's Hill, Guildford. 
*Northey, Rev. E., M.A., Woodcote House, Epsom. 
-Northumberland, His Grace the Duke of, KG., F.S.A., 2, Grosvenor Place, W. 

0. 

GATES, John, York Villa, 58, Josephine Avenue, Brixton, S.W. 
*0ke, Alfred W., B.A., LL.M., F.S.A., 32, Denmark Villas, Hove. 
Oliver, Edmund Ward, New Place, Lingfield, Surrey. 
Onslow, The Right Hon. the Earl of, Clandon Park, Guildford. 
Oxford Architectural and Historical Society, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. 
Oxley, Rev. W. H., M.A., Petersham Vicarage, Surrey. 

P. 

PAGE, G. F., Coombe-Barton, Kingston-upon-Thames. 

Palmer, Miss L., The Greenway, West Horsley, Leatherhead. 

Palmer, P. G., 157, High Street, Guildford. 

Parker, Eric. 

Parkes, Mrs. Louis, 61, Cadogan Square, S.W., and The Gables, Holmbury 
St. Mary, Dorking. 

Parkinson, H. H., Charnwood, Epsom. 

Parry, C. H., Daviesites, Charterhouse, Godalming. 

Patrick, George, Ivanhoe, Woodborough Road, Putney, S.W. 

Patrick, W. T., J.P., Treverward, Nightingale Road, Guildford. 

Pawle, F. C., J.P., Northcote, Reigate. 

Peak, Heniy, Westbourne Villa, 50, Woodbridge Road, Guildford. 

Peatling, A. V., B.A., M.B., B.C., Park View, Carshalton. 

Peel, Edward, Old Sandroyd, Cobham, Surrey. 

Peers, C. R., F.S.A., 14, Lansdowne Road, Wimbledon. 

Peirs, H. V., M.A., Queen's Well, Carshalton. 
*Pelton, John 0., High Street, Croydon. 

Perkins, W. J., High Street, Guildford. 

Phillips, Henry L., 18, Kennington Park Road, S.E. 

Phillpot, T. F., Ditton Lodge, 28, Lewin Road, Streatham, S.W. 

Pilcher, G. T., Treen, Frith Hill, Godalming. 
*Pinckard, G. H., Combe Court, Witley, Godalming, Surrey. 

Pohl, H. G., 40, Trinity Square, E.G. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXxiii 

Pollock, A. Gordon, The Old House, Mickleham, Dorking. [W.C. 

Pollock, Sir F., Bart, M.A., LL.D, F.S.A, 13, Old Square, Lincoln's Inn, 
Potter, The Ven. Archdeacon Beresford, Rake House, Milford, Godalming. 
Potter, W. F, 

. Potts, Miss, Clereholt, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking. 
Powell, Arthur C, Bencomb, Dorking. 
Powell, Herbert A., J.P., Piccard's Rough, Guildford. 
Price, W. E, Bushey View, Hampton Wick. 
Prosser, Miss C, Mount Pleasant, Putney Heath, S.W. 
Pruen, John A, M.A, F.R.G.S, Canton, Merrow, near Guildford. 
Pulford, F. Gordon, St. Bernard's, Warlingham, Surrey. 

Q. 

QUARE, Horace, Selhurst Road, South Norwood. 

Quinnell, R, c/o Messrs. Bannister, Ram and Fache, 13, John Street, 
Bedford Row, W.C. 

R. 

RANDOLPH, John A, St. Vincent Villa, York Road, Guildford. 

Ratcliff, S. C, M.A., 47, Calton Road, Dulwich, S.E. 

Rawnsley, W. F, J.P, Manor House, Plonks, Shamley Green. 

Reform Club, per The Librarian, Pall Mall, S.W. 
*Rendall, Rev. Gerald H, Lit.D, Dedham House, Dedham, Essex. 

Rice, R. Garraway, J.P, F.S.A, 23, Cyril Mansions, Prince of Wales Road, 
S.W., and Carpenter's Hill, Puiborough, Sussex. 

Richmond Public Library, Richmond, Surrey. 

Rickards, Edward, Elm Bank, Leatherhead. 

Roberts, Miss E. F, 14, Marlborough Road, Richmond Hill, Surrey. 

Roberts, Sir Owen, M.A, F.S.A, Henley Park, Guildford. 

Roberts, R. A, Public Record Office, Chancery Lane, W.C. 

Robson, Mrs, Walton Lodge, Guildford. 
*Robson, P. A, A.R.I.B.A, Rede Cottage, near East Grinstead, Sussex. 

Roscoe, Miss, Woodcote, West Horsley, Leatherhead. 

Rottmann, Richard, Amalfi, 18, Lovelace Gardens, Surbiton. 

Rushton, Francis R, The Holmes, Betchivorth. 

Rutson, Mrs, The Manor House, By fleet, Surrey. 

Ruvigny and Raineval, Marquis de, 15, Hanover Chambers, Buckingham 
Street, W.C. 

Ryde, F. C, Five Trees, Oatlands Chase, Weybridge. 

S. 

SADLER, James, Cherfold, Chiddingfold, Godalming. 

Sage, F. G, The Meadows, Claygate, Surrey, and Stavordale Priory, 

Somerset. 
VOL. XXVI. # 



SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Salmon, Samuel, Portland House, 73, Basinghall Street, E.G., and Cleve- 

Salomans, Leopold, J.P., Norbury Park, Dorking. [lands, Eeigate. 

Salsbuiy, R., J.P., 2, East Hill Place, Guildford. 

Saunders, J. Carr, Milton Heath, Dorking. 

Scott, C. J., Hilgay, Guildford. 
*Seldon, H. S., Carshalton Place, Carshalton. 

Sellar, Mrs., Lockner Holt, Chilworih, Guildford, Surrey. 

Shallcross, Jaspar, Laburnums, Banstead, Epsom. 
*Shearer, Donald. 

Shepherd, Rev. Henry, M.A., 9, First Avenue, Brighton. 
^Shepherd, Sherringham A., Grafham Grange, Bramley, Guildford. 

Sibbald, J. G. E.,^Mount Pleasant, Norton St. Philip, Bath. 

Sieveking, A. Forbes, F.S.A., 12, Seymour Street, Portman Square, W. 
*Simmonds, Rev. Mark J., 6, Ashley Gardens, S.W. 

Simmons, Geo., Woburn Hill, Addlestone, Surrey. 

Simon, Andre, 24, Nark Lane, E.G. 

Slocock, Mrs., Goldsworth, Woking. 

Smallpeice, F. Ferdinand, Cross Lanes, Guildford. 

Smith, J. Challenor, F.S.A., Silchester, Reading. 

Smith, John Hatchard, F.R.I.B.A., Charlwood, Epsom. 

Smith-Pearse, Rev. T. N. Hart, Epsom College, Epsom. 

South wark, The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of, Bishop's House, 

Kennington, S.E. 

*Sprange, Augustus H., 8, Delamere Terrace, Paddington, W. 
*Stebbing, W. P. D., 78a, Lexham Gardens, W. 

Stebbing, Henry, Chasewood, Roundoak Road, Weybridge. 
*Stephenson, Mill, B.A., F.S.A., 38, Ritherdon Road, Tooting, S.W. 

Stevens, C. S., Lagham, South Godstone. 

Stevens, J. W., A.R.I.B.A., 181, Queen Victoria Street, E.G. 

Stevens, R. N., Woodham Hall, Woking. 

Stilwell, G. H., M.A., The Pines, Windlesham, Surrey. 

Story, Philip F., The National Club, 1, Whitehall Gardens, S.W. 

Strachey, J. St. Loe, Newland's Corner, Merrow, Guildford. 

Streatham, The Tate Public Library of, High Street, Streatham, SW. 

Strode, Mrs. Edmund, St. Anne's, Mount Hermon, Woking. 
*Style, Arthur J., F.R.I.B.A., 3, Victoria Street, S.W.,and 1, Holly Cottages, 
Thames Ditton. 

Sullivan, James F., Rosemead, Chertsey. 

Swanton, E. W., Brockton, Haslemere. 

Sykes, Lt.-Col. W. H., Firfield, Merrow, Guildford. 

T. 

TALBOT, Lt.-Col. Sir Adelbert, K.C.I.E., The Hermitage, Effingham, Surrey. 
Tarrant, E. G., M.A., Denton, The Dene, Dorking. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXXV 

Tarrant, W. G., Ridgway, Pyrford, Woking. 
Taylor, Thomas J., 9, Fenchurch Avenue, E.G. 
Taylor, W. B., The Birches, Weybridge Common. 
Taylor, Sir W. T., K.C.M.G., St. James', Goldsworth, Woking. 
Thackeray, Miss, Southbury, Millmead, Guild ford. 
Thatcher, G., Malvern Mount, 38, Liverpool Road, Kingston Hill. 
Thatcher, T. C., 18, Springfield Road, Wimbledon, S.W. 
Thomas, Henry J., London and County Bank, Guild ford. 
Thompson, Gibson, Edenholm, Thames Ditton. 
Thornely, John, J.P., Esher, Surrey. 
Tickle, Japheth, 2, Crown Court, Cheapside, E.G. 
Tolhurst, J. G., St. Allan's, Manor Road, Bcckenham, Kent. 
Townend, F. J., Norton-Lees, 29, Woodstock Road, Croydon. 
Townsend, Rev. J. H., St. Mary's House, Oatlands Park, Surrey. 
Trench, Mrs. E. Chevenix, Broomfield, Camberley. 
Trench, W. P., High Street, Guildford. 
Trew, H. G., Portmore Lodge, Weybridge. 
Trinder, A., The Hollies, Rydens Road, Walton-on-Thames. 
Trinder, 0. J., Tadorne, Kingswood, Tadworth, Surrey. 
Tristram, Rev. C., Badshot Lea, Farnham, Surrey. 
Turner, Frederic, Wessex, Frome, Somerset. 
Tyssen, Amhurst Daniel, D.C.L., 40, Chancery Lane, W.C. 

V. 

VAILLANT, Rev. Wilfrid B., Weybridge. 

Vaughan- Williams, Mrs., Leith Hill Place, Dorking. 

Vaux, Rev. G. B., M.A., The Rectory, Carshalton. 

Vaux, Mrs., The Rectory, Carshalton. 

Vernier, A. W., 7, Station Approach, Redhill. 

Verry, Miss Edith F., Tralee, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking. 

Vincent, Sir William, Bart., D'Abernon Chase, Ashtead. 

W. 

WADDINGTON, Horace, The Pleasaunce, Woking. 

Wagner, Henry, M. A., F.S.A, F.R.G.S., 13, Half Moon Street, Piccadilly, W. 
Walford Brothers, 6, New Oxford Street, W.C. 
Walker, E., F.S.A., 16, Clifford's Inn, Fleet Street, E.G. 
Walpole, Sir Charles S., Broadford, Chobham, Woking. 
Walpole, Spencer C., 94, Piccadilly, W. 
Walton, Frank W, King's College, Strand, W.C. 
Wands worth Public Library, West Hill, Wandsworth, S.W. 
Ware, Rev. Martin S., Til ford House, Tilford, Surrey. 
Warne, G. F. Spencer, Frolbury Manor, near Dorking. 

1) 2 



XXXvi SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Warner, S. A., M.A., Bromley Cottage, The Mount, Guildford. 

Waterhouse, Edwin, Feldemore, near Dorking. 
*Watney, Daniel, 33, Poultry, E.G. 
*Watney, Sir John, F.S.A., Shermanbury House, Reigate. 

Webb, Percy H., The Garden, Walton-on-Thames. 

Welman, S., Church Street, Godalming. 

Wells, W. H., Morden House, Arthur Road, Wimbledon. 

Wheeler, J. F. W., Oxted, Surrey. 

White, Gilbert H., Guildford. 

Whitley, H. Michell, Broadway Court, Broadway, Westminster, S.W. 

Wiekham, George, Stone Wall, Limpsfield, Surrey. 

Wigram, L., The Rookery, Frensham. 
*Wilkin, Frederick, Lower Coulsey Wood, Wadhurst, Sussex. 

WiUock-Pollen, H. C., The Old Rectory, Little Bookham, Surrey. 

Wimbledon Free Library, S.W. 
-Winchester, the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of, D.D., Farnham Castle. 

Wisconsin, U.S.A., State Historical Society of, per Messrs. E. E. Stechert 
& Co., 2, Star Yard, Chancery Lane, W.C. 

Wiseman, Rev. A. R., Seale Rectory, Farnham, Surrey. 

Wood, Arthur H., Summer Farm, West Clandon, near Guildford. 

Woods, Ernest, Warren Wood, Bexley Heath, Kent. 

Woods, Percy, C.B., Sevington, Epsom Road, Guildford. 

Woolley, Ernest, Collingworth, Walton-on-Thames. 

Wyatt-Smith, F., M.A., M.B., B.C., Crofton, Woking. 

Wylie, Mrs., Ivynersh, Chertsey, Surrey. 



Y. 

YALE University Library, U.S.A. c/o Messrs. Allen, 14, Grape Street, 
Shafteslury Avenue, W.C. 



HONOEAEY MEMBEES. 



JEKYLL, Miss GERTRUDE, Munstead Wood, Godalming. 

SMITH, REGINALD ALLENDER, B.A., F.S.A., British Museum, W.C. 



XXXV11 



SOCIETIES & c ., IN UNION, 



ARCHITECTURAL SOCIETIES, THE ASSOCIATED, OF NORTHAMPTONSHIRE, YORK, 
LINCOLN, BEDFORD, c. 

BRISTOL AND GLOUCESTERSHIRE ARCH JIOLOGI GAL SOCIETY. 

BRUXELLES, SOCIETE D'ARCHEOLOGIE DE. 

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE ARCHITECTURAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

CAMBRIDGE ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY. 

CAMBRIDGESHIRE AND HUNTINGDONSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

CHESTER ARCHITECTURAL, ARCHAEOLOGICAL, &c., SOCIETY. 

CORNWALL, ROYAL INSTITUTION OF. 

DERBYSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

DUMFRIESSHIRE AND GALLOWAY ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY. 

EAST HERTFORDSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

EAST RIDING (YORKS.) ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY. 

ESSEX ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

EXETER DIOCESAN ARCHITECTURAL SOCIETY. 

HAMPSHIRE FIELD CLUB. 

IRELAND, THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF. 

KENT ARCH^IOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

LANCASHIRE AND CHESHIRE ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY. 

LEICESTERSHIRE ARCHITECTURAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

LONDON, THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF. 

LONDON AND MIDDLESEX ARCH^IOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

MINNESOTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY, America. 

NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE, THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF. 

NEW ENGLAND HISTORIC GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

NORFOLK AND NORWICH ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

POWYS-LAND CLUB. 

ROYAL ARCH^OLOGICAL INSTITUTE. 

ROYAL HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



XXXvili SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

ROYAL INSTITUTE OF BEITISH ARCHITECTS. 

ST. ALBAN'S ARCHITECTURAL AND ARCHEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

SAINT-MALO, SOCIETE HISTORIQUE ET ARCHEOLOGIQUE DE. 

SCOTLAND, THE SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES OF. 

SHROPSHIRE ARCHEOLOGICAL AND NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY. 

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, America. 

SOCIETE JERSIAISE. 

SOMERSET ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY. 

STOCKHOLM, KONGL. VITTERHETS HISTORIE ocn ANTIQUITETS AKADAMIEN. 

SUFFOLK INSTITUTE OF ARCHEOLOGY. 

SUSSEX ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

THORESBY SOCIETY, Leeds. 

THOROTON SOCIETY, Nottingham. 

WILTSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY. 

WORCESTER DIOCESAN ARCHITECTURAL AND ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

WORCESTER SOCIETY OF ANTIQUITY, America. 

YORKSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE LIBRARY. 



XX XIX 



LIBRARIES. 



THE BRITISH MUSEUM. 
THE BODLEIAN, OXFORD. 
CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY. 
DUBLIN UNIVERSITY. 
EDINBURGH UNIVERSITY. 



xli 



RULES. 



I. The Society shall be called THE SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL 
SOCIETY. 

II. The objects of this Society shall be 

1. To collect and publish the best information on the Ancient 
Arts and Monuments of the County ; including Primeval An- 
tiquities ; Architecture, Civil, Ecclesiastical, and Military ; 
Sculpture ; Paintings on Walls, Wood, or Glass ; Civil History 
and Antiquities, comprising Manors, Manorial Rights, Privileges, 
and Customs ; Heraldry and Genealogy ; Costume, Numismatics ; 
Ecclesiastical History and Endowments, and Charitable Founda- 
tions, Records, &c. ; and all other matters comprised under the 
head of Archaeology. 

2. To procure careful observations and preservation of antiquities 
discovered in the progress of works, such as Railways, Founda- 
tions of Buildings, &c. 

3. To encourage individuals or public bodies in making 
researches and excavations, and afford them suggestions and 
co-operation. 

4. To oppose and prevent, as far as may be practicable, any 
injuries with which Monuments of every description may, from 
time to time, be threatened ; and to collect accurate drawings, 
plans, and descriptions thereof. 

III. The subjects of all communications received, together with 
the names of the authors, shall be registered in a book kept for the 
purpose by the Honorary Secretary, which book shall be open to the 
inspection of the Members of the Society. 

IV. The Society shall consist of Members and Honorary Members. 

V. Each Member shall pay an Annual Subscription of Ten 
Shillings, to be due on the 1st of January in each year, in advance, 



x l[i SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

and an Entrance Fee of Ten Shillings, or 8* in lieu thereof, as a 
composition for life. 

yi All payments to be made to the Treasurer, to the account of 

the Society, at such Banking-house in the Metropolis as the Society 
may direct; and no cheque shall be drawn except by order of the 
Council ; and every cheque shall be signed by two Members thereof 
and the Honorary Secretary. 

VII. The Subscriptions of Members shall entitle them to one copy 

of all publications issued by direction of the Council during their 
Membership; and no publication shall be issued to Members whose 
Subscriptions are in arrear. Members whose subscriptions are upwards 
of three years in arrear, shall, after due notice, be removed from the 
List of Members. f 

VIII. Every person desirous of being admitted a Member must be 
proposed agreeably to the form annexed to these Rules ; J and this 
form must be subscribed by him and by a Member of the Society, 
and addressed to the Honorary Secretary, to be submitted to the 
Council, who will ballot for his election, one black ball in five to 
exclude. 

IX. Ladies desirous of becoming Members will be expected to con- 
form to Rule VIII, so far as relates to their nomination, but will be 
admitted without ballot. 

X. Persons eminent for their works or scientific acquirements shall 
be eligible to be associated to the Society as Honorary Members, and 
be elected at a General Meeting ; and no person shall be nominated to 
this class without the sanction of the Council. 

XL The Lord-Lieutenant of the County, all Members of the House 
of Peers residing in, or who are Landed Proprietors in the County ; 
also all Members of the House of Commons representing the County 
or its Boroughs ; the High Sheriff of the County for the time being, 
and such other persons as the Council may determine, shall be invited 
to become Vice-Presidents, if Members of the Society. 

XII. The affairs of the Society shall be conducted by a Council 
of Management, to consist of a President, Vice-Presidents, a Treasurer, 
an Honorary Secretary, and Twenty-four Members, eight of whom shall 

* The Life Composition was raised from 5 : 10s. to 8 by resolution passed at 
a Special General Meeting, 24th March, 1897. 

t Resolution passed at the General Meeting, 25th February, 1885. 
| Copies of the form may be had from the Honorary Secretary. 



RULES. xliii 

go out annually, by rotation, but be eligible for re-election. Three 
Members of the Council (exclusive of the Honorary Secretary) shall 
form a quorum. 

XIII. An Annual General Meeting shall be held in the month of 
March or April,* at such time and places as the Council shall 
appoint, to receive and consider the Report of the Council on the state 
of the Society, and to elect the Officers for the ensuing twelve months. 

XIV. There shall be also such other General Meetings in each 
year for the reading of papers and other business, to be held at such 
times and places as the Council may direct. 

XV. The Council may at any time call a Special General Meeting, 
and they shall at all times be bound to do so on the written requisition 
of Ten Members, specifying the nature of the business to be transacted. 
Notice of the time and place of such Meeting shall be sent to the 
Members at least fourteen days previously, mentioning the subject to 
be brought forward ; and no other subject shall be discussed at such 
Meeting. 

XVI. The Council shall meet for the transaction of business con- 
nected with the management of the Society once at least in every 
month ; that is to say, on the second Thursday in each month, or on 
such other days as the Council shall from time to time direct.j 

XVII. At every Meeting of the Society, or of the Council, the 
resolutions of the majority present shall be binding, and at such Meet- 
ings the Chairman shall have a casting vote, independently of his vote 
as a Member of the Society or of the Council, as the case may be. 

XVIII. The Council shall be empowered to appoint Local Secre- 
taries in such places in the County as may appear desirable. 

XIX. Honorary Members and Local Secretaries shall have all the 
privileges of Members except that of voting. 

XX. The whole effects and property of the Society shall be under 
the control and management of the Council, who shall be at liberty to 
purchase books, casts, or other articles, or to exchange or dispose of 
duplicates thereof. 

XXI. The Council shall have the power of publishing such papers 
and engravings as may be deemed worthy of being printed, together 

* Altered from " June or July " to "January or February " at a Special General 
Meeting, held 23rd June, 1884. Again altered at a Special General Meeting, 
held 25th March, 1905. 

f Under a resolution of the Council, these Meetings now take place on the third 
Wednesday in each month. 



xliv SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. RULES. 

with a Report of the Proceedings of the Society, to be issued in the 
form of an Annual Volume. 

XXII. The sum of five pounds out of the composition of each 
Life Member, and so much of the surplus of the income as the Council 
may direct (after providing for the current expenses, printing the 
Annual Volume, &c.), shall be invested in Government Securities,* as 
the Council may deem most expedient ; the interest only to be avail- 
able for the current disbursements ; and no portion shall be withdrawn 
without the sanction of a General Meeting. 

XXIII. Two Members shall be annually appointed to audit the 
accounts of the Society, and to report thereon at the Annual General 
Meeting. 

XXIV. No religious or political discussions shall be permitted at 
Meetings of the Society, nor topics of a similar nature admitted in the 
Society's publications. 

XXV. No change shall be made in the Rules of the Society except 
at a Special General Meeting. 

* The Amount invested is, at present, 316 : 4*. 8d., 2% per cent. Consols. 



xlv 



BY-LAWS 

ORDERED BY THE COUNCIL 
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE LIBRARY. 



February 15th, 1899. 



1. The Library shall be open for the use of Members daily, with 
the exception of Sundays and the usual general holidays. 

2. Members whose Annual Subscriptions shall not be more than 
three months in arrear may borrow out of the Library any 
number of printed volumes not exceeding three, and may 
exchange any such volumes as often as they please, provided 
they do not have more than three volumes in their possession 
at any one time. 

3. Every application for the loan of books shall be made in writing 
to the Librarian at the Castle Arch, who will leave the 
volumes at the Library to be called for by the borrower or by 
some person authorized by him in writing. 

4. A Library Delivery Book shall be kept, in which shall be 
entered the title of every book borrowed, the name of the 
borrower, and the time of borrowing. Members shall give a 
signed receipt for each book borrowed, which receipt shall be 
placed in the Delivery Book, and cancelled on the return of 
the said book. 

5. No book lent out of the Library shall be retained for a longer 
period than two months. 

6. Members borrowing any book from the Library shall be 
responsible to the Society for its safety and good condition 
from the time of its leaving the Library to its return ; and 
in the case of loss or damage, he shall replace the same or 
make it good. 

7. Persons not being Members of the Society may be admitted to 
the Library to consult printed books, on the introduction in 



xlvi SURREY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. BY-LAWS. 

writing of a Member, who shall be responsible for the care 
and safety of any books so consulted by the person he 
introduces. 

8. Every book taken from the shelves by a Member or person 
introduced by a Member, must be returned to the place from 
which it was removed. 

9. Persons not being Members of the Society may on occasion be 
allowed to borrow books of the Society, but only with the 
special permission of the Council. 

10. Folios, and such other volumes as the Council shall from time 
to time decide, may not be removed from the premises of the 

Society. 



HILARY JENKINSON, B.A., F.S.A., Hon. Sec. 
R. L. ATKINSON, B.A., Assist. Hon. Sec. 



[Copies of this Form may be obtained from the Honorary Secretary.] 

Surrey Archaeological Society. 

PROPOSAL FORM. 

Full Name and Postal Address of Member proposed: 



Say whether LIFE or ANNUAL 

Proposer's Name 

Date 

To 

The Honorary Secretary of 

THE SURREY ARCH/EOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



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ttmg 




A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES 
IN SURREY. 

COMPILED BY 

MILL STEPHENSON, B.A., F.S.A. 
(Continued from Vol. XXV, page 100.) 



CAMBERWELL. ST. GILES. 

The old church of St. Giles was destroyed by fire on 
the night of Sunday, 7 February, 1841. The brasses 
escaped destruction but with the exception of the figure 
and inscription to Mighell Skinner, 1497, the figure and 
inscription to Edward Scott, 1538, the inscription to 
Margaret Dove, 1582, and the inscription and shield to 
Thomas Muschamp, 1637, passed into the hands of the 
builder and contractor as perquisites. The figure of 
Edward Scott, 1538, was for some time in private hands 
but is now replaced. The brasses in the possession of the 
builder, Mr. Acock of Camberwell, were not recovered 
until the year 1884, 1 but even now several groups of 
children and several shields are missing. At this latter 
date all the recovered brasses, together with those men- 
tioned above which had been let into the vestry wall for 

1 See Notes and Queries, 6 S. X, 164, Aug. 30, 1884. 
VOL. XXVI. B 



2 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

preservation, were fixed to the choir stalls, the palimp- 
sests in oak frames. A complete set of rubbings taken 
by the late J. G. Waller, F.S.A., in 1837, is in the 
collection of the Society of Antiquaries ; from these rub- 
bings the accompanying illustrations have been mostly 
prepared. The brasses themselves are now in a very 
bad state of preservation and are being gradually eaten 
away by corrosion. 

I. Effigy of Mighell Skinner, gent., 1497, in civil dress, ivith 
foot inscription, much worn. Noiv fastened to the choir 
stalls. 

A much worn and now much corroded brass of an 
ordinary type. Mighell or Michael Skinner is repre- 
sented slightly turned towards the left, his hair is long 
and he wears the usual civil gown with close sleeves 
edged and faced with fur; his shoes are large and 
round-toed. 

Below is a three-line inscription in black letter, the 
last clause of which has been defaced but is still legible : 

P?ic facet ffiltijjjEll JSkmner en'osus qui abut 
xm tue $0uebr' 'Enno tmi milltmf cccc 
Inixbii Cuius anime p'piciet r tieus $hncn. 

The figure is 13^ inches in height and the inscription 
plate measures 12 by 2i inches. Now fixed to the back 
of the second choir stall on the south side of the chancel. 
The brass was in the nave of the old church where it was 
noted by Aubrey (I, 176) as "at the entrance into the 
chancel." Mr. Waller noted it in the nave in 1837, and 
Allport, p. 125, as " towards the centre of this aisle (the 
nave) though at some remove from its original position." 
The figure is engraved in D. Allport 7 s Collections illustra- 
tive of the History of Camlerwell, 1841, pi. II, p. 126, and 
complete in A short Historical and Topographical Account of 
St. Giles Church, CamberwelL published by Gr. F. Prosser, 
1827, pi. I, fig. 4. 

Michael Skinner, who died 13 November, 1497, was 
one of the younger sons of Richard Skinner (No. II). 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 3 

II. Effigy of Ricliard SJdnncr, died 3 January, 1407 (so on 
brass but apparently an error for 1492), in civil dress, 
kneeling, head gone, and foot inscription. Brass en- 
graved in 1499 on death of his ivife. Now fastened 
to the choir stalls. Effigy of his ivife Agnes, died 
5 March, 1499, mouth scrolls and device, a group of 
five sons ; one of five daughters and tivo shields lost, but 
sons, daughters, one shield and head of male effigy 
Jmoivn from extant rubbings. 

All that now remains of this brass is the small headless 
kneeling figure of Richard Skinner and the foot inscrip- 
tion. The figure without the head is 7| inches in height 
and shows Richard Skinner in the usual civil gown lined 
and edged with fur and with wide sleeves ; a plain narrow 
girdle encircles the waist and to it is attached a large 
pouch. 

The inscription, 21 by 4 inches, is in three lines in 
black letter, but the precatory clause at the end has been 
completely defaced except for the tops and bottoms of a 
few of the letters : 



Sfc iacet Hints &kmtnn: et ^tjnes ui' ri' qut quftim l&ictts ofciit ifi tu'e 
Samtar' & tint JE cere fcti &tptes bero ofcu't fc tiie marcii & tint JE 
cccclmxix [quorum antmafous propi'mtur tieus 



The figure and inscription are now fixed to the back 
of the third choir stall on the south side of the chancel. 

Mr. Waller's rubbing taken in 1837, when the brass 
was still in its original slab, shows the male figure 
complete with head, making its height 9J> inches, and 
behind the figure a group of five sons standing, 5 inches 
in height by 4| inches in width. The kneeling figure 
of the lady was lost but behind the indent remained a 
group of five daughters also standing, 5 inches in height 
and 4 inches in width, all wearing plain gowns and all 
with long flowing hair. At the upper sinister corner 
remained one shield, 5 by 4 inches, bearing a cross 
engrailed. The rubbing also shows the indent for 
another shield at the opposite corner and for two scrolls 
from the mouths of the effigies. Allport's engraving of 

B2 



4 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BEASSES IN SURREY. 

the brass shows all these details and in addition the 
indent for some religious device between the scrolls, 
possibly a Trinity or a figure of Our Lord seated on a 
rainbow. The figure of the lady was in existence when 




RICHARD SKINNER and Wife AGNES, 
CAMBERWELL, SURREY. 

(About one-sixth full size.) 



1499 



Aubrey noted the church, he says (I, 170) " on other 
plates of brass, a man in a gown, and his wife, kneeling, 
behind him five sons, and her five daughters, above is 
their arms, and underneath the inscription." Allport, 
p. 130, explains its loss, " the effigy of Agnes, with those 
of her children, and the inscription, were removed while 
the church was under repair in 1807; and the first, 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 5 

through some culpable neglect on the part of the proper 
authorities, seems never to have been replaced." 

Nicholas Charles' sketch of the brass (Brit. Mus., Lans- 
downe MS. 874, fol. 59, modern numbering) shows both 
shields in position, the dexter charged with the arms of 
Skinner (Gu.\ three cross-bows (or), the sinister with those 
of Leigh of Ridge, co. Chester, ($&.), a cross engrailed (arg.) 
with a small tablet above inscribed " Legh de riggt in 
com. Cestria," but does not show the indents for the 
scrolls and device. Aubrey (I, 170) notes the brass as 
adjoining the " altar monument" to John Scott and 
wife, 1532, on the north side of the chancel. Allport, 
p. 128, refers to the brass as one of the four " translated 
brasses now on the walls of the chancel, at a telescopic 
distance overhead, and in the darkest nook the church 
afforded." 

The brass with the indents for the missing pieces is 
engraved in Allport, p. 129, and Prosser, pi. II, fig. 11, 

How the engraver came to blunder over the year of 
Richard Skinner's death must remain a mystery. He 
certainly did blunder, for Richard Skinner died in 1492 
as is proved by his will (P. C. C., 20 Dogetf) which is 
dated 31 December, 1492, and proved by his widow 
Agnes 6 February 1492 [-3]. In this document he is 
described as Richard Skynner of Peckham, and desires 
to be buried in the church of Camberwell "in australi 
cancelle ibidem supra gradum eiusdem cancelle." He 
leaves various sums to the church and to the mainten- 
ance of the lights at the altars. To his daughter Joan 
he bequeaths certain woodland at Thurst and 200 sheep, 
the best of all my sheep. Mentions his sons William 
(lost brass (1)) and Michael (brass No. I.), whom with 
his wife Agnes he constitutes his executors and leaves 
the residue of his estate to be distributed between them- 
selves and his daughters. From the heraldic evidence 
his wife Agnes was a Leigh of Ridge, co. Chester, 
possibly a daughter of Jenkin Leigh of the Ridge who 
died in 1453, by Alice, daughter and heir of John 
Alcock of the Ridge. Agnes Skinner died 5 March, 
1499. 



6 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

III. Effigies of John Scott, esq., one of the barons of the 
exchequer, 1532, in armour, slightly mutilated at 
feet, and wife [Elizabeth Skinner"], both kneeling, 
with foot inscription. Now fastened to the choir 
stalls. A group of four sons, another of seven 
daughters, four shields, an achievement (?), a re- 
ligious device and two mouth scrolls lost. The sons, 
daughters and ttvo of the shields knoivn from extant 
rubbings. 

John Scott, one of the barons of the exchequer, is 
represented in armour, bareheaded with long hair and 
with bare hands. He kneels on a tasselled cushion 
placed on a chequered pavement, with a prayer desk, 
on which is an open book, before him. His armour 
consists of a collar of mail, a breastplate composed of 
overlapping plates with a tapul or projecting edge in 
front, shoulder pieces with straight upright guards, 
small elbow pieces and brassards. To the taces, which 
consist of three lames only, is attached a long skirt of 
mail, over which and fastened to the lowermost lame 
are two moderate-sized tuiles. The thighs and shins 
are protected by the usual plates, the knee pieces are 
small and correspond in shape to the elbow pieces, the 
feet, now mutilated, are encased in large round- toed 
sabbatons with gussets of mail at the insteps and rowel 
spurs screwed into the heels. The sword, which is long 
with large pommel and quillons, is suspended from a 
narrow belt encircling the waist and the latter well 
shows the method of attachment. No dagger is shown. 

His wife, Elizabeth Skinner, also kneels on a tasselled 
cushion with chequered pavement and prayer desk similar 
to her husband's. She wears the pedimental head-dress 
with ornamented lappets in front, an under- gown with 
tight striped sleeves terminating in frills, an over-gown 
cut square at the neck to show the partlet below and 
with short full sleeves. To her girdle is attached a long 
rosary. Below the figures is a four-line black letter 
inscription in raised letters ; the precatory clauses at the 
beginning and end have been completely defaced : 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

. .... of Jofjn jScott esqwer t one of tjje barons of o r 



sou'agntje lorb 

tfje k2 n fl' erscfjeker fofjgcfje 3ajn becesgb tjje bit bage of 

September i xiiii gere of tfje 

reggne of ou r sau'agnge lorb kgng jjenrg tfje fom 1 1 tfje gere 

of oii r lorb rjob x fc c anb 

xxxii . . . , .*****., 

Behind the father was a group of four kneeling sons 
in civil dress, all with long hair, wearing doublets and 
gowns with long false sleeves with slits for the passage 
of the arms in the middle. Behind the mother was a 
group of seven kneeling daughters, all wearing small 
French hoods with lappets behind, under-gowns with 
tight plain sleeves, over-gowns with short wide sleeves 
and plain belts from which hang tasselled cords. At the 
four corners were shields of arms, the upper sinister, 
behind the man, bore the arms of Scott, Quarterly , I and 
IV. (Arg.), on a fess (sa.) three boars' heads couped (or) for 
Scott. II and III. (^b.), on a fess indented (arg.) three 
martlets (gu.) for Bretynghurst. The upper dexter, 
behind the woman, bore Scott quartered with Bretyng- 
hurst and impaling Skinner, (Gu.) three cross lows (or). 
These two shields are known from extant rubbings. From 
Lansdowne MS. 874 it appears that the lower dexter 
shield bore Scott impaling Bretynghurst, and that the 
lower sinister was then " broken away." 

Above and between the effigies is an indent for some 
religious device, possibly a Trinity, to which the princi- 
pal figures addressed supplications on scrolls of which 
the indents alone remain. Another curious indent be- 
tween the effigies may have contained an achievement 
of arms but of this there is no record. 

The effigies are 16 inches in height, the inscription 
plate measures 24 by 4, the group of sons 5 by 4|, the 
daughters 5 by 5i, the shields 5| by 4|, the indents for 
the scrolls 8 by U, the device 6 by 4, and the achieve- 
ment^) 7 by 6^ inches. The existing pieces are now 
fixed on the back of the fourth choir stall on the south 
side of the chancel. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BKASSES IN SURREY. 






Mi 

D 2 
3 W -3 

cr *~ 

M 3 

O i-J .2 
X W ? 

w ? 1 

cc ^ 

5 w 

ffl X! 



r 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



9 



The brass is illustrated in Allport, 130 (effigies, sons 
and daughters) ; Blanch, 56 (from Allport) ; D. Ly softs* 
Environs of London, I (1792), 77 (effs., inscr., children 
and two shields); Prosser, pi. II, fig. 12 (showing the 
indents) ; and the head of the ladv only in Surrey Arch. 
Colls., XVI, 42. 

Noted by Aubrey (I, 169) thus: "in the chancel on the 
north side, is a rais'd altar monument, whereon plates 
of brass." Also by Manning and Bray (III, 424) who 
give three of the shields as then existing. Before 
Allport wrote the tomb had been destroyed with the 
exception of the slab containing the brass which had 
been placed on the wall of the chancel " at a telescopic 
distance overhead and in the darkest nook the church 
afforded." 1 

Nicholas diaries (Lansdowne MS. 874, fol. 60, modern 
numbering) gives a sketch of the monument but takes 
no notice of the indents for the device, etc. He shows 







THE SCOTT MONUMENT 
CAMBERWELL. 

(From a sketch by Nicholas Charles. 

a canopied high tomb with spiral columns and a top 
cresting, the brasses in the back panel and the table 
below ornamented on the front with quatrefoils in 
which are shields. The dexter bears Scott quarterly 

1 Allport, p. 128. 



10 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

with Bretynglmrst impaling Skinner, the centre one 
u broken," the sinister (Az.), a chevron between three owls 
(or), for Appleyard impaling Scott quarterly with 
Bretynghurst. John Scott's eldest daughter Elizabeth 
is said to have married an Appleyard. 

John Scott, son of William Scott by Margaret, daugh- 
ter and coheir of Bretynghurst, was of the Inner 

Temple and is frequently mentioned in the records of 
that Inn. 1 He attended parliaments from 1505 (p. 4) 
to 1529 (p. 94) where he is mentioned as Baron. In 
1511 he was attendant on the reader and treasurer 
(p. 13); first mentioned as Baron in 1529 (p. 91); 
governor from 1514 (p. 31) and frequently onwards 
until 1531 (p. 99) ; appointed for next Lent reader on 
All Souls Day, 1512 (p. 25), but discharged of that 
office 11 November, 1512, on payment of a fine of 10 
(p. 26), subsequently reduced to 100s. (p. 28). He was 
treasurer in 1510 (p. 19) and in 1511 (p. 23) and seems 
to have done well as he brought in 14 : 6 : 8 and owed 
nothing (p. 55). On 9 February, 1510-11, he is assigned 
the chamber where Lucas late solicitor to Henry VII 
lay and where Edward Grrantam formerly lay, while 
he lived (p. 22) ; and John Hylrnan is admitted to the 
chamber with him in 1524-5 (p. 80). In 1523 (p. 458) 
he is mentioned as a socius of the Inner Temple not 
holding any office in the courts of King's Bench, Com- 
mon Pleas or Exchequer, and is said to have a substance 
of 200 (only two others having more) and his subsidy 
to the king is 10. His patent as third baron of the 
exchequer is dated 15 May, 1528, 2 and in 1530 he was 
one of the commissioners to enquire into the possessions 
of Cardinal Wolsey in Surrey. 3 He appears also to have 
been sheriff of Surrey and Sussex in 1520. According to 
the inscription on the brass he died 7 September, 1532. 
His wife Elizabeth was one of the daughters of Richard 

1 Calendar of the Inner Temple Records, by F. A. Inderwick, 
Vol. I, 1896. For these references the writer is indebted to Mr. Ralph 
Griffin, F.S.A., of the Inner Temple. 

2 Origines Juridiciales, Chronologic, p. 82, by Sir William Dugdale, 
1671. 3 R ymer 's fcedera, XIV, 402. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



11 



Skinner (No. II) and sister and coheir of William Skinner 
(lost brass (1) ). 

According to the Visitation of 1530, etc., he had four 
sons, of whom the eldest was John Scott of Camberwell, 

and seven daughters, one of whom was married to 

Appleyard. Another of his sons is commemorated by 
brass No. IV. 

IV. Effigy of Ediuard, son of John Scott , esq., died 1538, 
in armour, a re-used figure of date c. 1465, with a 
foot inscription ivhich is palimpsest, having on the 
reverse a portion of another inscription to John 
Ratford, citizen and glover, \5th cent. Now fastened 
to the choir stalls, the inscription in a hinged frame. 

Although the figure and inscription do not agree in 
date there is no doubt as to their being the memorial 
to Edward Scott who died in 1538. 
As noted under Addington (No. II) 
the brass engravers' shops at this 
period were filled with old material, 
the result of the spoliation of the 
monastic houses, and this is an 
example of a brass built up from 
such material. The figure is simply 
an old one re-used and the inscrip- 
tion is also made up from old 
material, but in the latter case it was 
necessary to re- engrave, whilst the 
figure was made to do duty for 
Edward Scott without any altera- 
tion although the style of armour 
had completely changed. The figure 
shows a man in armour of the period 
about 1465, standing on a mound 
covered with grass and flowering EDWARD SCOT T, 
plants, bareheaded with short curly isss. 

hair and with bare hands, the head CAMBERWELL, 

. iii TT SURREY. 

resting on a helmet. His armour, (Abollt one . sixth full 
the details of which are not now size) 

very clear owing to the worn con- From a drawing made 
dition of the brass, appears to be in 1837. 




12 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

a standard or collar of mail 1 and a breastplate. The 
shoulder defences differ in shape, the right or sword arm 
being protected by overlapping plates with a moton in 
front of the armpit, the left or bridle arm by a single 
piece fluted and ridged. The elbow pieces, large and 
pointed, are similar in shape and size with deep invected 
edges and are secured to the plates below by arming 
points or spring pins. The skirt of taces is short con- 
sisting of three plates only, but has two large tuiles 
strapped to the lowermost plate with a small lappet of 
mail between. The thighs and shins have the usual 
coverings and the knee-pieces have plates below and 
behind, the feet are encased in pointed sollerets com- 
posed of overlapping plates with rowel spurs strapped 
over the insteps. The sword, which has lost its lower 
end, is suspended from a narrow belt diagonally in front 
of the body and the handle of the dagger which was 
attached to the lowermost tace appears on the left side. 
The illustration of the figure is taken from an unpub- 
lished drawing made in 1837 by the late Mr. J. Gr. 
Waller, F.S.A., and now in the collection of the Society 
of Antiquaries of London, by whose kind permission it is 
here reproduced. Below the figure is a black letter 
inscription in three lines; the precatory clauses at the 
beginning and end have been erased but so partially as 
to be perfectly legible. The erasure of these clauses is 
common, especially in the neighbourhood of London, 
and was no doubt carried out by the relatives or 
representatives of the family in order to preserve the 
memorial from complete destruction. 

1 Although shown as a plate gorget in Mr. Waller's original drawing 
and in the engraving in Allport, it is more probably a standard of mail 
the links of which have been obliterated by wear. The brass was 
much worn when Mr. Waller took the rubbing from which his drawing 
was prepared in 1837. In the reproduction of this drawing the writer 
has ventured to alter the plain gorget into a collar of mail from the 
evidence afforded by the similar figure at Addington, Kent, to Robert 
Wattori, 1470. Another almost precisely similar figure formerly at 
Hordle, Hants., engraved in Gough's Sepulchral Monuments, II, 386, 
has the- mail collar but with invected edge, as also have the figures 
at Thame, Oxon., to members of the Quatremayn family of about the 
same date. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



13 



The inscription, now slightly mutilated at the bottom 
rig! it-hand corner, reads thus : 



f go r rfjargte p'g far g e sotille of <tifoarti Scott on of g e 

of Jofjn 

Scott ^squicr fofjtcfje (Ufoar0 ticccgsstr g c x *^ & a 2 tf Scpteier 

&n torn 

fE ccccc mfctit^ on fofjose soulle t all xpcn gouir Jp jaue 

mercg 

and is palimpsest being made up of two pieces, one of 
which 4 inches in length is blank, the other 16i inches 
in length contains a portion of a fifteenth-century in- 
scription to John Ratford, citizen and glover. It reads 
thus : 



ic iacct Jofj' Eatforto &{uis ct Cirot ...... 

it xxix tiic nuns' scptcntbtie; cuius a ..... 



Cirot = cirotecarius or chirothecarius, a glover, from 
chirotheca, a glove or gauntlet. Of John Ratford him- 
self the writer has been unable to find any information. 




IOT tit oini^ ftptrrafiriff niiii 



PALIMPSEST INSCRIPTION, EDWARD SCOTT, 1SS8. 
CAMBERWELL, SURREY. 

(One-sixth full size.) 

The figure measures 18| inches in height, and the 
inscription plate 20^ by 3 inches. They are now^ fixed 
to the back of the first choir stall on the north side of 
the chancel. The brass was in the south aisle of the old 
church where it was noted by Aubrey (I, 173) who says, 



14 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

"on a plate of brass on a gravestone in the south aisle 
is the portraiture of a man in complete armour, and at 
his feet this inscription : " he then gives the inscription 
as above. Mr. Waller records it as in this aisle in 1837 
when the inscription was partly covered by a pew. 
Allport, p. 140, also mentions it in this aisle, and notes 
" it was inlaid in a large slab of grey-stone, in the 
upper part of which were originally two escutcheons, 
the indents being all that remained at the time of the 
destruction of the church." The escutcheons had been 
lost before 1611 when Nicholas Charles, the herald, 
visited the church and sketched the brass in its original 
slab, the shields being then gone (Brit. Mus., Lansdowne 
MS. 874, fol. 59, modern numbering). 

The figure is engraved in Allport, pi. V, 140, and in 
W. H. Blanches History of Cambenvell, 54 (from Allport), 
also in W. Hone's Year Book, 914, and Prosser, pi. I, 
fig. 5. Edward Scott was one of the four sons of 
John Scott, baron of the exchequer (No. Ill), and died 
29 September, 1538. 

V. Effigies of John Bowyar, esq., died 1570, in civil dress, 
with eight sons, and wife Elizabeth Draper, died 1605, 
with three daughters, all Jcneeling, foot inscription and 
achievement of arms. Noiv fastened to the choir stalls. 
Tivo shields of arms lost, but known from extant rub- 
bings.- The effigies and arms engraved about 1570 on 
the death of John Bowyar, but the inscription added in 
1605 on the death of Elizabeth, who was then the wife 
of William Foster, esq. 

The figures are represented kneeling on tasselled 
cushions and between them is a table, covered by a 
cloth, on which are two open books. John Bowyar is 
in civil dress, and behind him are the smaller kneeling 
figures of his eight sons. He has short hair, beard and 
moustaches, and wears a doublet with frills at the neck 
and wrists, also a fur-lined gown having short sleeves with 
long strips hanging down from behind the shoulders. 
The sons are in a similar dress but with plain gowns. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



15 



His wife Elizabeth Draper, behind whom are the 
smaller kneeling figures of her three daughters, wears 
the French hood with lappet behind, frills at the neck and 
wrists, a bodice or under-gown with close sleeves slightly 




JOHN BOWYAR, Esq., 157O, and Wife ELIZABETH, 16OS. 

Date of Brass, 1S7O, Inscription added. 

CAMBERWELL, SURREY. 

(About one-fifth full size.) 

puffed at the shoulders, and an over-gown open in front 
and fastened round the waist by a sash tied in a bow. 
The daughters resemble the mother except in respect of 
their head-dress which is in the form of a small mob cap. 



16 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

The inscription below is not contemporary with the 
figures : it is in five lines in Roman capitals and probably 
replaced an inscription similar in style to that on No. VI, 
the reason for the change being that Elizabeth had sub- 
sequently married William Foster, esq., and died his 
wife in 1605: 

HERE LYETH BVRIED THE BODIES OF IHON BOWYAR ESQ R : 

& ELIZABETH HIS 
WIFE ONE OF THE DAVGHTERS OF ROBERT DRAPER ESQ R : 

THEY HAD ISSVE 8 
SONNES AND 3 DAVGHTERS. AND loHN DIED THE X TH OF 

OCTOBER 1570. 
ELIZABETH AFTER MARIED WILLM FOSTER ESQ R : AND HAD 

ISSVE BY HIM 
ONE SONNE AND ONE DAVGHTER. AND DIED THE XXVII OF 

APRILL 1605. 

Above and between the effigies was an achievement, 
on a round topped plate, with the arms and crest of 
Bowyar. Quarterly, I and IV. (Or), a bend (vair), cotised 
(gu.) for Bowyar. II. (Arg.), on a fess humetty (gu.) three 
leopards' faces (or) for Brabant. III. (Arg), a chevron 
(sa.) between three acorns (ppr.) for Boys. Crest, on a 
coronet (or) a tiger sejant (arg.), with helmet and mantling. 
On the dexter side, above the man, w.as a shield bearing 
Bowyar, as on the achievement, impaling Draper, Quar- 
terly of six, I and VI. (Arg), on a fess between three 
annulets (gu.) a mullet (of the field) between two covered cups 
(or) for Draper. II. ( Arg), on two chevrons, between three 
escallops (sa.), six martlets (of the field) for Draper. 
III. Erm., on a chief (as.) three lions rampart (or) for 
Aucher. IV. Erm., a fess cheguy (arg) and (sa.) for 
Urswick. V. Per fess (vert) and (arg.) a pale counter- 
changed and three acorns slipped (or) for Fyfield ; over all, 
on the fess point, a crescent . . . for difference. On the 
sinister side, above the lady, one bearing Draper with 
the quarterings as above. The achievement, now 
separated from the effigies, alone remains. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 17 

The extreme width of the plate containing the effigies 
is 21| inches, its height 10^ inches, the inscription 
measures 20^ by 4, the achievement 7 by 6, and the 
shields 5.^ by 4| inches. 

The effigies are illustrated in Allport, 134, pi. IV, fig. 2, 
and in Blanch, 32 (from Allport) ; the complete brass in 
Prosser, pi. II, fig. 8. Noted by Aubrey (I, 168) and by 
Manning and Bray (III, 426) as on the north wall of 
the chancel. Allport, p. 131, refers to it as one of the 
" translated " brasses, "now on the walls of the chancel, 
at a telescopic distance overhead, and in the darkest 
nook the church afforded." Both Nicholas Charles' sketch 
(Lansdowne MS. 874, fol. 59, modern numbering) and 
Prosser's engraving show the brass in its original stone 
frame. 

John Bowyer or Bowyar, son of John Bowyer, of 
Shepton Beauchamp, by Joan, daughter and heiress of 
William Brabant, of Bruton, by Alice, daughter and heir- 
ess of Richard Boys, was born at Shepton Beauchamp, 
and married his first wife, Anne Jenes, 29 April, 1540. 
His second wife, to whom he was married 17 June, 1550, 
was the youngest daughter of Robert Draper, esq., of 
Camberwell, and sister to Matthew Draper (No. VI), 
by whom he had a numerous family. He died 16 Oc- 
tober, 1570 ; his widow on 9 September, 1572, married 
William Foster, esq., and dying his wife was buried 
2 May, 1605. 

VI. Effigies of Matliye Draper, esq., 1577, in civil dress, 
and wife Sence Blackwell, kneeling, foot inscription 
and one shield. Now fastened to the choir stalls. 
An achievement of arms and another shield lost, but 
known from extant rubbings. 

Except for the figures of the children and the renewed 
inscription this brass is almost a fac-simile of No. V and 
probably came from the same workshop. The costume 
is practically identical in all points and need not be 
described again. 

VOL. xxvi, C 



18 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 






BTJ 



m f) urpr tr oi 
Gpfr ftfeu files marpr 



and 6pefr flntl) mif UQir ftr m dapr of 3ulg nt 
ttif pert of our lard o6 H??.**^^"^ 9 



MATHYE DRAPER, Esq., 1577, and Wife SENCE. 
CAMBERWELL, SURREV. 

(About one-fifth full size.) 

Below the figures is an inscription in five lines in 
black letter: 



Igetfj biirgeti tfje iotig of fHatfjge draper 
iet injjo iuas margrti xinto Sence Blacktoell 
augfjter of TOiIlfam Blackinell of 3Lont)o <5%quier 
ano oieo initjjout issue tfje xxi tiage of Julg in 
tie gete of out lotto goto 1577. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 19 

Above and between the effigies was an achievement, 
on a round-topped plate, bearing the arms and crest of 
Draper, Quarterly of six, I and VI. (Arg.), on a fess 
betiveen three annulets (gu.) a mullet (of the field) between 
two covered cups (or) for Draper.. II. (Arg.) on two 
chevrons, between three escallops (sa.), six martlets (of the 
field) for Draper. III. Erm., on a chief (az.) three lions 
rampant (or) for Aucher. IV. Erm., a fess chequy (arg.) 
and (sa.) for Urswick. V. Per fess (vert) and (arg.) 
a pale counter-changed and three acorns slipped (or) for 
Fyfield; over all, on the fess point, a crescent . . . for 
difference. Crest, on a wreath . . . and -. . . a stag's 
head couped (gu.) charged on the neck with a fess between 
three annulets (or), with helmet and mantling. 

On the dexter side, above the man, was a shield bear- 
ing Draper, as on the achievement, impaling Blackwell, 
Paly of six (arg.) and (az.), on a chief (gu.) a lion passant 
guardant (or), a bordure erm. On the sinister side, above 
the lady, one bearing Blackwell. This latter shield, 
now separated from the effigies, alone remains. The 
extreme width of the plate containing the figures is 
17 inches, its height 10^ inches. The inscription 
measures 18^ by 4^, the achievement 7 by 6|- and 
the shields 5J> by 4^ inches. 

The effigies and inscription are now fixed on the 
back of the sixth stall on the south side of the chancel 
and the shield on the back of the first stall on the same 
side. The figures are illustrated in Allport, pi. IV, fig. 1, 
p. 134, and Blanch, 32 (from Allport) ; the complete brass 
in Prosser, pi. II, fig. 7, and the head of the lady only in 
Surrey Arch. Colls., XVI, 47. 

Noted by Aubrey (I, 168) and by Manning and 
Bray (III, 426) as on the south wall of the chancel. 
Allport, p. 134, refers to it as one of the " translated 
brasses, now on the walls of the chancel, at a telescopic 
distance overhead, and in the darkest nook the church 
afforded." 

Both Nicholas Charles and Prosser show the brass in 
its original stone frame which corresponded with that 
enclosing the Bowyer brass. 

c 2 



20 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

Mathye or Matthew Draper, son of Robert Draper, 
of Camberwell, page of the jewel office to Henry VIII, 
by Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of John Fyfield 
alias Lowe, of Camberwell, married Sence, daughter of 
William Black well, town clerk of London. Mr. J. G. 
Nichols, F.S.A., in his paper on " Bowyer of Camber- 
well" says 1 u it is remarkable that we find them going 
through the wedding ceremony twice. This evidently 
arose from the religious changes in the first year of the 
reign of Elizabeth. Machyn 2 describes the earlier cere- 
mony: it took place on the 30th May, 1559, in the 
parish of St. Andrew in the Wardrobe, where they were 
married in Latin and with mass : ' and after mass they 
had a bride-cup, and cakes, and hypocras, and muscadell, 
plenty to everybody.' The company then went unto 
Master Blackwell's place to breakfast, and after that 
there was a great dinner. A fortnight later (13 June, 
1559) the marriage is entered in the register of Cam- 
berwell, where we may presume it was re-solemnized, 
more quietly, with Protestant rights." 2 Matthew Draper 
died 21 July, 1577, without issue. His wife had pre- 
deceased him, the entry of her burial being recorded in 
the Camberwell register on 24 August, 1571. 

VII. Inscription and shield of arms. Margaret, daughter 
of Matthew Keleatt, gent., and wife of John Dove, 
1582. Palimpsest, on reverse of inscription a portion 
of a marginal inscription, and on reverse of shield a 
portion of a figure, both of Flemish workmanship. 
Noiv in hinged frames fastened to the choir stalls. 

Black letter inscription in five lines, on a plate 
measuring 16i by 5 inches: 

^ere Igetjj fcurgeo tfje Boog of fHargaret ofce 
togfe to Ifofjn JBofce oatigfjter of JBatfjefo Iteleatt 3 
of .Surreg entelman ana fjao Issue fcg tfje sail! 
3tojjtx & sonnes auto iiii J9augrjte t toasseo 
tfje rcii tiage of Iprill 3Jnno tiomint 1582. 

1 Surrey Arch. Colls., Ill, 221 n. 

2 Diary of Henry Machyn (Camden Soc., 1 S., xlii), p.199. 

3 The engraver first carved the name as " Kelett " but altered it into 
" Keleatt." 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



21 



The shield, 6i by 5 inches, bears the arms of Dove, 
Per chevron (az.) and (vert) three doves with wings spread 
(arg.), beaked and legged (gu.}, impaling Keleatt or Kellet, 
(Arg.), on a mound (vert) a boar passant (sa.). 




REVERSE OF DOVE INSCRIPTION. 
CAMBERWEL.L, SURREY. 

(About one-fourth full size.) 

Both the inscription and shield are palimpsest, being 
portions cut from a large Flemish brass of late-fifteenth 
or early-sixteenth century work. The reverse of the in- 
scription shows a portion of the right hand outer border 
of a large brass with four words JBtS bttto mmse Smmll 
of a marginal inscription in black letter on a curved 
scroll with a twisted end. Between the curves are the 
small figures of two monks 
as " weepers," the back- 
ground being filled with a 
diaper of foliage work. The 
reverse of the shield shows 
a small piece of a pave- 
ment divided into squares, 
on this is a naked foot and 
the end of some drapery, 
most probably a portion of 
a figure in a shroud. The 
base and a portion of a 
shaft of a canopy also 
appear. The two pieces REVERSE OF DOVE 

, -, n -, 1 SHIELD. 

seem to have formed part CAMBERWELL, SURREY. 
of one brass. An early (About one-third full size.) 




22 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

example of a brass of this type occurs in the cathedral 
at Bruges to Joris de Munter and wife, 1439. 1 In the 
church of St. Jacques, in the same city, is another to 
James and Kateline Bave, 1464, and at Lubeck is one 
as late as about 1550 to two unknown persons. 

The brasses are now fixed in hinged frames attached 
to the back of the second choir stall on the north side. 
The palimpsest portions are reproduced in the Transac- 
tions of the Monumental Brass Society, IV, 277, and in the 
Surrey Collections, XV, 31. 

Noted by Aubrey (I, 176), as " on a blue stone west- 
ward of the former (i. 0., Mighell Skinner, 1497) at the 
entrance into the chancel." He also says "lower on 
the same stone is this inscription : i Of your charity 
pray for the soule of Mary Chambers the which deceased 
the 22 day of Dec. in the year of our lord god 1538 
cujus anime propicietur deus Amen.' ' Allport, p. 124, 
places the Dove inscription u at the western extremity 
of the centre aisle" and says, " on the same stone there 
was originally another epitaph (for Mary Chambers), 
also in black letter. It had disappeared before the 
destruction of the church, but all the flaws are still 
visible upon the stone which remains among the ruins." 

VIII. Inscription and shield of arms. Thomas Muschamp, 
gent., 1637; his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Nayler, placed the brass. Now fastened to the choir 
stalls. 

Inscription in nine lines in Roman capitals, on a plate 
measuring 22 by 11 inches : 

HERE LYETH BVRIED YE BODY OF THOMAS MVSCHAMP 
GENT: YONGEST SONE OF FRANCIS MVSCHAMP Esq 7 HE 
MARRIED ELIZABETH THE DAVGHTER OF THO- 
MAS NAYLER OF STANDISH IN THE COVNTY OF 
LANCASTER GENT: WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE IN 

1 Figured in Rev. W. F. Creeny's Monumental Brasses of the 
Continent of Europe, p. 2-5. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 23 

CERTAINE HOPE OF A IOYFVLL RESVRRECTION THE 
THIRD DAY OF MAY ANNO DOMINI 1637. 

FOR WHOSE PIOVS MEMORIE ELIZABETH HIS LOVING 
WIFE CAVSED THIS MEMORIALL FOR HIS REHEHBRANC. 

Arms, on a shield measuring 9^ by 8| inches, 
Quarterly, I and IV. (Or), three bar's (gu.\ for Mus- 
champ. II and III. (Arg.) on a chevron (gu.) between 
three lozenges (sa.) as many martlets (or), for Welbeck. 

Now fixed to the back of the third choir stall on the 
north side of the chancel. Noted by Aubrey (I, 167) as 
" on the north wall, on a plate of brass in a marble, in 
the north ile." Also by Manning and Bray (III, 426). 
Allport, p. 1 69 n, states ' ' it was afterwards removed to 
the floor, where it remained at the time of the fire. It 
has been preserved uninjured." 

Thomas Muschamp, youngest son of Francis Mus- 
champ, died 3 May, 1637, married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas Nayler, gent., of Standish, co. Lane., who 
survived him and placed the brass to his memory. 

LOST BRASSES. 

(1). William Skinner, gent., 1498, and wife Isabel, ivith foot 
inscription. 

Aubrey (I, 171), "in brass on a gravestone, at the 
foot of the chancel, under the portraiture of a man in 
a gown, and a woman, is this inscription " : 

" Hie iacet Willielmus Skeinor generosus et Isabella 
uxor eius qui quidem Willielmus obiit ii die mensis 
Augusti An. dni 1498. Quorum animabus propicietur 
deus Amen." 

Manning and Bray (III, 426) simply quote Aubrey. 
Allport, p. 126, adds "it seems to have been either 
removed, destroyed, or hidden in some of the ' im- 
provements ' which the church had undergone." 

William Skinner was the eldest son of Richard 
Skinner (No. II). 



24 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

(2). Inscription. Thomas Stacy, M.A., vicar, 1527, also 
William Benson and Matthew Thomson, chaplains to 
Thomas Stacy. 

Aubrey (I, 178), " on a plate of brass, which Dr. Parr, 
late minister of Camberwell shew'd ine, taken formerly 
out of the church, is this inscription " : 

" Of your charity pray for the soule of Master Thomas 
Stacy master of art late vicar of this church who deceased 
the 26 day of Marche the yere of our Lord 1527 And 
for the soule of William Benson and Sir Mathew Thom- 
son chapelenyes to the said Master Thomas Stacy on 
whose soules Jesu have mercy." 

Allport, p. 127, gives a sketch of an indent of a priest, 
apparently in academicals, with two scrolls, one on either 
side of the head, which he conjectures may have repre- 
sented Thomas Stacy. The slab was then on the pave- 
ment near the chancel. According to Manning and Bray 
(III, 430), Thomas Stacy was instituted 31 Oct., 1505, 
on the presentation of the prior and convent of Bermond- 
sey, and resigned in 1526 on a pension of 12. He died 
26 March, 1527. 

(3). Inscription. Henry Lijntot, 1600. 

Aubrey (I, 169), " on a gravestone westward in the 
north ile, on a plate of brass, is this inscription " : 

" Here lyeth the body of Henry Lyntot borne at 
Horsham in Sussex who deceased the 20 of November 
1600." 

(4). A child and scroll. 

Robert Seymour, in his Survey of London and West- 
minster, II, 831, notes "in the middle isle, before the 
Communion Table, the figures of a man and woman in 
brass, praying ; the arms and inscription torn off. By 
this stone, another with the figure of a child in brass, 
but torn off with the epitaph ; only a part of the label 
remains, containing these words, ' Sancti Innocentes 
orate pro nobis. 7 ' Quoted by Allport, p. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 25 

CAPEL. 

LOST BRASSES. 

There is now no trace either of the brasses or of the 
stones which contained them. 

(1). Inscription. Dame Elizabeth, second daughter of Sir 
Thomas Gresham, Jmt., of Limps field, and wife of 
Sir Richard Cowper, lent., of Capel, 1633. 

Aubrey (IV, 179), in the chancel, " on another brass 
plate in capitals " : 

" Here lyeth the body of Dame Elizabeth the second 
daughter of Sir Thomas Gresham of Lymsfeild in the 
county of Surrey knt. and wyfe of Sir Richard Cowper 
of Capel in the said county knt. She deceased the xx th 
of August Anno Domini 1633." 

Also mentioned by Manning and Bray (I, 599). 

(2). Inscription. Sarah, eldest daughter of William 
Knightley, esq., of Kingston -upon -Thames, and 
wife of Richard Cowper , esq., of Temple- Elf ant, 
1662, aged 38. 

Aubrey (IV, 178), in the chancel, " on a brass plate 
on a gravestone, in capitals, is this inscription " : 

" Here lyeth interred the body of Sarah Cowper wife 
of Richard Cowper of Temple-Elfant in Surrey esq. 
eldest daughter of William Knightley of Kingstone upon 
Thames esq. having had issue seaven sonnes and one 
daughter and deceased the 3rd day of November in the 
38 th year of her age Anno Domini 1662." 

Also mentioned by Manning and Bray (I, 598). 



26 A LIST Oi 1 MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



CARSHALTON. 

I. Effigies of Nicholas G-aynesford, one of the esquires for 
the body to Kings Edward IV and Henry VII, died 
1498, in armour, with four sons, the eldest in armour , 
the second a priest, and wife Margaret (Sidney), one 
of the gentlewomen to Queens Elizabeth ( Woodville) and 
Elizabeth (of York), died 1503, with collar of suns and 
roses and enamelled dress, all kneeling, foot inscription 
and three shields of arms. A group of four daughters 
and a representation of the Trinity lost. On the back 
panel of a high tomb on the north side of the old chancel. 
On the front of the tomb are three shields and on the 
west end one shield, all still showing traces of enamel. 
Brass engraved during lifetime of persons commemorated 
between the years 1480-90. 

One of the most important brasses in the county, as 
the figure of the lady still retains much of the enamel * 
used to give the red colour to her dress, also much of 
the original gilding on her head and on the desk at 
which she kneels. The shields on the front of the tomb 
also contain enamel. The only other instance of the use 
of true enamel in the county occurs on the brass to Sir 
John d'Abernon I, 1277, at Stoke d'Abernon. 

The tomb is again interesting as an example of the 
use of a monument as an Easter sepulchre. The general 
arrangement of the brass is also unusual, the Trinity 
being in the top right hand corner with the figures 
looking towards it; the latter also lack the invocatory 
scrolls usually found at this period. Again, the man is 
represented kneeling on one knee on a mound with his 
hands held apart, whilst the lady has her hands clasped 
in prayer and kneels to a desk. The displayed hands of 

1 Enamel must not be confused with the ordinary resinous com- 
positions of various colours with which the lines of all brasses were 
originally filled. True enamel can only be applied to copper and, no 
doubt, the figure of Margaret Gaynesford, if it were possible to obtain 
an analysis, would be found to consist of that material. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 27 

the man represent an action of prayer sometimes found 
on brasses at this time. 

Nicholas Gaynesford is represented bareheaded with 
long hair and with bare hands which are held apart with 
the palms turned outwards. He kneels on one knee on 
a mound covered with grass and flowering plants; on 
this lie his drawn sword and his gauntlets, whilst the 
empty scabbard is shown suspended from a narrow belt 
crossing the taces diagonally. 1 His armour consists of 
a plate gorget with a mentonniere, a breastplate with 
a tapul or projecting ridge and a demi-placcate, well 
shown on account of the hands being apart, shoulder 
pieces composed of two overlapping plates, small elbow 
pieces fastened with arming points, and the usual 
brassarts and vambraces. The skirt of taces is short 
with two large tuiles in front and a skirt of mail 
below. The thighs and shins have the usual plates, 
the knee pieces are large with plates above, below and 
at the sides, and the sollerets are round toed with long 
rowel spurs buckled over the insteps. The taces and 
knee pieces have scalloped edges. No dagger is 
shown. 2 

Behind him, kneeling on a chequered floor, are the 
figures of his four sons ; the eldest, in armour, much 
resembles his father but has a collar of mail and no 
tuiles, a narrow belt supports a long sword on the left 
and a short dagger on the right side. The second son 
is a priest, tonsured and wearing an academic gown with 
hood. The remaining two are in civil dress with large 
pouches attached to their girdles. All have the hands 
clasped in prayer. 

Margaret Gaynesford is shown kneeling on a chequered 

1 Compare the brass at South Wamborough, Hants., to Robert 
Whyte, esq., who married Margaret, daughter of Nicholas and 
Margaret Gaynesford, which although dated 1512 appears to have 
been engraved earlier, c. 1480, or copied from an older example. It 
much resembles the figure of Nicholas Gaynesford both with regard 
to the position of the hands and that of the sword and gauntlets. 

2 In Surrey Arch. Colls., VII, 70, Mr. J. G. Waller states that he 
wears the collar of suns and roses but this is an error. There is not 
the slightest trace of such an ornament. 



28 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 




floor at a prayer desk, the front panel of which is orna- 
mented with a daisy or marguerite in allusion to her 
Christian name, and on which lies an open book. The 
desk and also her head and shoulders still show the 
original gilding, whilst her gown retains nearly all the 

original enamel used 
to colour it red. Her 
hands are clasped in 
prayer, and round her 
neck is the Yorkist col- 
lar of suns and roses 
set between two rows 
of pearls, an unusual 
arrangement, as this 
collar is generally worn 
without any ornamental 
setting. 1 Her head- 
dress is a good example 
of the butterfly type 
and well shows the hair 
strained back into the 
ornamented caul and 

also the large veil of fine material which was stretched 
on wires to keep it outstanding. Over her dress, which 
is cut low at the neck and has tight sleeves, is worn the 
sideless cote-hardie, a late example of its use. A narrow 
girdle lies loosely about the hips and from it hangs a 
chain ending in an ornament somewhat in the form of a 
leaf. As before mentioned the dress still retains nearly 
all the enamel used to give it a red colour. 

Behind her were the kneeling figures of her four 
daughters, now lost. They are shown in Lysons' en- 
graving but were then imperfect, the head of the third 
and half the fourth being missing. The two elder had 
kennel-shaped head-dresses. 

1 Good examples of this collar occur on brasses at Little Eastou, 
Essex, to the Earl and Countess of Essex, 1483 ; at Rougham, 
Norfolk, on the figure of Judge Yelverton, c. 1470; at St. Albau's 
Abbey, Herts., Sir Anthony Grey, 1480 ; and at Roy don, Essex, on 
the figure of Joan Colte, 1471. 



HEAD OF 

MARGARET GAYNESFORD. 
CARSHALTON, SURREY. 

(One-half full size.) 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 29 

Below the figures is the inscription in five lines in 
black letter, neither of the dates of death being filled in : 

Prag for tfje &oulgs of fiirfjolas agnesfortf sutgme esquger for 
tfje botJg of tfje most noble p'nces ISofoarti 
tfje iiti t pfenrg irii t JHarcjatet jjig fogffe &lso one of tfje 
enttlfogmmen of tfje most noble p'neesses (HEli^abetfj 
1 (IBlijabetfj fogfes of tfje forsaft most noble p'nces feg^es tje 
tiiscesiti tjje - tag of - 



in tfje jjete of oure lorti @oti ^ iH CC^C - 1 tje forsafo 
iHarrjaret tit'scessiti tfje - "bag of - in tfje gere 
of oute lort ffioti 8 &fjofosanU CCCC - n fcrfjoos 
Jfju Jaue 



At the top right-hand corner of the slab was a repre- 
sentation of the Trinity in the usual form of God the 
Father seated and holding the crucified Saviour, but 
only the indent remains. Along the top of the slab 
and above the figures are three small shields, the dexter 




SHIELDS ON FRONT OF GAVNESFORD TOMB. 
CARSHALTON, SURREY. 

(One-sixth full size.) 

bearing Gaynesford, (Arg.), a chevron (gu.) between three 
greyhounds passant (*a.), collared (arg.), the chevron charged 
with an annulet (or) for difference ; the centre, Gaynesford 
impaling Sidney, (Or),apheon (as.) ; the sinister, Sidney 
alone. On the front of the table of the tomb are three 
larger shields, the dexter charged with (Arg.), three 
roses gu. impaling (/%.), a lion rampant, tail for Jced^gu. ; 
the centre, Gaynesford impaling Sidney; the sinister, 
(Or), a cross vert impaling Sidney. On the west end of 
the tomb is Sidney alone. There is no shield at the 



30 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY, 

east end. All still retain traces of enamel. The tomb, 
which is quite plain, is built against the north wall of 
the old chancel, now used as the south chapel. The 
brasses are in the upright slab which measures 60 by 
32 inches. The table top of the tomb, 62 by 26 inches, 
has a chamfered edge, but as there are no signs of any 
rivets or rivet holes it was probably always plain and 
never carried any further inscription. 

The male effigy is 13^, the female 13, and the sons 
6^ gradually diminishing to 6^ inches in height, the 
inscription plate measures 28 by 4^, the smaller shields 
4^ by 3i, the larger 6 by 5, the indent for the Trinity 
8^ by 5^ and that for the daughters 6^ by 8 inches. 

There is a coloured plate of the brass in D. Lysons* 
Environs of London, I (1792), 128, and one shield with 
the arms of Gaynesford is illustrated in G. Clinch's Old 
Church of Carshalton (1909), 29. 

Nicholas Gaynesford, a younger son of John Gaynes- 
ford of Crowhurst (see No. I under Crowhurst), was one 
of the four esquires for the body of Edward IV and also 
of Henry VII ; he was sheriff of Surrey and Sussex in 
1460, 1468, 1472 and 1485, and represented Bletching- 
ley in the parliament of 1452-3, the county in that of 
1460, Guildford in 1472, and Southwark in 1477. Both 
Nicholas and his wife were present at the coronation of 
the Queen of Henry VII, Nicholas attending her with 
other squires of honour in the procession from the Tower 
to Westminster. He died some time between 27 July, 
1497, the date of his will, and 4 November, 1498, the 
date of probate, but there does not appear to be any 
Inquisition post mortem to settle the exact date. In his will 
(P. C. C., 27 Home) he desires to be buried beside the 
high altar of the parish church of Carsalton. Mentions 
his wife Margaret, his [grand]son Robert and his wife 
Margaret, his [grand]daughter Margaret, daughter of 
his son John, his son Walter, his son[in-law] Robert 
Clifford, and his cousins John Kirton and John Moyle. 
Residue to his wife Margaret, who with John Alygh, 
William Buke and John Kyrton are appointed executors 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 31 

with Sir John Rissely as overseer. To the latter is 
bequeathed "my brace of grayhowndis and my cros- 
bowe with all things therto belongyng." 

His wife Margaret, a daughter of the house of Sidney, 
possibly of William Sidney who died in 1449 (see lost 
brass (1) at Cranley), died in 1503, sometime be- 
tween 1 April, the date of her will, and 16 November, 
the date of probate. In this document (P. C. C., 27 
Blamyr) she desires to be buried in the parish church of 
Kersalton "if it fortune me there to dye." Mentions 
her daughter Margaret White, her [grand]son Robert 
Gaynesford and his wife, her sons[in-law] John Kirton 
and his wife Margaret, arid Robert Clifford, her [grand] 
daughter Margaret and her husband Andrew Ferby, and 
a "little John Gaynesford" w T ho has twenty shillings. 
The executors are Margaret White and John Kirton, and 
the overseers Robert Gaynesford and Andrew Ferby. 

Of the four sons of Nicholas and Margaret Gaynes- 
ford, John, the eldest, died in their lifetime at some date 
before 1485. He married Joan, daughter and heir of 
Reginald Moresby of Kent (lost brass (2) ), and had two 
children, a son Robert, who was married to Margaret 
Moyle and eventually succeeded his grandfather, and 
a daughter Margaret who married Andrew Ferby. 
Joan Gaynesford died in 1492 having remarried one 

Brent, whom she also survived as she is described 

in the inquisition taken on her death as Joan Brent, 
widow. Her first husband, John Gaynesford, was dead 
before 1485 as the inquisition recites a deed dated 10 Aug. 
1 Hen. VII, wherein she is described as Joan Gaynes- 
ford, widow, late the wife of John Gaynesford, esq., 
and daughter and heir of Reginald Moresby. The date 
of her death is given as 16 July, 7 Hen. VII, Robert 
Gaynesford, aged sixteen or more, her son and heir. 1 
The second son, shown on the brass as a priest, is pro- 
bably the Walter referred to in his father's will thus, 
" I woll that vis. vim/, be payed to a monke of West- 
moster accordyng to the will of my sonne Water as the 

1 Calendar of Inquisitions post mortem, Henry VII, I, 336. 



32 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

vicary of Carsalton knowith well and I woll that the 
said vicary restore all such books as he hath in kepyng 
of the said Water." Possibly this' Walter is identical 
with the Walter Gaynesford, " capellanus " (No. Ill), 
if so, he died in 1493. Of the two remaining sons there 
is no record : possibly they died young. 

Of the four daughters, Margaret, the eldest, was 
married to Robert White, 1 of South Warnborough, who 
died in 1512 and to whose memory there is a brass in 
that church. Elizabeth married Thomas Ellin gbridge 
(No. IV) and died before 1497. Another daughter 
Margaret married John Kirtori, and another, name un- 
known, married Robert Clifford, of Kent. 

II. A shield bearing the arms of Gaynesford. For many 

years loose in the church safe but in 1912 erroneously 
relaid in the slab of No. IV. 

A shield, 4f by 3| inches, slightly mutilated at the 
base. It bears the arms of Gaynesford with an annulet 
(or) on the chevron for difference, and no doubt formed 
part of lost brass No. 2 which see. 

III. Walter Gaynesford^ chaplain, 1493, in mass vestments 

holding chalice and wafer, worn ; lower part of effigy 
and inscription lost. On floor of south chapel or old 
chancel. 

A small mutilated figure measuring in its present 
condition 12 inches in height. It represents a priest in 
mass vestments, holding a chalice and wafer, tonsured 
and with long flowing hair. The chasuble has orphreys 
ornamented with quatrefoils running round the sides and 
down the front, similar quatrefoils appear on the collar 
of the amice and on the maniple. The execution of the 
brass is poor, especially the chalice which is very badly 
engraved. 

1 On 23 December, 1469, Thomas Seyntleger and Nicholas Gaynes- 
ford had a grant of the custody of all manors, etc., late of John White, 
during the minority of Robert White, his son and heir, with the 
marriage of the latter. Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1467-77, p. 182. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



33 



The figure, which is on the floor of the old chancel, 
now used as the south chapel, is still in a portion of its 
original slab which has been cut just below the figure 
and now measures 28 by 20 
inches. Adjoining it is another 
cut down slab which may have 
formed the lower half/ This 
shows indents for an inscrip- 
tion plate, 144 by 4 inches, 
and for about 2 inches of 
the lower part of a figure. 
Lansdowne MS. 874, fol. 129 
(modern pencil numbering), 
has a sketch of this brass 
showing a full length figure 
in mass vestments but omit- 
ting the chalice. Underneath 
is this inscription : 

" Hie jacet Walter' Gayns- 
ford capellan' qui obiit 10 die 
Maii A dni 1493." 




WALTER GAYNESFORD, 

1493. 
CARSHALTON, SURREY. 

(About one-fourth full size.) 



Harl. MS. 5830, fol. 31 
(modern pencil numbering), 
gives the inscription only, 
thus : 

" Hie jacet Walterus Gainsford capellanus qui obiit 
10 die mensis Maii a dni 1493 cujus animae propitietur 
deus Amen." 

Aubrey (II, 177) says " on another brass plate, under 
the figure of a man, is this inscription : " 

" Hie jacet Thomas Gaynesford capellanus qui obiit 
x die mensis Maii anno domini millimo CCCCLXXXXIII 
cujus anime propicietur deus Amen." 

Manning and Bray (II, 515) follow Aubrey, but say 
" under the figure of a man (in Aubrey's time) but now 
lost.' 7 

VOL. XXVI, D 



34 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

Daniel Lysons, in his Environs, I (1792), 129, gives 
the Christian name as "Walter" and says " the tomb 
remains with the figure of a priest and the inscription, 
though much worn, is legible." 

It would seem that Aubrey copied the Christian name 
wrongly as both manuscripts agree on the name Walter, 
and Lysons confirms their reading. With the exception 
of the Christian name, Aubrey's transcript is probably the 
most correct, as the two heralds seem to have reduced 
their notes to a minimum. The style of engraving with 
the long flowing hair points to a date about 1500, so the 
brass may safely be attributed to Walter Gaynesford 
who died in 1493, and not to John Percebrigg, vicar, 
who died in 1474 ; see lost brass (I). 

IV. Upper portion of the effigy of Thomas Elyngbrigge, esq., 
justice of the peace and gentleman usher to Cardinal 
Morton, archbishop of Canterbury and chancellor of 
England, 1497, in armour, double canopy, now muti- 
lated, with Our Lady of Pity on the centre finial and 
four shields (one lost) on the side shafts, also a small 
fragment of the foot inscription. Effigy of wife Eliza- 
beth (Gaynesford}, a group of three sons and another 
of four daughters lost. The lower portion of the man, 
the effigy of the lady and the missing shield (Gaynes- 
ford) knoivn from extant rubbing. On floor of old 
chancel. 

The two principal figures of this brass are said to 
have been stolen by workmen during some repairs in 
1837, but during the restoration in 1895 the upper 
portion of the male figure together with a fragment 
of the inscription was found behind some woodwork 
and relaid in the slab. Fortunately the late Mr. J. Gr. 
Waller, F.S.A., had visited the church on 30 July, 1837, 
and made a rubbing of the brass. From this rubbing, 
now preserved in the collection of the Society of 
Antiquaries, it has been possible to complete the figures 
in outline and to show the missing shield in the ac- 
companying illustration. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



35 




THOMAS ELYNGBRIGGE, Esq., 1497, and Wife ELIZABETH. 

CARSHALTON, SURREY. 

(About one-tenth full size.) 



36 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

Thomas Elyngbrigge or Ellingbridge is represented 
full face in armour with long hair and with bare hands, 
his head resting upon his helmet, which has on its apex 
a curious design possibly intended for his crest, an elm 
tree trunk eradicated, or may simply be a plume holder 
in the form of a tree. His armour consists of a collar 
of mail, breastplate, shoulder pieces, alike in shape and 
size, consisting of two overlapping plates, small elbow 
pieces alike in shape and size, taces with escalloped 
edges, a short skirt of mail, and the usual plates on the 
arms, thighs and shins. The knee pieces have plates 
above, below and behind, and the sabbatons have broad 
toes and rowel spurs. The sword is suspended diago- 
nally in front of the body from a narrow belt crossing the 
taces, the hilt of the dagger appearing on the right- 
hand side. At his feet is a greyhound. 

His wife Elizabeth is shown as slightly turned to the 
left and wears an early form of the pedimental li cad- 
dress with small cap at the back of the head and with 
the front lappets trimmed with drop ornaments round 
the edges ; a similar ornament also appears on the front 
of the lappet. The under-gown is just seen at the 
neck, whilst the close fitting over-gown has tight sleeves 
with large turned back fur cuffs and is confined round 
the waist by a narrow girdle with pendent end ter- 
minating in a long metal tag. On her fingers are three 
rings, two on the left and one on the right hand. 

Under the man was a group of three sons and under 
the lady another of four daughters, but these have long 
been missing. 

A double canopy, rising from the inscription plate, 
encloses the figures, the lower portions of the side shafts 
are lost, but the two lower shields still remain in place. 
The upper part of the canopy is slightly damaged, the 
top of one of the large finials being lost, as is also 
the sinister shield bearing the Gaynesford arms and 
a portion of the finial below. The top of this finial 
was loose in 1912, but has now been securely refixed. 
The canopy, a good example of its date, has semi- 
circular arches with cusping and rich groining, the latter 



A LIST OP MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SUfiREY. 



springing from bosses in the form of leopards' faces. 
The soffits are ornamented with quatrefoils and the pedi- 
ments with crockets. In the centre of the latter are 
large roundels bearing the words iljc m'cg enclosed in 
quatrefoils. The side 
shafts are broken by 
shields, two in the 
upper part and two in 
the lower, and the cen- 
tre fmial terminates in 
a figure of Our Lady 
of Pity, represented as 
seated and holding the 
dead body of Our Lord 
in her lap. The subject 
is unusual on brasses, 1 
so that it is of interest 
to note that on the 
brass of Joan Burton 
(No. V), the scroll also 
refers to Our Lady of 
Pity, who may either 
have been the favourite 
saint of the family or 
some guild or society 
in her honour may have 
existed in the church. 
The upper dexter 
shield bears the arms (One-half full size.) 

of Elyngbrigge, Chequy 

(arg.} and ($.); the upper sinister, Gaynesford, (Arg.\> 
a ^chevron (gu.} between three greyhounds courant (s.), 
collared (arg.), the chevron charged with an ^ annulet (or). 
This shield, now lost, is reproduced in the illus- 
tration 2 from the rubbing taken in 1837. The lower 

1 Two other examples have been noted on brasses, at Dublin in 
St. Patrick's Cathedral, to Dean Fyche, 1537 and in London at All 
Hallows Barking, to Andrew Evyngar, 1533, the latter a foreign plate. 

2 In 1912, the loose shield (No. II) from the lost brass to Joan 
Gaynesford, 1492, was erroneously placed in the indent, 




OUR LADY OF PITY. 
CARSHALTON, SURREY. 



38 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

dexter bears Elyngbrigge impaling Gaynesford and the 
lower sinister Elyngbrigge. 

The foot inscription, of which but a tiny fragment, 
2| inches in length, now remains, was in three lines 
in black letter. It is preserved in Nicholas Charles' 
notes (Brit. Mus., Lansdowne MS. 874, fol. 129, modern 
numbering) : 

[P?ic facet sqwlt* 8K)0g (IBlgnjjbrigipfe at* quontia un* justiciat'] 
pan's [infra com &urr' ac fyostiat' gnteros* cu] 
[refr'mtifsstm0 in ipo pair* t tm0 3tof)n fHorton cardinal* arcjjiep'0 
Can]tuat' t [cancellar* &ngr $kc non (JBli^afatfj ui* EMS] 
qut qttiDem ^fjoins 0btft nit Kit JHati & tiixf] m etc] c 
quorum aTafaj ^picietur teus 



D. T. Powell in 1806 notes that u the inscription was 
loose and in the possession of the clerk. I fitted it," 
but he only gives a transcript of about one-third so it 
was probably broken even then. 

The male effigy was 26J* inches in height, the female 
25 inches; the indents for the children about 7 by 4 
and for the inscription plate 33 by 3 inches ; the extreme 
length 65 and width 33 inches ; the shields are 5 by 4 
and the figure of Our Lady 5^ inches in height. The 
brass, still in its original slab, 70 by 36 inches, lies on 
the floor of the old chancel, now used as the south chapel. 

The figure of Our Lady of Pity is illustrated in the 
Anastatic Drawing Society vol. for 1880, pi. 30, and in 
G. Clinch's Old Church of Carshalton (1909), 34. 

Noted by Aubrey (II, 176) as " near the entrance to the 
chancel," but calling him " Thomas Churchman," in which 
error he is followed by Manning and Bray (II, 515), 
although the latter quote Nicholas Charles' account. 

Thomas Elyngbrigge, justice of the peace and gentle- 
man-usher to Cardinal Morton, was a son of John 
Elyngbrigge, whose brass is at Merstham, by his first 
wife Isabel, daughter of Nicholas Jamys, lord mayor 
and alderman of London. He married Elizabeth, one 

1 A Visitation of the churches and abbeys in the county of Surrey, 
by D. T. Powell, 1806. MS. in the Minet Public Library, Camberwell. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 39 

of the daughters of Nicholas and Margaret Gaynesford 
(No. I), by whom he had three sons and four daughters. 
He died 22 May, 1497, his wife having predeceased 
him. By will (P. C. C., 15 Home), dated 15 May, 1497, 
proved 23 October following, lie desires to be buried 
within the parish church of Carsalton " ner the place 
ther wher Elizabeth my wife lieth buried." Mentions his 
daughter Margaret, his sister Joan (No. V), and her 
husband Henry Burton, both of whom are appointed 
executors. There is no mention of any other of his 
children, the remaining bequests being to the church 
and to servants. 

V. Effigy of Joan, daughter of John Elli/nyhrecje, esq., and 
ivife of Herry Burton, esq., 1524, with mouth scroll 
and foot inscription. A shield lost. On floor of nave. 

Joan Burton is represented wearing the kennel-shaped 
head-dress with lappets in front and behind, a close fit- 
ting gown cut square at the neck and with tight sleeves 
ending in large turned back fur cuffs. Round her waist 
is a broad ornamented girdle with long pendent end 
terminating in an open metal work tag. Her shoes are 
large and round-toed. 

From her mouth proceeds a long scroll inscribed in 
black letter with the words: 

blgssgo laog of pite pg for me $ mg soule saugo mag foe. 

Under the figure is an inscription in three lines, also 
in black letter : 



for tije &oule of Jofjan Burton tfje fogf of l^errg Burton 
lEsquger anti 

oougfjt' to 3fo|)n lEllgnbrege @%quger g e fofjgdj Jofjan oecessefc 
tfje xxiiii tiag of 

tomb' g E ger' of our lorfc fE l fc c rctiii on infjose &oule Jp 
Jjatte mercg amen. 

Below the inscription is the indent for a shield of arms 
which was in existence in 1623 and is tricked in Harl. 
MS. 5830, fol. 31, as Burton, Quarterly, I and IV. JSrm., 



40 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 




JOAN BURTON, 1524. 
CARSHALTON, SURREY. 

(About one-eighth full sue,) 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 41 

a /ess az., a chief chequy or and az. II and III. Vert, on a 
chevron arg., between three lions' faces, or, as many escallops 
az., impaling Ellingbridge, Chequy arg. and sa. 

The figure is 19 inches in height, the scroll measures 
16 by 1^, the inscription 24 by 3|, and the indent for the 
shield 6 b}r 6 inches. The brass still in its original stone, 
72 by 28 inches, is now on the floor of the new nave 
built on the site of the old north aisle. 

Noted both by Aubrey (II, 185) and Manning and 
Bray (II, 516) as in the north aisle of the old church. 

Joan, daughter of John Ellyngbrege or Ellingbridge of 
Merstham, sister of No. IV, was first married to Richard 
From on d of Hadlow, Kent, by whom she had a son 
Thomas (see Cheam, No. VII). Her second husband 
was Henry Burton of Carshalton, by whom, according 
to the Visitations, she had two sons and four daughters. 
She died 24 December, 1524. 

For much assistance in the preparation of the illustra- 
tions of the Carshalton brasses the writer is especially 
indebted to our member Mr. A. B. Connor, notably for 
much patient labour on that of Nicholas and Margaret 
Gaynesford and that of Thomas and Elizabeth Elling- 
bridge, the missing parts of the latter having to be 
traced from an old and faint rubbing, a most difficult 
task. Thanks are also due to Mr. George Clinch, the 
librarian to the Society of Antiquaries, for the excel- 
lent photograph showing the details of the head-dress 
and collar of Margaret Gaynesford, and last but not 
least to our member the rector of Carshalton, the Rev. 
G. B. Vaux, for kindly giving every facility for a 
thorough examination of the brasses and for permission 
to photograph and rub. 

LOST BRASSES. 
(1). John Percelrigg, vicar, 1474. 

Brit. Mus. Harl. MS. 5830, fol. 31 (modern pencil 
numbering), dated 5 April, 1623 : 

" Hie iacet dominus Johannes Percebrigg hui' ecclie 
vicarius qui obiit ii die mensis Augusti Anno domini 
MCCCCLXIIII (sic) cujus animse propitietur deus Amen." 



42 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

There must be an error in this transcript of the 
inscription. John Percebrigg was instituted vicar 
10 July, 1472 and his successor, John Hylle, on 
1 September, 1474. 

Aubrey (II, 182), "near the entrance into the chancel, 
on a brass plate fixed to a gravestone is this inscription, 
much defaced by constant treading ; the person is in 
the habit of a monk, and this mangled inscription 
under him " : 



" Hie jacet dominus Johannes 

hujus ecclesie vicarius qui 

die mensis August! A dni MCCCC. . . . 
cujus anime propicietur deus Amen." 

Manning and Bray (II, 516) quote Aubrey, but D. T. 
Powell notes 1 " The clerk produced a brass nearly 
effaced " and records the mutilated piece as given by 
Aubrey. 

(2). Joan, daughter of Reginald Moresby, and wife of John 
Gaynesford) esq., 1492. 

Aubrey (II, 177), "Near the former (i.e., the Ellin g- 
bridge brass, near the entrance to the chancel), on a 
brass plate is the lower part of the effigies of a person 
(whose head is lost) and underneath is this inscription " : 

" Hie jacet dna Johanna nuper uxor Johannis Gaynes- 
ford armigeri ac filia et heres Raynoldi Moresby de com. 
Cant, que quidem Johanna obiit xvii die mens Julii A 
dni MCCCCLXXXXII cujus anime propicietur deus Amen." 

Manning and Bray (II, 515) quote Aubrey but add 
"now lost." 

Harl. MS. 5830 contains two transcripts of this in- 
scription ; one on fol. 30^ gives the date as 16 July, 
1492, with a trick of one shield, Moresby impaling 
Gaynesford; the other on fol. 31 gives the date as 

1 A Visitation of the churches and abbeys in the county of Surrey^ 
1806, fol. 67. MS. in the Minet Public Library, CamberweiL 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 43 

16 July, 1474, no" doubt a clerical error, with a trick 
of two shields, Gaynesford and Moresby impaling 
Gaynesford. 

Lansdowne MS. 874, fol. 129 (modern pencil number- 
ing), also has a transcript of the inscription with date 
16 July, 1492, but reads "Radulphi" for " Raynoldi." 
It also has a trick of the two shields. 

The shield bearing Gaynesford with a golden annulet 
on the chevron for difference is no doubt the one recently 
loose in the church safe (No. II) but now erroneously 
relaid in the slab of No. IV. The other bore the arms 
of Moresby (As.), on a chevron (or) three fleur-de-lys ($.), 
impaling Gaynesford with the annulet for difference. 

No indent for this brass is now to be found. Joan 
Moresby was the wife of John, eldest son of Nicholas 
and Margaret Gaynesford (No. I). 

(3). John, second son of Thomas Fromoundes of Cheam, 1580. 

Aubrey (II, 181), " On the south side of the^altar- 
ballisters, on a brass plate fixed to a gravestone, is this 
inscription " : 

" Here lyeth buryed the body of John fpromoundes 
second sonne of Thomas ffromoundes late of Cheyham 
in the countie of Surr : gent, which John deceased the 
xi day of November Anno domini 1580 in the xxi yeere 
of the raigne of our sovereign lady Elizabeth." 

" Two coats of arms, viz. a cheveron between three 
fleur-de-lys." 

Manning and Bray (II, 516), " On south side of altar 
rails, John Fromoundes and two coats of arms." 

Lansdowne MS. 874, fol. 129, gives a transcript of the 
inscription with a trick of one shield, Fromond quarter- 
ing Yerde and impaling Draper with four quarterings. 

Harl. MS. 5830, fol. 31, also has a transcript of the 
inscription with a trick of three shields, two small ones 
bearing Fromond, Per chevron (erm.) and (gu.) a chevron 
between three fleur-de-lys (or), with a crescent . . , for 



44 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

difference, and a larger one with Fromond quartering 
Yerde, (Gu.\ a chevron (or), between three yard sticks 
(arc/.), with a crescent . . . over all for difference, impaling 
Draper, Quarterly of six, I and VI. (Arg.), on a fess 
between three annulets (gu.) a mullet (of tlie field] between two 
covered cups (or) for Draper. II. (Arg.), on two chevrons, 
between three escallops (sa.), six martlets (of the field) for 
Draper. III. (Erm.), on a chief (az.) three lions rampant 
(or) for Aucher. IV. (Erm.)j a fess chequy (arg.) and (sa.) 
for Urswick. V. Per fess (vert) and (arg.) a pale counter- 
changed and three acorns slipped (or) for Fy field. 

John Fromond or Fromoundes, second son of Thomas 
Fromond (see Cheam, No. VII), married Bennet, daugh- 
ter of Robert Draper of Camber well, She was sister to 
Elizabeth, wife of John Bowyer, and to Mathye Draper 
(see Camberwell, Nos. V and VI). 

(4). Aubrey (II, 185), " On a piece of a brass plate, 
in the middle ile, is this fragment of an inscription": 

" Prayeth for 

for May 

some , ." 

(5). Aubrey (II, 180), " In the middle of the chancel 
was a person, on a brass plate, the inscription torn off." 



CHARLWOOD. 

I. Effigies of Nicholas Saunder, esq., 1553, 

kneeling, with four sons standing behind him, and wife 
Alice, daughter of John Hungate, esq., kneeling, with 
six daughters standing behind her, foot inscription, two 
mouth scrolls, two shields of arms and crest. On wall 
of chancel. 

A neat and well engraved little brass. The principal 
figures face one another and kneel on cushions at desks 
upon which are open books. Behind them are the 
standing figures of their children. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



45 



Nicholas Saunder is represented in armour, bare 
headed with long hair and beard ; he wears no gauntlets 
but has frills encircling his wrists. Owing to the 
position of the figure his armour can only partially be 
seen. It consists of a collar of mail, a breastplate with 
demi-placcates, shoulder piece with straight upright 




NICHOLAS SAUNDER, Esq., 1563, and Wife ALICE. 
CHARLWOOD, SURREY. 

(About one-quarter full size.) 



46 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

guard, moderate-sized elbow piece, short skirt of taces 
with large tuiles over a long skirt of mail. The knee 
pieces are similar to the elbow pieces and have plates 
behind, gussets of mail appear at the insteps and the 
sabbatons are round toed with rowel spurs screwed into 
the heels. The sword is suspended from a narrow belt 
crossing the taces diagonally, and the dagger, which is 
long and large, hangs from a cord on the right side. 
From his mouth proceeds a scroll inscribed In it tme 
SjJtrabu Behind him are the standing figures of his 
four sons, all in civil dress, wearing doublets, hose and 
gowns with long false sleeves. The gown of the eldest 
son slightly differs from those of the younger and may 
possibly be intended for his official gown as remem- 
brancer of the exchequer. 

Alice Saunder wears the pedimental head-dress with 
lappet behind, an under-gown with close-fitting striped 
sleeves and with frills at wrists, an over-gown with short 
full sleeves lined with fur and a short cape with turned 
back collar fastened in front by a brooch in the form 
of a rosette. Round her waist is a loose ornamented 
girdle. A late instance of this style of dress. From her 
mouth proceeds a scroll inscribed JHtSetttX met fonts. 
Behind her are the standing figures of her six daughters, 
all wearing French hoods with long lappets behind, 
under-gowns with close sleeves but puffed and slashed 
at the shoulders and, with the exception of the second 
daughter, over-gowns with long false sleeves. 

Below is the inscription in five lines in black letter : 

J^ere is tegrtf Nidjolas Jauntier (35gqtiger anti &lg0 i)fe fogfr 
tfougfjter of Jojjn l^ungatc of tfje (Counteg of fiorke (HEsquget ffa 
tfjer ano mother to Efjomas Jauntier fatggfjt g c itgng* temem 
fcerance' of tfjexdjeker fojjidje l&irfjolas oecesseti tje xxix bag of 
August in g e fete gere of g e rngne of (Oluene JHarg $ht &$ & c Itu. 

In the upper dexter, over the man, is a shield charged 
with the arms of Saunder, Quarterly I and IV. ($#.), a 
chevron ermine between three bulls' heads cabossed (arg.), for 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 47 

Saunder. II and III. (Or), three lions passant in pale 
(sa.), for Carew. In the upper sinister, over the lady, 
the arms of Hungate, (G-u.\ a chevron engrailed between 
three hounds sejeant (arg.), tJi3 chevron charged with a mullet 
. . . for difference. 

Between the shields is a diamond-shaped plate bearing 
the crest of Saunder, On a wreath (arg.) and (sa.) a demi- 
bull salient per pale (gu.) and (sa.), armed, eared and horned 
(arg.) and (or) counter changed, about his neck a collar gemel 




CREST OF SAUNDER. 
CHARLWOOD, SURREY. 

(One-half full size.) 

(or), holding between his forelegs a stalk of alisaunder, leaved 
(vert), budded (or). 1 The whole enclosed within a double 
wreath with foliated ends, making one of the most 
charming bits of heraldry to be found in the county. 

1 See Burke's Armory -, ed. 1878, where it is stated the arms and 
crest were confirmed to Sir Thomas Saunder in 1553. The New 
English Dictionary by J. A. H. Murray gives " alisaunder " as an 
obsolete form of ' alexanders," an umbelliferous plant (Smyrnium 
Olusatrum), called also horse parsley, formerly cultivated and eaten 
like celery. The writer is indebted to Mr. J. Challenor Smith, 
F.S.A., for this note. 



48 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

The brass is set in a slightly sunk arch-headed stone 
panel, 33 by 26 inches, on the south wall of the south 
or Saunder chapel, now used as the chancel. The plates 
containing the figures are 10 inches in height over the 
principal effigies and 5^ over the children, their extreme 
width 10^ inches. The inscription plate measures 



by 5|, the scrolls 7 by 1, the shields 5^ by 4j, and the 
crest 5 by 5^ inches. The brass is illustrated in Surrey 
Arch. Colls., XI, 19, the crest at 20, and the head of the 
lady, XVI, 44 ; Trans. Monumental Brass Society ', II, 55 ; 
and the crest only in Trans. St. Paul's Ecclesiological 
Society, III, 194. 

Nicholas Saunder, who died 29 August, 1553, married 
Alice, daughter of John Hungate of Yorkshire, by whom 
he had four sons and six daughters. Their eldest son 
Thomas, who appears to have erected the brass to his 
parents' memory, represented Gatton in the parliament 
of 1541-42 and the county in those of 1552-53 and 
1557-58. He was knighted in 1550, appointed remem- 
brancer of the court of exchequer in 1553, served the 
office of sheriff of Surrey and Sussex in the same year 
and was also a commissioner for church goods. He 
married Alice, daughter of Sir Edward Walsingham, 
lieutenant of the Tower, and died in 1565. 

II. Inscription. Nicholas Jeale the younger, 1615. On 
floor of nave. 

An inscription in four lines in Roman capitals, on a 
plate measuring 17 by 5J inches: 

HERE LYETH Y E BODY OF NICHOLAS IEALE Y E 

YOVNGER LATE OF CHARLEWOOD W CH DIED Y E 

30 TH OF AVG: A 1615 & HAD TO WIFE ELIZABETH 

lORDAN, WHO EXPECTS A IOYFVLL RESVRRECTI ON ' 

Still in its original slab on the floor of the present 
nave or old south aisle, where it was noted by Aubrey 
(IV, 260). The slab, however, has been cut down to 
an elongated diamond shape, 24 by 9 inches, to work in 
with the new tile pavement. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 49 

III. Inscription. William Jordan, esq., of Gatewidc, 1625, 
and ivife Katharine, daughter and coheir of Laurence 
Hussee, D. C.L., a master in chancery and ambassador 
to Scotland, 1626. On floor of vestry. 

An inscription in nine lines in Roman capitals, on a 
plate measuring 17J by 9 inches : 

HlC IACET GVELMS lORDAN DE GrATEWICK AR- 

MIG: QVI OBIIT 7 MAII 1625 ET KATHERINA VXOR 
EIVS VNICA FILIA ET CoHAERES LAVRENTII HvSSEE 
LEGV. DOCTOR CANCELLARI^; MAGIST' ET LEGATI 
AD REGINAM SCOTI<E QVI LAVR I FV1T FILIVS ET 
HERES ANTONII HVSSEE AGENT' PROPTER RE- 
GINAM ANGLIC INFRA &ERMANIA ET IN NEGOTIIS 
MERCATORV ANGLLE APVD BfiLGAS ET MUSCO- 
VITAS PREFECT VS QVAE KATHERINA OBIIT 30 II 1626. 

Noted by Aubrey (IV, 257) as " on a brass plate, fix'd 
within the south wall." It is now let into the upper part 
of the casement A on the floor of the vestry or old 
chancel. 

CASEMENTS. 

The floor of the present vestry or old chancel is 
entirely composed of slabs, mostly removed from the 
south aisle and south chapel ; others are said to be 
under the organ. Some have been cut down and the 
surface of others is so perished as to leave it doubtful 
whether they contained brasses or not. 

(A) A slab, 69 by 28 inches, with sharp indents for the 
figures of a civilian and wife, 18 inches in height, a foot 
inscription 21 by 3 inches, a group of four (?)'sons and 
one of four (?) daughters, each group 6 by 4 inches. 
Date c. 1470-80. Noted by Manning and Bray (II, 
192), "under it are the marks of two small brasses 
for children." Possibly for lost brass No. 2. Into the 
head of this slab has been inserted the inscription to 
William Jordan arid wife Katherine, 1626. 

VOL. XXVI. E 



50 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

(B) A cut down slab, 36 by 40 inches, with indents 
for an inscription plate 20 by 4 inches, a small shield 
6 by 4 and two larger ones, each 7 by 6 inches. Noted 
by Manning and Bray (II, 192) as u in the south aisle, 
near the east end, a brass whole length lost; two coats 
at top, three below, all lost, as is the inscription." 

(c) A cut down slab, 45 by 32 inches, with traces of 
a marginal inscription in single Lombardic letters, much 
perished. 

(D) A slab, 66 by 28 inches, with indent for an in- 
scription plate 18 by 7 inches. 

(E) A slab, 48 by 44 inches, with slight traces of 
indents for an effigy and foot inscription. The surface 
much perished. 

(F) A cut down slab, 24 by 30 inches, with indent for 
an inscription plate about 20 by 5 inches. 



LOST BRASSES. 

(1). John Sander, 1477. 

Aubrey (IV, 256), in the south aisle, "on another 
brass plate, fixed to a gravestone, was this inscription, 
now lost " : 

" Hie iacet magister Joh Sander qui obiit iii die 
Februarii anno dni MCCCCLXXVII." 

(2). William Sander, gent., 1481, and wife Joan, 

Aubrey (IV, 256), " on a brass plate on a gravestone 
in the south ile, built by the Sanders family, was this 
inscription, now lost " : 

<< Orate pro animabus Willielmi Sander generosi qui 
obiit 10 die mensis Augusti Anno dni millimo CCCCLXXXI 
et Johanne uxoris que obiit die mens anno 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 51 

MCCCCLXX quorum animabus propicietur deus 

Amen." 



(3). Richard Sander, gent., 1480, and wife Agnes, 1485. 

Aubrey (IV, 256), in the south aisle, " on another 
brass plate fixed to a gravestone, was this inscription, 
now lost " : 

" Hie iacet Ricardus Sander gentylman qui obiit anno 
dni MCCCCLXXX et Agnes uxor eius que obiit vii die 
Januarii Anno dni MCCCCLXXXV cuius anime propicietur 
deus Amen." 

(4). James, third son of Richard Sounder, gent., 1510. 

Aubrey (IV, 257), in the south aisle, "on another 
brass plate fix'd to a gravestone was this inscription, 
now lost " : 

" Here lyeth buryed James Saunder the third son of 
Richard Saunder of Charlewood gentleman which James 
dyed the 19 of Febr. Anno MCCCCCX." 



CHEAM. 

Church rebuilt on a new site in 1864. The brasses 
are now in a detached building known as the Lumley 
chapel. This chapel was erected by John, Lord Lumley, 
in 1597, on the north side of the chancel of the old 
church and was allowed to remain standing, having 
been completed as a separate building by the erection 
of a west wall in brickwork. All the brasses were 
detached from their original stones, which were mostly 
destroyed, and are now set in concrete slabs without 
any attempt at a proper arrangement. For an account 
of the brasses when taken up, see a paper by the 
late Major Heales, F.S.A., in the Surrey Arch. Colls., 
Ill, 337. 

E2 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 




A CIVILIAN, c. 139O. 
CHEAM, SURREY, 

One-ninth full size.) 



I. Effigij of a civilian, date 
about 1390, a piece from 
the centre and the inscrip- 
tion lost. Relaid. 

Full length effigy of a 
civilian, of date about 1390, 
with short hair, moustaches 
and forked beard. He 
wears a close-fitting tunic 
reaching to the knees and 
girt round the hips by an 
ornamented belt from which 
hangs a long anelace. A 
piece, 8k inches in length/ 
is lacking from the centre 
of the figure, but the edge 
of the belt can just be seen 
on the upper part and its 
metal tag on the lower ; the 
anelace is also to be seen 
on the lower portion hang- 
ing between the legs. 

At the wrists appear the 
closely-buttoned sleeves of 
the. under-dress, whilst the 
hood round the neck is 
fastened to the tunic by 
buttons. His legs are 
clothed in tight hose with 
pointed shoes having straps 
over the insteps. The 
figure as relaid measures 
5H inches in height and 
is now in a concrete slab, 
72 by 36 inches, on the 
north side of the chapel. 
The upper half is repro- 
duced in G. Clinch' } s Old 

1 According to Major Heales, 
but as relaid the gap is 10 inches. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



53 



English Churches, 224, and in E. R. Suffling's English 
Church Brasses, 168. In the Powell MS. (Minet Public 
Library), fol. 41, is a pencil sketch, dated 20 December, 
1810, showing the figure perfect and the indent for the 
inscription. Apparently not seen by Aubrey, but noted 
by Manning and Bray (II, 476) as " in the south aile, a 
large brass of a man, his hands joined in prayer. The 
inscription lost." According to Major Heales the slab 
showed the indent for a short inscription at the feet of 
the figure. 



II. Ilalf-effuju of a civilian, date about 1390. Rclaid. Effigy 
of wife and inscription lost. 

A small half-effigy, of date about 1390, twelve 
inches in height, representing a civilian with short 
hair, round beard and no 
moustaches. He wears a 
tunic with short sleeves, a 
cape reaching halfway down 
the arms, and a hood. On 
the fore-arms appear the 
closely-buttoned sleeves of 
the under-dress. Found 
under the woodwork at the 
destruction of the church 
arid now relaid, togethei 
with No. V, in a cement 
slab, 18 by 24 inches, on 
the south side of the chapel. 
The original slab, 28 by 36 
inches, still remains on the 
floor of the chapel and 
shows an indent for this 
figure and one for the half- 
figure of a lady of similar 
size, with a narrow inscrip- 
tion plate, 33 by 2 inches, 
below. 




A CIVILIAN, c. 139O. 
CHEAM, SURREY. 



(One -fourth full size.) 



54 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

The effigy of the man is engraved in the Surrey Arch. 
Colls., Ill, 338, and in Trans. St. PauVs Ecclesiological 
Society, III, 192. Not noted by either Aubrey or 
Manning and Bray. 

III. Effigy of John Yerde, esq., died 1449, in armour with 
livery collar, very small, much ivorn and slightly muti- 
lated at the feet, with two shields, one palimpsest, now 
separately relaid. Effigy of wife Dame Anne, died 
1453, and foot inscription lost, but known from extant 
rubbing. Brass engraved later, c. 1470-80. 

Of this interesting little brass, the smallest adult 
figures known, only the male effigy, nearly effaced, and 
two shields of arms, one much worn, now remain, and 
they have been separately relaid. Fortunately, the late 
Mr. J. G. Waller made a rubbing in 1837 when the 
figure of the lady and the greater part of the inscription 
were, although nearly effaced, still in existence in their 
original slab. This rubbing is now in the collection of 
the Society of Antiquaries of London. 

The figure of John Yerde, 6| inches in height, 
originally on the sinister side of the stone, is so worn 
that hardly an}r of the details of the armour can be 
made out. He is represented as slightly inclined to the 
left, standing on a small mound, bareheaded with long 
hair and wearing a livery collar once inlaid with colour. 
His shoulder pieces appear to have differed in shape, the 
left having an upright guard, his elbow pieces are large, 
and to the breastplate is attached a skirt of taces with 
tuiles. The knee pieces are also large and appear to 
have had plates above and below. The sollerets are 
long and pointed, and on the left side is a long heavy 
sword hanging perpendicularly to the body. A portion 
of the right foot is now lost, but is shown perfect in 
Mr. Waller's rubbing. The general style of the figure 
points to its having been engraved between the years 
1470-80, nearly thirty years later than the date of 
death. The outline of the effaced figure of his wife on 
the dexter side of the stone confirms this date, as she is 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



55 



shown with a fully developed butterfly head-dress, a 
style which did not come into fashion before the year 
1470. * 




JOHN "YERDE, Esq., 1449, and Wife 
DAME ANNE, 14S3. 

Brass engraved about 147O 8O. 
CHEAM, SURREY. 

(One-fifth full size.) 

Below the figures was a black letter inscription origin- 
ally in four lines, but broken as shown in the illustration 
and almost obliterated on the left-hand side. The autho- 
rity for the fourth line is Aubrey (II, 119) who gives 
the words u quorum animabus propicietur deus amen" 
in full, but the tops of the letters on the broken line 
prove that the words were in a contracted form. To 
our member Mr. J. Challenor Smith, F.S.A., the writer 
is indebted not only for the careful restoration of this 
line but also for tracing the inscription, a most difficult 
and delicate task owing to the faintness of the rubbing 



56 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



or rather dabbing on tissue paper. The inscription 
reads thus : 



Jfofjes gerbe ^tmtg' t $hma ux* ei* quontiam ui' [forii] 
tiulit' qui qufte JOJJES f|ertie cbiit riiiij [lue] 
&a tint JH C(C(OT rlii lEt tma &nna obiit [. . .] 
& tint ffi (OTTC lift qtu alab^ f>piwt' to' amm]. 




PALIMPSEST SHIELD. 
CHEAM, SURREY. 



Reference to the will of John Yerde makes it certain 
that he died in the month of February, and that the 
year should be 1450 and not 1449, as the will is dated 
22 February, 1450 (29 Hen. VI), 1 and proved 11 March 

following. The dexter 

^-j-ynPTB! I V' I shield, now much worn and 
JJ(L|H| ^ "^ defaced, originally above 

vJ ULr^J! IA. ^ e lady^ bears the arms 

of Courtenay impaling a 
coat now almost illegible 
except for a portion of a 
chequy field witli appa- 
rently a chief, which may 
be intended for the arms 
of the lady's first husband. The sinister shield, origin- 
ally above the figure of John Yerde bears Courtenay, 
(Or), three torteaux and a label of three points (az.) impaling 
Yerde (Gu.\ a chevron (or) between three yard sticks (arg.\ 
and records the lady's second marriage. This latter 
shield is palimpsest, having on the reverse a merchant's 
mark of simple design which may be intended to form 
the initials T. H. It is now fastened down. 

The effigies were both 6| inches in height, the in- 
scription plate measured 13^ by 4, and the shields are 
4 by 3^ inches. The figure of the man is now relaid 
on the same concrete slab as Nos. IV, V, VII, and the 
inscr. of VIII and the shields on the smaller slab with 
the shields of No. VIII. Both sides of the palimpsest 
shield are figured full size in Surrey Arch. Colls., Ill, 339, 
and on a smaller scale in Trans. Monumental Brass 
Society, IV, 278. 

1 29 Hen. VI. 1 Sept. 145031 Aug. Hoi. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 57 

Aubrey (II, 119) notes the brass as "in the south ile" 
and gives portions of the inscription but misreads the 
name as " Fromonde." Manning and Bray (II, 476) 
follow Aubrey, adding " the part between 'hooks (i.e., 
the last line) is now lost, but at p. 473 they say " at the 
end of the south aile is a small chancel or chapel called 
Fromond's where that family are buried. It is dedicated 
to St. Mary and was built before 1449, as John Yerde 
in his will of that date directs his body to be buried 
therein. His tomb is still to be seen and there are small 
figures of himself and his wife Anne, whose head-dress 
resembles that of Margaret Gaynesford at Carshalton. 
Anne Yerde died 1453." 

John Yerde, a member of the Yerde or Earde family 
of Denton, near Elham, Kent, was of Cheam. In his 
will (Keg. Stafford, fol. 188 v) dated 22 February, 1450 
(29 Hen. VI) and proved 11 March following, he is 
described as John Yerde, esquire, of Cheam, and desires 
to be buried within the church of Chearn in the chapel 
of the B. V. Mary there. Mentions his wife Anne, his 
sons Thomas and John, and his daughter Margaret. 
The residue is left to his wife Anne, who is also ap- 
pointed executrix. The heraldic evidence points to his 
wife having been a member of the Courtenay family, 
and being of superior rank she reverses the usual order 
of things and impales her husband's arms with her own. 
That she was the widow of a knight when she married 
John Yerde is proved by the inscription which reads 
" quondam uxor [domirii] militis," but un- 
fortunately neither the Christian nor the surname can 
be deciphered on the inscription. Beyond this nothing 
is known of the lady, except the date of her death, 1453, 
which is recorded on the inscription. 

IV. Half -effigies of John Compton, died 1450, in civil dress, 
and wife Joan, died 1458, with foot inscription, small. 
Date of brass, 1458. Belaid. 

Small half-effigies. John Compton is represented 
clean shaven with short hair, and wears a tunic, edged 
with fur at the neck and wrists, having moderately wide 



58 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



sleeves and girt round the waist by a plain belt. The 
close-fitting sleeves of an under-dress appear at the 
wrists. His wife wears a small horned head-dress and 
veil, an under-gown with tight sleeves and a high-waisted 
over-gown edged with fur at the neck and wrists, having 
narrow sleeves and a plain belt encircling the waist. 




JOHN COMPTON, 14SO, and Wife JOAN, 14S8. 
CHEAM, SURREY. 

(About one-sixth full size.) 

Below is a black letter inscription in three lines : 

flftc latent Jfofjes Cotnpton qut obfit xbi trie Januaru anno 

tmi millih0 ccccl dBt Sojanna uior eius que obiit ^eito 

tie mens' ^eptembt' & tint iJE cccc Ibiii qr' atabj fpiciet r tie' ami 

The male figure is 9^, the female 9 inches in height 
and the inscription measures 22 by 4 inches. Now 
relaid in the same slab as Nos. Ill, V, VII, and the 
inscription of VIII, but the inscription separated from 
the effigies. Noted by Aubrey (II, 1 19) as u in the cross 
ile." Manning and Bray (II, 476) say " not now found," 
and Major Heales notes u the brass lay at the west end 
of the north aisle." 

John Compton died 16 January, 1450, and his wife 
Joan 6 September, 1458. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



59 



V. Half-effigy of William Wodcward, brother of the rector, 
1459, in civil dress, with foot inscription. Retaid. 

A small half-effigy, 7| inches in height, similar to 
No. IV, but with narrower sleeves and no belt. 




WILLIAM WODEWARD, 14S9. 
CHEAM, SURREY. 

(One-fifth full size.) 

Below, on a plate 15 1 by 2^ inches, is a two-line 
black letter inscription : 

J^ic facet OTtllms OTofcefriarti fraf rectorfs {jut* ttdiz quf 
drift fx tife Januar' & tmi fH Iti cut', ate ppfct'et* tie' 

The effigy is relaid on the same slab as No. II, whilst 
the inscription is on the large slab with Nos. Ill, IV, 
VII, and the inscription of VIII. 

Noted by Aubrey (II, 119) as "on a brass plate, 
bearing a busto, near the south door, is this inscription." 
Manning and Bray (II, 476) add, " two shields lost." 

VI. Inscription. Michael Denys, esq., 1518. Relaid. 

A black letter inscription in three lines, on a plate 
measuring 15| by 14^ inches: 

rate p afa fKt'cfjfe engs ^rtntu'i qui oirift 
ifa tife Januarif aniui fcm milltfto cccec 
tiecfmo octauo Cufus aie ppfcfet r tieus. 



60 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

Relaid on the same slab as Nos. Ill, IV, V, and the 
inscription of VIII. Noted by Aubrey (II, 121) as 
" over the holy- water place, on a brass plate, on a 
gravestone, on the north wall," and by Manning and 
Bray (II, 476) as "on a gravestone at the east end of 
the south chancel." 

Michael Denys died 15 January, 1518. By will 
(P. C. C., 15 Aijlo/e) dated 10 January, 1518 and proved 
14 March following, he desires to be buried in the 
chapel of St. Katherine within the parish church of 
Cheam. Mentions his wife Margery, who is appointed 
executor, his sons Michael, Richard, Thomas, and his 
brothers Philip, Henry and Sir Thomas Denys, knight. 

VII. Effigies of Thomas Fromond, esq., 1542, in civil dress, 
tvith six sons, and ivife Elizabeth, daughter and 
heiress of John Yerde, esq., with four daughters, 
all kneeling, foot inscription, representation of the 
Trinity and one shield of arms. Tivo other shields 
lost. All palimpsest. Now in a ivooden frame. 

A neat, well-cut brass, entirely palimpsest, being built 
up from no fewer than seven earlier brasses, all of 
English workmanship and no doubt spoil from the de- 
struction of the monastic houses. The obverse or later 
side, excluding the two lost shields, consists of five 
pieces, Thomas Fromond and his sons, the lady and her 
daughters, the inscription, the Trinity and the shield. 

Thomas Fromond is represented in civil dress, clean 
shaven and with long hair, kneeling at a desk whereon 
is an open book. He wears a doublet, cut square at the 
neck to show the under vest, with close sleeves finished 
with frills at the wrists, and an ample fur-lined gown 
having long false sleeves with slits in the centre for the 
passage of the arms. Behind him are the kneeling 
figures of his six sons in similar dress but with plain 
gowns. His wife Elizabeth also kneels at a desk over 
which hangs a rosary. She wears the pedimental head- 
dress with the side lappets turned up, a gown with close- 
fitting sleeves with fur cuffs and frills, aiid a short 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



61 



sleeveless cape open at the neck to display the partlet. 
Round her waist is a belt fastened in front by a large 
rosette. Behind her are the kneeling figures of her four 
daughters; all wear caps with lappets behind and close- 
fitting gowns with plain frilled cuffs. 







THOMAS FROMOND, Esq., 1542, and Wife ELIZABETH. 
CHEAM, SURREY. 

(One-sixth full size.) 

Below is the inscription in four lines in black letter: 

Prag for tfjc sotolles of dHjomas ffromonti ^Bsqugcr 1 ^h'^abet!) 
jfs fogffe 

anti tyQtx of 3Jofjn gertie lEsquoer inftfcfje STfjomas 
tfje 

xxify bag of JSarcfjc tfje gere of o r 3LorK ffiotn JH 1 fa c xlii antr 
m tje xnfii^ gere 

of tjje Beggne of 3tgn0e f^cnrg tje bifi^ on Snfjose goulles EJii 
m'cg a. 



62 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



Between the figure is a shield bearing the arms c 
Fromond, Quarterly, I and IV. Per chevron erm. and (gv 
a chevron between three fleur-de-lys (or\ for Fromo v 
II and III. Chequy (arg.) and (sa.\ for Ellingbricf 
impaling (G-u.), a chevron (or) letiveen three yard st'ivity 
(arg.), for Yerde. 

Above and between the figures is a representation of 
the Trinity, in which God the Father, crowned, is repre- 
sented seated on a throne in the form of a large chair, 
his right hand raised in benediction, his left supporting 
a crucifix upon which the dove is alighting. All have the 
plain nimbus. A somewhat similar example is at Bletch- 
ingley, dated 1541, but with God the Father uncrowned. 

The reverse of the figure of Thomas Fromond (c) 
shows the right elbow, the hands and lower portion 





REVERSE OF FROMOND BRASS. 
CHEAM, SURREY. 

. " ' (One-sixth full size.) 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 63 

of a lady kneeling at a desk. She wears a gown with 
close sleeves and fur cuffs, with a broad girdle with long 
end terminating in a metal tag. On the reverse of the 
sons (F) is a small piece of canopy work with the upper 
half of a figure of St. John the Evangelist. The reverse 
of the figure of Elizabeth Fromond(D) shows the lower 
half of a kneeling civilian in mantle with rosary. On 
the reverse of the daughters (E) are a few engraved lines 
in the form of a face, probably a waster. The shield (B) 
has been cut out of a slightly larger shield bearing a fine 
example of the arms of the see of Lincoln, and the 
Trinity (A) from a plate on which are two hands issuing 
from clouds and holding a heart inscribed jjjc Z8t 2lttlOt 
mt' in black letter. This is again encircled by a scroll 
with the words Ufcera TTU titte fo IttOrt * , * * and in the 
upper angles the words ifju m'cg, both in black letter. 
On the reverse of the inscription (G) is an almost com- 
plete figure of a man in a shroud. The two figures, 
which may have been a pair, and the shrouded figure, 
may be dated to 1500, the shield and St. John to about 
1420 and the hands and heart to the last half of the 
fifteenth century. 

The plates bearing the effigies and children each 
measure 9 inches in height by 10 inches in width, the 
inscription, 23 by 3|, the shield, 5| by 4, and the 
Trinity, 6 by 4 inches. The brass is now mounted in a 
wooden frame which hangs on an iron stand so that 
both sides can be examined. The original round-headed 
panel for this brass, much perished and defaced, still 
remains on the floor at the east end of the chapel. It 
measures 28 by 27 inches. 

The brass is illustrated in J. P. Malcolm 7 s Views round 
London, 1800; Surrey Arch. Colls. Ill, 340 (obverse and 
reverse of shield), 342 (St. John and obverse and reverse 
of Trinity), XV, 33 (complete, obv. and rev.), and XVI, 
44 (head of lady) ; Transactions St. Paul's Ecclesiological 
Society, III, 194 (St. John); and in the Portfolio, I, 
pt. IV, pi. 5, and Transactions, IV, 279, of The Monu- 
mental Brass Society, both complete with obverse and 
reverse. 



64 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

Noted by Aubrey (II, 120) as "in the chancel, on the 
south side calPd Petre's or Fromonds' chancel, on the 
south wall." This was the chapel of St. Mary at the 
east end of the south aisle. 

Thomas Fromond, son of Richard Fromond, by Joan, 
daughter of John Ellingbridge (see Carshalton, No. V), 
married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of John Yerde, 
by whom he had six sons and four daughters ; and died 
21 March, 1542. 

VIII. Inscription and two shields of arms. Bartholomew 
FromoundeSj 1579. Relaid. The shields palimp- 
sest, but now fastened down. 

Inscription in three lines in black letter, on a plate 
measuring 15 by 3^ inches: 

Bartjjus ffromaunte films et jjerrs {Efjanu 
ffromotmlT nupcr tie Cfjegfym in Com J$urr' 
gen ofciit septimo tote Jitlft &nna Bm. 1579. 

The two shields, 5| by 4^ inches, one being much 
worn, bear the arms of Fromoundes, Per chevron (erw.) 
and (gu.) a chevron between three fleur-de-lys (or). Both are 
palimpsest and have been cut out of larger shields, each 
charged with tivo bends. The inscription is now relaid 
on the same slab as Nos. Ill, IV, V, and VII, the shields 
on a smaller slab with the shields of No. III. 

The original stone still remains on the floor on the 
north side of the chapel, and shows the indents for three 
shields, two (the existing ones) in the upper part and 
one, slightly larger, 6 by 6 inches, in the lower. In the 
centre is the indent for another inscription plate, 17 by 
8f inches, with below it the indent for the existing 
inscription. 

Noted by Aubrey (II, 121) as "in the middle of the 
ile below the steps, on a brass plate." 

Bartholomew Fromoundes, eldest son of No. VII, 
married Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Mynne, by 
whom he had a numerous family, and died 7 July, 1579. 
By will (P. C. C., 39 Baton), dated 3 August, 1577, 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 65 

and proved 20 October, 1579, he desires to be buried in 
the chapel of the church of Cheam. Mentions his sons 
William, Henry, Thomas, Nicholas, and daughters 
Elizabeth and Elinor, also his brothers, John and 
William. 

IX. Inscription. Edmund Barret, esq., Serjeant of the wine 
cellar to Charles /, 1631, aged 65, and his eldest 
son Thomas Barret, gent., clerk of the wardrobe to 
Charles /, 1632, aged 36. Now fixed to the east 
wall of the chapel. 

An inscription in twenty-two lines, partly in Roman 
capitals and partly in Roman text, on a plate measuring 
18 by 20! inches: 

READER THIS MARBLE WILL CONSVME LIKE Y E BODIES IT 

COVERS 
BVT WHILE IT ENDVRES, KNOW THAT IT PRESERVES Y E 

MEMORIE OF 
A SAINT DEPARTED, EDMVND BARRET ESQ SERJANT OF 

Y K WINE CELLAR 
TO KING CHARLES, WHO RENDRED HIS SOVLE TO GOD IN 

Y E 65 

YEARE OF HIS AGE, AvG s ? 17, 1631. & THIS PORTIO OF 

SACRED EARTH 
HATH RECEIVED HIS BODIE W c f IS SEQVESTRED FOR Y E 

RESVRRECTIO. HEE 
WAS HAPP1E IN TWO WEDLOCKS, & BOTH WERE FRVITFVLL 

TO HIM 
HIS FORMER WIFE DOROTHIE APSLEY DID BEARE HIM 

3 SONNS. THOM 

EDMVND & JOHN & ONE DAVGHT* CONSTANCE. His 

SECOND WIFE 
RVTH CAVSTEN BROVGHT HIM 3 SONNS INTO Y E WORLD 

ROBERT 
VOL. xxvi. r 



66 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 
FRANCIS & EDWARD & 2 DAVGHT R : S RVTH & MARGARET, 

MANY 
OF THESE HE LEFT BEHIND & A GOOD NAME TO HONOR HIM. 

His eldest sonne Thomas Barret Gent sometime Clerke 

of y e wardrobe 
To King Charles bequeathed his spirit to lesus Christ 

& his bodie 
To this same earth shortly after y e decease of his Father. 

For he 
finished his dayes April 28, 1632, in y e 36 yeare of his 

age; 
leaning y e sorrow for his departure to many friends 

cheifly to 
his louing wife Mary Purton, by whom hee had no 

issue. 
Thus Father & Sonn are composed together in y e graue 

of corruptio 
Louing they were in there Hues & in there death they 

are not diuided 

Reader praise god for y e happy departure 
of his faithfull seruants & fare thee well. 

Now fastened to the east wall of the chapel. Noted 
by Aubrey (II, 118) as "in the north ile," also by 
Manning and Bray (II, 475). 

Edmund Barret, serjeant of the wine cellar to King 
Charles I, died 17 August, 1631, aged 65. He was 
twice married, firstly to Dorothy Apsley, by whom 
he had three sons, Thomas, Edmund, John, and one 
daughter Constance, and secondly to Ruth Causten, by 
whom he had three sons, Robert, Francis, Edward, and 
two daughters Ruth and Margaret. His eldest son 
Thomas, who died 28 April, 1632, aged 36, married 
Mary Purton but left no issue. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 67 

CASEMENTS. 
(1). Stone, for No. II. 

(2). A stone, 72 by 42 inches, showing indents for 
the figure of a civilian, 18 inches in height, a foot 
inscription 1.5 by 2 inches, and four shields 5^ by 
44 inches. Fifteenth century. 

(3). Stone for No. VIII. 

All on the floor of the Lumley chapel. 

LOST BRASS. 

Aubrey (II, 120), " in the north ile, on a brass plate, 
is this inscription : 

" Pray for the soule of Sir John Wyrley late person 
of Cheyhamm * all crysten soulles of your charite say 
a paternoster Ao. 1557." 

Manning and Bray (II, 476) add "now lost." 



CHERTSEY. 
Church rebuilt 1806-8. 

I. An achievement of arms for Lawrence Tomson, 1608, with 
an inscription cut in marble. On wall of chancel. 

An achievement, on a plate 8^ by 1\ inches, with the 
arms and crest of Tom son, (Sa.), a stages head erased 
(arg.), attired (or), a chief per fess (or) and (arg.\ thereon 
a crescent (gu.). Crest, out of coronet a helmet. Below, 
on a marble slab 22 by 14 inches, is a long inscription 
in Roman capitals to Lawrence Tomson, descended from 
the family of Tomson of North ants., educated at Mag- 
dalen College, Oxford, travelled in Sweden, Russia, 
Denmark, Germany, Italy and France, died 4 Kalends 
of April, 1608. His wife Jane and daughter Jane 
erected the monument. 

F2 



68 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

Now on the south wall of the chancel at a consider- 
able height from the floor level. Noted by Aubrey 
(III, 175) as " on the east wall of the chancel," and by 
Manning and Bray (III, 235) as " on the side of the 
chancel window." British Museum Add. MS. 6171, 
fol. 40, has a sketch of the monument then " upon 
the same wall into which the altar piece is fixed," and 
" whereon are the arms painted in their proper colours." 
At fol. 44 is another sketch and at fol. 44, v. The fol- 
lowing note and a sketch of the slab, " under which 
monument would have remained a large ground stone 
had not the careless repairer as aforesaid contrary to 
justice or good manners removed it to the chancel door. 
There was formerly on it two figures of brass inlay'd 
as may appear from the marks made by our Crowelians 
in raising them and the brass nails yet remaining, and 
just below y e feet of them is now a brass plate contain- 
ing this inscription : Here lyeth buried y e body of 
Laurence Thompson whose monument is here fastened 
in the wall , but whether the figures on it are he and 
his wife I know not." For a notice of Lawrence Tomp- 
son, a well-known politician, author and translator, see 
the Dictionary of National Biography. 

II. Inscription. Edward Carleton, gent., 1618. On wall 
of chancel. 

Inscription in four lines in Roman capitals, on a plate 
measuring 18 by 4^ inches: 

HERE VNDER RESTETH THE BODY OF EDWARD 
CARLETON GENT: LATE OF THIS TOWNE, WHO 

DECEASED THE 26 TH DAY OF NOVEMBER A DNI 
1618 AND IN THE 54 TH YEARE OF HIS AGE. 

Now fixed to the inner face of the chancel arch on 
the south side. Noted by Aubrey (III, 179) as "in 
the north ile" of the old church, and by Manning 
and Bray (III, 236) as "let into a white stone near 
the communion rail." 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 69 



LOST BRASSES. 

(1). Inscription. Edward Carlton, gent., 1663. 

Aubrey (III, 176), " on a brass plate on a gravestone, 
is this inscription " : 

" Here underneath lieth the body of 
Edward Carlton gent., late of this 
towne, who dyed 26 May 1663." 

Manning and Bray (III, 236) say " now lost." Aubrey 
(III, 177) notes u here (in the chancel) are several 
marble gravestones, whose brass inscriptions are gone." 
Manning and Bray (III, 237) add "in a copy of Aubrey 
which belonged to Le Neve is the following amongst 
other notes, ' in the middle of the late church was a 
dark grey stone, with the spaces for two brass figures, 
originally let in.' ' 

Add. MS. 6171, fol. 45, has a sketch of a slab with 
indents for an effigy, foot inscription and two shields ; 
and of one with an indent for a shield only, with this 
note, " in ye chancel over against the altar are these 
two flat stones without any maim our of inscription or 
mark, but that there has been on that towards ye right 
side an escutcheon in brass and on that towards ye left 
a whole figure over a square plate in which before the 
plates were taken out I suppose was some inscription 
with two shields in chief." At fol. 46, " at the entrance 
into the chancel from the middle is a flat stone, in the 
middle of it a long hollow declaring that something was 
in which I believe was an inscription on brass," also a 
sketch of a stone showing indents for the figures of a 
man and woman, a foot inscription and four shields. 



70 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



CHIPSTEAD. 

Effigy of Lucy, daughter of Laclansius Roper and grandchild 
of Humphrey Hunttey, citizen and ironmonger of London, 
1614, aged 24, and foot inscription. On floor of chancel. 

Small full length effigy, slightly inclined to the left 
and standing on a low circular pedestal, wearing a 
French hood, large ruff, peaked bodice and plain gown 
with flounce at the waist, close sleeves and small cuffs. 



HERE LYETH TE BODY OF LVCIE ROPER \ DAVGHTRo 
OF L ACTANS1VS ROPER Be GRANCHJLD TO HVMPHR1E 
HVNTLEY CITIZEN AND IREMONGER OF LONDON \VHO 
DEPARTED THIS LIFE YXXiilFDAYEOFFEBRVARY AN 

l6/4 BEINGE ABOVTE THE AGE OF^XXliil YEARES 
CHRISTVS MIHI VITA MORS MJHI LVCRVM 



LUCY ROPER, 1614. 
CHIPSTEAD, SURREY. 

(About one-seventh full size.) 

Below is the inscription in six lines in Roman capitals : 

HERE LYETH THE BODY OF LVCIE ROPER Y B DAVGHTER 
OF LACTANSIVS ROPER & GRANCHILD TO HUMPHRIE 
HVNTLEY CITIZEN AND IREMONGER OF LONDON WHO 

DEPARTED THIS LIFE Y E Xxiiii TH DAYE OF FEBRVARY AN 
1614 BEINGE ABOVTE THE AGE OF XXIIII YEARES 

CHRISTVS MIHI VITA MORS MIHI LVCRVM. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 71 

The effigy is 12 inches in height and the inscription 
plate measures 20 i by 5^ inches. The brass is still in 
its original stone, "72 by 30 inches, on the floor of the 
chancel on the south side within the altar rails, where it 
was noted by Aubrey (IV, 225), but not mentioned by 
Manning and Bray (II, 247). 



CHOBHAM. 

Both brasses are now mounted on oak boards affixed 
to the east face of the eastern pillar of the south aisle. 
The original stones have disappeared. 

I. Inscription. William Heith, esq., of Chobham, 15[69], 
mutilated. 

A mutilated inscription, on a plate now measuring 
14 by 3% inches, in three lines in black letter: 

P?ere Igetf) faurgetJ TOillm f^ettfj of Cjjabjjm ...... 

(ountue of Surrag lEsqufet tofjo ooeo g e n'x ...... 

Jlouembcr in tfje gere of our loroe @ofc fHccc. ..... 



Noted by Aubrey (III, 202), " on a fragment of a 
brass, which was formerly fix'd on a stone, near the last 
mentioned (i. e., Abp. Heith's slab in the chancel), is this 
mangled inscription." Manning and Bray (III, 199), 
quote Aubrey, but add " no part of which is now found." 

William Heith is probably identical with the William 
Hey the, gent., of Chabham, Surrey, Worcester, etc., 
who made his will 1 July, 1567, and which was proved 
3 February, 1569-70 (P. C. 0., 3 Lyon\ The parish 
register unfortunately only dates from 1654. 

II. Inscription. William Loker, esq., barrister-at-law, with 
six Latin verses by Richard Masse v/, undated. 

Inscription in nine lines in Roman capitals, on a plate 
measuring 15| by 7 inches: 



72 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

IN OBITVM CLARISSIMI VIRI IVRISC^ PERITISSIMI GrVLIH: 
LOKER ARMIGERl HEXASTICHO. 

VMBRA SVB HOC TAPHIO REQUIESCENS, HOS CAPE VERSVS: 
HEC TIBI PRIMA FVIT LAVS: PERHONESTVS ERAS: 

TE SCHOLA, TE DOCTRIX, ACADEMIA LAVDIBU3 ORNANT : 
FLVXIT & A LABRIS DVLCE POEMA TVIS : 

NEC LOCVPLES, NEC INOPS : QVOD DEFVIT ERE VEL AGRIS 
ARTIS ET INGENII CONDVPLICAV1T HONOS 

PER Ri. MASSEY. 

Noted by Aubrey (III, 205) as "in the chancel, on a 
brass plate, fix'd to a grave stone," and by Manning and 
Bray (III, 199) as "within a corner of the communion 
rails." 

A William Looker, probably this man, entered at 
the Inner Temple in November 1584, and was called 
11 May, 1595, being described as of Basingstoke, Hants. ; 
he is no doubt identical with the William Loker who by 
will dated 17 June, 1622, proved 15 February, 1624-5 
(P. C. C., 24 Clarke), desires to be buried in the parish 
church of Chobham, bequeaths lands in Chobham and 
in Clyddesdon, co. Southants. (Cliddesden, near Basing- 
stoke) and mentions his four daughters, Anne, Frances, 
Elizabeth and Olive, the two latter proving the will. 



CLAPHAM, ST. PAUL. 
I. Inscription. William Tableer, 1401. Now on wall of nave. 

Black letter inscription in two lines, on a plate 
measuring 23 by 3 inches: 

??ic facet TOtiims &ableer quf abut ittt tite mnws' ctobris 
&nn0 tmi |H CCCC p'tno emus ate p'picietur fceug &men. 

Noted by Aubrey (I, 157) as " in the middle ile " ; 
by Manning and Bray (III, 366) as " now fixed on the 
south, wall." It is now fastened on the north wall of the 
nave near the western end. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 73 

II. Inscription. William Glanvill, gent., merchant of Exeter, 
died of fever in London, 1647, aged 57. Now on wall 
of nave. 

A rectangular plate, 24 by 16.^ inches, with an inscrip- 
tion in ten lines in Roman capitals, four verses in italics 
and a shield of arms, (Az.\ three saltires, two and one (or), 
for Glanvill. 

GVLIELMVS GLANVILL GENEROSUS 

MERCATOR EXONIENSIS 

FESSUS 1TINERE (QUOD LONDINVM SVSCEPIT) 

NEC NON FEBRIS VIOLENTIA 

FAT1GATVS HIC REQVIESCIT 

OBIIT 16 IVNII 

ANNO DOM 

1647 

ET AETATIS SVAE 

57 

Quis jacet hie queris sibi supra scrip to leguntur 
At qualis vixit te sua fama docet 
Neglexit moriens jactans encomia marmor 
Nam lene qui vixit sat sibi laudis habet. 

Noted by Aubrey (I, 156) as " in the middle ile " ; by 
Manning and Bray (III, 366) as " now fixed on the north 
wall." It is now fastened on the north wall of the nave 
above No. I. 



COBHAM. 



Aubrey (III, 133) says " at the east end are several 
stones piPd up, with some brass plates, bearing effigies, 
but no inscriptions." No stones now remain, the floor 
being entirely covered with modern tiles. 



74 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

I. The Adoration of the Shepherds, c. 1500. Relaid on the 
wall of the chancel. 

A small rectangular plate, 6 by 4^ inches, once form- 
ing a part of some larger composition of which only this 
and the now lost group of fifteen sons are known. 

This quaint little plate depicts the Adoration of the 
Shepherds and is the only representation of that subject 
known on a brass. In the foreground is the Virgin on a 
low wooden bed covered by a quilt and with her head 
resting on a diapered cushion with tassels at the corners. 




THE ADORATION OF THE SHEPHERDS. COBHAM, SURREY. 
. (One-half full size.) 

By her side in the manger, into which two oxen thrust 
their heads, is the naked figure of the Child. At the foot 
of the bed are the three shepherds, two in long tunics 
with capes and hoods drawn over their heads, the third 
is bareheaded and wears a short jacket. The bareheaded 
one carries a spade and one of the hooded ones a crook. 
At the head of the bed appear the head and shoulders 
of Joseph, drawn out of all proportion to the rest of 
the figures. He is represented bearded with long hair 
and apparently wearing a cloak, In the background is 
seen the byre, from which it must be supposed the side 
has been removed in order to show the scene within. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 



75 



The plate has been set in a small cement slab, 1\ by 
5\ inches, and fixed in the south wall of the chancel. It 
is engraved in the Cambridge Camden Society' } s Illustrations 
of Monumental Brasses, No. II, page 46, and reproduced 
in black and white in E. R. Suffling^s English Church 
Brasses, 339. 

II. Effigy of a man in armour, c. 1550, slightly mutilated 
at the right foot ; palimpsest, on reverse the greater 
portion of a priest, c. 1510, in mass vestments holding 
an inscribed chalice and ivafcr. Now fastened to a 
pillar in the south chapel on a revolving pivot. 

Full length effigy, 24 inches in height, of a man in 
armour, slightly inclined to the right, bareheaded with 





PALIMPSEST BRASS. COBHAM, SURREY. (One-sixth full size.) 



76 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

short hair, long beard and moustaches, hands bare and 
frills at the neck and wrists. His armour consists of a 
plate gorget, breastplate with demi-placcate and tapul or 
projecting edge, shoulder pieces, the upright edges of 
which are scroll-shaped, small elbow pieces, short taces 
composed of three narrow lames and a skirt of mail 
divided in front. The thigh and shin pieces are plain, 
the knee pieces large and globular and the broad round- 
toed sabbatons are without spurs. His sword hangs 
perpendicularly on the left from a cord attached to the 
uppermost lame of the taces ; another cord from the 
lowermost held the dagger now lost. The shoulder 
and knee pieces are ornamented with scrolls and 
the background between the legs has not been cut 
away. 

On the reverse of the figure is that of a priest, of date 
about 1510, in mass vestments holding a large chalice 
and wafer, the former inscribed ffistd m Et)S, i. c. ffi&to 
mtfjt 3fl5Ug and the latter JH)g, both in black letter. The 
brass is now fixed on a revolving pivot on the face of a 
pillar in the south chapel. The armed figure and the 
chalice of the priest are illustrated in Braylcy and 
Britton^s Hist, of Surrey, II, 408; and both sides of the 
plate in H. Haines^ Manual of Monumental Brasses, xlvi; 
Transactions of the Monumental Brass Society, IV, 281 ; 
E. R. Suffling^s English Church Brasses, 290; and Surrey 
Arch. Colls., XV, 34. 

Noted by Manning and Bray (II, 738), " in the chest 
is preserved a brass with the figure of a man bare- 
headed, long beard " ; to it they attribute the now 
lost inscription (2). This inscription is too early for 
the figure by twenty years. It is possible that the 
figure may represent one George Bigley, who by will 
(P. C. C., 14 Noodes) proved 1558, desires to be buried 
in the chancel and his name to be graven in brass. 
He bequeaths the office of the bailiwick of the manor 
of Coveham to his son-in-law (step son) James Sutton. 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 77 

LOST BRASSES. 
(1). A group of fifteen sons, c. 1500. 

Mentioned in Haines' List, p. 199, as loose about the 
year 1860. A rubbing is in the collection of the Society 
of Antiquaries. 




FORMERLY AT COBHAM, SURREY. (One-third full size.) 

A plate, 9^ inches in length and 5| diminishing to 
4J inches in height, containing a group of fifteen sons 
all dressed alike in the usual civilian costume of the 
period. A portion from the same composition as No. 1. 

(2). Inscription. James Button, " bay le of this lordeshyppe" 
1530, and wife Maud. 

Manning and Bray (II, 738), "in the chest" with 
No. II.: 

" Of your charite pray for the soules of James Sutton 

tyme bayle of this lordeshyppe and Mawde 

his wyf which the XII day of July ye yere 

of o r lord God MV C XXX and the sayd M 

the day of the yere of our lord God 

MCCC " ' 

COMPTON. 

Effigies of Thomas Gennyn, in civil dress, and tvife Margaret, 
both died 1508, with two sons and a foot inscription, all much 
worn. Two daughters and a shield lost. On floor of nave. 

Two small full length effigies slightly inclined towards 
one another. Thomas Gennyn or Jennings is repre- 



78 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY, 

sented with long hair, wearing the usual fur-lined gown 
with deep full sleeves also edged with fur. To his 
girdle is attached a large pouch and his feet are encased 
in wide round-toed shoes. His wife Margaret wears the 
kennel-shaped head-dress with lappets in front and veil 
behind, and a close-fitting gown with tight sleeves and 
fur cuffs. Round her waist is a broad ornamented girdle 
with a large buckle and long pendent end terminating 
in a metal tag. The sons resemble the father except 
that their gowns are plain and they have no pouches. 
The two daughters are lost. Under the principal effigies 
is a black letter inscription in three lines, now much 
worn : 



for tfje sofolle of tfjomas gengn antf ilarpret fjgg 
tfje fofjgdj Deceit! in tfje gere of our lortJ JHCCC&C 
anfc fciii on fojjog sofollis 3f)U fjaue marcs 1mm. 

The effigies are 16 inches in height, the sons 5|- inches; 
the inscription plate measures 17^ inches by 2^, the 
indent for the daughters 5.^ by 2 and that for the shield 
5| by 44 inches. The brass is still in its original stone on 
the floor of the nave but much worn in places. The head 
of the lady is figured in Surrey Arch. Colls., XVI, 44. 

Noted by Aubrey (IV, 21) as in the nave, and by 
Manning and Bray (II, 12) who, however, give the 
arms as Quarterly, I and IV. Arg., on a fess gu. three 
bezants. II and III. Gu., a bulVs head cabossed arg., 
armed or, and note the loss of the daughters. The 
arms are those of Jennings. 



LOST BRASS. 

Bennet Brocas, 1488, and wife Cecily. 

Aubrey (IV, 21), "In the south ile of the church, on 
a brass plate fix'd to a gravestone, is this inscription " : 

" Hie jacent Benedictus Brocas et Cecilia uxor 
ejus qui quidem Benedictus obiit x die Aug. anno 
dni MCCCCLXXXVIII Quorum animabus propicietur deus 
Amen." x 



A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 79 

" On this was an escotcheon, now lost, but the clerk 
hath a leaden scutcheon which he thinks came from this 
gravestone, bearing two lyons couchant, with a crescent 
for distinction." 

Manning and Bray (II, 12), " the whole lost before 
1800." 



COULSDON. 

Inscription. Anthony Boys, rector for twenty -two years, 
1610. Now on wall of tower. 

Inscription in ten lines in Roman capitals with quo- 
tation from Psalm cxviii, in Roman text, on a plate 
measuring 19 by 9 inches : 

ANTHONIE Bois THE SONXE OF THOMAS Bois A MAN 
OF ARMES IN CALAIS & CAPTAINE OF DELE CASTELL 
& OF MALIN DAVGHTER OF NICOLAS LEIGH OF ADDIG- 

TON ESQ : A MAN FOR HIS PIETIE, INTEGRITIE, MODESTIE, 
CHARITIE TO THE POORE & MOST LOVINGE & KINDE 
CARRIAGE TOWARDES ALL, S1NGVLARLY BELOVED 
WHILEST HE LIVED, AND AFTER HIS DEATH GENE- 
RALLY DEPLORED OF THE WHOLE COVNTRY, LIVED 
PARSON OF THIS CHVRCH 22 YEARES & DIED TPIE 

4 TH DAY OF AVGVST IN THE YEARE OF OVR LORD 1610. 

Non moriar sed viuam et narrabo opera domini : ps. cxviii. 

Now fastened to the south wall of the tower. The 
original stone, 54 by 26 inches, much disintegrated, 
still remains on the floor below. It shows the indent 
for this inscription and for something above, no doubt 
the achievement or shield seen by Aubrey. 

Noted by Aubrey (II, 86), as in the chancel, "on 
a brass plate, fixed to a gravestone, is a very bad figure 
of a griffin with his wings fretted, and in capitals this 
inscription." This " griffin with wings fretted" is the 
well-known coat of Bois or Boys, (Or), a griffin segreant 



80 A LIST OF MONUMENTAL BRASSES IN SURREY. 

per fess ($2.) and (#$.), wings fretty (arg.) within a bordure 
(guJ) charged with crosses formy and acorns (gold\ and 
appears on the brasses to Anthony's parents. 

Anthony Bois, son of Thomas Bois, captain of Deal 
castle, by Malin, daughter of Nicholas Leigh of Add- 
ington, by Anne, daughter of Sir Nicholas Carew of 
Beddington, was instituted to the rectory of Coulsdon 
22 January, 1587-8, on the presentation of Sir Francis 
Carew, and died 4 August, 1610. 

His father died in 1562 and was buried at Upper 
Deal, where there is a brass to his memory. His mother 
Malin died at Oxford in 1584 and was buried in the 
church of St. Mary the Virgin, where is a brass to her 
memory erected by Anthony and her other children. 

LOST BRASS. 
Inscription. John Phippes, D.D., rector, 1640. 

Aubrey (II, 86), in the chancel, " on another brass 
plate is this inscription in capitals": 

" HERE LIETH INTERRED THE BODY 
OF JOHN PHIPPES DOCTOR OF DIVINITY 
SOME TIME RECTOR OF THIS 
PARISH OF COULSDEN WHO 
BEING OF THE AGE OF 57 
YEARES DIED THE 28 DAY OF 
APRILL ANNO DNI 1640." 

Manning and Bray (II, 455), " nothing is now legible 
except 1640." On the floor of the tower is a slab which 
may have contained this inscription, it measures 62 by 
25 inches and shows an indent for a wedged shaped 
plate 15 inches in width at the top and gradually 
widening to 17 inches at the bottom, with a height of 
8| inches. John Phippes was instituted in 1639 on the 
presentation of Peter Pheasant and died 28 April, 1640. 



LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 

BY 

THEODORE CRAIB. 



IN the second volume of the Victoria County History for 
Surrey and in the seventh of the Surrey Archaeological 
Collections there are printed rather brief accounts of this 
College, which was dissolved in 1544. We have also 
the account given by Manning and Bray in tlieir monu- 
mental history of Surrey, but this again contains little 
detail. 

The following documents, found among the Loseley 
MSS. (to the owner of which I am indebted for per- 
mission to print them), are not of very great import^ 
ance, but they serve to supplement the accounts already 
mentioned: 

I. Injunctions for the better regulation of the College 

issued in 1532. Unfortunately the heading of 
the document is very much mutilated. I imagine 
the author would have been greatly surprised, 
had he been told that in twelve years, the College 
would be suppressed altogether. 

II. A libel case, probably in the Court of Arches, 

between Dr. Edward Culpeper, the last master 
of the College and the Rev. Henry Barton, curate 
of the collegiate church. In view of the charges 
made it is unfortunate that the result of the trial 
remains unknown. 

III. Stuff delivered to the master of the College [no 
date]. 

VOL. XXVI, G 



82 LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 

IV. When the writer of the account in the seventh 
volume of the Surrey Archaeological Collections 
printed the inventory of the goods of the College 
at its dissolution, he evidently failed to notice a 
second copy of this. As the two differ in many 
details, I have included this second copy here, so 
that the one may be compared with the other. 

V. Keceipts by Edward Culpeper of the annuity 

which was granted to him on the suppression 
of the College. 

VI. List of goods sold and also of payments made to 
sundry persons, 10 June, 36 Hen. VIII. 

VII. A similar list dated (in a different hand) 1545. 

VIII. Receipts by Nicholas Posyer to the use of Sir 
Thomas Cawarden, to whom the College was 
granted ; also list of payments made. 

IX. A letter from Nicholas Posyer to a person not 
named. 

X. Bill of receipt of Dionis Thomowe, curate of 

Lingfield, for his stipend, 31 March, 1550. 

XI. Various small memoranda. 

I. 

EMANUELL. 

Injunctions made and promilgate by Edmimde Steward doctor 

father in God Lord Stephyn bysshopp of Winchester To 

the churche of Lyngfeld of the diocesse of Wynchestre 

agreable to declaryng to the same for the reformacion of 

such detections and comper The said Lord [Bishop] of 

Wynchester exersisyd by the said Vicar generall The vijth day of May 
the yere of oure Lord God a thowsand fyve hundreth thirtie and twoo 

First we inyoyne and commande y* every prest clerke and felow 
of the said college shal be obedient to the maister of the same college 
and use hym reverently in word and dede withoute any obstinacy 
grugehyng or contumacy in all lefull thyngye 

Also we inyone and command that the curat of the said college for 
that beyng shal have pre-emynence nexte to the maister of the college 
and be obeide in the maister absence as the nexte superior and after 
hym every prest and clereke after y er senyorite and noo otherwyse 



LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 83 

Also we inyone and command that noo prest ne clercke be incorporat 
fellow or brother of the said college miles he have first fullfyllid the 
yere of probacyon and admittid by the maister and the more parte of 
the fellows and clerkes incorporattes 

Also we inyone and command that the saide prestis and clerkys 
begynng matyns at vij of the clokke miles it be uppon principall 
fesstys and that evensong may begon by thre of cloke and endide by 
foure at after none 

Also we inyone and command that evere prest and clercke shall 
comme to matyns afore the psalme off Venite be endid and to Masse 
afore the office of the same be endid and soo to contynew at the same 
devyne servyce tyll it be endid and the offend res in the premissis or 
any parte therof to be defalkyd j d of thar wagis as often as thai shall 
make defawte in y e premissis miles he be licensid by the master of the 
sayd college or hys depute 

Also we inyone and command that the preestes and clerkys of the 
said college take there refections together in the common hall of the 
said college enles thei be lett by syknes which requireth the person 
soo sike too have hys refections to hys chambre with in the said 
college and enles any of the clerckys loge withoute the said college 
and fortune to be sike it shall not be lefull for hym demannd or have 
any thyng owte of the college of dutis but as the maister for tyme 
beyng shall thynke good and expedient 

Also we inyone and commaund that noo clecke incorporatt beyng 
maried shall from hynsforth have any knowlege or medlyng in the 
besynes or secrett causes of the said college but only in the elections 
and incorporatyons. 



II. 

In Dei nomine Amen. Coram A-obis reverendissimo in Christo 
patre et domino domino Willelmo permissione divina Cantuariensi 
archiepiscopo totins Anglie primate et apostolice sedis legato aut 
vestre audiencie causarnm et negociorum auditore vicarioqne in 
spiritnalibus generali et official! principali qnocunque pars discreti 
viri magistri Edwardi Culpeper legum doctoris necnon magistri et 
prepositi Collegii de Lyngfeld Wintoniensis diocesis Cantuariensis 
provincie contra et adversus dominum Henricum Barton socium per- 
petnum ecclesie collegiate de Lyngfyld predictarum diocesis et pro- 
vincie ac contra quemcunque alium coram vobis pro eodem in jndicio 
legitime iutervenientem dicit allegat et in hiis scriptis in jure proponit 
articulatim prout sequitur 

Inprimis videlicet quod fuit et est quedam coustitntio provincialis 
Cantuarie sic incipiens Auctoritate Dei Patris &c. in ea parte rite 
et legitime edita provide lata ac debite publicata in qua cavetur 
et habetur quod omnes et singuli Cantuariensis provincie subditi et 
subiecti, qui gratia odii lucri vel favoris sen alia quacimque de causa 
crimen alicui maliciose imponunt unde apud bonos et graves infamatus 

G2 



84 LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 

sit, ut sic saltern purgatio eidem indicatur vel alio modo gravetur 
fuerunt et sunt maioris excommunicationis scnteucia in dicta consti- 
tucione provincial! Cantuarie lata ipso facto dampnabiliter involuti 

Item quod omnes et singuli qui convitia vituperia verbave calump- 
niosa obprobriosa vilipendiosa scandalosa diifamatoria aut alia inhonesta 
ad alicuius status et bone fame lesionern et denigrationem sonantia et 
tententia in preseutia fidedignorum contra bonos mores alicui et de 
aliqtio dicunt emittunt seu predicant fuerunt et sunt iuxta juris exi- 
gentiam et canonicas sanctiones in ea parte salubriter editas canonice 
corrigendi et pimiendi 

Item quod prenominatus dominus Henricus Barton ante dictum 
magistrum Edwardum Culpeper de et super criminibus infrascriptis 
per prius minime diffamatum mensibus Aprilis Maii Junii Julii August! 
Septembris Octobris Novembris et Decembris anno Domini millesimo 
quingentissimo xxxj infra ecclesiam collegiatam de Lyngfeld pre- 
dictam et alia loca publica eidem convicina et circumvicina, eorundem- 
-ve mensium et locorum quolibet sive utio in presencia fidedignorum 
publice et maliciose difl'amavit atque crimina fornicacionis incestus et 
sacrilegii per probacioues legitimas in eventu litis hujusmodi plenius 
speeificandas eidem magistro Edwardo Culpeper ex causa odii publice 
et maliciose imposuit Ponit divisim et de quolibet 

Item quod prefatus dominus Henricus Barton nonnulla verba con- 
vitiosa vituperiosa opprobriosa vilipendiosa scandalosa et dift'amatoria 
ad ipsius magistri Edwardi Culpeper status et bone fame lesionem et 
denigracionem wonantia et tendentia ac presertim verba in Anglicis 
sequentia seu saltern alia eiisdem in effectu consimilia viz. Master 
Doctor Culpeper ye take yourself a pope holy man by your watching 
in the churche by riyght and so ye cawse the people to beleve that ye 
be an holy man butt your watching shalbe knowen what it is and 
how cummyth to yow and that shalbe shewed before my lorde of 
Canterbury to your utter rebuke and shame and whoo cummyth to 
yow and what they be mensibus locis et anno predictis eorundem- 
-ve mensium et locorum quolibet sive uno eidem magistro Edwardo 
Culpeper et de eodem contra bonos mores in presencia fidedignorum 
publice et maliciose dixit emisit protulit asseruit et predicavit Ponit 
divisim et de quolibet 

Item quod pretextu hujusmodi diffamacionis et criminnin predic- 
torum impositionis ac prefatorum verbornm prolacionis status et bona 
fama ipsius magistri Edwardi Culpeper necnon ipse et eius opinio 
apud bonos et graves enormiter leduntur et gravantur Ponit divisim 
et de quolibet 

Item quod dictus magister Ed ward us Culpeper ante hujusmodi dif- 
famacionem et criminum pracdictorum imposicionem ac prasfatorum 
verborum prolacionem et usque ad ipsas fuit vir bone fame opinionis 
illese et conversacionis honeste atque apud et inter bonos et graves de 
et super premissis criminibus per prius minime diffamatus Ponit divisim 
et de quolibet 



LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 85 

Item quod prasfatus dominus Henricus Barton Curatus Ecclesie 
collegiate predicte fuit et est Wintoniensis diocesis vestre Cantuariensis 
provincie ac vestre Jurisdiction! notorie subditns et subiectus 

Item quod de et super premissis omnibus et singnlis fuit et est ex 
parte dicti magistri Edward! Culpeper ad vos reverendissimum patrem 
Cantuarieiisem archiepiscopum primatem et legatum antedictum vest- 
ramque audienciam predictum debiteque relatum 

Item quod premissa omnia et singula fuerunt et sunt vera publica 
notoria manifesta et famosa atque de et super eiisdem laborarunt et 
laborarit publica vox et fama unde facta fide de jure in hac parte 
requisita petit pars dicti magistri Edward! Culpeper antedictum do- 
minum Henricum Barton in maioris Excomnmnicationis sentenciam 
modo quo prefer tur in dicta constitucione provincial! latam damp- 
nabiliter incidisse et incurrisse ac ea ligatum et involutum atque 
excommunicatum fuisse et esse ac pro tali pronunciandum publice et 
declarandum fore debere pronunciari decerni et declarari sen saltern 
pro tante sue temeritatis excessu in prrmissis iuxta Juris exigentiam 
et canonicas sanctiones canonice corrigendum et puniendum fore debere 
etiam pronunciari Ipsumque dominum Henricum in expensis legitimis 
per partem dicti magistri Edward! in hac parte factis et faciendis in- 
super condemnari et condempnatum ad debiram solucionem earundem 
canonice cogi et compel!! per vos et vestram sentenciam diffiuitivam 
domine Judex antedicte Quo proponit et fieri petit pars dicti magistri 
Edwardi conjunctim et divisim non arctans se ad omnia et singula pre- 
missa probanda nee ad onus surpcrflue probaciouis de quo protestatur 
sed quatenus probaverit in premissis eatenus obtineat in petitis juris 
beneficio in omnibus semper salvo vestrum omcium domine Judex 
antedicte in hac parte humiliter implorando. 



III. 

Stuff delyvered to the Master of tbe College. 

Fyrst ys own bed that he laye yn 

a counterpkeynt of tapsiry a blankett ij payer of shetes 

iij pillowes with pylloberes 

the hankyng of saye 

a testor 

iiij bokes written and bound 

a gret port sallter 

a boke bound of scrptir 

ij bokes bond of canon lawe 

a carpett 

a payer of belowes 

a fier shofell 

a carbett chest 

a yoyen stole [struck out~\ 



86 LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 

a cusshen 

a c haver 

delyvered to Mr. Culpeper iij shetes 

a pece of chamlett 

iij bokes boimden one of lawe and the other of storyes 

by me Jasper Culpepper. 



IV. 

Thinventary of all and singler suche goods catalles corne plate and 
juelles whiche were remayning at the College of Lyngfeld in the 
countie of Surrey at the tyme of the dissolucon of the same praysed 
by Richard Dycon thelder George Rydley William Humfrey Robert 
Ede and Edward Rose the xxvj th and xxvij th daies of Aprill in 
the xxxvj tb yere of the reigne of oure sovereigne lord king Henry 
theight. 

Catall. 

Inprimis viij oxon price the yoke Is. xft. 

Item iiij steres price the yoke xls. iiijft. 
Item xj builockes whereof ix be yerlinges and ij be 

two yerlinges price Is. 

Item iij steres of iij yeres old price xls. 
Item tenne keyn and a bulle price vijft. vjs. vi'ijd. 

Item vj sucking calfes xs. 

Item wemmyers v price xs. 

Item iiij ewes and iij lambes vjs. vnjd. 

Item ane old horse vs. 
Item ij geldiuges for the saddell xxvjs. viijrf. 

Item iij mares ij grey one bay xxs. 

Item a colte gelded ij yeres old vjs. \\ijd. 

Item ij sowes vs. 

Item a bore of a yere ijs. 

Item one old mylhorse vs. 

sum xxxft. xiijs. iiijd. 



Corne. 

Item xij acres whete price le acre vjs. viije?. iiij ft. 

Item xxxiij acres oytes price le acre ijs. viijd. iiijft. viijs. 

Item whete in the barne xvjs. 

Item whete in the granar n 1 

Item barley in the chaffe vs. 

Item in the gran[ary] a bushell and a shald iiijd. 

Item xx c lathes vjs. viijd. 
sum ix.lt. xvjs. 



LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 87 



In the parlour. 

Item ane old hanginges of \_blank] all torne xijc?. 

Item a table ij yerdes long ij trestells and ij formes v'ujd. 

Item ane old carpet xijrf. 

Item ij old cuyshens viijd. 

Item a cupboard vjd. 

Item a joyned stoole i]d. 

sum iiijs. 



In the hall. 

Item iij old hanginges all torne peced and broken 

Item thre tabulles with trestells with benches xlrf. 

sum iijs. viije?. 



In the kechen. 

Item a brasse potte of tenne galons xW. 

Item another of vij galons vs. 

Item another of iiij galons ij*. 

Item another of ij galons viije?. 

Item one panne of ij gallons vjrf. 

Item one possenet iiije?. 
Item xvj platters and a charger xjs. iiijrf. 
Item xviij disshes vjs. viijcf. 
Item xj savvsers iij*. viijrf. 

Item vj spittes iij greate spittes and iij smale xle?. 

Item one drippinge panne ij<^* 

Item ij rakkes of iron xxrf. 

Item ij trivettes viijd. 
Item one fryinge panne 
Item a lateii. morter with a pestill 

Item a colemler 

Item iij payre of potte hockes vjrf. 

Item iij potthangers !]* 

Item one stone morter xvjd. 

Item a gredyerne V J^- 

Item a laten lade 11 jj 

Item a dressinge kniff ij" 

Item a woode axe }"" 

sum xlv*. vd. 



In the larder wett. 

Item a musterd chourne 

sum pz. 



88 LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 

In the drie larder. 

Item a ambry xijd. 

Item a pendinge table with a cover vujd. 

Item xxiij wodden platters vnjd. 

Item ij dossin woddin disshes iiijd. 

sum ijs. vujd. 

In hnsbandrie. 

Item a wayne with a pay re of unshode wheles vs. 

Item a donke pot with wheles xvjd. 

Item iij harrowes ij good harnes and old xlc?. 

sum ixs. viijc?. 

In the laborers chambre. 

Item a mattres ij bolsterrs a coverlett and a peyre of 

shetes iiijs. 

Item iij axes and iij hedinge billes ijs. 

Item ij augers a wymble a chesett and a horse chombe xe?. 

Item a share a culter and a tolve xv'iijd. 

Item a picheforke iujd. 

Item a payre of ne\ve trases viije?. 
Item a olde [blank~\ and ij halters with a spade [blank"] 

sum ixs. i'ujd. [szYfj. 

In the brewehouse. 

Item a tunfate price xk/. 

Item a fornes with a cantherne vs. 

Item a wellboket with a cheyne and rope xijrf. 

Item a maltetingefate price xld. 

Item a keler xijd. 

Item another holde keier viijc?. 

Item ij fattes iijs. 

sum xvij*. 



In the malte lofte. 
Item xx tie quarters of ote malte price the quarter xlc?. 

sum iij/t. vjs. viijd. 

Item a hoste here vjs. vi\jd. 

sum iljli. -K.U js. uijd. 

In the chambre nexte the stere on the galerie. 

Item iiij stone of wolle xs. viijc?. 

Item xvj cheses v*. i'njd. 

Item hoppes viij*. 

sum xxiiij*. 



LIKGFIELD COLLEGE. 89 



In the chambre nexte to the master's chambre. 

Item a fetherbedde with a bolster vj*. vi'ijd. 

Item a blankett uijd. 

Item iij peyre of shetes and a hod shete vj*. 
Item a taple clothe and a towell ij*. viijd. 

Item a sparver v'njd. 
Item ij olde chestes vj*. viijd 

Item a [blank] vjd. 

Item truses and ropes iiije?. 

Item ij corne shovelles vjd. 

Item a matocke and a cliafmgdishe xije?. 

sum [blank], 

In the nexte chambre. 

Item a bedsteade mjd. 
Item a connterbyne of taps trie vj*. viije?. 

Item a payre of shetes xvje?. 

Item a old [blank] iiije?. 

Item a newe canvasse shete ij*. 

sum [blank]. 

In the chambre nexte the coole house. 

Item a fetherbedde with a bolster x*. 

Item a coverlett of wollen xijo?. 

Item a payre of shetes ij*. 

Item a whyte testor viijd. 

Item a standinge presse fiije?. 

sum [blank~\. 

In the maisters chambre. 

Item a fetherbedd a bolster and ij pillowes xx*. 

Item iij pillowes with pillowberes iij*. 

Item a counterpoynte ij*. 

Item old hanginges of say payned grene and redde xx(/. 

Item ij chestes iij*' 

Item a chayer and ij joyned stoles xc?. 

Item a pewter salte ij^' 

Item two bell chandellstickes xxc?. 

Item a chobbe iron a fyer forke xvjc?. 

Item a pewter bason V ^ 

sum [blank']. 

In the butterey. 

Item ane old cheste ij^- 

Item ane old table with trestills jd- 

Item iiij barrells and ij firkens xxc?. 

Item a bason and ane ewre xvjrf. 



90 LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 

Item a chipping knyf \jd. 

Item iij pewter saltes iiijd. 

Item candelstickes \_blank~\ 

Item ij lether jackes viijc?. 

Item ij stone cruces ]d. 

Item ij dosen trunchers jd. 

Item iij tabbull clothes ij playne and one dyaper iiijs. 

Item ij playne towells and one dyaper xviijd. 

Item vj napkyns vjd. 

Item a lether bottell iije? 

sum \blank~\. 

In the woodhows. 

Item ane axe vjd. 

sum pz. 

In the butterey next the kechine. 

Item iiij kylderkyns xvjc?. 

Item a lether bottell of a galon iiije?. 

Item ane old broken bell weing \blank~\ xxe?. 

sum \_blank~\. 

In a cheste within a litil chambr in the end of the galary 
ayenste the chtirche yard. 

Item iij old vestmentes with the apparel! of blew chaungeable silke 

imbrodered with fooles and tres lyned with red bawdkyn 
Item ij old vestmentes with the apparell of gold and silke with grene 

orphrays lyned with blew bawdkin 
Item ane old curse vestment with the apparell wroght with grene crule 

the albe torne 
Item a vestment of white damaske with the apparell imbrodered with 

aungels the orphray purpill velvet havyng the Assumpcon of our 

Lady one it 
Item ij vestmentes of old braunched velvet with a red orphrey 

imbroderd with an m. and starres 
Item ane old vestment of grene say and orphreys of grene say 

imbrodered with flowre deluces 
Item ane old course vestment of tawney velvet uppon velvet with 

orphreys of the same imbrodered with sterres of gold 
Item ane old cope blacke damaske with the orphrays with m. and 

sterres 

Item ane aulter clothe of grene silke 
Item ij other aulter clothes of grene damaske imbroderd with roses of 

gold 

Item ane old alter cloth grene silke with red frenge 
Item ane old torne curten of grene popiugey silke 
Item a corporace cace one syd crymsen velvet and the other black with 

the ymage of Saint Margarete. 



LIKGFIELD COLLEGE. 91 

Ornamentes and bookes being in the churche. 

Item a vestment with the apparell of blew velvet braunched with 

clothe of gold with orphreys of gold couched with the ymage of 

the crucifixe 

Item v antephoners whereof iij great and ij small 
Item a cope and a vestment of red velvet with braunches of gold like 

unto ostrige fethers the orphrayes imbroderd with ymagery 
Item a cope and a vestment of blewe velvet uppon velvet embrodred 

with Jesus and a crown 

Item a suyte of vestmentes of red velvet braunched with sterres of gold 
Item a single cope of red velvet with grene braunches of the same 

flowred with gold 

Item a single cope being velvet uppon satten with flowres of gold 
Item ij old copes bawdkyn ymagery 
Item a cope of blew silk bawdkyn with ane orphrey with ymages 

impelled with the vestmentes for prest decon and subdecon of the 

same 
Item a written legendary iij grayles. 

Plate and juells. 
Item a crosse of silver and gilte with foote enameled weing by 

estimacon cxl unnces at [blank~\ 
Item ij rounde basons silver with armes in the botom weing by 

estimacon xx oz. 
Item ij gilte chalices with patens the one being written about with 

orate pro anima Johannis Underhild and the other having the 

armes of the lord Cobham 

Item a lowe rounde pixe of silver with a cover weing iiij unnces 
Item iiij silver spones worth by estimacon viijs. 



V. 

This bill maade the xix teu day of April! in the xxxvj th yere of our 
mooste drade sovereyn lorde kinge Henrye the viij th witnessithe that 
I Edwarde Culpeper docter of the lawe civile have receivede of Sir 
Thomas Garden knighte vili. xiijs. iiijd. due unto me at the feste of 
our Lady the Annunciation in Lente laste paste before the date of this 
present for the annuitye of half a yere oute of the landes of the 
college of Lingfelde in the county e of Surrye. In witnes wherof 
have subscribede my name and sealede with my seale the daye and 

yere above writen 

By me Edwarde Culpepyr 

doctor of law cyvill. 
Resevyd by me 
Thomas Culpeper. 



92 LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 

Thys byll maid the xx tj day off Octobre with yn xxxvij th yere off 
the rang off ower most dread soveragn lorde kyng Henry the viijth 
kyng off Ynglond Fraunce and Yrelond the defendour off the feyth and 
in erth of the chnrche off Ynglond and also of Yerlond the supreme 
hedd witnessith that I Edwarde Culpepyr doctour off law civill have 
resseyvid of Thomas Cawerden knyght six powndes thirten shillynges 
and fower pens sterlyn due nnto me the seid Edward att the fest of 
Seynt Michell tharchangell last past by reason of one annuite off xx** 
markes yerly to me the seid Edwarde by the seid Thomas Cawerden 
gran ntid as more playnly by a writyng to me the seid Edwarde maid 
hyt wyll apper. In witnesshe here off I the seid Edwarde have sealid 
thys byll and subscribid my name here yu gevyn the day and yere 
abowe writyn 

By me Edwarde Culpepyr 
Doctour off law civill. 

Resseyvid the seid sum by the liandes of 
Nycholas Posier gent by me Jhon Colepeper 
of Wakeherst. 



Thys bill maid the xiiij ten day of Octobre within the first yere of the 
raigne off ower most dread soveraigue lord kyng Edward the vj th 
witnessith that I Edward Culpepyr doctor off law civill have ressevyd 
of Sir Thomas Garden kuyght vj/i. xiijs. m]d. sterling due unto me 
the seid Edwarde att tha fest of Seynt Michell the Archaugell last 
past by resori off one annuite of xx w markes yerly to me the seid 
Edwarde by the seid Thomas Garden grauntid as more playnly by a 
writyng theroff to me the seid Edwarde maid hit wyll apper. In 
witnesshe here off I the fore seid Edwarde have sealeid thys byll and 
subscribid my name here yn yevyn the day and yere abowe writyn 

By me Edward Culpepyr 
doctor off lawe cyvill. 



JHESUS. 

Thys byll maid the Wenesday next after the Ammncyacon of ower 
Lady wyth yn the thyrd yere of the raigne of ower most dread 
soveraigne lord Kyng Edward the vjth wytnessith that I Edward 
Culpeper doctor of lawe cyvyll hawe resseyved of Sir Thomas 
Cauerden knyght syxe poundes xiijs. iiijW. sterling due unto me the 
seid Edward at the fest of the Annuncyacon of ower Lady aforeseid 
by reason of one annuyte of xx li markes yerely to me the seid Edward 
by the seid Sir Thomas Cauerden graunted as more playnely the 
wrytyng therof to me the seid Edward maed grauntid hyt wyll appere. 
In wytnes hereof I the seid Edward hawe sealid this byll and sub- 
scribid my name here yn yevyn the daye and yer abowe wrytyn 

By me Edwarde Colepepyr. 



LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 93 

[On the back'] 

all which summe of \jli. xiijs. nijd. I John Cnlpeper knolyd to hawe 
resseyvyd for and in the name of the wythynnamyd Edward Culpeper 
and by thys bynd myself to discharge the with yn namyd Sir Thomas 
Cauerden knyght ageynst the foreseid Edward and ageynst all others 
that shall demannd the same for and yn hys name that ys to sey the 
foreseid vj/z. xiijs. iujd. all redy due at the Annunciacon of ower Lady 
with yn wrytyn yn the third yer of the raigne off ower most dread 
soveraigne lord kyng Edward the vjth. In wytnes wherof I the seid 
John Culpeper have subscribyd my name here yn. 

per me Johannem Culpeper. 



JHESUS. 

Resseyvid of Sir Thomas Garden knyght the last daye of June 
withyn the fourth yeer of the raigne of ower most dread soveraigne 
lord kyng Edward the vjth twelwe pondes and syxe shilles arrerages 
of annuite due unto Edward Culpeper master of the late surrenderid 
college of Lyngfeld yn Surrey for one whole yeer emlid at the Annun- 
ciacon of ower Lady last past before the wrytyng hereof. In wytnes 
hereof I John Culpeper of Wakeherst whiche resseyvid the seid twelwe 
powndes syxeshillynges hawe sealid this byll and subscribyd my name 
hereyn the daye and yer abowe wrytyn 

John Culpeper of 
Wakeherst. 



VI. 

These parcelles folowyng are the goodes and catalles sold at 
Lyngfeld the tenth day of June anno xxxvj. 

Fyrst sold to Andrewe Humfrey and old baskett iijc?. 

Item to Richerd Dicon another baskett iiije?. 

Item to Brian Scraston a wodden bolle ijrf. 

Item to Wody a payer of trayes \]d. 

Item to Sir Richerd an erdern pott ]d. 

Item a payer of pothokes jd. ob. 

Item to Rowle and old spytt and a payer of pothokes xij</. 

Item to Androwe Humfrey ij old fattes xvje?. 

Item to Richerd Dicon another fatte vjd. 

Item to Sir Richerd iij kylderkyns viijrf. 

Item to Edward Roos an andyron xrf. 

Item to John Wody a dong corte xvje?. 

Item to Rowle a grey mare with a sukkyng colt xiijs. u\jd. 

Item to Sir Richerd a grey colte of ij yeres vjs. viijdf. 
Item to Androwe Humfrey a lyttell bay mare with a 

sukkyng colte vjs. viijd. 



94 LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 

Item to the same Humfrey a lyttell grey mare beyng 

lame with a sukkyng colte xld. 

Item to Underhill iiij yewes and iij lambes xjs. 

Item to John Turner an old horse vs. 

Item of Blundell for wood in the parke xxe?. 

Summa recepe liiijs. yd. ob. 

Item receyved of Mr. Godrek for a feld of otes 

con [taming] viij acres xxviijs. 

1 Item receyved of Ede in parte of payment of a more 

sum xiijs. 

Summa totalis istius rec. iiij/z. xvs. ixd. ob. 



These he the paymentes that were made the tenth day of June 

a xxxvj. 

Fyrst to mother Alice for the arrerages of her wages 

at our Lady day last 
Item to the same Alice for her wages from our Lady 

day hitherto 
Item to Alice her mayd for the arr[erages] of her 

wages at our Lady day last vjs. 

Item to the same Alice for her wages hitherto ijs. 

Item paid to Staker for the arr[erages] of his wages xijs. 

Item for his wages hitherto iijs. 

Item to Brian for his wages from our Lady day vjs. viijrf. 

Item to Morgan the brewer for iiij brewlockes iiijs. vjd. 

Item payd at Lyngfeld for the tenantes dyner vjs. iiijrf. 

summa solus lijs. vje?. 

debet xxiije?. ob. 

M d sold to M r Godreke ix acres of otes att [blank~] 

the acre xxviijs. 

Item sold to Ede the upper feld of otes next the parke 

in agrete liijs. mjd. 

Item to Richerd Digon a croftes of otes containing] 

[blank~\ acres at xld. the acre \blank~] 

Item to Ede ix acres of whete price prout patet per bill. 



1 This item is apparently struck out. 



LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 95 

Md sold to John Turner these stuff hereafter mensioned the 
iiij day of August for the wyehe he yett oweth. 1 

Fyrst a fether bed j bolster ij pyllowes and an old 

coverlett xx*. 

Item to the same John a mattrcs a bolster an old 

helyng an old spade and a byll iiij*. 

Item to the same a grete chest xle?. 

Item to hym another chest with ij liddes ij*. viijd. 

Item to hym the hangyngs in the halle and parler ij*. viije?. 

Item a poudryng tubbe an ambrey a bord with ij 

trestelles that stode in the larder and a stagge iiij*. 

Item an old cloth to lye in a wyndowe xijc?. 

Item a dong potte with drayles and wheles ijs. 

Item a harrowe ij*. 

Item a plowhg culter and share iiij*. 

Item a haye spade viijcf. 

Item an old fetherbed with a bolster and a coverlett viij*. 

Item to the same a tester viijrf. 

Item a lyttell cofer and ij yoyne stoles ij*. viijrf. 
Turner debet Ivij*. viiJ6/. 



VII. 

[1545.] Stuff sold at Lyngfeld the iiij th daye of August. 

Fyrst to Edward Bowett an old cawdern iiij*. uijd. 

Item a sawe 

Item to the same Edward an old harrowe 

Item to the same an old mattok 

Item to the same an old sithe hed of rake certen woden 

disshes and platters 
Item vij gese vij dokes ij sowes and a boore 



M d ten busshelles of ote malt made clene 
Item xx busshelles . . . made clene 
Item ij busshelles of barley malt 
Wher of sold to Th[omas] Wody (?) 

iiij busshelles l j s - 



Item to John Turner a fetherbed bolster and ij pyllowes 

and a old coverlett 
Item to the same John a mattres and bolster and old 

helyng an old spade and a byll 



This list is repeated with some variations in No. VII. 



96 LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 

Item to the same John a grete chest xld. 

Item to the same John another chest with ij liddes ij*. v'njd. 
Item to the same John for the hankynges in the hall 

and parler ij*. viije?. 
Item to the same a pouderyng tubbe, a ambrye a bord 

in the larder a payer of trestelles and a stagge iiij*. 

Item to the same John an old clothe to lye in a wyndowe xije?. 
Item to John Turner a donge pott with drayles and 

weles ij*. 

Item to the same John a harrow ij*. 

Item to hym a a culter and share iiij*. 

Item a haye spade viijd. 
Item to the same John a old fetherbed a bolster and 

coverlett viij*. 

Item to the same John a old tester viije?. 

Item to Thomas Wodye for half a quarter of malt ij*. 

Item to John Turner iij old cusshens ij*. 

Item to John Turner a lyttill cover and ij yoyne stole ij*. viijd. 

Item payd for a quart of sak that was fett by Ebden iiijc?. 

M d Turner debet pro predict, catallis Ivij*. viije?. 



VIII. 

The receytes of Nicholas Posyer to the use of Sir Thomas Cawrden 
Knyght of such goodes as belonged to the college of Lyngfeld and 
sold by the seid Nicholas anno xxxvj Regis Henrici viij. 

Fyrst receyved the tenth daye of June anno xxxvj ) 

of diverce persons as ytt appereth by a bill of > liiij*. vd. ob. 

particlers ) 

Item of John Turner for dyverce thynges sold unto ) 

hym the iiij th day of August as ytt dothe also I Ivij*. viije?. 

appere by a byll of particlers ) 

Item of the same John for other stuff at another tyme iiij*. viijd. 

Item of Edwerd Bolbett for g-oodes sold unto hym the 

same tyme 

Item of Thomas Wody the same tyme ij*. 

Item of Mr. G-rodrek xxviij*. 

Item of Richerd Digon for otes x*. 

Item of Thomas Ede for a feld of otes Iiij*. iiijd. 

Item of the same Thomas and Richerd Digon for a 

feld of whet containing] ix acres We*. 

Summa recepe xv/z. xvj*. xjc?. ob. 



LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 



97 



Paymentes and allowans made by me Nicholas Posyer att several! tymes 
betwene the fest of Pentecost and Saynt Michell the ArkangeJl 
anno xxxvj. 

Fyrst payd at Lyngfeld the tenth daye of June anno 
supra die to for the dett of the master of the 
college for the arrerages of his servantes wages 
as ytt apperth by a byll of particlers 

Item payd for the expences of the sergeant at armes 
and for ij of my Lord Chauncellors servantes and 
for other charges at the second tyme when they 
rode to Crowherst 



Item payd to John Turner for his bord at Lyngfeld i 

before his entre into the ferme ) 

Item payd for a key at Crowherst 
Item myne expences and Turners in our journey to [ 

Westwell ) 

Item payd for the engrossyng of the indentures { 

betwene my master and the Lady Burgh j 

Item payd to my Lord Baldwyn for the knowlege of 

the Statute of my Lady Burgh and to the clerk of 

the Staple 
Item payd at Lyngfeld for the homage dener the fyrst 

courte 

Item for my expences to Lambherst 
Item payd for an iniunccon ayenst Gaynesford and 

other his servauntes 
Item for writyng of a supplicacon to my Lord 

Chauncellour in the same matter 
Item myne expences at London and at Hampton 

Court in the somer tyme in solycytyng to my 

Lord Chauncellour for you ayenst Gaynesford 
Item delyvered to Richerd at Blechyngly when he ley ) 

syk at Dirikes ) 

Sum of paymentes vj/z. xvjs. viijd. 
Debet ix/z. ujd. ob. 



lijs. vjd. 

xviijs. viijd. 

iiijs. vije?. 

viijW. 

viijs. i\jd. 



viijs. viijd. 
vjs. iujd. 



xiijs. injd. 
xxc?. 

vs. iujd. 
viijs. 



IX. 

Right worshipfull Sir my dewty remembred pleasith ytt yow to be 
advertised thatt Mr. Docter Belosys for expedicon whold not ride to 
my mestres but wold nedes bayte at Godstone and ther wold not in 
ony wyse suffer me to paye ony money for his baytyng ne yett for 
myne. And also at Lyngfeld for asmoche as ther was no haye at the 

VOL. XXVI. H 



98 LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 

college his horses where conveyed in to the town and ther he pajd for 
the haye untyle Souday at nyght at the wyche tyme he was mynded to 
departe. And where also his clerkes had taken paynes in writyng I 
was so bold to tendre them your reward but ther master had geven 
them suche a charge that they wold not in ony wyse receyve yt. And 
where as suche jewelles as Mr. Docter can declere unto you do remayn 
in my custody I pray you lett me know your plesure where they shal 
be bestowed. Sir ther be fyve Wennyers and mo to be taken uppe I 
wold gladly know your plesure for them seyng ther ys no haye to fede 
them and also lyttell pasture as yett for them. I wrote unto you in 
my former letter concernyng your falowe for barley I herd no answer 
therof the season thereof passeth fast. From Lyngfetd this Sunday. 

your servaunt Nycholas Posyer. 

And as to all other affaires Mr. Docter can declare unto your 
mastership. 



X. 

This by 11 made the laste daye of Marche in the yere of ower Lord God 
1550 wittinesshithe that I Dyonys Thomowe priste have receved 
of John Turnore of Lyngffild syxe pondes for this halfe yere laste 
paste by for the date herof for my stepeude, for servyng of the 
cure there of Lyngfilde. In wittines whereof I have written this 
byll with my own hand the daye and yere above writtene 

by me Dyonys Thomowe priste. 

leynges out. 

Item for waxe for servyng the church by the hole yere iiijs. vjrf. 

Item to the somner(?) for oyle and creme for baptism xijW. 

Item for wyn at Easter and the hole yere after ixs. viije?. 

Item for syngyng brede for the churche xiiijc?. 

Summa totalis \]li. xvjs. iiije?. 

[On the back'] 

x steeds x/z. 

West well iij/z. 

Stassy vj/t. xiijs. iiije?. whearof xxvjs. viije/. 

recevyd the reast in 

John Wooden iiij/z. 

Blome and S at Eaten 

brugge vijs. iiijd. 

John Roffe ijs. 

Andry Tayeller xxd. 

Peter Bonnyoke xxd. xijs. 



LINGFIELD COLLEGE. 



99 



Annyes Rowell vs. 
Mathew Smyth of the Green Dragon 

in Suthwarke xxxijs. vjd. 

John Jadbe(?) myller xxxiijs. iujd. 

John Turner of hys rent xx/z. 

The vj th of Maye anno 1556. 



ijs. ijd. 



XL 

M d these percialles leytl out by me Jhon Turner in the yere of 
ower Lord God 1556 as herafter foloweth. 



Item Inprimis to the prieste for is di. yere stypende 
Item for teyle and leme, ryge teyle hype teyle ij loode 
Item for mendyng of the glas wyndows of the high 

chanchell and of the colege beside meate and 

drynke for ij of them for fornight 
Item for me feye dew at Mygelmas laste pase for a 

hole yere 
Item for synodoles and proxces for tow yers last past 

before the date herof 
Item for vexe and brede and wyne for the hyghe aulter 

summa totalis xli. vs. ijd. 



vjli. vjs. viijd. 
xxs. viijd. 



ixs. Ijd. 
xxvjs. viijd. 

xixs. vd. 
\]s. v\jd. 



Mone layde oute by me John Tumour as partyculerlye folowyth. 



Fyrst vlb. of waxe 

Item for wyne 

Item for a Ib. of frankomsence 

Item for makyng of ij olde tapers 

Item for makyng of v tapyrs 

Item for underpynyng of the parsonage and caryng of 

a lode of lome 
Item for mendyng of the glase wyndowe in the hyghe 

chauncell 

summa totalis vjs. jd. 



ijs. jd. 

xljd. 

vjd. 

jd. 

vd. 
xijd. 
xijc?. 



Lingfeld 



M d receyved by my lady herself of Richard 
Rowle baylif there of the issues and reve- 
newes of the late colledge of Lyngefeld due 
at the feest of Saint Mighell the Archaugell 
in the fyfte yere of the reigne of our sover- 
aigne Lorde King Edwarde the sixte 

H2 



Ivli. ix5. ijd. 



NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK, 

BY 

Miss HILDA FOSBERY. 



A CARSHALTON Vestry Minute Book, now in 
private possession, contains many entries which 
are not only of local interest but throw some light upon 
the social history of the time covered, from 1691 to 1746. 
The book has been rebound in buffed calf and with 
it are bound A receipt for money collected for briefs and 
a rate made for the Parish Clerk' 's wages. Primarily a 
Vestry Minute Book, it also contains some expenses of 
the Overseers of the Poor and the Churchwardens. 

BRIEFS. 

There are many records of the briefs published in 
Church, with the money collected ; and almost the first 
entries are the following: 

" There was a breefe Leaft with M r Cade about 
y e 24 th Jan : 1691 baring dat y e 18 day of 
ffeba Last And was Gathered bye y e Church 
Warden & y e Minester M r Cade of our Parrish 
of Cashalton y e 1 st Feb a 1691 & deliverd 
afterward to y e sade Minester : for y e releefe 
of y e poore distresed Prodistance off Ireland 
being y e som of ^ ^ ^ ; * 

Edw : Burrish I ^i i \nr j 
ThosBall I Church : Warden. 

" And a Letter rite to Mr. Sermon in y e 3 King 
Cort Lomber Street 

"Published a breefe 31 th May 1691 for Teign- 
mouth, & Shaldon fyerd by y e french fleet : 
the rnony Collected : one pounds 2 sh : 4 d & 
nine shillins 9 d J in all 01 : 12 : 01$ 

pd to Geo : During at y e Vissitation. 



NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 101 

The vicarage was then held by John Nelme, who was 
also Rector of Beddington and resided there. Mr. Cade 
was the curate in charge. 

The following is a list of these briefs. 

1691. Jan : 3. for Thirsk, North Riding 

of York 15 . 10 
March 20. for Bealt in the County 

of Brecon 17 . 

1692. May 22. for John Clopton of 

Noridg 9 . 4 

1698. Aug: 16. for Millden Hall 8 . 2 
Apr: 16. for Wolverhamton 6 . 2 

1699. Apr: 16. for french Prodestants 17 : 11 : 4 
May 25. for Lancaster 8 . 2 
May 8. for Newberry & Minhead 1 : 2 : 10.^ 
June 11. for affire in Drury Lane 

London 11 : 11 
July 9. for affire in Derby Co rt 

Westm 8 . 

1703. Jan: 23. for N ra Brompton's 8 . 

1704. Apr: 13. for Orange-Refugees 29 : 10 : 9 
May 14. for the Inhabitants of St. 

Giles's in the Fields 7 . 
May 28. for the Inhabitants of St. 

John Wapping 14 . 2 

1705. June 10. for the inhabitants of 

South Morton 9 . 2 

1706. Apr : 28. for .... Bamptons 8 . 
Sept : 15. for a Fire at Bradmore 8 . 7 
Oct: 13. for a Fire in Morgans 

Lane 7 . 9 

1706. Sept : 22. for a Fire at Chatteris 7 . 7 

1707. Apr: 27. for Beverly Church 9 . 6 
1707. June 15. for .... Albens 6 . 
1707. June 2. for .... Smiths 9 . 
1707. July 13. for a Fire at North 

Marston 8 . 8 

1707. July 20. for Broseley Church 5 . 1 

1707. July 27. for Shire Lane 4 . 



102 NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 

1707. Aug : 3. for a Fire at Powster 8 . 6 

1707. Sept : 14. for Torrington 5 . 6 

1707. Sept: 28. for Bachford 9 . 1 

1707. Oct : 19. for Dursley Church 9 . 6 

1707. Nov : 9. for Orford Church 5 . 7 

1707. Nov: 16. for Heavitree 5 . 
Nov : 30. for Darlington 6 . 6 
Dec : 14. for Shadwell 5 . 
Dec: 21. for Oberbarmen 5 . 
Jan: 3. for Charles Street 2 . 3 
Jan : 17. for Southam 6 . 

1708. July 25. for a fire at Lisburn in 

Ireland 15 . 

Aug : 8. for Alconbury cum Weston 7 . 

Aug: 15. for Win cant on 6 . 

Aug: 22. for Great Yarmouth 4 . 

Aug : 29. for Bewdley 6 . 9 

Oct: 10. for Edinborough 6 . 

Oct: 17. for Strand 6 . 6 

Oct : 24. for Brenchly Church 6 . 

1709. May 8. for Market Rayson 6 . 
May 22. for Harlow 8 . 
May 29. for Redcliff Church in 

Bristol 6 . 6 

June 19. for Holt Market 7 . 

June 26. for Llanvilling 5 . 

Oct : 17. for the Relief of y e Poor 

Palitines 51 . . 9 

Nov: 13. for Stoak 8 . 

Nov : 27. for Rotherhithe Wall 3 . 

Dec: 11. for the protestant church 

at Mittan 1 . 

May 28. for 8* Peters Church at 

Chalfont 8 . 6 

June 4. for Ashton Super Mercy 6 . 

June 18. for Stocton Church 8 . 6 

Oct : 8. for Cardigan 3 . 

Oct: 15. for Haughly 1 . 6 

Oct : 29. for Gwyford 3 . 

Nov: 12. for Cockermouth 4 . 



NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 103 

Nov: 19. for Ensham 8 . 

Nov : 26. for Rotherhithe Church 3 . 

1710. May 14. for North fleet and Durant 

Church 3 . 

1711. Apr: 11. for Colchester Church 13 . 8 
May 6. for Edinburgh 3 . 8 
May 13. for Whishaw 8 . 8 
Aug : 29. for St. Hellens 6 . 7 
Oct: 14. for Charles Empson 3 . 11 

1705. Feb : 9. for Great Massingham in 

Norfolk 10 . 9 

Feb: 26. for rebuilding y e church 

of All Saints in Oxon 18 . 4 

Mch: 10. for rebuilding church of 

Minshell in Cheshire 10 . 2 

1706. Apr: 21. for Stony Stratford 7 . 1 
Apr: 28. for Kirton in Lindsey 

County of Lincolne 8 . 1 

Sept : 8. for Basford Church 9 . 1 

Sept: 15. for Morgans Lane, Southw: 7 . 9 
Sept: 22. for Chatteris in ye Isle 

of Ely 7 . 7 

The brief for Teignmouth & Shaldon (1691) was left 
by George Duringe & Phillip Duringe and the money 
was " pd. to Geo: During at the Visitation." The brief 
for Thirsk (1691) was left by Robt. Harvy & Will: 
Blakesley. After this the only Collector named is Wil- 
liam Blakesley. Some of the briefs are noted as being 
paid in at the Visitation at Mitcham. 

LETTERS OF REQUEST. 

Another form of licensed begging was the " Letter 
of Request '' : a number of these appear in this Minute 
Book, amongst the Churchwardens' Accounts. 

1699. June 22. for a Fire at Norton in Hartfordsheir 2 



June 23. for affire at Walesworth in Gloucestersh r 2 
July 7. for Cap* Cornwalls Sons Redemption 

taken prisoner by Turkish Fyrates 2 

July 19. for a Fire at Wiggau in Yorkshire 1 

July 22. for Fire at Upton in Gloucestershire 1 







104 NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 

July 29. for a Fire at Kirby in Cheshier 1 . 

Aug : 24. for a Fire at Ellincoe in Hampsh r 1 . 
Sept : for an Inundation at Northcott in 

Lincolnsh r 1 . 

Sept : 12. for a Fire at Haley in Devonshier 1 . 

Oct : 10. for a Fire at Reston in Hampshier 1 . 

Oct : 21 . for a Fire at Newton North'tonsn 1 . 

Nov : 8. for a Fire at Broadbridge in Hampsfi 1 . 

Dec : 20. for a Fire at Walton in Devonshier 1 . 

Jan : 1 1. for a Fire at North Wallham in Norfolk 1 . 

1699. Feb : 3. for a Fire at Newtown in Montgomerysfi L . 

Mch : 19. for a Fire at Javington in Sussex 1 . 

PASSENGERS. 

The number of "passengers" coming through the 
village appears to have been large, but probably not 
more so than other villages so near London : they were 
helped on their way with small doles of money. The 
following is a list of those travellers who were relieved 
during 1696 and up to April 1697, with the amounts 
given them ; from which it appears that the average 
relief was a little more than Id. for each person. 

1696. Passengers. Paid. 

May ... 28 ... 2.5 

June ... 29 ... 3.0 

July ... 36 ... 3.4 

Aug: ... 41 ... 3 . 10 

Sept: ... 33 ... 2.10 

Oct: ... 32 ... 3.2 

Nov: ... 44 ... 4.3 

Dec: ... 38 ... 3.6 

Jan: ... 29 ... 3.6 

Feb: ... 36 ... 4.0 

Mch: ... 15 ,.. 1.6 

Apr: ... .6 ... .6 

This relief was in the hands of the Headborough 
acting under the Overseers of the Poor, as appears from 
the following entry : 

July 8 . 1711. 

" Ordered y* Jn Finch y e pres 1 Headborough be paid out of 
y e Churchwarden' Book for this present year for 2 years 



NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 105 

Goals and Hospitals ending Lady Day 1710 and an arrear 
of 1 : 135. 5d. for passing of vagrants and other incidental 
Charges to his office." 

Henry Byne 
Eich d Houlditch 
John Herringman. 

Although Carshalton is away from all the main roads 
leading from London to the coast, a large proportion of 
the passengers passing through are described as Sea- 
men or the survivors of Shipwrecks. One is inclined to 
suspect that a sad story of adventure by sea was used 
by unprincipled travellers as a ready means of exciting 
sympathy. Thus, in the Churchwardens' Accounts of 
1699, the following items occur: 

1699. May 27. To 2 passes w th 11 Shipwrackt Pas- 

seng rs & Sick Seamen 2 . 6 

June 9. To a Pass w th 9 Shipwrk. Pass 1 " 8 Landed 

in Suffolk came fro Hamburgh 1 . 6 

To 7 Shipwrk. Pass rs from Kent Shoare 1 . 2 
June 11. To a Pass w th 5 Seamen from Barn- 
staple '1.0 
June 19. To a Pass w th 4 Shipwrk. from Kent to 

Southampton 1 . 

June 29. To a Pass w th 3 Sick Seamen . 6 

July 4. To 4 Shipwrk. Pass rs from Liverpoole 1 . 

July 8. To 8 Shipwrk. Pass rs from Ireland 1 . 6 

July 16. To 6 Shipwrk. Pass rs from Essex to 

Barnstaple 1 . 

July 18. To 8 Shipwrk. Pass rs from Burlington 

comeiug from Virginia 1 . 6 

Aug: 9. To 6 Shipwrk. Pass rs from Har witch to 

Poole 1 . 

Aug: 24. To 4 Shipwrk. Pass rs from Dover . 6 

Oct: To 4 Shipwrackt Pass rs from Whitby in 

Yorksheir . 8 

Nov: 16. To 2 Pases w th 18 Shipwrk. Pass rs from 

Yarmouth to Kent 2 . 6 

Dec: 11. To 6 Shipwrk. Pass rs to Sideiiham in 

Sussex 1 . 

Jan: 13. To 7 Shipwrk. Pass rs from Rye to Bristoll 1 . 
Jan: 24. To 6 Shipwrk. from Bideford to Dover 1 . 
Jari: 26. To 4 Seamen Pass rs from Chattham to 

Soutfiton . 8 

Feb: 17. To 3 Shipwrk. Pass from Southfleet . 6 

Mch: 4. To 7 Shipwrk. Pass rs from Denmark to 

Suffolk 1 . 



106 NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 

1699. Mcb: 8. To J6 n Byrch & Family w th a Pass from 
Nesson in Chesh r Shipwrackt from 
Ireland 1 . 

Mch: 26. To 6 Shipwrk. Pass rs from y e Canaryes 

to Falmouth 1 . 

Other interesting passengers are disbanded soldiers 
of whom we find instances in 1699 and 1700. 

1699. June 8. To a Pass w th disbanded Souldiers 

from Ireland 00 . 01 . 00 

1700. Apr 1 9. To 2 Disbanded Soldiers w th a pass - . 04 

THE POOR HOUSE. 

During the period covered by this volume the relief 
of the destitute and the care of the infirm paupers in 
Poor Houses, had been taken from the Justices and was 
in the hands of the Overseers. References to the Poor 
House are as follows : 

April y e 11 . 1699. 

Tbe names of y m y 1 live in y e Parish House. 
Widd Davis 
Widd Rawley 
Edwd. Horton. 

1699. To J6 n Willson for mending the Church Wall 
and the parish house & for Bricks & 
Mortar as p r Bill 00.13.00 

In the Overseers' Accounts at this time and the Register 
we read incidentally the short tragic story of Horton 
and his daughter. 

1698. May 24. given to hortens daughter when she 

went to y e hospetall .1.0 

[The Accounts of Robert Dally and William Simmons, 
Overseers of the Poor: Money disbursed from the 20 th 
May 1698 to 4 th May 1699.] 

pd. for Repairing the parrish house 02 . 6 
pd. to y e Releif of Edw d Horton at Seval times in his 

Sickness & his Wifes 07 . 

pd. Sar. Hortons car to y e Hospitall & Charges 09 . 



NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 107 

[May 4 to July 15 th 1699.] 

pd. Sar. Hortons Shroud & Coffin & fetching fro. y e 

Hoptall & Bur 1 flees & Tax 1.3.6 

[From the Kegister.] 

1699. Sarah Horton died at y e Ospetall buried. 

1700. Edward Horton buried. 

The widow continued for some years to receive relief. 

The Parish House became in time incapable of receiv- 
ing all the infirm paupers ; and the Churchwardens and 
Overseers were obliged to board them out, making the 
best bargain they could. So that we read : 

July 26 . 1724. 

" Ordered y* y e Churchwardens M r Sanders & William Henley 
have a book of two pence per pound. 

And y i they have power to make a bargain w th Walter Oliver 
at two shillings per week for keeping y e Widow Day during 
her Life and y* they take a Bond of y e said Walter Oliver for 
y e performance of this CovenV 

This was no doubt an expensive way of looking after 
the poor. Every year the list of persons receiving alms 
grew longer and almost every year the rate of the Over- 
seers of the Poor is increased. At Easter 1739, sixteen 
persons and " Thompson's children" received weekly 
donations varying from Is. a week to 5s. ; and the half- 
yearly poor rates had risen from the 4d. and 3^. in the 
pound of 1729 to 9d. and Is. 

In the Summer of this year, therefore, a new Poor 
House was taken. 

July 15 . 1739. 

" At a Vestry held this day it was agreed to take of 
Tho 8 Scawen Eq r the house now in the occupation of 
William Lucas and Robert Go wen for the Term of Seven 
years to Comence at Michaelmas next at the yearly Rent of 
Ten pounds for a house for the poor, the parish to put and 
keep the pmes. in Good Repair the said Tho 8 Scawen allowing 
them one years Rent. 

Decem r 9 . 1739. 

" At a Parish Meeting it was agreed that John Mashall & 
his Wife shall be House-Keepers of y e Work-House & that 
they shall have a Sallary of Forty Shillings a year besides 



108 NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 

their Board, & that y e Church Wardens & Overseers shall 
buy Furniture Provisions & other necessaries, & that They 
shall give in their Accounts to y e Parish once a Month. 



MORE PASSENGERS AND OTHER POOR PEOPLE. 

What a motley crowd of travellers passed through the 
village is seen by the following list of persons relieved 
in 1691: 

for mony to a wooman and child by pas 1 . 

For mony to 6 duch men . 11 
To a man & his wife with there famely cast a way coming 

from barbados w th a pase 2 . 

To a gentle wooman with a pase 1 . 

To 3 Woomen & a Child from Plimoth 1 . 

To a man Taken by y e French & retaken . 6 

To a sicke Souldger . 6 

To a man burnt out .6 

Toward y e releefe of one a Slave in Turky 1 ..0 

To a poor man burnt out by fire . 2 

No doubt these travellers, having received their dole, 
were passed out of the village without delay. Possibly 
the following outstayed her welcome: 

pd for caringe a poore Wooman out of Town 00 . 03 . 00 

That those poor people who were genuinely sick or 
were taken ill in the village were looked after by the 
Parish officers, who expended more upon them than the 
usual Id. or 2d. y is evidenced by the following entries 
from the few Accounts in this book : 

1692. pd. for a poore woman being brought a 

bed in Town 00 . 12 . 00 

1699. pd. y e Releef of a poor woman in Travaile ) ^ ^ 

/-* -i* j f 01 . Ob 

going to Griulford ) 

pd. the Charges of a poor travailing woman ) nl , - no 
that lay in at W Barnes's f * ' 15 ' ' 



1699. Aug: 21. For a pass & Releif for a Sick 

woman that lay at Nidi Hicksons to J> 01 . 06 

pass to Caermarthen 



NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK, 109 

1705. Feb: 18. P d Keeping one of the Travelling ) 

Women with her family being 8 in all > 4.0. 
4 weeks at 20 sh. pr week ) 

Pd. Keeping the other Travelling Woman ) , - 
for 1 week & for Nurse & Expences J 

1706. Feb: 21. P d to a Travelling Woman 0.3.0 
P d another Travelling Woman 0.1.0 
P d for the laying in of a Woman 0.3.0 



Oct: 11. P d for a Travelling Woman 0.1.0 



1706. Feb: 4. P d for a Travelling Woman to 

M rs Smith 0.6.0 

Feb : 7. P d Goody Killick for nursing a 

Travelling Woman 0.5.0 

Other charitable aid would be connected with Burials : 
examples of entries relating to various aspects of this are 
as follows : 

For A black Cloth to burry y e ded under 2 . 10.0 

1698. for Elin Drury's Burial Tax - 04 

for Mary Buxton's Burial Tax - 04 

for Rob* Squiers Burial Tax - 04 



1705. Rec d for Burials in y e Church 2.5.4 



Aug: 31. P d M rs Harris laying a Woman 0.5.0 

Dec: 10. P d M rs Harris laying a Poor Woman 0.5.0 



P d the Nurse one Week 0.5.0 



1706. March 22. Pd for Burrying the Widow Davys 1.0.0 

For Beer 0.3.6 

For the Coffin 0.5.0 

For an Affidavit 0.0.6 

P d Church Dutyes for the Burial of Widow ) n n 
Davis & Wid Gilbert J 

We learn from the above, that the affidavit that 
Widow Davys was buried in woollen cost 6d., and also 
that beer was a necessity paid for by the Overseers. 
Probably beer is included in the following, paid a few 
months afterwards: 

pd. for the burial and other necessaryes of the 

Wid Black 1 . 16 . 6 



110 NOTES FROM A CARSH ALTON VESTRY BOOK. 

and we find that it was drunk also at christenings : 

1706. Feb: 7. pd. for Beer at the Christning of a child 1 . 

PARISH ELECTIONS. 

In 1705 William Finch, the Parish Clerk, died, and 
his son was elected to the office by the parishioners. 

At a Generall Vestry held in y e Parish Church of Carshalton 
on y e 9 th of 7ber . 1705, John ffinch & George Ireland, being 
in nomination for Parish Clarke : The Parishioners unan- 
imously chose John ffinch. 



" At a Vestry held in y e Parish of Carshalton 9ber. y e 18 th 1705 
it was agreed that John ffinch should have the same rates & 
Clerkes Wages, which his ft'ather W m ffinch enjoyes before 
his Death ; and this to continue dureing the pleasure of the 
said Parish." 

The then Vicar, the Rev. William Hollier, resented 
the election of the clerk by the parishioners, and some 
friction arose. Under the Minutes of a Parish Meeting 
held June 16, 1707, the following appears : 

Whereas y e Parishoners upon y e Death of William Finch 
Parish Clerk did on y e 9 th of Sept. 1705 Elect John Finch 
to succeed his Father. And whereas William Hollier Vicar 
claiming a right of Nominating a Clerk. A dispute there- 
upon arising, It was tried at y e Queens : Bench Bar and 
a Verdict was obtained in favour of y e Said Vic r . It is 
agreed at this parish meeting y* all further prosecution shall 
cease. 

And whereas y e said Vic r did Nominate George Ireland to 
be his Clerk The Parishoners do Elect and Agree y* y e said 
George Ireland shall keep y e Clock, and do all other offices 
w ch William Finch y e former Parish Clerk usually did. And 
for so doing they do agree to allow him according to the 
Rate entered on y e other side y e Leaf, during the pleasure of 
y e said parishoners. And they do hereby repeal an order 
made Novem: 18 . 1705 setling y e same upon John Finch. 

Then follow the details of a voluntary rate made for 
the Clerk's wages, and the amount paid by the principal 
inhabitants is here transcribed : 

Made the 19 th of October 1707 that the said wages to be paid 
quarterly till it shall be other wise settled by the Ordinary 
or by y e consent of the said Inhabitants 



NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. Ill 

S r William Scawen for his House 0.1.6 

M r Edward Carleton for his House 0.1.3 

M r Cater's House late inhabited by Rawlins 0.0.5 

M r John Cater for his House 0.1.0 

M r Henry Byne for his House 0.1.0 

Richard Barnes for the Parsonedge 0.1.0 
For the Court lodge House Widow Buxton Tenant 0.0.6 

M r John Barett for M rs Dewy's House 0.0.9 

M r Shales for M rs Dewy's House 0.0.9 

M r John Herringman for his House 0.0.9 

John Watson at the Sign of the Greyhound 0.0.9 

M r John Mead for M r Hamens House 0.0.9 

M r John Rason for M r Buredges House 0.0.7 

M r Thomas Sisson for M r Hoi tens House 0.0.7 
The Widdow of Thomas Hickson for S r W m Sea wens 0.0.6 

Thomas Williams for the Bunch of Grapes 0.0.6 

Henry Stevens for M r Harborts House 0.0.5 

William Pope for M r Buredges Mills House 0.0.5 

M r John Moris for M r Carletons Copper Mills 0.0.5 

Charles Goschen for S r W m Sea wens House 0.0.5 

This was not the only instance in which the Vicar 
stood up for those rights which in the absence of a 
resident incumbent had lapsed. The history of this 
dispute can be clearly read in the following entries : 

March 26 th 1706. 

John Mills was then chosen & continued in y e place of 
Churchwarden. 

by William Hollier Vic r . 

Mach. 26 . 1706. At a Meeting held on Tuesday in Easter 
Week y e Parishioners did agree to choose and continue M r 
Tho. Sisson Churchwarden, and to nominate and elect other 
officers (as follow) for y e year ensuing. 



M' Tho. Sisson 1 Churchwardens . 

Jn Mills j 

These Minutes were signed by the following. 

John Cater 
Henry Byne 
Edward Carleton 
Thomas Lording 
Robert Hawkins. 

This is to Certifie that we underwritten unwarily put our 
names to the above preamble being unread by us the Officers 



112 NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 

being chose and continued by the body of Parishoners as 
usuall . 

John Cater 

Edward Carleton 

Thomas Lording. 

At the Easter Vestry 1708. 

" S r William Scawen & Thomas ffynch were chosen by the 
Parishoners Church Wardens for y e year ensuing." 

At the end of the Minutes of this Meeting the Vicar 
writes 

April y e 6 th 1708. 

I do Dissent to y e right of y e Parishoners chosing two 
Church-wardens as they have above asserted knowing it to 
be y e right of y e Vicar. 

William Hollier, vicar of Carshalton. 

This was not allowed of, by the Parish, their Choice being in 
the same Mannor as heretofore. 



Aprill y e 25 th 1709. 

Att A Vestry held in y e Parish Church of Carshalton for 
y e Choise of Parish Officers, S r William Scawen & Thomas 
ffinch were chosen and continued by M r Hollier & the 
Parishioners Church Wardens for y e year ensuing. 

But it is not until the following year that all differ- 
ences being smoothed the right of the Vicar to elect his 
own Warden is recognised. 

April 11 th 1710. 

At a Vestry on Easter Tuesday y e Parishoners did Nomi- 
nate Robert Hawkins Maltman Church-Warden for y e year 
ensuing. 

M r Jn Herringman was then Chosen Church-Warden for 

y e year ensuing by 

William Hollier, Vic r of Carshalton. 

A further note relating to the Election of Church 
Wardens occurs in 1715, when we read: 

July 24th 1715. 

Upon y e Death of Thomas Tegg John Harrison was 
chosen Churchwarden. 

per William Hollier, Vic r . 



NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 113 

THE CHURCH FABRIC. 

The most important references to Church buildings 
are undoubtedly those concerning the raising of the 
North Aisle of the Church. As they set at rest so 
much speculation upon the date of this building and 
incidentally give us the origin of the Fellowes Charity, 
the entries are here given in full. Sir John Fellowes 
died in 1724, leaving his brother, Mr. Edward Fellowes, 
principal legatee. 

At a Vestry Held in the Vestry Room in the Parish 
Church of Carshalton in the County of Surry on Sunday 
the Eleventh Day of April 1725. 

Due Notice for Such meeting being first given. 

Ordered and Agreed (Nemine Contradicente) that Edward 
Fellowes Esq r a parishoner and Inhabitant of this Parish have 
leave to Dig, make and build a Vault of the following dimen- 
sions viz : Eight foot and a half long and Seven foot wide 
in the Clear under the pews on the North West side of the 
middle Isle of the said parish Church with steps to go down 
into the same, and have the same appropriated for a Burying 
place for himself his family friends and Relations exclusive of 
all others whatsoever, upon paym* 1 of the usual and accustomed 
Fees due to the Minister and parishoners upon any persons 
being buried in the Church, when and so often as any Corps 
shall be Interred in the said Vault. And also upon Condition 
that the pews and pavement over the said Vault shall at all 
such times as the said Vault shall be opened be made good at 
the proper Cost and Charges of the said Edward Fellowes 
and his Heires. And it is further Agreed that the said 
Edward Fellowes shall have Liberty to Erect a Monum* to 
the Memory of his late Brother S r John Fellowes Barr*. 
Deceased agst. the North Wall of the said Church between 
the Vestry and the North Door. 

Memorand. On Consideration of the abovesaid Order the 
said Edward Fellowes Esq r doth promise to settle upon the 
poor of the said parish the sum of Ten pounds for ever, to 
be annually paid to twenty poor people being Inhabitants of 
the said parish at the Feast of St. John the Evangelist and 
ten pounds Yearly to put out two Boys of the said parish 
Apprenticis. 

The Nomination of the abovesaid twenty poor people and 
the abovesaid two Boys to be and Remain in the said 
Edward Fellowes During his Life. And after his demise 
to be in the Nomination of the Minister and the Church- 
wardens of said parish for ever. 

Edw. Fellowes. ' 

VOL. XXVI. I 



114 NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 

[Note in margin.'] 

Mem d . March 17 . 1727 the Deed of Settlement for j e s d 
20 p r Annum was left in Vestry by me 

Rob. Rous. 



At a Vestry held in the Vestry Room in the parish Church 
of Carshalton in the County of Surrey on Sunday the twenty 
Seventh day of February 1725 due Notice for Such meeting 
being first given. 

Ordered and Agreed (Nemine Contradicente) That whereas 
at a Vestry held on Sunday the Eleventh day of April last 
past It was Agreed y* Edward Fellows Eq r should have leave 
to make a Vault in the Middle Isle of y e said Church & erect 
a Monnm* agst. the North Wall upon y e consideration of an 
Agreement then made and Signed by the said Edward Fellows, 
vv ch place being now thought inconvenient. That the said 
Edward Fellows have leave (upon his setling twenty pounds 
yearly upon the parish of Carshalton for Ever according to 
his former Agreemt : And upon further Consideration, that 
the said Edward Fellows, Do at his own Cost and Charges 
build and make the North Side of the said Church answerable 
to and in like manner as the South Side is and also part w th 
the Seat he now sits in and y* wherein his Servants now sit 
to the use of the parish) to stop up y e North East Window of 
the said Church and to Erect a Monum* and have the Seat in 
w ch jyjr Twisden now sits and the two pews behind it in the 
said North East Corner of the said Church and the Ground 
under them, in order to make a Seat or Seats for himself and 
Family and to dig a Vault under the same Seats and to have 
the said Seat or Seats appropriated to the use of himself and 
Family Exclusive of all others and the occupiers of his now 
dwelling house and the Vault appropriated for a Burying 
place for himself his Family and Relations Exclusive of all 
others paying the usual and accustomed Fees due to the 
Minister and parishioners upon any persons being buried in 
the Church when and so often as any Corps shall be Interred 
in the said Vault And also upon Condition that the pavem 1 
shall be made good at all such times as the said Vault shall 
be opened at his Cost and Charge. 

The Day and Year above written It was agreed that the 
Church Wardens should place M r Twisden in the pew y* M r 
Fellows now Sits in, during his Stay in this parish. 

This monument to Sir John Fellowes was removed 
from the East end of the North Aisle at the Enlarge- 
ment of the Church in 1893, and is now placed at the 
West end of the South Aisle. 



NOTES FROM A CARSH ALTON VESTRY BOOK. 115 

March 17 th 1727. The Deed of Settlem* of Edw d Fellowes 
Esq r of twenty pounds per Ann. issuing out of the Copper 
Mills now in the possession of M r Benjamin Boss Ten pounds 
whereof is to be given to twenty poor people of this parish 
and ten pounds to place out two poor Boys apprentices yearly 
(and w ch said Deed is enrolled in Chancery) was this day 
delivered in the Vestry by M r Robert Rous and put into the 
parish chest. 

Some further extracts relating to the Church Fabric 
and Churchyard are also given. 

Oct: 23 . 1692. 

At a meeting held Oct. 23 . 1692. It is agreed by the In- 
habitants of Cashalton in the County of Surry that the ffence 
of the North side of the Church yard be removed to the out- 
bounds & be renewed by a wall of eight foot high above the 
{foundation. 

And for the discharge of this & other Charges It is ordered 
that the Churchwardens shall have a book for 7 d in the pound. 

1698. Aprile. payd y e panter for panten y e church 3.3.0 

payd John Willson for worke don A bout y e 

Church and whitting y e Church 1698 3.5.0 



May 24. given to 2 women for Clening y e 

Church after paintin & washin 0.3.0 

Sept. 13 . 1702. 

At a meeting held y s day It is agreed by y e Inhabitants of 

Carshalton that y e Churchwardens employ workmen to repair 

y e South side of y e roof of y e Church. 
1702. Dec. 22. P d for 1500 of Tyles 1 . 10 

(The next two no doubt refer to the Great Storm of 
November 26-27, 1703.) 

1704. March 23. Pd. for 700 of Tyles 1.8.0 

April 23. P d Thomas Tegg for Carriage of 

Lime Tyles, etc. 0.7.6 

P d for a Load of Lyme to mend 

y e Church after y e high wind 1.0.0 

April 29 th 1723. 

At a meeting of the Parishoners it was agreed that for y e 
repairing the South Isle and beautifying the Church the 
Churchwardens shall have a Book of Eight pence per pound. 



116 NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 

August 4 th 1726. 

Whereas upon a Calculation made of the Church wardens 
expences for making new the Churchyard Fence and mending 
the same mending the pavem* of the church and the Buttrice, 
and making a paer of stairs out of the Church Yard into the 
Bellfree that the Book below granted of three pence per 
pound is not sufficient to defray the charge of the same, it 
was then unanimously agreed by the parishioners at a Vestry 
then present that the Church-Wardens have a book of Six 
pence per pound for defraying the charges of the same and 
other charges incident to their office. 



August 11 th 1726. 

At a Vestry held then it was agreed y fc the Church-wardens, 
S r William Hamond and John Wells have full power to build 
a Stair Case out of the Churchyard into the Bellfree and to 
agree with workmen for building the same. 

" The Buttrice " probably refers to a massive brick 
buttress which supported the North side of the Tower. 
" The pair of Stairs" into the belfry were never built. 
Until the present wooden staircase was made in 1893, 
the only access to the belfry was by a ladder. 

CHURCH FURNITURE. 

An important series of entries are those relating to 
Church furniture of every kind. We have a number 
concerning the Church Books themselves ; for instance : 

1699. July 10. ffor A Box Lock & Key to keep ) 

y e Parish Books & Acco ts in j " 01 * 

Nov. 3. P d for a New Register Book 1.4 



1711. 3 Locks & Keys for y e Chest 0.2.6 

A Book for Entring y e Names of Strange 

Preachers 0.0.8 

A Table of y e Degrees of Marriage 0.0.6 

The Church Plate is seen in such entries as 

Deliverd the 5 Jan. 1692 to Will : Wilson Churchwarden for this 
this yeare one diap' Table Cloth & one diaper napkin one 
silver flagine two silver cups & three other peces of silver 
plate in all six peces belonging to y e parish of Cashalton 



NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 117 

(all this plate is now in use, with the exception of 
one "pece of silver plate" (probably a paten) which is 
missing). 

1705. Aug : 15. A Basket to carry the plate 0.0.5 

All other kinds of necessities also occur, from a sur- 
plice to a book of homilies, from a pair of hinges to a 
copy of the Act against profane swearing : 

1769. Oct. 10. For a New Common Prayer Book 7 _ Q1 
& an Act of Parliam 1 ag st Swearing ) 

Jan. 5. To James Gallant officer for a 

Proclamacon ag sfc Imorality & Prophaness - 01 

1700. May 2. For a Dozen of Hassocks to kneel 

on & carry age fro. Loud n - 10 . 06 

For a Book of Homylys - 07 . 06 



1703. May 12. Paid for a Surplise 3.11.0 

1705. Aug* 15. Hinges for a Pew Door 0.0.6 



1706. 7ber. 26. A new key and mending the Lock 

of y e Gallery door 0.1.6 

1707. June 13. A Proclam n for Alteration of 

Prayers 0.1.6 

1711. Ap. 30. paid for the Queens Arms 5.0.0 

While the use of the Church Bells is well illustrated in 
several places: 

1691. To y e ringers being a Thanks giveing day ) 00 5 . 00 
for rednssing Irland j 

1695. ped. the Ringars the 2 Thankes Given days 00 . 10 . 00 

1698. Oct. To the Ringers when Peace was 

proclaimed 00 . 05 . 00 

Nov. 4, 5. for a youe tree 0*1.0 

Given to y e ringers on A thanks given day 0.5.0 

Given to y e ringers one day when y c King 

came A huntten . -5 . 



118 NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

A number of other matters of a more miscellaneous 
character find interesting illustration : for instance, the 
Chil worth Gunpowder Works. 

In the Victoria History of Surrey (Vol. II, p. 235), in 
allusion to Josias Dewey who held these Works in 1656, 
we read " As to Josias Dewey whether he continued etc." 

Probably he is identical with the Josias Dewye who 
audited the parish accounts in May 1692, 1693, 1694, 
1695, 1697, and who signs the Minutes on Oct 23 . 1692. 
He died and was buried in Carshalton Church in 1 698. 
In his Will 1 he describes himself as a " Clothmaker " : 
one of the bequests of this Will is 

* Also I bequeath all that freehold messuage and all that those 
watermills for making gunpowder & all those two meadows 
called Great Orchard, arid pond close lying in the parishes 
of Carshalton, Beddington and Wallington to my Grandson 
Josias Carleton." 

There are also several references to " powder men" in 
the Register from 1661. 

Other i miscellaneous ' quotations of considerable inte- 
rest are as follows : 

1701. P d for 20 Doz 8 of Bread at Processioning 01 . . 

1702. Jan: 5. P d for John Drewey's discharge 

from Prison 2.0.0 

June 4, 1705. Rec d by Book for y e Robbery of y e 

Welshmen 12 . 18 . 4 



1707. May 5. To Trophy Mony. The Account 
of Henry Byne & William Pope Church- 
wardens of the Parish of Carshaiton for 
4 years 2.9.5 

We may perhaps conclude with a few quotations 
showing the action of the Parochial Authorities in 
various matters of LOCAL ADMINISTRATION, not of a very 
definitely ecclesiastical kind. Thus we have: 

1 P. C. C. 183, Lort. 



NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 119 

1692. pd. for horses 3 times to y e Justis of peace 

before M r Byns would p"ay 00 . Oo . 00 

1705. P d M r Hen. Bynd's charges a bout a robery 01 . 05 . 09 

1769. Sept: 22. For A Warr* for Fra Bellfeild ) 

& Dan Hamond & charges takeing them > - 02 . 
before the Justices at Mitcham ) 

The care of HIGHWAYS is, however, a matter particu- 
larly important, 

Dec: 26 . 1692. 

At a meeting held Dec: 26 . 1692. It is agreed by the In- 
habitants of Cashalton in the County of Surry, That 
Robert Hawkins, Nicholas Hickson, William Killick, 
Thomas Tegge, Stevn Morphew be nominated to the 
Justices of the Peace for Surveyors of the High ways. 

A Copy of y e Warrant concerning the Surveyors of the 
Highway & the Poor. 

To the Constable of y e Parish of Carshalton. 
Snrr. D. 
Wallington D. 

Whereas by a statute made in y e 3 d & 4 th year of this 
King & Queen. An Act for y e better repairing & amending 
y e highways & for setling the Rates of carriage of Goods, It 
is there amongst other things [not continued^. 



1698. pd. the high Constable for Chertsey bridge 1.13.0 



April 23. P d for the rate of the Parish to 

Foxhall Bridge 3.0.0 

Until the year 1826, the water of the Upper Town 
Pond from the Greyhound to the Boleyn Well came 
almost up to the garden wall of the house now known 
as "Queen's Well." There was a raised path running 
underneath the wall for foot passengers only. The 
following probably refers to this footpath and the 
present " Honeywood Walk": 

June 2 . 1707. 

Mernorand. That whereas y e foot Causey leading from 
the Summer-house late Mrs. Otghar over Stone-Bridge to 
y e Churchyard Gate, is out of repair and the Parishoners 



120 NOTES FROM A CARSHALTON VESTRY BOOK. 

knowing it to be M r Caters right to repair it, did at a Parish 



meeting this day desire him forthwith to repair it, to w cb 
M r Cater agreed .... 



9ber . y e first 1708. 

M r Cater neglecting to repaire the Cawsey leading to Stone 
bridge according to his promise, S r W m Scawen doth promise 
to wharf in the upper part of y e said Cawsey as soone as 
M r Cater shall have wharf ed in the lower part, of the same, in 
y e meane time it is ordered by the Parishoners of Carshalton 
that the Surveyors of the High wayes doe forthwith put it 
in repaire for the present. 



Valuable local information of a kind similar to that 
given in the present paper, and in one or two others 
already published by the Society, must be available in 
many places in the County ; and it seems highly desir- 
able that the existence at least of such Books should be 
put on record. 






STOKE D'ABERNON CHURCH: SOME RECENT 
DISCOVERIES. 

BY 

PHILIP MAINWARING JOHNSTON, F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A. 



TMAKE no apology for returning to this fascinating 
subject, as, although it might be supposed that it 
had been worn threadbare by the long paper in Vol. XX, 
and supplementary notes in Vols. XXI and XXII, yet 
since these were penned a number of interesting dis- 
coveries have been made which ought to be recorded, 
especially as, in some cases, they modify previous state- 
ments and conclusions. 

In the summer of 1909 I had the opportunity, in 
superintending repairs to the Norbury Chapel on the 
North side of the chancel, of examining the original 
North wall of the chancel, which now forms the South 
side of the chapel. Cracks which had appeared in the 
plastering of 1866 were the immediate cause of this 
examination and on removing some of the plaster the 
flint and rubble walling was found to be loose in places. 
Some of this wall surface was removed, for the purpose 
of bonding across the cracks, when there was disclosed 
an older wall-face, not straight like the other but 
slightly, though regularly, curved. It was apparent 
also that this curved wall was constructed of flints and 
Roman bricks, set in a peculiarly hard mortar composed 
of chalk-lime and pounded Roman brick. After making 
the necessary repairs it was decided, by the kind per- 
mission of Mrs. Bowen Buscarlet in whom are vested 
the manorial rights, carrying with them the upkeep of 
the chapel to leave exposed a large section of this 
curved wall-face, which of course suggested the former 
existence of an apsidal termination to the chancel. 



122 



STOKE D'ABERNON CHURCH: 



It at once occurred to me that if access could be 
obtained to the space between the chancel vaulting of 
e. 1210 and the roof over, further light might be thrown 
on this discovery. Accordingly, having obtained the 
consent of the Rector, the Rev. A. S. P. Blackburne, 
I entered this roof-space by a small door in the gable 
over the chancel arch, and by Mrs. Buscarlet's kindness 
Messrs. Higgs' workmen, who had been carrying out 
the repairs, were allowed to assist in my investigations. 
The pockets formed by the back of the vault were 
found to be filled with the dust and rubbish of ages, 
and in this were discovered a number of interesting 
things to be described further on. The immediate 
object of my search was revealed in the clearest fashion. 
The inner curved face of the North wall of an apsidal 
chancel, for a length of over 1 1 feet from its West wall, 
was unmistakably to be seen, rising above the haunches 
of the 13th-century vaulting. Beyond that measure- 
ment the wall pursued a straight line, at a considerable 
inclination to the northward from the axis of the nave, 




as shown on the accompanying plan (Fig. 1) ; and the 
gradual curve proved, when the measurements were 



SOME RECENT DISCOVERIES. 123 

'plotted', to be from the same striking point as that 
found on the outer or chapel side. 

Similarly on the South, although here not so ob- 
vious owing to the straightened-out wall of the later 
extension following much the same course (see plans), 
the slow curve of an ovoid apse remained; and ap- 
parently on both sides the ancient top of the wall 
had not been disturbed when the chancel was vaulted 
in c. 1210 ; only a foot or so of chalk rubble had 
been added to form a straight bed for the 13th-century 1 
roof-plate. Examination showed' that the more ancient 
wall, on either side, was built with pinkish coloured 
mortar, made with pounded Roman bricks; and that on 
what had been the internal face to the chancel, above 
the later vaulting, it was still partly covered with a 
fine smooth-faced pink plaster, of curiously hard and 
even texture, made from the same materials : several 
loose pieces of this beautiful plaster were brought 
down from the roof-chamber and are preserved in the 
church. 

Further; though very faint, unmistakable traces of ex- 
tremely ancient painted decoration were discernible on 
these original plastered surfaces more especially on the 
South side. I may be permitted to quote a brief descrip- 
tion of this, included in my article on the Wall-paintings 
in Surrey Churches, contributed to Memorials, of Old 
Surrey, illustrating it by the drawing of a fragment 
of the painting which I made for that article: 1 " The 
" thirteenth-century vaulting showed plainly where this 
" early plaster had been hacked off to receive the 
" springers of the vault, and the painting that remained 
" was not more than two feet in width at the deepest 
" point. Beneath the 13th-century wall-plate of the roof 
" was a broad band of a purplish-pink, then one of cream 
" colour, next a pair of chocolate lines three-quarter 
" inches wide enclosing an inscription border 4^ inches 
" in width, beneath which were two lines, pink and 
" chocolate, and the beginning of a painted circular arch, 

1 By kind permission of the publishers, Messrs. Geo. Allen & 
Sons, Ltd. 



124 



STOKE D 'ABERNON CHURCH : 



such as might have framed one of the original round- 
headed windows, or a canopy to a scene or saint's 
figure. Some of these bands of colour, but nothing 
else, appeared also on the East face of the chancel arch 
wall, and on the North wall of the chancel. The let- 
tering of the inscription band is in an early type of 
Lombardic or semi- Roman capitals, such as is found 
in the Saxon MSS. and in the few examples of pre- 
Conquest and late 11th-century paintings which have 
come down to us. 1 The accompanying reproduction of 
a drawing made at the time of the discovery of this 




>IC'AT 




FIG. 2. 



valuable early fragment, gives as accurate an idea of 
the inscription as the writer was able to obtain under 
very difficult conditions. The cross and the H next 
to it are in red, the other letters in purple-pink and 
chocolate. Beyond the word HIC =here suggest- 
ing reference to a picture below, as in the case of the 
Bayeux tapestry no other word remains entire, unless 
it be the CAR IT that precedes it before the fj4 stop. 
This latter word may\> a contraction of CARITAS 5 
charity, in its nominative or other form. The con- 



1 Cf. the destroyed painting on a Saxon window splay, St. Mary's, 
Guildford, referred to above ; also the Leonine hexameters at Hardham 
Church, Sussex, c. 1 100 (vide Memorials of Old Sussex), and destroyed 
paintings of the same date at Plmnpton and Westmeston, Sussex, re- 
corded in the Sussex Archceological Collections ; also the inscriptions 
accompanying the scenes on the Bayeux tapestries. 



SOME RECENT DISCOVERIES. 125 

" traction mark through the stem of the T is fairly 
" clear." 

This remarkable fragment serves to show that prior 
to the 13th-century re-modelling the chancel was dec- 
orated with paintings probably of scenes or single 
figures, with explanatory inscriptions in the frieze-band 
over them ; and these paintings may have been executed 
prior to the year 1100. In the absence of evidence, it 
must remain uncertain whether the apse was destroyed 
and the chancel extended with the present rectangular 
East end in c. 1210, or at an earlier date: there is of 
course no question as to the vaulting having been intro- 
duced in the early years of the 13th century. That the 
apse took, approximately, the curve drawn on my plan 
an egg-shaped curve, instead of a simple semicircle 
such as the Norman builders employed is practically 
certain, and may be taken as evidence of a pre-Conquest 
date. Its exceptionally slender walls 1 ft. 10 in. thick 
are in striking contrast with those of the nave, which 
average 2 ft. 6 in., and this peculiarity would suggest 
an earlier date for the apsidal chancel. Indeed, the 
nave being itself indisputably of pre-Conquest date, 
built perhaps in the 10th century, the ovoid apse may 
be a Saxon work of the 7th century ; or even, if the pink 
plaster be taken as evidence in that direction, a frag- 
ment of the Roman-Christian period. Such a daring 
suggestion as this latter should not at least be excluded 
from the bounds of possibility : ovoid apses occur both 
in Romano-British and in Saxon buildings, of which the 
foundations have been unearthed in this country. 1 

In the present summer (1913) I obtained permission 
to open one of the Saxon walls of the nave, in order to 
determine whether there were mortar or plaster of like 
character with those of the early apse. No original 
plaster was found beneath that of 1866, but mortar made 

1 Of the Saxon period a prominent instance is that of the supposed 
early-7th-century cathedral, Rochester, the foundations of which were 
exposed a few years ago by the Rev. Gr. M. Livett, F.S.A., and Mr. St. 
John Hope. The apse here had very thin walls, c. 2 ft. 3 in. thick. 



126 STOKE D'ABERNON CHURCH: 

of pounded Roman brick and chalk-lime was discovered, 
suggesting at least that the Saxons continued to use 
mortar made after the Roman manner. This mortar, 
however, was whiter and contained less brick, and 
the brick was more coarsely ground than in the apse 
walls. 

All this, in my opinion, goes to show that the early 
apse at Stoke d'Abernon, if not actually Roman work, 
is of older Saxon date than the nave. It would be in- 
teresting if the pre-Conquest church of Fetcham, which 
I have shown (8. A. (7., Vol. XX, pp. 11 to 16) to cor- 
respond very closely with this in dimensions, could be 
proved also to have had an egg-shaped apse ; as in that 
case we should have a similar reason for the sharply 
inclined square-ended chancel to that which I have 
found evidence for at Stoke d'Abernon. 

The point selected for opening the nave wall was 
where the stone work of the Saxon priest's-chamber 
door was visible on the outside. The rubble blocking 
of this itself probably of 13th-century date, from the 
character of the wrought stone fragments found in it 
was removed from the inside under my supervision, 1 
with the expectation of finding plastered joints, which 
might prove to be of the same pink plaster as had been 
found on the apse walls ; but, to my surprise, the jambs 
proved to be of carefully wrought and coursed fine- 
jointed ashlar, in the greenish fire-stone found on the 
outer face, and carried entirely through the wall. The 
jambs slightly incline and the lower courses are in 
well-defined u long -and -short " work (Fig. 3), rising 
from a square plinth which projects only on the return 
faces. The outer head is formed by a wide stone laid 
flat (see section, Fig. 3), and the inner had evidently 
had an oak lintel, which has now been put back, re- 
placing a relieving arch in modern brick. In the right, 
or western, jamb the stone had been cut away for a 
lock. There has never been a rebate to hold the door 

1 By a very skilful workman (Harry Milken) employed by Messrs. 
Higgs, of Cobham the same man who did the work in 1909. His 
intelligence and enthusiasm deserve recording. 



SOME RECENT DISCOVERIES. 



127 




STOKE D'ABERNON CHURCH 
Saxon Priest's-Chamber Door. 

FIG. 3. 



128 STOKE D'ABERNON CHURCH: 

in this singular opening, l which, as I have endeavoured 
to show in my previous paper (S. A. (7 XX, 15, 16), 
must have served to communicate with the upper 
chamber of a two-storied portions, probably used by the 
Saxon priest as a lodging. The doorway may be com- 
pared with upper-storey doorways of this early period 
at Bosham and Singleton, Sussex, but both these are 
between the tower and a nave roof-chamber : this one 
either communicated with the room over the vanished 
Saxon porch or, perhaps, with an upper chamber over 
the nave ; but the latter, although the cill of the door 
is about 12 feet from the nave floor, does not, on the 
whole, seem probable. I feel sure that archaeologists 
will be glad to know that, owing to my representations, 
the rector has consented to this rare doorway being left 
as opened, with only a slight blocking of flints on the 
outer face. A very interesting feature has thus been 
added to the interior of this remarkable church. The 
position of the door relatively to the original West wall 
of the nave 2 is shown on the plan (Fig. 1). The win- 
dows and hatched portions of this plan represent the 
probable lines of original features that have disappeared 
in centuries of alteration and enlargement. The win- 
dows, in particular, must only be taken as ' guesses ' ; 
those in the nave being founded upon the solitary 
Saxon window, formed of Eoman bricks, remaining at 
Fetcham, those in the chancel on the double-splayed 
openings at St. Mary's, Guildford. 

There is one striking difference between these two 
pre-Conquest churches, viz., that at Fetcham no stone 
dressings are visible, the nave West quoins and this 
window being entirely formed of Roman brick ; but here, 
at Stoke, we have proof not only in the doorway, but 

1 There were no rebates on the door of a Saxon hall which I helped 
to discover at Nyetimber, Pagham, Sussex, nor in the pre-Conquest 
doorways at Lyminster and Selham in the same county. All are 
" through " openings with parallel jambs, like this. It may safely 
be assumed that these doors originally had wooden lintels and door- 
posts. 

2 The present modern West wall is of course considerably to the 
westward. 



SOME RECENT DISCOVERIES. 129 

also in^ evidence which has recently come under my 
notice in the shape of drawings by the late William 
Twopenny, preserved in the British Museum and here 
reproduced (Plates I and II), that the dressings in the nave 
were wholly of ashlar. In fact, until the ' restoration ' 
of 1866, long and short quoins of the most pronounced 
Saxon character remained at the Western and South-east 
angles. Mr. Twopenny's accuracy is so well known to 
antiquaries that there can be no shadow of doubt that 
he drew what was actually there in 1828. We can 
only the more lament the destruction, in 1866, of such 
interesting, and, for Surrey, unique, evidence. In 
Plate I, the North-west view, the drawing clearly shows 
the exaggerated height of the nave walls nearly 
always a marked feature in pre-Conquest as distin- 
guished from later mediaeval work, and specially a 
contrast with the work of the Norman builders. This 
note of height and l bigness ' comes out in the typical 
Saxon doorway, which, instead of the comfortable low 
and broad proportions of a Norman door, is tall and 
narrow; it appears also in the immense stones used in 
the long arid short construction of these quoins (note 
especially those in the South-east view); but the ex- 
cellent building of our Saxon forefathers is abundantly 
proved when we see that with these high walls there 
were no buttresses and that the walls, while on the 
' thin ' side, are not out of plumb a testimony to good 
foundations and mortar. 

The North-west view shows also the comparatively 
low pitch of the Saxon roof, the aisle of c. 1190 (in the 
interior view note the stump of a lancet in its West 
wall), the early- 15th-century West window of the nave, 
and a two-light i churchwarden ' window, high up in 
the West wall of the aisle. In its North wall, beside 
the little lancet of 1190, are two doors and a two-light 
window of 15th- or early- 16th-century date all now 
gone. Beyond is seen the Norbury Chantry, with its 
pinnacles and battlements, and the stump of a chimney 
for the still existing fire-place. This last one of the 
few mediaeval fire-places in a church in England the 

VOL. xxvi. K 



130 STOKE D'ABERNON CHURCH: 

only one in Surrey has lately been opened out, at 
my suggestion, and now looks quite an imposing feature 
(Fig. 4). When it was opened the hearth, which had been 
raised about three inches above the floor, was found to 
have been destroyed, and its place taken by a cavity. 

In the South-east view (Plate II) is shown a mediaeval 
porch not the Saxon one, w r hich stood to the westward, 
but one erected, perhaps, in the 14th century with a 
steeply-pitched roof and a tiny quatref oil-piercing in 
its East wall. Neither the upper-chamber door nor the 
pre-Conquest sun-dial appear, being, no doubt, hidden 
by the plaster which in 1828 still covered the walls. 
Eastward is the still-remaing chamfered lancet; and in 
the South wall of the chancel is another, richly moulded, 
with traces of a destroyed label. Both these were re- 
newed, together with the priceless long-and-short quoin, 
in Bath stone, in 1866, as was also the heavy buttress 
(perhaps, as here drawn, of 15th-century date). 

The interior view (Plate III) enables me to make a 
much-needed correction. It shows a round arch to the 
chancel instead of that of pointed form which figures in 
the pre-restoration view, reproduced opposite to page 10 
in my paper in Vol. XX. The explanation of this 
puzzling discrepancy appears to be that the early round- 
arched opening survived, as here shown, until about 
1850, when it was changed into that of pointed form 
and possibly widened at the same time. 1 This modern- 
ised arch was itself pulled down, together with the 
interesting altar-recesses and squints, by the restorers 
of 1866, and its place taken by the larger and very 
unsuitable arch that we now see. Mr. Twopenny's in- 
teresting drawing shows that the original arch, if not 
pre-Conquest as it may quite possibly have been 
was of very early date, its arch and jambs formed of 
through stones (as in the priest's-chamber door); and 
that it had moulded imposts of a curious section, 
not like Norman work. Traces of an arched recess 
are to be seen on its Eastern face, South side. 

1 An old inhabitant testifies to this as a fact. 



PLATE II. 




STOKE D'ABERNON CHURCH: South-east View. 
From a drawing by W. Twopenny, 1828. 



face 130. 



SOME RECENT DISCOVERIES. 



131 




Recess l'j l lz"deep 3 ' 6 3 /4 " 

Hearth raised originally c. 3 " Betwgcn Jan)b 



STOKE D'ABERNON CHURCH 
Fireplace in Norbury Chapel. 

FlG. 4. 



132 



STOKE D ABERNON CPIURCH 



Through the arch the view shows us the still- remaining 
arches to the North aisle, with what looks like a blocked 
Saxon window high up to the westward ; the font stands 
against the Western face of the arcade pillar ; there is a 
moulded wall-plate to the nave roof; and the timber posts, 
carrying the bell-turret, with curved braces, also appear. 

It remains to notice the " finds " referred to above, 
which resulted from the clearing out of rubbish in the 
pockets of the chancel vaulting. The most important is 



C. 



Ir**?C&. 3 * 9 





FIG. 5. 

the mutilated bowl of a Norman pillar-piscina (Fig. 5). 
This may have come from the chancel or from the 
manorial chapel, which possibly preceded the Norbury 
Chantry. 1 The bowl, which, with the Rector's consent, 

1 This earlier chapel, I incline to think, was quite a small affair 
perhaps nothing more than an apse, or a projection of square-ended 
form, one bay deep, at the East end of the aisle. Most of the wrought 
stones in the windows of the present chapel bear axe or vertical chisel- 
tooling of 12th-century character, and were no doubt used from an older 
building on the site when the Chantry was enlarged to the length of the 
chancel and the width of the aisle, in the last decade of the 15th century. 



PLATE III. 



\ 














til 







^ w 



STOKE D'ABERNON CHURCH: View of the Chancel. 
From a drawing by W. Twopenny, 1828. 






132. 



SOME RECENT DISCOVERIES. 133 

I have lately had set up on a bracket in the chancel 
above the modern piscina, is square, very deeply dished, 
and having a large square hole to take the rinsings. It 
is worked into the form of a scalloped capital, with a 
necking of circular section, round on plan, to suit the 
circular shaft which served as a drain. Other pillar- 
piscina bowls have come to light in Surrey at Compton, 
Thames Ditton, and Merstham (early 12th-century); and 
I have described one at West Clandon, of late 12th- 
century date, in my paper in Vol. XXI, p. 88. 

Among the other objects of interest found, were 
several 12th- or 13th-century paving tiles with yellow 
and dark green glazes, 8| in., 6 in., and 5J in. square; 
a fragment of a Roman flanged tile; bits of Roman 
brick; and pieces of moulded stonework, which had 
formed part of Sir John Norbury's tomb, and of some 
late mullioned windows. 

In conclusion I have to thank the Rector (the Rev. 
A. S. P. Elackburne), with Mrs. Bowen Buscarlet and 
her Steward, Major Nelson, for the very kind and 
sympathetic assistance they have given me during the 
investigations which have made it possible to write this 
supplementary paper. We owe it to Mrs. Buscarlet that 
the Twopenny drawings, here reproduced, have been 
photographed. 



NOTES. 



[Under this heading the Editor will be pleased to insert notes and 
short articles relative to discoveries and other matters of interest 
to the history and archaeology of the County. All communica- 
tions intended for this section should be addressed to the Castle 
Arch, Guildford.~] 



I. 

AN ECCLESIASTICAL QUARREL AT HORLEY. 

The following specimen of 16th-century polemics might almost be 
described as racy. Its interest would be increased if we knew who 
was the person referred to rather scornfully (apparently by a third 
party) as " Pryce the preacher " : his dating " after the Visytacyon " 
precludes the idea that he was a Puritan ; and he was not a dis- 
possessed Recusant, since the vicar whom he addresses, William Brown, 
had been instituted (on the presentation of Queen Elizabeth) in 1561 
upon a vacancy caused by the death of the previous incumbent. 

The Society is once again indebted to the Losely MSS. in this 
matter : also to Mr T. Craib for the transcript, and to Mr. Maiden for 
notes upon it. 

Certeyn notes of a letter conteyuinge lo articles sent by 
Pryce the preacher unto the Vycar of Horley. 

Mr. Vycar your sermon moving yesterday to love of brotherly love 
secretly I tell yow truth I do admonish you of your faultes at this 
tyme privately not such as I have by heare say but such as I know by 
yow and am able to prove them. 

1. Yow did not understande your texte 

2. Yow made a bragge of diffynition of love and brought forth the 

contrary 

3. Yow did burthen the texte with a wrongfull carriage 

4. Yow recyted common places which the text cannot agree withall 
o. Yow used ragged and foolish retoricke towarde the maiestrate 

6. How that yow brought the maiestrate, minister and sworne men 

in, and no doore to lette them in 

7. That you spake agaynst them that did not obey the magistrates 

and yow an open foolish contemptious breaker of the law and 
a seducer of others therunto 

8. That yow are not able to expounde the Scriptures 

9. That yow shamed the clergy at that sermon and your selfe also 



NOTES. 135 

10. That yow thunder and abuse Gods Worde to none effecte 

11. That yow are bombasted with common places and ignorant to 

apply them 

12. That yow are an apostata for your calling to the ministery is but 

countefeycte 

13. That yow have an arrogant spy rite 

14. That yow do not know your degre and standings. 

lo. That you are a seducer of the fonde and frantycke people and 
laste of all an ypocryte. 

I doe send this brother in the mynistery, and this token unto you 
wishing you to examyne your selfe and your spyrite, and when you 
will talke with me you may, and yf this a,dmouycion will not take 
place I will use the ordre of the church by degrees, yf you be greved, 
seke your counsayle, yf you wilbe healed come unto me. And I wilbe 
ready to mynister unto you. I wyll deale playnly as I doe chary tablie 
putting my owne hand to this my wryting. And wish you so to deale 
with me. 

Wrytten this present Tuesday after the Visytacyon the 24 September 
1577 By yours in Christe. John Pryce. 

[Loseley MS. 767.] 



II. 
A SERIES OF FINDS AT EWELL. 

Our member Mr. A. D. Henderson, of Ewell, recently showed me a 
number of coins and other objects found during recent years in and 
about the parish of Ewell. As it is well to have a record of such 
discoveries I have, with Mr. Henderson's permission, drawn up the 
following list : 

ROMAX COINS : 
(1). A second brass of Augustus (27 B.C. to 14 A.D.), but struck by 

Titus, 7981. 

Obv. [Radiated] head of Augustus to left, DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER. 
Rev. An eagle standing on a globe, looking right. IMP. T. VESP. 

[AVG. REST.] Above the wings in smaller letters s.c. 
An interesting coin of the class known as "restitutions" or 
" restorations." 

(2). A second brass of Vespasian, 69 79. 

Obv. Radiated and undraped bust to right. IMP. CAESAR VESPASIAN 

AVG. COS. IIII. 

Rev. Peace to left, sacrificing, and holding caduceus and olive branch 

in left hand. PAX AVG. In field s.c. 

This coin is in fine preservation and was found by Mr. Henderson's 
grandfather in the garden of the lower mill. 



136 NOTES. 

(3). A second brass of Faustina the Elder, wife of Antoninus Pius. 
She died in 141. 

Obv. Draped bust to right. FAVSTINA AVG. ANTONINI AVG. PIT. P.P. 
Rev. Venus to right, holding the drapery of her robe with her right 

hand and in her left an apple. VENERI AVGVSTAE. In field 

s.c. In good preservation. 

(4). A third brass of Claudius II (Gothicus), 268-70. 

Obv. Radiated head to right. [IMP. CLAV]DIVS AVG. 
Rev. Draped female to left, holding cornucopias in left hand. 
Inscription obliterated. Much worn. 

(5). A follis of Constantius I as Caesar, 292305. 

Obv. Laureated and cuirassed bust to right. CONSTANTIVS NOB. c. 
Rev. The genius of the Roman People standing left, holding patera 

R I T? 

and cornucopias. GENIO POPVLI ROMANI. Mint mark p~ 
Struck at Treves. 

(6). A third brass struck by Constantino I, 307-37. 

Obv. Helmeted and draped bust of Rome to left. VRBS ROMA. 
Rev. Wolf suckling Romulus and Remus. Two stars above. No 
inscription. Mint mark PLG Struck at Lyons. 

(7). Similar. Mint mark uncertain, probably s or p. TR. for Treves. 

(8). A third brass of Constans, 337-50. 

Obv. Diademed and draped bust to right. CONSTANS p. F. AVG. 
Rev. Two soldiers, between them one standard, thereon the letter I. 
GLORIA EXERCITVS. Mint mark TRS Struck at Treves. 

(9). A third brass of Valentinian I, 364-75. 

Obv. Diademed and draped bust to right. D. N. VALENTINIANVS 

p. F. AVG. 
Rev. Victory to left, holding wreath and palm. SECVRITAS REI- 

PVBLICAE. Mint mark CON Struck at Aries. 

(10). A fourth brass or minim of Valentinian II, 375-92. 

Obv. Diademed and draped bust to right. D. N. VA[LENTINIA]NVS 

p. F. AVG. 
Rev. Victory to left, holding palm and wreath. VICTORIA AVGGG. 

Mint mark PCON Struck at Aries. 

(11). Worn and illegible : 

(A) One first brass. 

(B) One second brass. Possibly Marcus Aurelius. 

(c) One third brass. Radiated head. Possibly Victoriuus. 
(D) Constantino period, or imitations : 

(1) Two of the FEL. TEMP. REPARATIO type, with soldier 
spearing fallen horseman. 



NOTES. 137 

(2) Two of the GLORIA EXERCITVS type, one struck at Treves. 

(3) Four of the VICTORIAE DD. AVGG. Q. NN. type, with Vic- 

tories holding wreaths. 

(E) One of Valentinian I, Yalens, or Gratiau, of the SECVRITAS REI- 

PVBLICAE type. 

(F) Two illegible. 

SAXON COIN : 
Silver penny of ^thelred II, 9791016. 

Obv. Bust in armour to left with radiate helmet, t E^ELRED REX 

ANGLO. 
Rev. Long cross voided, dividing legend, above square ornamented 

with three pellets at each corner. EADMVND MO LVNDEN. 

Struck at London by Edmund the monyer. 

ENGLISH, MEDIEVAL AND LATER : 

(1). A long cross penny of Henry III, of the second issue between 
1248-72. This coin stuck in the die and in consequence was 
double struck and spoiled. An examination of a large hoard 
of these coins showed that about one in fifty was issued in 
this condition. 

(2). A silver threepence of Elizabeth, 15581603. 

Obv. Crowned bust to left, rose behind head. ELIZABETH D. G. ANG. 

FRA. ET HI. REGINA. 

Rev. Koyal arms surmounted by cross fleury. Date 1578 above 
shield. POSVI DEV ADIVTOREM MKV. Mint mark a cross. 

(3). Silver penny of Elizabeth, 15581603. 

Obv. Crowned bust to left. E. D. G. ROSA SINE SPINA. 
Rev. The Royal arms surmounted by a cross fleury. CIVITAS 
LONDON. Mint mark, a cross crosslet. 

(4). A brass farthing token, London, 17th century. 
Obv. Crowned bust of James I. KING'S HEAD POST. 
Rev. HOVSE LOVE LANE 57, with the initials ^ in an inner circle. 

MISCELLANEOUS OBJECTS : 

(1). A leaden disc l inch diameter, loth century, bearing a Across 
patty of six arms. A similar device occurs on a bell at Limps- 
field figured in J. C. L. Stahlschmidt's Surrey Bells, p. 88, 
and there called a rose. On the reverse is the outline of the 
framework of a small pouch or gypciere. 

(2). A brass coin weight, 17th century. 
Obv. Xs. crowned, within a beaded circle. 
Rev. The archangel Michael, within a beaded circle. 



138 NOTES. 

(3). An oval badge, 3 by 2 inches, bearing the letters L.E.V. under 
a crown ; the badge of the Loyal Evvell Volunteers. 

(4). Some broken pottery, 17th century, and a brass or bronze candle- 
stick of about the same date. Found in excavating for an 
addition to the upper mill house. 

Since I drew up the above list Mr. C. S. Willis, of Ewell, has shown 
me ten more coins eight Roman and two mediaeval also found in the 
parish. With his permission I append a list of these coins : 

ROMAN. 
(1). A second brass of Hadrian, 117-38. 

Obv. Laureated bust to right. [IMP. CAES]AR TRAIANVS H ADRIAN vs 

[AVG.]. 
Rev. Britannia seated on a rock, her right hand supporting her head, 

holding a spear in her left and rest ing her arm on a large 

shield. PONT. MAX. [TR. POT. cos. HI.]. In the exergue 

BRITANNIA and in the field s. c. 
An interesting coin of the well-known Britannia type. 

(2). A worn third brass probably of Tetricus I, 268-73. 

Obv. Radiated and draped bust to right. Inscription obliterated. 
Rev. Spes to left, holding flower in right and catching up dress with 
left hand. [SPES [P]VB[LICA.] 

(3). A third brass of Claudius II (Gothicus), 268-70. 

Obv. Radiated head to right. IMP. CLAVDIVS AVG. 
Rev. Libertas to left, holding cap in right and sceptre in left hand. 
LIBER[TAS AVG.] 

(4). A third brass of Carausius, 287-93. 

Obv. Radiated and draped bust to right. IMP. CARAVSIVS P. F. AVG. 
Rev. Pax to left, holding branch in right and vertical sceptre in 

F I O 

left hand. PAX AVG. Mint mark - but partly obliterated. 
Probably ML for London. 

(5). A similar coin. IMP. CARAV[SIVS P. F. AVG.] and P[AX A]VG. 
with mint mark '-^. London. 

(6). A third brass struck by Cons tan tine I, 307-37. 

Obv. Helmeted and draped bust of Constantinople to left, with spear 

on shoulder. CONSTANTIXOPOLIS. 
Rev. Victory to left. No inscription. Mint mark obliterated. 

(7). A much worn third brass of the Constantino period with the 
reverse type of the two Victories holding wreaths. 

(8). A third brass, absolutely illegible. 



NOTES. 139 

MEDIAEVAL. 

(9). A silver farthing of either Edward I, II, or III, between 1272 
1074 

Obv. Full faced bust, crowned. EDWARDVS REX A. 

Rev. A long cross with three pellets in each angle. CIVITAS LONDON. 
(10). A silver farthing of Henry VI, 1422-61. 

Obv. Full faced bust, crowned. Inscription illegible. 

Rev. A long cross with three pellets in each angle. fciviTAsl 

LONDON. 

MILL STEPHENSON. 



III. 

ANIMAL REMAINS AND SAXON BURIALS FOUND 
NEAR COULSDON. 

In the Spring of 1912 my attention was called to the appearance of 
a mole-hill in a field not far from my residence. On examining it 
1 found it to consist of clean, sharp sand. I took no action at the 
time, but on remembering the matter in the early part of this year 
ordered an excavation to be made. The result was about 100 loads of 
sand fit for building purposes. The deposit was in a cup-shaped for- 
mation in the chalk and it had evidently been subjected to powerful 
agitation when deposited, as fragments of large shells, flints and soft 
very smooth chalk were found mixed with the sand. 

When all the sand was removed from the pocket I directed the 
removal of a small further portion at one side. On going to see how 
the work was proceeding I found two objects lying on the bank, .placed 
there by the workman. I at once recognised that they were tusks, 
the point of one being slightly fractured and showing the laminations 
of ivory. After further careful search another small tusk was found, 
two large pieces of jaw with teeth in perfect preservation, a vertebra, 
the articulation of one jaw, and the coudyle of the lower jaw on the 
other side, two portions of rib, besides numerous small pieces of bone 
which could not be identified. There was also found a large irregular 
mass of fossilized ivory and another portion of the same material, 
being parts of the tusk of a mammoth. The other tusks, teeth, etc., 
were identified by Professor Andrews of the South Kensington Museum 
as portions of the head, etc., of a pre-glacial hippopotamus. 

I should add that these bones were not found together, but scattered 
in an area of about two yards. They were about three feet six inches 
below the surface, and more or less embedded in sand. I endeavoured 
to obtain permission to present these specimens to the Society's museum 
at Guildford, but as they were found on this estate, which is the pro- 
perty of the London County Council, it was decided that the Ilorniman 
Museum was the proper resting place for them. 



140 NOTES. 

This year also, when trenching some ground, we have come across 
several skeletons. They were for the most part lying with the heads 
towards the west. With each was an iron knife, which indicates, I 
am informed, that these remains were those of Anglo-Saxons. This 
discovery is interesting taken in conjunction with the tumuli (to be 
included in the 1913 Excursion of the Society) on Farthing Downs on 
the opposite side of the valley. 

The trenching has now been suspended, but will be resumed again 
at a later date ; when I hope further discoveries Avill be made. 

J. M. MOODIE. 



IV. 

THE NEEDLER FAMILY. 

Since the account of Henry Needier and his Family was printed in 
Vol. XXV of the Collections the Registers of St. Margaret Moses, 
Friday Street. London, have been published by the Harleian Society ; 
and from that volume I extract the following notes : 

MARRIAGE. 

1648. June 23. Beniamin Banbery in St. Bride's parish & 
Jane Needeler of Jeames Clapham well 
(sic) weare married. 

CHRISTENINGS. 

1651-2. Jan. 11. Margaret d. Beniamin Needier & Mary. 
1654. Nov. 12. Mary d. Beniamyn Needier Minister of this 

parishe & Mary. 
1656. March 5. Culverwell s. Beniamiue Needier Minister of 

this parish & Mary. 

1659. May 12 Beniamin s. Beniamin Needier of this parrish 

& Mary. 

1660. Aug. 16. Benjamine s. Benjamin Needier Minister of 

this parrish & Mary. 
1662. May 22. Margaret d. Beniamine Needier & Mary. 

BURIALS. 

1653. Sept. 1. Richard s. Beniamin Needier & Mary his 
wife in the Valt. 

1658. July 17. Margaret d. Beniamin Needier of this parish 

Minister and of Mary his wife bur d in the 
Valt. 

1659. Sept. 2. Beniamen s. Beneamine Needier of this 

parish, Minister and of Mary his wife in 
the Valte. 

A. RIDLEY BAX. 



NOTES. 141 

V. 

SURREY BRIDGES AND WATERWAYS. 

An interesting excerpt relating to this subject was published, it 
will be remembered, in the last volume of Collections. The public and 
semi-public administration of Bridges and Waterways is a little known 
subject : it was probably of a rather piecemeal character, divided 
up among, or at various times delegated to, officials of divers depart- 
ments. The Records of such Administration are proportionately 
scattered, and do not, therefore, lend themselves readily to ordered 
publication ; though Members of this Society will recollect Mr. 
Giuseppi's paper on the Wandle in S. A. C., Vol. XXI. Its history, 
however, is obviously of high importance for all Counties ; and it is 
to be hoped that in the near future some student may undertake it in 
these volumes from the point of view of Surrey, for the mediaeval as 
well as the later periods, and upon a basis of the Local as well as 
the Public Records of all kinds of Administration. In the meantime 
the scattered documents printed below (all from the Public Record 
Office) may be of use in showing the interest of the subject and the 
kind of evidence available : it will be seen that they refer to Cobham, 
Molesey, Pirford, Clapham and Lambeth, etc. The Society is again 
indebted to Miss E. H. Fail-brother for all save the first of the 
transcripts. 



(i.) 

CHANCERY MISCELLANEA. Bundle 7, file 4, No. 4. 

(It is found by inquisition that Cobham Bridge should by custom 
be kept in repair half by the King and half by the Abbot of 
Chertsey ; the bridge being divided by the Cross in the centre.) 

f Commission attached, addressed as stated below and dated 16 June 
23 Henry VIII.] 

Liberata fuit Curie xii. die Junii anno xxiii. H. viij. per manus 

Christoferi More Pexsall. 

Surrey. Inquisicio indentata capta apud Guldeford' in Comitatu 
Surrey decimo octavo die Julii anno regni domini Regis mine 
Henrici octavi vicesimo tercio coram Willelmo Fitz Wylliam juniore 
milite, Rlcardo Weston' milite Johanne Scott uno Baronum de 
Scaccario domini Regis ac Christofero More Thoma Stydalf Willelmo 
Westbroke et Johanne Danester Commissionarius dicti domini Regis 
in Comitatu predicto ad inquirendum quis vel qui de jure vel 
consuetudiue de tempore in tempus reparare vel emendare solet et 
debet, solent et debent, magnum pontem vocatum Cobeham Bridge 
in dicto Comitatu Surrey virtute Commissionis ipsius domini Regis 
mine nobis inde directe et huic Inquisicioni annexate per sacramentum 



142 NOTES. 

Thome Donne gent' Willelmi Tremayle Johannis Snowe Thome 
Hoke Roberti Grove Johannis Wodowes Johannis Edmond Henrici 
Thomson Thome T ay lour de Cobeham Johannis Rysbrygez Johannis 
Lutmam [sic] Thome Farley Thome Gylbert Ricardi Bacheler 
Roberti Ebley et Ricardi Wylde Qui dicunt super sacramentum suum 
quod predictus domirius Rex nunc Henricus octavus medietatem dicti 
pontis de Cobham Bridge in predicto Comitatu Surrey de jure ut 
nobilissimi progenitores sui Reges Anglie ante hec tempora racione 
manerii sni de Walton' super Thamesim in predicto Comitatu Surrey 
quod est parcella Ducatus Lancastrie repararunt et emendarunt de 
consimili jure reparare sustentare et emendare debet videlicet a Cruce 
existenti in medio ejusdem pontis usque ad pedem dicti pontis 

versus occidentem. Et quod Johannes Corderey Abbas de 

Chertsey et Conventus ejusdem in predicto Comitatu Surrey existentes 
ut predecessores sni Abbates et Conventus loci illius ante hec tempora 
alteram medietatem ejusdem pontis racione manerii sui de Cobham in 
Comitatu predicto quod est parcella terre ejusdem Abbalhie repararunt 
et emendarunt et de consimili jure reparare emendare et sustentare 
debent videlicet a predicta Cruce existenti in medio ejusdem pontis 
usque ad pedem ejusdem pontis dicte ville de Cobham versus Orientem 
In Cujus rei Testimonium hnic parti hujus Inquisicionis nos prefati 
Commissionarii sigilla nostra apposuimus alteri vero parti istius In- 
quisicionis penes nos prefatos Commissionarios remanenti [sic'] Datum 
die anno et loco supradictis. 



(2.) 
EXCHEQUER, K.R., SPECIAL COMMISSIONS, 7087. 

. . * . . hartie Commendations : Whereas I understand that . . 
1 . . made and taken a Survey of the backe Ryver of . . 1 . . 
and other streames there, and the fishinges aperteyninge to . . l . . 
manner in Moulsey parishe nowe in the tenure of Sir . 1 . Edmondes 
Knighte : These shalbe therefore to will and [ordejr you furthwith 
to certifie the said Survey as yt is taken by you [h]ir Majestys Office 
of Remembranceres there to remaine of Record . . l . . this shalbe 
unto you a sufficient warrants for the doinge 

From the Warderobe this XI th oof Julie 1595. 

Yo r Lovinge friend 

J. FORTESCUE. 

To my Lovinge freinde J[ohn] Chapman' 
Surveyour of hir Majesty's landes in 
the Countie of Surrey. 

f 1 torn away~\ 



NOTES. 143 

Surrey. 

An Inquisition indented taken at Moulsey Matham in the said 
Countie of Surrey the last daie of September in the yere of the reigne of 
oure soveraigne ladie Elizabeth by the grace of God Queue of England 
France and Ireland Defender of the faithe and the six and thirteth 
at a Court of Survey heire holden by John Chapman' gent Surveyor of 
all her majestys Honors Castelles Mannors landes tenementes and 
hereditamentes within the said Countie of Surrey by the Oathes of 
Court Clynkerctg Robert Stackford Richard Dybbes Arthur Leak 
Anthonye Machyn Thomas Deacon John Coiiyc Thomas Lee William 
Eles Thomas Burchitt Robert Parson Robert Wood Thomas Wynsloe 
John Lawrence and Richard Stradder, who present and saye uppon 
theire oathes that a Certaine water or Streame Called the back River 
of Moulsey hath his begynnyng from the mayne River called Moulsey 
River over against Milgrove & runyng through Raye and Prettye 
Spraye And ys environed with Esshire on the South and Walton 
groundes on the North And from thens on the same side lye the 
groundes belonging to Moulsey Matham, After Imbre groundes doe 
adjoyne uppon the same streame on the South and are fensed from the 
said streame from Certaine groundes nowe Edmund Meres to a place 
Called Kinges Ford, And they furder saie and present uppon theire 
oathes that the said River called the back River ys most environed on 
both sides with the groundes and waistes belonging to Moulsey 
Matham aforesaid, And that the Tennauntes of the Mannor of Moulsey 
Matham aforesaid have allwaies usuallye hadde and taken as apper- 
teigning and belonging to the same Mannor, the Fishing of the said 
streame called the back River, And that within their remembrance, 
her Majestys Farmer of the said Maunor of Moulsey Matham have 
taken awaye the nettes of such as have Fisshed there without lycens, 
as in the right of the tennaunt of the Mannor of Moulsey In witness 
whereof as well the said John Chapman Surveyor as the said Jurrors 
have setto their scales the daie and yere above said. 

Richard Stradder his marke . . . Lees 

Robert Stack ... J. C. 

. . Burchett his marke Robert parson his marke 

John Lawrence his marke Court Clinkerd . . . 
W. E. 

Thomas Winslow . . marke Anthony Machius marke 
John Chapman superius 

[Endorsed] Liberatur in Curia xj die 
Julii anno xxxvij Regine Elizabethe 
per manus Johannis Chapman' infrano- 
minati. 



144 NOTES. 



SPECIAL COMMISSIONS, 2260. 

[Commission addressed Johanni Chapman' generoso Supervisor} 
omnium .... liereditamentorum nostrorum in comitatu Surrey' 
et Georgio Austen generoso : and dated 5 July 40 Eliz.] 

Surrey Articles to be examyned and inquired one the parte and 
behalf e of the Queues Majestic as followeth 

Firste Where yt is enformed that the Bridge at Pirford in the 
Conn tie of Surrey called the Kinges alias Pirford bridge and alsoe the 
pounde there are at this present in greate decaye and to be forthwith 
newe made To enquire whether over the same bridge be soe Time 
out of minde hath bene a comon passage for her Majesty's people both 
one foote and one horseback, and to and from what townes and 
villages within the said Countie, And by whom or at whose Chardge 
the same bridge and pounde hath alwaies bene made and repayred and 
whoe lastlie made the same and in what righte. 

Item yf the said bridge and pounde be founde to have bene made and 
mayntained at her Majesty's chardges and that it is still to be donne at 
her highnes' expence Then to enquire and certifie what quantitye of 
tymber will serve for the newe makinge of the said bridge and pounde 
And in what woodes of her Majesty's thereaboutes the same may be 
beste and most convenientlie for that purpose spared and taken And 
also what will be the Chardge for the makinge and finishinge of the 
said workes. Fanshawe. 



An Inquisition Indented taken at Pirford in the County of Surrey 
the Second day of September in the Fortieth yere of the Raigne of our 
Sovereigne Ladie Quene Elizabeth by vertue of her Majesty's Com- 
mission under the Scale of her Highnes Court of Eschequor beringe 
date at Westminster the Fyft day of July last past to John Chapman 
& George Austen gent' directed & to this Inquisition annexed by the 
othes of John Dydlesdon George Stanton John Slyefelde John French 
John Roke John Roke \_sic~] John Rogers John Crockford Henry 
Crockford Richard Cock John Freeland William Herne John Burt 
William Stanton Richard Heywood & John Style good & lawfull 
men of the said County of Surrey who say uppon ther othes that 
one parte or moytie of the bridge mencioned in the Articles to 
the said Commission annexed called the Kingesbridge alias Pirford 
bridge & also knowne by the name of Longebridge that is to say 
that moytie which lyetth Northeast and in the parishe of Pirford afore- 
saide is ruynated & in great decay And also that the Pound in 
Pirford mentioned in the saide Articles is in like decay And that 
tyme out of mynd over the saide bridge in decay as is aforesaide 
is and hath bene a comon passage for all the Quenes liege people 
as well horsemen as fotemen to & from Pirford aforesaide to the 



NOTES. 145 

Towne of Gulcleford in the saide Countye beinge a great Markett 
towne & to & from divers other townes and villages within the saide 
County to and from G-uldeford aforesaide And that the saide moytie 
lyinge northeast in Pirford aforesaide & now in decay and also the 
saide pound have tyme out of mind bene made & repaired at the 
charge of her Majesty & her most noble progenitors And that the 
other moytie or parte of the saide bridge lyinge Southwest within 
the parishe of Send in the saide County hath alwaies bene made & 
repaired by the Lord Mountague & his auncestors & those whose estate 
he nowe hath in the Priory of Newark late dissolved And that the 
saide nowe Lord Mountague hath lately newe made his saide moytie of 
the saide bridge in his own right And that the other moytie in Pirford 
aforesaide was lastly made by Edward late Erie of Lincolne deceased 
in her Majestys right And at her Majestys charge And the saide 
Jury do further say uppon ther othes that to the new makinge 
of the saide moytie lyinge in Pirford aforesaid & decayed as afore- 
saide & of the saide pound there will be necessarily required in 
tymber about Thirty one loades And that the same tymber may 
best and most convenyently be spared & taken for these purposes in 
her Majestys woodes called Birchett in the parishe of Chertesey in the 
said County & in her Majestys Wood called Brookewood in the parishe 
of Wokinge in the saide County. And also that the charge for the 
making and fynishinge of the moytie of the saide Bridge decayed & 
of the saide pound will amount unto the some of Fyfteene Poundes or 
thereaboutes In witness whereof to either parte of this Inquisition 
Indented as well the saide Comyssioners as the saide Jurors have setto 
ther handes and scales the day & yere above wrytten. 

per me Johannem Chapman per me Georgium Austen 
John Slyfeld John Roke John Rogers 

Wyllyam Stanton. 
[And marks often others."] 

[Endorsed] Liberantur in Curia quinto 
die Septembris Anno Regni Regie 
majestatis Elizabethe xl mo per manus 
infrariominati Johannis Chapman unius 
Commissionariorum infranomiuatorum. 

John Sotherton. 



(40 

SPECIAL COMMISSIONS, 4609. 

[Commission addressed Michaeli Heydon' Armigero Supervisor! and 
dated 15 June 6 James I.] 

By vertue of a Commission dated the xv th of June 1608 which was 
delivered unto me by M r Sutton the first of Julie 1609 I have made 
VOL. XXVI. L 



146 NOTES. 

dilligent enquiry whether his Majestic ought to repaire a Stoue bridge 
which is decayed Lyinge neare a Crossewaye Leading from Lambeth 
to Kingstone or no. And first I finde that the Lande adjoyning next 
to the same Bridge doth not appertaine unto his Majestic but to the 
Deanrie of Canterberrie as it is said. Further it is Certyfied by the 
Coppie of an inquisition of a Jurie (which is heereimto Annexed) given 
upp at the Court of Sewers holden the two and twenteth daie of Maye 
1607 That the Kinoes Majestic ought of Right to new make the said 
Bridge in respecte of certaine landes which he holdeth that sometimes 
were the Abbottes of Westminster but where those landes lyeth or who 
is terr' tennant to those Landes I can not understande neither by Evi- 
dence nor by the same Jurie nor by anie other examination. Other 
matter of proofe to Chardge his Majestic with the repayring of the said 
Bridge I doe not finde. 

Dated the first of August 1609. 

Mi: Henlow. 



The Inquisicion of the Jury for the West parte of Surrey made and 
given upp at the Court of Sewers holdeu the Two and Twenteith 
day of May 1607. 

The present that the Stone bridge nere unto Fawxe hall which leadeih 
from Lambeth towardes Clapham is by the enundacion and outrage of 
waters prostrate and throwne downe so that neither his Majesties people 
can travell or passe that way from Lambeith to Clapham, or other partes 
of the County of Surry, nor the waters which discend from Southlambeth 
and other places can convenientlie rune to the Ryver of Theames as it 
ought because the stones of the said bridge Lye in the Current and 
hinder the passage there to the annoyance of the growndes ajoyninge, 
And they also fynde and present that the Kinges Majestic ought of right 
to now make the same bridge in respect of certain Landes which he 
houldeth that sometymes were the Abbott of Westminsters Lying nere 
thereunto, the owners of which Landes have all way es Tyme out of 
mynde made and repayred the said bridge, and the same bridge to be 
new made by his Majestic or his Surveyor before the Last day of 
Julye uppon payne of XL 11 . 

Uppon this inquisicion and presentment it was ordered 
by the Court of Sewers that the Lord Treasorer should 
be certified hereof with humble desyre his Majestic would 
be pleased before the Last day of Julye next to new 
make the same bridge according to the said presentment. 

Ed: Bowyer Tho: Hunt 

T. Gardyner Tho: Grymes 

Hugh Browne. 



NOTES. 147 

VI. 
OLD HOUSES ON CLAPHAM COMMON. 

Members of this Society will learn with regret that some of the 
old houses (17th or early 18th cents.) on the North side of Clapham 
Common are threatened with destruction, Too many houses of the 
Queen Anne and Georgian periods have been and are being almost 
daily destroyed or defaced in our County, and indeed in all parts of 
England : this is due partly to the very abundance of these fine 
specimens of one of the best periods of domestic architecture ; partly, 
it must be admitted, to the apathy of many antiquaries, who (for 
reasons which we confess we cannot understand) decline to consider 
them archaeological. In the present instance, destruction would be 
particularly deplorable ; since apart from the beauty of the houses, 
with their fine cut brick work, original interior panelling and other 
fittings, wrought-iron railings and so forth, there is a sentimental 
interest attaching to buildings which are said to be from the designs 
of Sir Christopher Wren, and one of which was, we are informed, 
the residence of Captain Cook, while another was the school-place of 
Macaulay. The difficulty of preserving such houses as these in the 
suburbs, where 'jthere is little demand for them as residences, is, of 
course, very great ; but should none the less be faced. 

We have already published a view of one of these houses in the 
Schedule of Surrey Antiquities, and give now the reproduction of 
another, again by permission of the photographers, Messrs. Webster. 

H. J. 



VII. 

HUMAN REMAINS FOUND AT BANSTEAD. 

In making a tennis court in my new garden near Park Downs in 
Banstead we came recently across human bones. The skull un- 
fortunately has not been found, only the leg bones and one humerus. 
They are those of a young woman. The femur is quite exceptionally 
flat, and the shin bone shows traces of rickets. They appear to be 
late-Neolithic, but may be as late as Saxon times. We found nothing 
in the way of ornament, but there was a bed of large flints apparently 
prepared for the body. I did not see the bones turned up or how they 
lay, but the grave, which is cut out of the chalk, runs east and west. 
Close by was found the tusk of a boar and a few feet off the skull of a 
horse. These may not, however, be connected with the human bones. 

The field in which the bones were found has been an arable 
back to mediaeval times. It is bounded to the south by a bank, wmcb 



148 NOTES. 

runs for many hundred yards and no doubt marked in mediaeval days 
the boundary between the ploughed land and the waste. It commands 
a fine view across to Banstead Wood. There has never been any 
building there as far as I know. 

The bones, which I submitted to Professor Keith, are now in the 
museum of the Royal College of Surgeons. A number of finds of 
bones have been made in different parts of Banstead in recent years. 

P.S. Since I wrote the above we have found another and com- 
plete skeleton, an excellent example in the typical cramped position. 

H. LAMBERT. 



VIII. 
DISCOVERIES AT GARBRAND HALL, EWELL. 

The first discoveries were made in 1903, when three skeletons and 
an Edward III silver penny were found. This year there have been 
found 

A Roman urn 4^-- ins. in height with a diameter of 5 ins. 

(No. 6 in the illustration.) 

Sundry other fragments of Roman pottery and glass. 
A tile 8^ ins. square : this is said by the authorities of the British 

Museum not to be Roman. 
The bronze pan of a pair of scales. 
Two bronze coins said to be of Edward III. 
A roughly carved bone knife-handle, apparently of a very early 

date. 
One more complete skeleton, the greater part of another, and the 

top of the skull of a third ; with a quantity of large animal 

bones. 

The above information is derived from the courtesy of Mr. Henry 
Willis of Garbrand Hall. The various objects may have been washed 
down by the stream of the Wandle and so deposited where they were 
found ; the whole soil being alluvium of that river. The skeletons 
possibly date back to a skirmish in 1648, when the Royalists, retreating 
through Ewell, were overtaken by Livesey's and Audley's cavalry and, 
according to Audley's narrative, " shots were exchanged." The place 
is close to the road upon which the troops were moving. 

H. E. MALDEN. 




CINERARY URN: 
found at Cotmandene, Dorking. 



face 149. 



NOTES. 



149 



IX. 



ROMAN WATER-POT FOUND AT CAMBERWELL 

grounds of an 



tlnf 

Camberwell (aii ancient, probably 
British, trackway over the hill), and 
almost opposite to a pond fed by 
natural springs. It is a Roman water- 
pot (restored in annexed sketch), un- 
happily broken, and found filled solid 
with clay about one foot below the 
ground. It is in a red ware coated 
with biscuit-coloured slip, slightly 
glazed, and with plain marks of the 
lathe. The spout and handles are, 
unfortunately, missing, but I have 
restored them in the sketch (a tracing, 
made from a photograph) with the 
help of the neck and spout of an 
exactly similar water-pot lately found 
hi Sussex, now in my possession. 
The ground on which this find was 



- 




made is part of the estate owned by Sir Claude Champion de Crespigny. 



P. M. JOHNSTON. 



X. 

A CINERARY URN AND OTHER MATTERS FOUND AT 
DORKING AND BETCHWORTH. 

Early in 1913 it came to rny knowledge that some years ago some 
discoveries had been made in the garden of a house on Cotmandene, 
Dorking. Mr. Turner, Southdown Cottage, Cotmandene, was digging 
for sand in his garden when he found a small cinerary urn (see illustra- 
tion), with ashes in it. The height is only o inches, the diameter 
across the top about 4 inches, but at the widest part of. The urn is 
so small that it probably contained the ashes of a child : it is wheel 
made, but badly ; the diameter is not precisely the same across the 
top from every direction : Mr. Reginald Smith attributes it to the first 
century B.C. Some fragments of other urns were found. Mr. Turner 
has kindly presented the whole specimen to the Society's Museum. 
At a lower depth in the same garden were numerous flints, some 
implements, many flakes, and traces of a hearth with several burnt 



150 NOTES. 

stones. These clearly belonged to an earlier date, considerably, than 
the interments, but as the finds were made about 1906-7, and not 
investigated till this year, it is impossible to be precise about the 
depth at which they occurred. 

In the summer of 1912 an early neolithic axe head (now in private 
hands) was found in Betchworth Park. It was lying on the surface, 
on one of the tracks in the Park, and had probably fallen off a gravel 
cart. In the same place I have found recently two fine flints, which 
probably came from the Farnham gravel in the same way. 

H. E. MALDEN. 



XI. 

RECENT ADDITIONS, ETC., TO THE MUSEUM. 
CINERARY URN. 

This Cinerary Urn was found in 1902 during the widening of the 
carriage drive up to " The Hallams," Blackheath, near Guildford, at a 
depth of 3zy feet in the Folkestone sand : it was enclosed in a cist 
made of slabs of ironstone. The urn contained burnt bones, and was 
inverted. No implements were found. It was left in situ and care- 
fully protected from the frost, but unfortunately fell to pieces. 

The urn measures 17 inches in total height, and 17 inches in 
diameter at the broadest part. The rim is 4 inches deep and 14 inches 
in diameter at the mouth of the vessel. With the exception of four 
(originally five) knobs at the junction of the rim with the body there 
is no decoration of any description. These knobs can be observed 
in urns from Simningdale, Whitmore Common, and Cobham Park Farm. 
The present specimen is made of a friable clay mixed with coarse grit 
and very indifferently burnt. It belongs to the Bronze Age, and is of 
a type uncommon in Surrey, but not infrequently found in Dorset. 

The urn has been presented to the Society by Mr. C. D. Hodgson, 
of " The Hallams," and most skilfully restored at the expense of 
Dr. Eric Gardner. 



RECONSTRUCTION OF A BRONZE AGE BEAKER OR DRINKING CUP 

FROM TlTSEY. 

This " beaker " has been repaired at the expense of Dr. Eric 
Gardner. It belongs to a type one of the earliest of sepulchral 
pottery found in this country introduced at the beginning of the 
Bronze Age about 2000 B.C. These "beakers" almost invariably 



NOTES. 151 

accompany uuburnt interments, and only about five instances are 
known where they have been found in association with a cremation. 

The present is the only specimen from Surrey known to exist. It 
was discovered about 1864-5, is 6J inches high and is hand made : it 
is composed of fire clay, light brown in colour, and decorated in zones 
by means of a pointed stick. Only a few fragments were available 
for restoration, but sufficient to enable a faithful reproduction of the 
original outline to be made, all the broken pieces being utilised. 

The late Mr. G. W. Leveson Gower labelled this "beaker" "highly 
ornamented vase from the Roman villa at Titsey " ; and that it was 
found during excavations on that site is confirmed by Mr. Charles 
Leveson Gower in a letter dated November oth, 1912. The presence 
of a Bronze Age "beaker" in such a situation is partly explained in 
Vol. IV, p. 228, of our Collections. 



STONE SLEEPERS. 

Two stone sleepers, each measuring about 14^ inches by 13 inches 
and 9 inches high, from the old Surrey Iron Railway between Wands- 
worth and Croydon, the Act for making which was passed in 1801. 
The length of the main line was about 8 miles, but there was also 
a branch line to Hackbridge of 1 miles. The Act gave power to 
raise capital of 35,000 in shares of 100 each. The venture was 
a failure, and the "Surrey Iron Railway Company" was dissolved by 
Act in 1846. These two sleepers, which form an interesting link 
with the past, have been presented by the Grove Iron Works, 
Carshalton, through Dr. A. V. Peatling. 

F. H. ELSLEY. 



XII. 
THE SOCIETY'S COLLECTION OF DEEDS, ETC. 

The Society has received by gift from its member, Mr. C. T. Davies, 
three MS volumes relating to West Horsley ; one being an original 
copy of the Enclosure Award of 1818 while the other two are in 
the nature of a terrier of the Manor, giving very full information 
re-arding field names, occupants and so forth, for the period from 
1759 to 1831. It cannot be too much emphasised that the preservation 
of such manuscripts is a most important part of the duties of the 
Society, and one which it is very ready to discharge. 

Apart from Mr. Davies' presentation no additions to the Collection 
have been received since the accession of Lord Grantley s gift of 
deeds already recorded. It had been proposed to publish m the 



152 NOTES. 

present volume a complete series of abstracts of these deeds : but 
since no attempt at partial publication is practicable, owing to the 
fact that when the abstracts are all made they have to be arranged in 
chronological order (or in a combination of chronological and topo- 
graphical orders as may seem best upon fuller knowledge) ; since 
references, once assigned, cannot be altered without grave incon- 
venience ; since also the whole question of the practical administration 
of this side of the Society's activities is at present under consideration, 
it has been judged better to postpone again the publication of such a 
detailed list. Meanwhile we subjoin a general report. 

So far as the examination has been made, the deeds prove to be a 
miscellaneous collection of muniments of title dating for the most part 
from the 18th and first half of the 19th centuries, with a few stray 
documents of various dates as far back as 32 Elizabeth (i. e., 1590). 
A considerable number of them relate to several properties in Wonersh 
parish, and another considerable quantity to lands and tenements in 
Guildford, in the parishes of Holy Trinity, St. Mary the Virgin and 
St. Nicholas. Other places covered are Bramley, Albury, Ewhurst, 
Godalming, Shalford Clifford, Shalford Bradston, Betchworth and 
West Clandon, but this list is not to be looked upon as exhaustive. 
As regards personal names it would be useless at this stage to attempt 
a list even of representative examples, for in all probability a false 
impression would be given. It must suffice to remark that the list will 
prove extensive and varied, and in some cases will provide interesting 
family history. 

It is mentioned above that the deeds are a miscellaneous collection 
of muniments of title. A little further description may perhaps be 
desired. In the first place there are indentures of fines and exempli- 
fications of recoveries. Then there are probates and other copies of 
wills, letters of administration, deeds of bargain and sale, surrenders 
of copyhold tenements, copies of court rolls, and agreements of various 
kinds ; but the favourite form of conveyance used appears to be that 
by lease and release. Of subsidiary documents there are briefs for 
cases in Chancery, abstracts of Title, copies of Chancery Masters' 
reports, and documents relating to land-tax and its redemption. 

S. C. RATCLIFF. 



RECENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL PUBLICATIONS. 



[ The Editor will be glad to publish under this heading notices or 
reviews of new books either directly relating to the County 
or of general Archceological interest : communications may be 
addressed to him at the Castle Arch, Guildford.~\ 



It is only proper that we should begin these notes with a welcome 
to the fourth volume of the Victoria History of the County of Surrey, 
which appeared recently : we now wait anxiously for the Index. With 
this last exception the labours of the History so far as our County is 
concerned are ended ; and we have no doubt those of numerous local 
antiquaries, who will supplement (and perhaps correct occasionally) the 
material thus provided, have begun. We have some hope of printing 
here a general appreciation of the whole of the Surrey Volumes when 
Surrey Archaeology has had something like the time necessary for the 
critical study of so voluminous a work. 

GENERAL. A prominent place among modern Archaeological pub- 
lications must be assigned to Messrs. Methuen's series " The Anti- 
quary's Books." Of these the most recent, and not the least valuable 
to the Archaeologist, are two books by Mr. John Ward, F.S.A., The 
Roman Era in Britain and Romano-British Buildings and Earth- 
works : and one by the general editor of the series, Dr. J. C. Cox, 
F.S.A., on Churchwardens' Accounts from the 14th to the end of the 
17th century, which we particularly welcome as showing the great 
interest of these local records. We notice also a new edition of Mr. 
Hone's book on the Manor in the same series. 

Another valuable work upon Administrative History is published by 
the Cambridge Press in Dr. Ballard's Borough Charters 10421216, 
though Griiildford is the only Surrey borough included : while one of 
more purely historical interest, but similarly illustrating the value of 
original sources, is The Exchequer in the 12th Century by Dr. R. L. 
Poole, Keeper of the Archives at Oxford, a reprint of the lectures 
delivered by him as Ford Lecturer in 1911. 

The student of ORIGINAL SOURCES themselves will find abundant 
material in the recent official publications. Those most generally used 
by the Archaeologist are perhaps the Inquisitions Post Mortem. Of 
this calendar two volumes have been published within the past twelve 
months (Vols. IV and V), covering the years 12911307; so that the 
series is now complete from 1216 -1335. Among the Calendars of 



154 NOTICES OF RECENT BOOKS. 

Chancery Rolls, no fewer than three volumes of Edward Ill's Patent 
Rolls (1361 1370) have appeared since the beginning of 1912, while 
another (12661272) completes the reign of Henry III. Thus the 
whole series of Patent Rolls is now complete from 1216 1485, with 
the exception of the years 1370 1377. Other recent productions are 
three volumes of Close Rolls, two of Fine Rolls (the Archaeological 
interest of which is generally underrated) and one of Charter Rolls. 
A new departure is the volume of Chancery If oils (Various) for 
1277 1326, which includes Scutage Rolls, Welsh Rolls and Supple- 
mentary Close Rolls. Another new departure is the first volume 
(1385 1618) of a Calendar of Papers drawn from the archives of 
Milan ; which at least has plenty to say about the family of Howard. 
There are also to be mentioned a new Papal Register volume (1431 
1447) and a Spanish one (1547 1549) : other new volumes of the 
State Paper Class are a Colonial volume (1702) and a Treasury one 
(1679, 1680) ; while we note also the appearance of a new volume of 
the House of Lords' Manuscripts (1704 1706) and a new (Colonial) 
volume from the Privy Council Office. We must not omit, finally, 
several new volumes from the Historical Manuscripts Commission, 
notably a fifth volume of the Stuart Papers at Windsor. 

The various RECORD SOCIETIES have not been dealing much with 
Surrey lately : the Harleian Society's latest publications are a Visita- 
tion of Warwickshire and Staffordshire Pedigrees : the British Record 
Society has been occupied with Taunt on Wills. But the Canterbury 
and York Society have produced the earliest volume of Winchester 
Episcopal Registers: and this will, we understand, be issued also by 
the Surrey Record Society as an extra volume. 

Unconnected again with Surrey, but of interest as important enter- 
prises, are two other recent publications, one of the Royal Historical 
Society and one of the Selden Society : the former is a John of 
Gaunt' s Register from 1372 1376, edited by S. Armitage Smith; 
the latter, a new departure for the Selden Society, consists of Select 
Charters of English Trading Companies 1530 1707, edited by 
C. T. Carr. 

Other Record-printing Societies are happily so numerous that we 
cannot mention them all : but in this connection we may note that 
members of the neighbouring county of Sussex have set our newly- 
formed Record Society a praiseworthy example of energy in issuing 
two volumes each this year and last. Their regular publications are 
Inquisitions Post Mortem 14851649 (for 1912) and Star Chamber 
Proceedings 1485 1558 (for 1913) : their extra volumes for these 
two years have been the registers of Bolney and Ardingly respectively. 

OTHER PERIODICALS. In the transactions of the Royal Historical 
Society for 1911 is an interesting paper by Mr. H. E. Maiden, who 
needs no introduction to members of this Society, on the possession 
of Cardigan Priory by Chertsey Abbey, and the very curious charters 
connected with it. 



NOTICES OF RECENT BOOKS. 155 

Here and in other periodicals we notice various papers, not relating 
to our county, though written by members of this Society. 

From a similar point of view, and bearing in mind our own Museum 
at Guildford, we may perhaps mention an interesting pamphlet which 
we have received from Lord Sudely, being a reprint of letters from 
various papers and other matter relating to the Public Utility of 
Museums : the subject is approached from the point of view of the 
larger museums, but the suggestion that every Museum ought to 
" have at intervals short floor lectures given free of charge," is one 
very worthy of consideration on all grounds. 

Turning to the subject of EXCAVATIONS, we find mentioned in the 
Report of the Committee on Ancient Earthworks and Fortified Enclo- 
sures (June 1912), the work of the Croydon Natural History Society 
at Clielsham and the successful efforts of Dr. Gardner, our Weybridge 
secretary, and others, in preventing the threatened encroachments on 
St. George's Hill, Weybridge. Among the work now being done 
in other counties may be specially mentioned the excavations of the 
Woolwich Antiquarian Society at Lesnes Abbey, of the Somersetshire 
Archaeological Society at Glastonbury Abbey, and of the Rev. C. E. 
Laing at Bardney Abbey in Lincolnshire. We have received printed 
and illustrated notices of all these. It is to be hoped that our members 
will take the opportunity of seeing for themselves the work undertaken 
by the Society of Antiquaries at Salisbury, by joining in the Special 
Excursion to that place in September 1913. 

The most noticeable of recent books on this subject of excavation 
are the two already mentioned, by Mr. Ward. A matter which has 
been inspiring more publishing lately is MILITARY ARCHITECTURE. 
We may notice especially Mrs. E. S. Armitage's work on Early 
Norman Castles which contains a valuable catalogue of Early Norman 
Castles in England, reprinted with additions from the English His- 
torical ficview. The Castles of England and Wales, by Mr. H. A. 
Evans (Methuen), consists of detailed studies of particular castles. 
Mr. A. Hamilton Thompson's Military Architecture in England 
during the Middle Ages (Clarendon Press), while dealing with the 
general theory of castle building, is fully illustrated from particular 
castles, though Surrey readers would wish for a fuller treatment of 
Guildford. English Medieval Architecture as a whole is outlined 
by Mr. Cyril E. Power for Messrs. Talbot's series of Antiquaries' 
Primers. 

GENERAL ARCHITECTURE. A more comprehensive work comes 
from Messrs. Batsford, for whom Mr. H. H. Statham, F.R.I.B.A., 
in A Short Critical History of Architecture, covers all dates from 
the earliest times to the present. Among specialised works we have 
Mr. A. T. Bolton's Jacobean Architecture and the Work of Inigo 
Jones in his Earlier Style, being articles reprinted from The Builder ; 
and a work on a very much larger scale, Porches and Fonts, by Mr. 
J. C. Wall (Wells, Gardner, Dalton & Co.), with 150 illustrations. 



156 NOTICES OF RECENT BOOKS. 

Mr. Hamilton Thompson's The Ground Plan of the English Parish 
Church and The Historical Growth of the English Parish Church 
(which we notice further below) form two useful additions to the 
" Cambridge Manuals," one of the best of those series of shilling 
primers which are so prominent in modern publishers' lists. 

Mr. L. A. Slmfirey's The English Fireplace, a sumptuous work 
from Messrs. Batsford, with 130 plates and 200 illustrations in the 
text, brings us near to the subject of GENERAL ANTIQUITIES. 

In this section we notice from the Cambridge Press an Account of 
Mediceval Figure Sculpture in England, by E. S. Prior, F.S.A., the 
Slade Professor of Fine Art, and Arthur Gardner, F.S.A. From 
Messrs. Methuen we have The Armourer and his Craft, by C. ffoulkes, 
F.S.A., Curator of the Armouries in the Tower of London, a splendid 
quarto A'olume, with 32 plates and 69 diagrams. Another most useful 
work which may be included under this heading is Mr. Walter John- 
son's Byways in British Archeology (Cambridge University Press). 
This deals in particular with the survival of popular beliefs and 
customs in church building and burial, the illustrations being drawn 
from all parts of England and Wales ; and though Surrey is not given 
a very prominent place, the author has collected some interesting 
statistics on the subject of yews in Surrey churchyards, among which 
he makes special mention of the fine specimen at Newlands Corner. 

Under the heading of TOPOGRAPHY comes a work by the same 
author on a Surrey subject, Wimbledon Common : its Geology, 
Antiquities, and Natural History. Mr. Hilaire Belloc's recent work 
on The Stane Street is also of interest to Surrey readers, since this 
Roman road from Chichester to London passes through Surrey. An- 
other work on local history, Mr. Lambert's History of Banstcad is 
reviewed in detail below ; and the same remark applies to Dr. 
Fairbank's Churches of Wotton, Abinger avid Oakwood. Finally, 
we have to mention two other local histories locally produced which, 
we understand, will appear shortly and which we shall hope to review 
on a future occasion. One is Byegone Haslemere, an undertaking 
in which our Local Secretary for that district has had a prominent 
part; the other deals with Ewell a Memoriale of 1408 containing, 
we are informed, a very early custumal and a contemporary description 
of 48 furlongs in Common Fields. 

Among the most noticeable of recent SMALLER LOCAL PUBLICA- 
TIONS, are the liev. J. K. Floyer's History of St. George's Church, 
Esher (a very interesting and compact account which, it is hardly 
necessary to say, Mr. Floyer is particularly qualified to write and 
which is well illustrated), Mr. E. A. Chandler's Notes on Witley, 
and Mr. G. H. Sharp's Short Account of Great Bookham Church. 
Mr. Lindley Latham's Ancient Churches round Croydon has been 
reprinted from the Croydon Guardian, and Mr. C. T. Davis' articles 
on The Mills and Mealmen of Wandsworth, Famous Duels on 
Wimbledon Common, and Some Ancient Houses of Wandswortk are 



NOTICES OF RECENT BOOKS. 157 

among the Penny Series of " Boro' News Handbooks " reprinted from 
that journal. Another member of this Society, Mr. J. A. Randolph, 
has an . interesting article on Some Surrey "inns in the " Cyclists' 
Touring Club Gazette" for August 1912, 'and Notes on the Parish 
of Walton on the Hill are continued by yet another, Mr. W. P. D. 
Stebbing, in the Walton Parish Magazine. We hope to see these last 
collected, like the late Mr. Samuel Wood's Mickleham Records, which 
were published some time ago with added chapters by Mr. A. Gordon 
Pollock. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY. It is certainly no easy matter to keep in touch 
with the constantly increasing volume of Archaeological publication 
dealing even with a single county such as ours ; and we are glad to 
see that the Minet Public Library (Camberwell) has issued a list of 
Additions (1910-12) to the Supplement (1910) of their full Catalogue 
of Works relating to Surrey in that Library. 

Very important, also, is the annual Index of Archaeological Papers 
which has now reached the year 1908, It has, we regret to see, been 
advanced in cost to Is. : but at this price so valuable a work of 

reference is still cheap. 

R. L. A. 



History of Banstead in Surrey. By H. C. M. Lambert, C.B. 
Oxford University Press. 1912. 

We noticed with very great pleasure the favourable and long review 
given to this book in the columns of the Spectator, as to a work 
of general educational value and importance. We have frequently 
advocated, both here and elsewhere, the writing of Local Histories 
by persons locally interested as often, at as great length, and with 
as much exact detail as circumstances will permit ; and this for various 
reasons. The most obvious advantage of such publications is that their 
writers have precisely that impulse of personal interest and that back- 
ground of traditional knowledge which are apt to fail the general writer 
upon topographical and economic history when he is set down to study 
the topography and the economic development of one small place. 

It may, of course, be said that research upon so minute a scale 
becomes a hobby rather than a scientific work of general interest. We 
do not agree with this. History, in the sense in which it was formerly 
understood, is almost a written-out subject, at least so far as England 
is concerned. It is being replaced by a series of specialised researches 
into every department of Historical interest, from Castles to Agricultural 
Conditions, from Place names to Peerage History : 'Antiquities,' in a 
word, are reappearing as * Historical Evidences.' What will be the 
nature of the New History which will synthesise all this specialised 
work is a question still unsettled : possibly that new growth, Economic 
History, when it comes to years of discretion, will fill the gap. Mean- 
while the historical writer in England, whatever line or department he 
may follow, is faced with a mass of evidence literally appalling : the 



158 NOTICES OF RECENT BOOKS. 

material evidences are bad enough, they are so scattered ; the written 
ones are infinitely worse, because, covering as they do the records (or 
written remains) of every branch of administration public, semi- 
public, or private in perhaps the most administered country that has 
ever existed, they present in the mere sortation of, or selection from, 
their contents for any given purpose an almost incredibly difficult task. 

It is here that works such as this by Mr. Lambert are pre-eminently 
useful ; and here, we conceive, that the ultimate justification of an 
Archasological Society's active work may be found. Local patriotism 
and interest become the moving and enabling cause of the publication 
of material in an indexed, classified, easily available form : immediately, 
such work interests the writer and a comparatively small circle of 
persons with similar tastes ; ultimately, if it is done with accuracy, 
minuteness, and not too great an intrusion of the compiler's personality, 
it forms a training ground for students and, more important, a summary 
of evidence, a quarry, for the future historian for, as Maitland said, 
" the great man when he comes." 

We have dwelt at some length upon what we take to be the 
standards of A^alue in such works because Mr. Lambert's strikes us 
as fulfilling them in a remarkable degree. It remains to illustrate our 
points from his book. Its scope may best be described in an extract 
from his preface : 

" The following pages," he says, " are an attempt to sketch the 
" history of a Surrey parish which, though it goes back to Saxon 
" times, is not in any way remarkable. The method adopted has 
" been to give a brief historical introduction, followed by a series 
" of documents in chronological order from Domesday Book to our 
" own time, elucidated by notes " : 

and again, 

" Contemporary documents often suggest more questions than 
" they answer. But they at least possess for the historian a value 
" which, if they are faithfully presented, is permanent, and the 
" facts which they contain, however fragmentary, must help to 
" throw light on many problems with which the editor is not 
" himself capable of dealing." 

This last is not merely modesty on the author's part, but a comment 
of considerable importance ; because the general significance of several 
of the classes of mediaeval administrative documents which he uses 
(for instance, Subsidies) still awaits definitive treatment. 

Following these lines, Mr. Lambert gives us in his Introduction a 
general view of those events in national which we might expect to 
find reflected in manorial, or parish, history ; combined with comments 
upon some of the more interesting items of local information which 
emerge from the various sources he has used. There follow 200 pages 
of almost solid material literal translations of original documents, or, 
in the case of English ones, transcripts, with only so much of the 
Author's excellent notes as suffices to introduce or elucidate them. 
The early ones of these are taken from the Public Record Office, 



NOTICES OF RECENT BOOKS. 159 

supplemented by strays in the British Museum, the later from 
various public, semi-public, or private manuscript sources, and from 
printed books : in nearly (not, we are afraid, quite) all cases an exact 
reference to their present place of deposit is given. We cannot 
resist the temptation to transcribe a list : there are printed here, in 
extract or complete, the Domesday Survey (1086); Manorial Ac- 
counts of 12751277; an extent of the manor in 1325; assessment 
tor the Lay Subsidy of 1332; manorial accounts, 13631369; a 
lease of 1370; building accounts c. 1370; the Court Roll of 1378; 
Petitions of the Tenants to Henry V; an assignment of dower to the 
widow of the lord of the manor (1432) ; the Court Roll, 1489 ; a Lay 
Subsidy, 1525; Valor Ecclesiasticus, 1535; Accounts of Henry VIII's 
Officials in 1540 ; a List of Goods and Ornaments of Ban stead' Church 
in the time of Edward VI; a Rent Roll of the Manor in 1598; 
Subsidy Roll, 1622 ; Presentation of a Vicar by Richard Cromwell, 
1658 ; Hearth Tax, 1663 ; Survey of the Manor, 1680 ; Aubrey's 
Description of Banstead ; A Churchwarden's Accounts, 1691 ; the 
Parish Accounts of Churchwardens and Overseers about 1730 ; 
Accounts of the Land Tax, 1780 ; Descriptions of Banstead by 
Edwards (1801) and Manning (1809) ; the Report of the Commission 
to inquire into Charities, 1825 ; an Appeal for Funds for Restoring 
the Church, 1864 : an Annual Ace unit of Banstead National School 
in 1865 (just before the passing of the Elementary Education Act) ; 
and the Population Statistics of 1801 1911. 

Then we have an excellent map, based on the tithe-map of 1841 
(presumably taken from one at the Board of Agriculture) with ex- 
haustive historical notes upon the place-names in alphabetical order a 
list which is supplemented later by a good subject index and an index 
of personal names. And finally there is a considerable Appendix, in 
which Mr. Lambert (very wisely, in view of the many debateable 
points which occur in any mediaeval manorial record) gives us a 
number of his documents in their original Latin with the extensions 
carefully indicated. 

It would be difficult to imagine a better selected series of illustrations 
or a more interesting one. We strongly commend the book to the 
reading of many of our Members and, we hope, the imitation of a few. 

H. J. 



The Churches of Wotton, Abinger and Oakwood in the County 
of Surrey. By F! R. Fairbank, M.D., F.S.A. Printed for private 
circulation. 1911. 

We have always welcomed the efforts of the antiquary to describe 
in print the interesting objects of his own particular locality ; more 
especially can we do so when the antiquary is of such sound judgment 
and proved knowledge as Dr. Fairbank. Coming from him this little 
book is naturally free from the nonsense which too often is wont to 
disfigure the work of the merely local antiquary, and will be a valuable 
companion to anyone visiting these three interesting churches. Of 



160 NOTICES OF RECENT BOOKS. 

them the description given to Wotton is by far the longest. Much 
of it has been re-written from the article by Dr. Fairbank which 
appeared in onr Vol. XVII, but it has been considerably expanded, 
and a very complete account is now given of the monuments in the 
Evelyn mortuary chapel and of some of the principal ones in the 
churchyard. Dr. Fairbank is able to parallel the terms of the curious 
Glanvill bequest with those of a somewhat similar one at Usington 
in South Devon, the recipients of the latter being however aged 
persons instead of the boys at Wotton. The illustrations are generally 
well chosen and well reproduced. Some of those of Wotton have 
already appeared in our pages, but we are glad to see in addition the 
excellent ones of the Evelyn monuments. It is a pity, however, that 
the useful example of giving a ground plan of the church at Wotton 
was not followed in the case of Abi tiger and Oakwood, and the 
reproduction of the exquisite little brass in the last-named church 
would have gained in completeness had the inscription been added. 
As it is, two misprints occur in the transcript of this which appear in 
the text, the name being wrongly quoted as Ed \vardu s de la Hales 
and the date as 1381 instead of 14;>1. 

M. S. (jr. 



Surrey. By George F. Bosworth. 1909. Cambridge County 
Geographies. 

This small book, which we regret not to have seen earlier, gives an 
account of the history, antiquities, architecture, and physical and 
industrial characteristics of Surrey. The series appears to be planned 
with a double object. Thus the present volume is primarily intended 
for school use, and should prove of great value in quickening Surrey 
children's interest in their own county. As Archseologists, we are glad 
to think that keeping pace with the widening, by research, of the 
higher historical, topographical, and geographical studies, the school 
subject of geography should also be enlarged or modified to include 
topographical history and simple Archaeology ; that this cannot fail 
to be attractive and highly educational to children ; and that every 
school should use the Cambridge County Geography of its own county. 
Teachers, on the other hand, may find that the book under considera- 
tion contains too much information of a rather scrappy order. But it 
is just this character which enables it to fulfil its second purpose that 
of being useful to the general reader, who will find many notes of 
interest and worth in a short and simple form. The first of the 
objects referred to seems to us infinitely more important than the 
second, which is largely met by other books : so that personally we 
cannot help regretting the duality. 

The information is generally accurate and up to date. There are 
two excellent maps (one geological), and some good photographs ; and 
a number of pen-and-ink sketches would have been delightful had not 

so many been rather flat. -^ TVT -o 

Ji<. 1YL. x>. 



NOTICES OF RECENT BOOKS. 161 

The Ground Plan of the English Parish Church, and The Historical 
Growth of the English Parish Church. By A. Hamilton Thompson, 
M.A., F.S.A. Cambridge Manuals of Science and Literature. 

These two little volumes are complementary to one another, and con- 
tinuity of treatment is secured by the fact that they are both the work 
of the same able pen. For a subject so wide in scope, and so limited 
in treatment by the question of space, power of selection is a quality 
more needed in the writer than even scholarship. But here we have 
a happy admixture of both, enabling the lay mind (for which the 
work is primarily intended) to follow with intelligence the growth and 
developments as well of our great cathedrals as of our smallest and least 
important parish churches. 

In the first volume our writer traces with skill the continuity of 
the history of church buildings ; beginning with the old chinch 
of St. Peter, Rome, built on the Basilican plan by Constantino the 
Great. Examples are widely drawn from Continental as well as 
English sources, and the reader greatly helped by ground plans of 
various churches referred to in the text : it is merely a passing matter 
of regret that we have found no illustrative mention in either of the 
volumes of a Surrey church. In the second volume the historical 
conditions under which our English churches have developed is dealt 
with. In a specially suggestive chapter on the Chantry Chapel, it is 
not perhaps captious to take exception to a statement (p. 27) that 
" rectors in the 14th and loth centuries were frequently non-residents 
" or pluralists, whose real business lay in attending on the king in the 
" Chancery or Exchequer" ; there, we think, our author is, for once, 
distinctly misleading. This second volume, whose general interest is 
more obvious than its predecessor's, is completed by a very useful 
bibliographical note. In conclusion, we congratulate Mr. Thompson 
on having provided the novice with the specialised knowledge of the 
experts not only in a digestible, but also, which is more unusual, in 
a palatable form. A V J 



VOL. XXVI, M 






INDEX TO "VOL. XXVI. 



A. 



Abernon, Sir John d' (I), his brass, 26 
Abinger church, Dr. Fairbank's work on, 

159 

Acock, Mr., builder, 1 
Addington church, brass, 12 note 
Adoration of the Shepherds, as subject of 

brass, 74 

Albens, collection for, 101 
Albury, deeds relating to, 152 

visit of the Society to, ix 

Alcock, Alice, 5 

John, 5 

Alconbury cum Weston (Hunts.), 102 
Alisaunder, plant, 47 

Alygh. John, 30. See also Lee and Leigh 
Anglo-Saxon burials, Coulsdon, 140 

church, Rochester, 125 note 

hall, Nyetimber, 1 28 

Antiquaries, Society of : their collection of 

brass rubbings, 2, 12, 54, 77 

excavations by, 155 

Appleyard family arms, 10 

, 10, 11 

Elizabeth, 10 

Apprenticeships founded, 113 115 
Apsley, Dorothy, 65, 66 
Arclueological Papers, Index of, 157 

Societies, 23rd annual congress of, xv 

use of their work, 1 58 

Archeology, Byways in British, by W. 

Johnson, 156 

Arches, Court of, libel case in, 81, 83 - 85 
Architecture, English Mediaeval, by C. E. 

Power, 155 
notices of books on, 155. See also 

Fetcham church ; Military Architecture ; 

and Stoke d'Abernon church 
Ardingly (Sussex), parish registers, 154 
Aries, coins struck at, 136 
Armitage, Mrs. E. S., her work on Early 

Norman Castles, 155 
Armour (1449), 54, 55; (1465), 11, 12; 

(c. 1480), 27; (1497), 35, 36 ; (1532), 6; 

(1550). 75 ? 76 ; (1553), 45, 46 
Armourer, The, and his Craft, by C. 

ffoulkes, 156 
Art, Ecclesiastical. See Adoration of the 

Shepherds, Assumption, Christ, Trinity 
Ashton on Mersey (Lanes.), 102 
Assumption as subject of embroidery, 90 



Aucher family arms, 15, 16, 18, 19, 44 
Audley's cavalry, 148 
Augustus, find of coin of, 135 
Austen, George, 144, 145 
Lt.-Col. Godwin, re-elected to Coun- 
cil, xi, xii 



B. 



Bacheler, Richard, 142 

Bachford, collection for, 102 

Baldwyn, Lord, 97 

Ballard, Dr., his Borough Charters, 153 

Bamptons, collection for, 101 

Banbery, Benjamin, 140 

Jane, 140 

Banstead, Human Remains found at, Xote 

on, by H. Lambert, 147 

Park Downs, 147 

Wood, 148 

Banstead, H. C. M. Lambert's History of, 

157, 158 
Bardney Abbey (Lines.), excavations at, 

155 
Barnes, Richard, 111 

William, 108 

Barnstaple (Devon), seamen from, 105 
Barret (Baret), Constance, 65, 66 

Dorothy, 65, 66 

Edmund, 65, 66 ; his brass, 65, 66 

Edward, 66 

Francis, 66 

John, 65, 66, 111 

Margaret, 66 

Mary, 66 

Robert, 65, 66 

Ruth, 65, 66 

Thomas, his brass, 65, 66 

Barton, Henry, curate of Lingfield, charge 

of libel against, 81, 8385 
Barford, 103 

Bave, James and Kateline, their brass, 22 
BAX, A. RIDLEY, Note on the Needier 

family, by, 140 
Beddington, rector of, 101 

tenements in, 118 

Beer in churchwardens' accounts, 109, 110 

Bell-ringing. See Thanksgivings 

Bellfeild, Francis, 119 

Belloc, Hilaire, his Stane Street, 156 

Belosys, Dr., 97 

Benson, William, chaplain, 24 



INDEX. 



163 



Berkshire. See Moreton, South, and New- 

bury 
Betchworth, deeds relating to, 152 

Note on finds at, by H. E. MALDEN, 

Park, 150 [149 

Beverley (Yorks.), 101 

Bewdley (Worcs.), 102 

Bibliography. See under Surrey 

Bideford (Devon), 105 

Bigley, George, his will (1558), 76 

Black, Widow, 109 

Blackbnrne, Rev. A. S. P., rector of Stoke 

d'Abernon, 122, 128, 133 
Blackheath (near Guildford), urn found 

at, 150 
Blackwell family arms, 19 

Sence, 1720 

William, town clerk of London, 18, 20 

Blakesley, William, 103 
Blechingley (Bletchingley), 97 

church : figure of the Trinity at, 62 

M.P. for, 30 

Blundell, , 94 

Bolbett, Edward, 96. See also Bowett 
Bolney (Sussex), parish registers, 154 
Bolton, A. T., his work on architecture, 

155 

Bonnyoke, Peter, 98 
Bookham, Great, church, G. H. Sharp's 

Account of, 156 

Borough Charters, by Dr. Ballard, 153 
Bosham (Sussex) church, 128 
Boss, Benjamin, 115 
Bosworth, G. F., his Surrey Geography, 

160 

Bowett, Edward, 95. See also Bolbett 
Bowyar (Bowyer) family arms, 15, 16 

Anne, 17 

Edmund, 146 

Elizabeth, 44 ; her brass, 1417, 19 

Joan, 17 

John, 17, 44 ; his brass, 1417, 19 

Boys (Bois) family arms, 15, 16, 79 

Alice, 17 

Anthony, rector of Coulsdon, his 

brass, 79 

Malin, 79, 80 ; her brass, 80 

Richard, 17 

Thomas, 79 ; his brass, 80 

Brabant family arms, 15, 16 

Alice, 17 

Joan, 17 

William, 17 

Bradmore, 101 

Bramley, deeds relating to, 152 

Brasses, Monumental, in Surrey, by MILL 

STEPHENSON, B.A., 180 

erasure of precatory clauses, 12 

Flemish, 2022 

losses of, 4, 5 

palimpsest, 1113, 2022, 56, 60, 62, 

63, 73, 75, 76 



M 



Brasses, purloined, 1, 34 

rubbings and drawings by J. G. 

Waller, 2, 12 
Brecon. See Builth 
Brenchley (Kent), 102 
Brent, , 31 

Joan, 31 

Bretynghurst family arms, 7, 10 

-, -, 10 

Margaret, 10 

Bridges and Waterways. See under Surrey 
Bridges, local contributions to, 119 
Bridlington (Burlington, Yorks.), 105 
Briefs for collections, Carshalton, 100103 
Bristol, Kedcliffe church, 102 

passengers to, 105 

British Camp, Weybridge, x 

Record Society's publications, 

trackway, Camberwell, 149 [154 

Broadbridge (Hants.), 104 
Brocas family arms, 79 

Bennet, his brass, 78 

Cicely, her brass, 78 

Brompton's, N m , 101 

Bronze Age relics in the Society's Mu- 
seum, 150 

Broseley (Salop), 101 
Browne ( Brown), Hugh, 146 

William, vicar of Horley, 134 

Bruges (Flanders), brasses at, 22 

Buckinghamshire. See Chalfont St. Peter 

Builth (Bealt, co. Brecon), 101 

Buke, William, 30 

Burchitt, Thomas, 143 

Buredge, Mr., Ill 

Burgh, Lady, 97 

Burial, forms of, 148, 150, 151 

Burlington. See Bridlington 

Burrish, Edward, 100 

Burt, John, 144 

Burton family arms, 39, 41 

Henry, 3941 

Joan, her brass, 37, 3941 

Buscarlet, Mrs. Bower, 121, 122, 133 
Buxton, , Widow, 111 

Mary, 109 

Byne (Byns, Bynd) ; Henry, 105, 111, 119 

churchwarden of Carshalton, 118 

Byrch, John, and his family, 106 



C. 

Cade, Mr., curate in charge, Carshalton, 

100, 101 

Gallant, James, 117 
Camberwell church, brasses, 124 

fire at, 1 

Grove Lane, 149 

Minet Public Library, 157 

Roman pot found at, 149 

vicar, 24 

2 



164 



INDEX. 



112 



Cambridge County Geographies, 160 
Canaries, The, passengers from, 106 
Canterbury, Dean of, his Lambeth pro- 
perty, 146 

and York Society's publications, 154 

Capel church, brasses, 25 
Carausius, coin of, 138 
Cardigan, 102 

Priory, Mr. MALDEN'S paper on, 154 

Carew family arms, 45, 47 

Anne, 80 

Sir Francis, 80 

Sir Nicholas, 80 

Carleton (Carlton) Edward, 111, 

brass of (1618), 68 ; (1663), 69 

Josias, 118 

Carr, C. T., his Charters of 

Trading Companies, 154 
Carshalton : the Boleyn Well, 119 

charities. See Fellowes 

Chil worth gunpowder works, 118 

church : north aisle, 113, 114 ; belfry, 

116; bell-ringing, 117; brasses. 2644; 

burials in, 30, 31, 39, 118 ; chest, 116; 

clock, 110 ; collections made at, 100 

120 ; figure of Our Lady of Pity, 35, 

37 ; gallery, 117 ; pews, 113, 114, 117 ; 

plate, 116; rates, 110, 111, 115, 116; 

repairs, 115, 116; royal arms, 117; 

vaults, 113, 114 ; N.B. window, 114 
churchwardens, 100, 107, 111, 112, 

116, 118 

churchyard, 115, 116 

copper mills, 111, 115 

Court lodge house, 111 

curate, 100, 101 

Grove Iron Works, 151 

headborough, 104 

Honey wood Walk, 119 

hunting at, 117 

inns: "The Greyhound," 111,119; 

" The Bunch of Grapes," 111 

overseers of the poor, 105 107, 119 

parish clerk, 110 

register, 1 16 

parsonage, 111 

ponds, 119 

poor house, 106, 107 

relief, 104109 

Queen's Well," 119 

ratepayers (1707), 111 

rector, 41 

roads, 119, 120 

Vestry Book, Notes from a, by Miss 

HILDA FOSBERY, 100120 

vicar, 32, 34, 41, 42, 101, 110112 

Castles, works upon, 155 
Cater, Mr., Ill, 120 

John, 111, 112 

Cawarden (Garden, Caurden, Cawrden), 

Sir Thomas, 82, 9193, 96 
Chalfont St. Peter (Bucks.), 102 



Chambers, Mary, 22 

Chandler, E. A., his Notes on Witley, 156 

Chapman, John, surveyor of Crown lands, 

Surrey, 142145 
Charles I : clerk of the wardrobe to, 65, 

66 ; sergeant of the wine-cellar to, 65, 

66 

Charles Street, collection for, 102 
Charlwood church: brasses, 44 51; the 

Saunder chapel, 48 
Charrington, Arthur F., re-elected to 

Council, xi, xii 
Chatham (Kent), 105 
Chatteris (Cambs.), collections for, 101, 

103 
Cheam church : brasses, 51 67 ; burials 

in, 57, 60, 65 ; Fromond or Petre chapel, 

57, 64 ; figure of the Trinity, 6163 ; 

the Lumley chapel, 51 

parson of, 59, 67 

Chertsey Abbey, visit of the Society to, xv 

Abbot of, and Cobham bridge, 141 

Birchett Wood, 145 

bridge, contribution to, 119 

church : brasses in, 67 70 ; visit of 

the Society to, xv 

Cheshire. See Kirby, Minshull and Ncsson 
Chipstead church : brass, 70 
Ch obb am church : brasses, 71, 72 ; burial 

in, 72 

lands in, 72 

Christ, embroidered image of, 91 
Church, collections made in. See Carshalton 
Church goods, books : antiphoners, 91 ; 

legendary, 91 ; chalices, 91 ; cross, 91 ; 

grayles, 91; patens, 91; pix, 91; spoons, 

91 

vestments : copes, 91. See also Cos- 
tume, Ecclesiastical 
materials of vestments, "bawdkyn," 

90, 91 ; cloth of gold, 91 ; damask, 90 ; 

satin, 91 ; say, 90 ; silk, 90; velvet, 90, 

91 
materials of plate, etc. : enamel, 91 ; 

silver, 91 ; silver gilt, 91 

commissioner for, 48 

Churches, English Parish, Notice of A. 

Hamilton Thompson's books on, 156, 

161 

Churchman, Thomas, 38 
Churchwardens, appointment of, 111 

Accounts, Dr. Cox's work on, 153 

Carshalton, 100120 

Cinerary urns found in Surrey, 148 150 
Claudon, West, church: piscina, 133 

deeds relating to, 152 

Clapham church : brasses, 72, 73 
Clapham Common, Old Houses, Note on, 

by H. J., 147 

way to Lambeth from, 146 

Clark, Lt.-Col. C. A. Gordon, re-elected to 

Council, xi 



INDEX. 



165 



Claudius II, coins of, 136, 138 

Cliddesden (Hants.), 72 

Clifford, Robert, 30, 31 

Clinch, Mr. George, 41 

Clopton, John, collection for, 101 

Clynkerdg, Conrt, 143 

Cobham (Coveham), bailiwick of the 

manor, 76, 77 

bridge, repair of, 141 

church : Adoration of the Shepherds. 

74 ; brasses, 7377 ; burial in, 76 

Park Farm, urn found at, 150 

Cobham, Lord, his arms, 91 

Cock, Richard, 144 

Cockermouth (Cumberland), 102 

Coins, finds of, at Ewell, Notes on, 135 

139, 148 

Colchester (Essex), 103 
Colepeper. See Culpeper 
Colte, Joan, her brass, 28 note 
Compton church : brasses, 77 79 ; piscina, 

133 
Compton, Joan, her hrass, 57, 58 

John, his brass, 57, 58 

Connor, Mr. A. B., 41 
Constans, coin of, 136 
Constantino 1, coins of, 136, 138 
Constantine period, coins of, 136 138 
Constantius I, coin of, 136 
Conys, John, 143 

Cook, Captain James, house of, 147^ 
Cooper, Rev.T. S., re-elected to Council, xii 
Corderey, John, Abbot of Chertsey, 142 
Cornwall. See Falmouth 
Cornwall, Captain, his son, 103 
Coronation of Queen of Henry VII, 30 
Costume, ecclesiastical (1493), 32, 33; 

(1510), 75, 76. See also Church goods 
female (1470), 55. 57 ; (1480). 28 ; 

(1497), 35, 36 ; (1500), 62, 63 ; (1508), 

78; (1524), 39, 40; (1532), 68; 

(1542), 60, 61 ; (1553), 45. 46 ; (1570), 

15, 17, 18; (1614), 70 
male (1390), 52, 53 ; (1450). 57, 58 ; 

(1459), 59; (1480), 27; (1497), 2; 

(1499), 3, 4; (1500), 62, 63; (1508), 

78; (1532), 6-8; (1542), 60; (1553), 

45, 46 ; (1570), 14, 15, 17, 18 
Coulsdon : advowson, 80 
Animal Remains and Saxon Burials 

found near, Note on, by Sir J. M. Moodie, 

church brasses, 79, 80 [139 

rectors, 79, 80 

Courtenay family arms, 55 57 
Cowper/Elizabeth, her brass, 25 

Richard, 25 

Sir Richard, 25 

Sarah, her brass, 25 

Cox, Dr. J. C., his Churchwardens' 1 Ac- 
counts, 153 
CEAIB, THEODORE. Lingfield College, by, 

81 99 ; transcript by, 134 



Crespigny, Sir Claude Champion de, 149 

Crest on monumental hrass, 45, 47 

Crockford, Henry, 144 

John, 144 

Crowhurst (Sussex), 97 

Croydon, Ancient Churches round, by 
Lindley Latham, 156 

Croydon Guarlian, reprints from, 156, 
157 

Croydon, railway from, 1 51 

Crucifixion, image of the, 91 

Culpeper (Colepeper), , Mr., 86 

Dr. Edward, Master of Lingfield Col- 
lege, 81 85, 9J 93 

Jasper, 86 

John, 92, 93 

Thomas, 91 

Cumberland. See Cockermouth 



I). 



Dally, Robert, 103 

Danester. John, 141 

Darlington (Durham), 102 

Davies, Rev. G. S. and Mrs., entertain the 

Society, ix 
Davis, C. T., his articles in the Croydon 

Guardian, 156 ; gift to the Society 

from, 151 

(Davys), Widow, 106. 109 

Day, Widow, 107 

Deacon, Thomas, 143 

Deal (Kent), 80 

Deeds, Collection of. See under Surrey 

Archaeological Society 
Denmark, passengers from, 105 
Denys, Henry, 60 

Margery, 60 

Michael, 60 ; his brass, 59 ; his will, 

60 

Philip, 60 

Richard, 60 

Thomas, 60 

Sir Thomas, 60 

Devon. See Barnstaple, Bideford, Haley, 

Heavitree. Shaldon. Teignmouth, Torr- 

ington, Usington and Walton. 
Dewy, Mrs., Ill 

Josias, 118 ; his will, 118 

Dicon, Digon. See Dycon 

Ditton, Thames, church, piscina 

Donne, Thomas, 142 

Dorking, Cotmandene, 149 

Note on finds at, by H. E. 

MALDEN, 149 
Dorset, cinerary urns found in, 150 ; and 

see Poole 
Dove family arms, 21 

John, 20 

Margaret, her brass, 1, 2022 

Dover (Kent), 105 



166 



INDEX. 



Draper family arms, 15, 16, 18, 19, 44 

Bennet, 44 

Elizabeth, 1417, 20, 44 

Matthew, 1720, 44 ; his brass, 17 

19 

Eobert, 16, 17, 20, 44 

Sence, her brass, 1720 

Drewey, John, 118 

Druce, G. C., re-elected to Council, xii 

Drnry, Ellen, 109 

Dublin, brass in, 37 note 

Duels on Wimbledon Common, article on, 

156 

Durant church, collection for, 103 
Durham co. See Darlington 
During (Duringe), George, 100, 103 

Philip, 103 

Dursley (Glos.), collection for, 102 

Dybbes, Richard, 143 

Dycon (Dicon, Digon), Richard, 86, 96 

Digon, Thomas. 96 

Dydlesdon, John, 144 



E. 



Earde. See Yerde 

Earth-works, Report of the Committee on, 

155 

Weybridge camp, x 

Easter sepulchre, monument used as, 26 
Easton, Little (Essex), 28 note 
Eastwood, F. B., xii 
Eatenbrugge. See Edenbridge 
Ebden, , 96 
Ebley, Robert, 142 
Ede, , 94 

Robert, 86 

Thomas, 96 

Edenbridge (Eatenbrugge) (Kent), 98 

Edinburgh, collections for, 102, 103 

Edmond, John, 142 

Edmondes, Sir , 142 

Edmund the moneyer, 137 

Edward IV, squire for the body of, 26, 30 

Edwardian coins found, 139, 148 

Egham, Great Eosters, visit of the Society 

to, xv 

Eles, William, 143 
Elizabeth, Queen, coins of, 137 
( Woodville), Queen, gentlewoman to, 

26 
(of York), Queen, coronation of, 30 ; 

gentlewoman to, 26 
Ellincoe( Hants.), 104 
Ellingbridge (Elyngbrigge, Ellyngbrege), 

family arms, 37, 38, 41, 62 
Elizabeth, 32, 38, 39 ; her brass, 

3439 

Isabel, 38 

Joan, 3941, 64 

John, 3841, 64 ; his brass, 38 



Ellingbridge, Margaret, 39 

Thomas, 32, 38, 39 

3439 ; his will, 39 



his brass, 



ELSLEY, F. H., Note by, on Recent Addi- 
tions to the Museum, 150 
Empson, Charles, collection for, 103 
Enamel in monumental brasses, 26, 28 
Emsham (Oxon.), collection for, 103 
Esher, St. George's Church, Mr. Floyer's 

History of, 156 
Essex, passengers from, 105. See also 

Colchester ; Easton, Little ; Harlow ; 

Harwich ; and Roy don 
Essex, Earl and Countess of, brass to, 28 

note 

Ethelred II, coin of, 137 
Evans, H. A., his Castles of England and 

Wales, 155 

Evyngar, Andrew, his brass, 37 note 
Ewell, finds of coins at, Note on, by MILL 

STEPHENSON, 135139 
Garbrand Hall, Note on Discoveries 

at, by H. E. MALDEN, 148 

a " Memoriale " of, 156 

mill-house, 137 

skirmish at (1648), 148 

volunteers, badge of, 138 

Ewhurst, deeds relating to, 152 
Exchequer, The, Dr. Poole's work on, 1 53 
baron of the, brass of, 6 



Fairbank, Dr. F. R., his Churches of 
Wotton, Abinger and Oakwood, 159, 
160 

Fairbrother, Miss E. H.. transcripts by, 
141 

Falmouth (Cornwall), passengers to, 106 

Farley, Thomas, 142 

Farthing Downs tumuli, 140 

Faustina, coin of, 136 

Fellowes, Edward, 113115 

Sir John, his monument, 113, 114 

Fellowes Charity, The, Carshalton. 113 
115 

Ferby, Andrew, 31 

Margaret, 31 

Fetcham church : architecture, 126 ; win- 
dow, 128 

ffoulkes, C., his Armourer and his Craft, 
156 

Finch (Fynch), John, 104 

parish clerk, Carshalton, 110 

Thomas, churchwarden of Carshalton, 

112 

William, parish clerk, Carshalton, 110 

Fireplace, The English, Mr. L. A. Shuf- 
frey's work on, 156 

Stoke d'Abernon church, 129 

131 



INDEX. 



167 



Fires, Church collections made after, 101, 

103, 104 

Fishing of Moulsey back river, 143 
Fitz William, Sir William, 141 
Flemish brasses. See Brasses 
Flints found at Dorking and Betchworth, 

149, 150 
Floyer, Rev. J. K., his History of St. 

George's, Esher, 156 
Fonts. See Porches and Fonts; and 

Stoke d'Abernon 
Ford Lectures (1911), 153 
FOSBERY, Miss HILDA, Notes from a Car- 

shalton Vestry Book, by, 100120 
Foster, Elizabeth, her brass, 1417 

William, 1417 

Freeland, John, 144 

French, John, 144 

French attack on Teignmouth, 100 

Protestants, Church collection for, 

101 
Fromond (Fromoundes) family arms, 43, 

44, 61, 62. 64 

Bartholomew, his brass, 64 

Bennet, 44 

Eleanor, 65 

Elizabeth, 64, 65 ; her brass, 60-64 

Henry, 65 

Joan, 41, 64 

John, 65 ; his brass, 43 

Nicholas, 65 

Richard, 41, 64 

Thomas, 41, 43, 44, 64, 65 ; his brass, 

6064 

William, 65 

Fyche, Dean, his brass, 37 

Fyfield family arms, 15, 16, 18, 19, 44 

Elizabeth, 20 

John, 20 

Fynch. See Finch 



G. 

Gaols, contributions to, 105 
Garbrand Hall. See under Ewell 
Gardiner, Stephen, Bishop of Winchester 

and Lingfield College, 82 
Gardner, Arthur, his Medieval Figure 

Sculpture, 156 

Dr. Eric, x, 150, 155 

Gardyner, T., 146 

Gatton, M.P. for, 48 

Gaunt, John of, his Register, 154 

Gaynesford family arms, 29, 32, 34, 36 

38, 42, 43 

,97 

Elizabeth, 32, 84-39 

Joan, 31 ; her brass, 37 note, 42 

John, 30, 31, 42, 43 

Margaret, 27 note, 3032 ; her will, 

31 



Gaynesford, Nicholas, 27 note, 30, 31, 43 ; 
his brass, 2630 ; his will, 30 

Robert, 30, 31 ; his wife, 31 

Thomas, 33 

Walter, 30-32 ; his brass, 32-34 

Gennyn. See Jennings 

Gilbert (Gylbert), Widow, 109 

Thomas, 142 

Glanvill family arms, 73 

William, his brass, 73 

Glastonbury (Somerset) Abbey, excava- 
tions at, 155 

Gloucestershire. See Bristol, Dursley, 
Upton and Walesworth 

Godalming, deeds relating to, 152 

Godrek, Mr., 95, 96 

Godstone, 97, 98 

Goschen. Charles, 111 

Gowen, Robert, 107 

Gran tarn, Edward, 10 

Grantham, Sir William, his death, xi 

Grantley, Lord, his gift of deeds to the 
Society, x, 151 

Gratian, coin of, 137 

Gresham, Elizabeth, her brass, 25 

Sir Thomas, 25 

Grey, Sir Anthony, his brass, 28 note 

Grove, Robert, 142 

Grymes, Thomas, 146 

Guildford Castle, Notes upon, 155 

Guildford charters, 153 

corporation plate, xii 

deeds relating to, 152 

old houses in, x 

inquisition taken at, 141 

mavor of, ix 

M.P. for, 30 

Museum. See under Surrey Archaeo- 
logical Society 

road to, 145 

St. Mary's Church, window, 128 

meeting of the Society at, ix 

visit of the Society to, ix 

Sec also Blackheath 

Gunpowder works, Carshalton, 118 

Gwyford, collection for, 102 

Gylbert. See Gilbert 



H. 



Hackbridge, railway from, 151 

Hadrian, coin of, 138 

Haley (Devon), 104 

Hamburg, passengers from, 105 

Hamen, Mr., Ill 

Haraond, Daniel, 119 

Sir William, churchwarden of Car- 
shalton, 116 

Hampshire. See Broadbridge, Cliddesden, 
Ellincoe, Hordle, Reston, Southampton, 
and Warnborough, South 



168 



INDEX. 



Hampton Court (Middlesex), 97 

Harbort, Mr., ,111 

Harleian Society's publications, 154 

Harlow (Essex), 102 

Harris, Mrs, 109 

Harrison, John, churchwarden of Carshal- 
ton, 112 

Harvy, Robert, 103 

Harwich ( Essex), 105 

Haslemere, local secretary for, 156 

Haslemere, Bygone, notice of, 156 

Haughley (Suffolk), 102 

Hawkins, Robert, 111, 119 

churchwarden of Carshalton, 112 

Heavitree (Devon), 102 

Heith (Hey the), William, his brass, 71 ; 
his will, 71 

Henderson, Mr. A. D., 135 ; his grand- 
father, 135 

Henley, William, churhwarden of Carshal- 
ton, 107 

Henlow, Michael, 146 

Henry III, coin of, 137 

Henry VII, coin of, 139 ; solicitor to, 10 ; 
squire for the body of, 26, 30 

Henry VIII, page of the jewel office to, 20 

Herne, William, 144 

Herringman, John, 105, 111 

' churchwarden of Carshalton, 112 

Hertfordshire. See Norton and St. Albans 

Heydon, Michael, surveyor, 145 

Hey wood, Richard, 144 

Hickson, Nicholas, 108, 119 

Thomas, his widow, 111 

Higgs, Messrs., builders, 122, 126 note 

Highways. See Roads 

Hippopotamus remains at Coulsdon, 139 

Historical MSS. Commission report on 
Stewart Papers, 154 

History, the modern development of, 157, 
158 

Hodgson, Mr. C. D., 150 

Hoke, Thomas, 142 

Hollier, William, vicar of Carshalton, 
110112 

Holt (Norfolk), 102 

Holten, Mr., Ill 

Hone, N., his work on the Manor, 153 

Hope, Mr. St. John, 125 note 

Hordle, (Hauts.), 12 note 

Horley, An ecclesiastical Quarrel at, Note 
of, by THEODORE CEAIB, 134 

vicar of, 134 

Horniman Museum, gift to, 139 

Horsham (Sussex), 24 

Horsley, West, Enclosure Award, 151 

manor, terrier of, 151 

Horton, Edward, 106 ; his wife and daugh- 
ter, 106 

Sarah, 106, 107 

Hospitals, Church contributions to, etc., 
105107 



Houlditch, Richard, 105 
Humfrey, Andrew, 93, 94 

William, 86 

Hungate family arms, 45, 47 

Alice, 4446, 48 

John, 44, 45, 48 

Hunt, Thomas, 146 
Huntingdonshire. See Alconbury 
Huntley, Humphrey, 70 
Hussee, Anthony, 49 

Katherine, 49 

Laurence, 49 

Hylle, John, vicar of Carshalton, 42 
Hylman, John, 10 



Industries. See under Surrey 
Inns in Surrey, article on, 157 
Ireland, passengers from, 105, 106. See 

also Lisburn 

George, parish clerk, Carshalton, 110 

Irish Protestants, Church collection for, 

100 
Iron- works, Carshalton, 151 



J. 



Jacobean architecture, notice of works on, 

155 

Jadbe, John, 99 
James I, bust of, on token, 137 
Jamys, Isabel, 38 
Nicholas, Lord Mayor of London, 

38 

Javington? (Sussex), 104 
Jeale, Elizabeth, 48 

Nicholas, his brass, 48 

Jenes, Anne, 17 

Jenkinson, Hilary, E.S.A., re-elected 

Hon. Secretary, xi 
, , Note by, on Old Houses on 

Clapham Common, 147 
Jennings (Gennyn) family arms, 78 

Margaret, her brass, 77, 78 

Thomas, his brass, 77, 78 

Jewels. See Yorkist collar 

Johnson, Walter, his Byways in British 

Archeology ', 156 ; his Wimbledon Com- 
mon, 156 
JOHNSTON, P. M., F.S.A., F.R.I.B.A., 

Stoke D'Abernon Church : Some recent 

Discoveries, by, 121133 
Note by, on Roman pot found at 

Camberwell, 149 
describes Chertsey and Thorpe 

churches, xv 
Jordan, Elizabeth, 48 

Katherine, 49 

William, his brass, 49 



INDEX. 



169 



K. 



Keith, Professor, 148 

Keleatt (Kellet) family arms, 21 

Margaret, 20 

Matthew, 20 

Kent, passengers from, 105 ; see also 
Brenchley, Chatham, Deal, Dover, Eden- 
bridge, Lamberhurst, Lesnes Abbey, 
Northfleet, Rochester, Southfleet and 
Woolwich 

Killick, , Goody, 109 

William, 119 

Kingesbridge. See Pirford Bridge 

Kingston, way to Lambeth from, 146 

Kirby (Cheshire), 103 

Kirton (Kyrton), John, 3032 

Margaret, 32 

Kirton in Lindsey (Lines.), 103 

Knightley, Sarah, 25 

William, 25 



L. 



Laing, Rev. C. E., excavations by, 155 

Lamberhurst (Kent), 97 

LAMBERT, H., Note by, on human remains 
found at Banstead, 147 

his History of Banstead, 157, 158 

Lambeth, bridge in, repair of, 146 

Fawxehall in, 146 

landholders, 146 

way to Kingston from, 146 

Latham, Lindley, his Ancient Churches 
round Cray don, 156 

Lancashire. See Ashton on Mersey, Liver- 
pool, St. Helen's and Wigan 

Lancaster, 101 

Lawrence, John, 143 

Leak, Arthur, 143 

Lee, Thomas, 143 

Leigh family arms, 5 

Agnes, 5 

Alice, 5 

Anne, 80 

Jenkin, 5 

Malin, 79, 80 

Nicholas, 79, 80 ; see also Alygh 

Lesnes Abbey (Kent), excavations at, 155 

" Letters of Request," Carshalton, 103 

Leveson-Gower, Mr. Charles, 151 

Mr. G. W., 151 

Libel case, Court of Arches, 81, 8385 

Limpsfield church bells, 137 

Lincoln, Edward, Earl of, 145 

see : arms, 63 

Lincolnshire. See Bardney, Kirton-in- 
Lindsey, Market Rasen and Northcott 

Lingfield" College, by THEODORE CRAIB, 
8199 

church, windows, 99 



Lingfield College, curate of, 82. See also 
Barton, Henry, and Thomowe, Dionis 

dissolution, 81, 86 

injunctions of the Bishop of 

Winchester, 8183 

inventories of goods of, 81, 82, 

Master of. See Culpeper, Dr. 

Edward 

sale of goods of, 82, 9396 

parsonage, 99 

Lisburn (Ireland), 102 

Liverpool (Lanes.), 105 

Livesey's cavalry, 148 

Livett, Rev. G. M., F.S.A., 125 note 

Llanvilling, 102 

Loker (Looker), Anne, 72 

Elizabeth, 72 

Frances, 72 

Olive, 72 

William, his brass, 71, 72 

London, 97 

churches and parishes : All Hallows' 

Barking, 37 note ; St. Giles in the Fields, 
101 ; St. John, Wapping, 101 ; St. Mar- 
garet Moses, register of, 140 

coins struck in, 137 139 

County Council, Surrey property of, 

139 

Lord Mayor of, 38 

places: the Charterhouse, visit of the 

Society to, ix ; Derby Court (West- 
minster), 101 ; Drury Lane, 101 ; Love 
Lane, 137 ; Three Kings Court, 100 

town clerk of, 20 

Longebridge. See Pirford bridge 

Lording, Thomas, 111, 112 

Loseley MSS., transcripts of, 8199, 134 

Lubeck, brasses at, 22 

Lucas, , solicitor to Henry VII, 10 

William, 107 

Lumley, John, Lord, builder of the Lumley 
chapel, 51 

Lutmam, John, 142 

Lyminster (Sussex), 128 

Lyntot, Henry, his brass, 24 

Lyons, coin struck at, 136 



M. 



Macaulay, T. B., school of, 147 
McDonnell, Sir Schomberg, and Surrey 

antiquities, x 
Machyn, Anthony, 143 
MALDEN, H. E., Note by, on a Cinerary 

Urn, etc., found at Dorking and Betch- 

worth, 149 

Notes by, 134 

his paper on Cardigan Priory, 154 

describes Chertsey Abbey remains, xv 

Marcus Aurelius, coin of, 136 



170 



INDEX. 



Margaret, St., embroidered image of, 90 
Market Rasen (Lines.), 102 
Marriage of clergy, 83 

twice solemnized, 20 

Marston, North. (Bucks.), 101 

Mary, the Virgin, in brasses, 37. See also 

Assumption 

Marshall, John, and his wife, 107 
Massey, Richard, 71, 72 
Massingham, Great (Norfolk), 103 
Mead, Mr. John, 111 
Merchant's mark, 56 
Meres, Edmund, 143 
Merstham church, brass in, 38 ; piscina, 

138 
MicMeham Records, by Samuel Wood, 

157 

Middlesex. See Hampton Court and Shad- 
well, 

Mildenhall (Suffolk), 101 
Military Architecture, works on, 155 
Milken, Harry, 126 note 
Mills, John, churchwarden of Carshalton, 

111 

Milton Park, visit of the Society to, xv 
Minehead (Somerset), 101 
Minet Public Library catalogue, 157 
Minshull (Cheshire), 103 
Mitcham, sessions at, 119 

visitation at, 103 

Mittan, 102 

Montgomeryshire. See Newtown. 
Monumental Brasses. See Brasses 
Moodie, J. M., Note on Animal Remains 

and Saxon Burials found near Coulsdon 

by, 139 

More, Christopher, 141 
Moresby family arms, 42, 43 

Joan, 31, 42 

Reginald, 31, 42 

Morgan, , 94 

Morgan's Lane. See under Southwark 

Moris, Mr. John, 111 

Morphew, Stephen, 119 

Mortar, Roman, at Stoke d'Abernon 

church, 121, 123, 125, 126, 129 
Moreton, South (Berks.), collection for, 

101 
Morton, Cardinal, gentleman usher to, 34, 

38 
Moulsey back river, survey of, 142, 143 

King's Ford, 143 

Matham manor, 143 

place names, 143 

Mountague, Lord, 145 
Moyle, John, 30 

Margaret, 31 

Munter, Joris de, brass of, 22 
Muschamp family arms, 23 

Elizabeth, 22, 23 

Francis, 22, 23 

Thomas, his brass, 1, 22, 23 



Museums, paper by Lord Sudely on the 
utility of, 155 ; see also Surrey Archaeo- 
logical Society 

Mynne. Elizabeth, 64 

Nicholas, 64 



N. 



Nayler, Elizabeth, 22, 23 

Thomas, 22, 23 

Needier family, Note on, by A. RIDLEY 
BAX, 140 

Benjamin, 140 

Culverwell, 140 

Henry, 140 

Jane," 140 

Margai-et, 140 

Mary, 140 

Richard, 140 

Nelme, John, vicar of Carshalton, 101 

Nelson, Major, 133 

Neolithic remains: Banstead, 147; Betch- 
worth, 150 

Nesson (Cheshire), 106 

Nevill, Ralph, his loan to the library, xi ; 
his paper on Great Fosters, xv 

Newark priory estate, 145 

Newbury (Berks.), 101 

Newlands Corner, yew at, 156 

Newton (Northants.), 104 

Newtown (Montgomery), 104 

Norbury, Sir John, his tomb, 133 

Norfolk. See Holt ; Massingham, Great ; 
Rougham ; Walsham, North ; and Yar- 
mouth 

Norman Castles, Mrs. E. S. Armitage's 
work on, 155 

Northamptonshire. See Newton 

Northcott (Lines.), 104 

Northfleet (Kent), 103 

Norton (Herts.), 103 

Nursing of the poor, 108, 1C9 

Nyetimber (Sussex), Saxon hall, 128 



Oakwood Church) Dr. Fairbank's work on, 

159 

Oberbarmen, 102 
Oliver, Walter, 107 
Onslow, 4th Earl of, death of, xi 
Onslow, 5th Earl of, Vice-President of the 

Society, xi 

Orange refugees, 101 
Orford( Suffolk), 102 
Otghar, Mrs., 119 
Oxford : brass in, 80 

collection for, 103 

university : Magdalen college, 67 

Oxfordshire. * See Ensham and Thame 



INDEX. 



171 



p. 



Palatines, 102 

Palimpsests. See Brasses 

Parish Churches. See Churches 

Accounts. See Carshalton 

clerks, appointment of, 110 

Parson, Robert, 143 

"Passengers," poor, relief of by parish, 
104-106, 108, 109 

Patrick, W. T., mayor of Guildford, ix 

Peatling, Dr. A. V., 151 

Percebrigg, John, vicar of Carshalton, 34 ; 
his brass, 41 

Pews, appropriation of, 114 

Pheasant, Peter, 80 

Phippes, John, rector of Coulsdon, his 
brass, 80 

Pirates, ransom from, 103 

Pirford bridge ( Kingesbridge, Longe- 
bridge), repair of, 144, 145 

inquisition taken at, 144 

pound, 144, 145 

Plaster made of Roman bricks, 123, 125 

Pollock, A. Gordon, his additions to 
Mickleham, Records, 157 

Poole (Dorset), 105 

Poole, Dr. R. L., his Exchequer in the 
\2th century, 153 

Poor relief, Carshalton, 104109 

Pope, William, 111 

churchwarden of Carshalton, 118 

Porches and Fonts, by J. C. Wall, 155 

Posyer (Posier), Nicholas, 82, 92, 9698 

Power, Cyril E., his English Mediaeval 
Architecture, 155 

Powster, 102 

Prior, E. S., his Medieval Figure Sculp- 
ture in England, 156 

Prisoners and slaves, 103, 108 

Profanity, proclamation against, 117 

Protestants, poor. See French, Irish, Pala- 
tines 

Pryce, John, preacher, 134, 135 

Purton, Mary, 66 



Q. 

Quatremayn family brass, 12 note 



E. 



Railway. See Surrey Iron Railway 
Randolph, J. A., his article on Surrey 

Inns, 157 

Rason, Mr. John, 111 
Ratcliff, S. C., Note by, on the Society's 

Collection of Deeds, 151 
Ratford, John, his brass, 11, 13 
Rawley, Widow, 106 



Rawlins, , 111 

Record Office Publications, Notice of, 153 

Reston (Hants.), 104 

Rissely, Sir John, 31 

Roads, Carshalton, 119 

Rochester (Kent), Saxon church, 125 note 

Roffe, John, 98 

Rogers, John, 144, 145 

Roke. John, 144, 145 

Roman bricks, Fetcham church, 128 ; Stoke 

d'Abernon church, 121, 123 
Britain, works on, by J. Ward, 

F.S.A., 153 

coins found at Ewell, 135 137 

pot found at Cambenvell. Note on, 

by P. M. JOHNSTON, 149 

pottery and glass found at Ewell, 148 

urn found at Ewell. 148 

Roos. See Rose 
Roper, Lactansius, 70 

Lucy, her brass, 70 

Rose (Roos), Edward, 86, 93 
Rotherhithe church, 103 

wall, 102 

Rougham (Norfolk), 28 note 
Rous, Robert, 114,115 
Rowell, Annyes, 99 
Rowle, , 93 

Richard, 99 

Royal Historical Society's Publications, 154 
Roydon (Essex), 28 note 
Rydley, George, 86 
Rye (Sussex), 105 
Rysbrygez, John, 142 



S. 



St. Albans (Herts.), 28 note 

St. Helens (Lanes.), 103 

Salisbury (Wilts.), excavations at, 155 

Saunder"( Sander, Sanders), family arms, 

45,46 

family crest, 45, 47 

, Mr., churchwarden of Carshalton, 

107 

Agnes, her brass, 51 

Alice, 48 ; her brass, 4448 

James, his brass, 51 

Joan, her brass, 50 

John, his brass, 50 

Nicholas, his brass, 4448 

Richard, his brass, 51 

Sir Thomas, 47, 48 

William, his brass, 50 

Saxon. See Anglo-Saxon 
Scawen, Thomas, 107 

Sir William, 111, 112, 120 

Scotland. See Edinburgh and Whishaw 
Scott family arms, 7, 9, 10 

Edward, his brass, 1, 11 14 

Elizabeth, 10 



172 



INDEX. 



Scott, John, 11 ; his brass, 511 

Baron of the Exchequer, 11, 13, 

14, 141 ; his brass, 511 ; his career, 10 

Margaret, 10 

William, 10 

Scraston, Brian, 93 

Sculpture, Mediaeval Figure, in England, 
by E. S. Prior and A. Gardner, 156 

Seamen, relief to, 105, 106 

Selden Society's publications, 154 

Selham (Sussex), 128 

Send bridge to Pirford, repair of, 145 

Sermon, Mr., 100 

Sewers, Court of (1607), 146 

Shadwell (Midd.), 102 

Shaldon (Devon), 100, 103 

Shales, Mr., Ill 

Shalford Bradston, deeds relating to, 152 

Clifford, deeds relating to, 152 

Sharp, G. H., his Account of Great Booli- 
ham Church, 156 

Sharpe, Edgar, his collection of Surrey 
water colours, xi 

Shepherds, Adoration of the, on a brass, 74 

Shere, visit of the Society to, ix 

Shire Lane, collection for, 101 

Shropshire. See Broseley 

Shuffrey, L A., his The English Fire- 
place, 156 

Sidenham (Sussex), passengers to, 105 

Sidney family arms, 29 

Margaret, 26, 31 

William, 31 

Simmons, William, 106 

Singleton (Sussex), church, 126 

Sisson, Thomas, 111 

Skinner family arms, 5, 7, 10 

Agnes, 5 ; her brass, 3 5 

Elizabeth, 10, 11 ; her brass, 511 

Isabel, 23 

Joan, 5 

Michael (Mighell), 5 ; his brass, 1, 2 

Eichard, 2, 10, 11, 23 ; his brass, 35 

William, 5 ; his brass, 23 

Sleepers, stone, of the Surrey Iron Kail- 
way, 151 

Slyfelde, John, 144, 145 

Smallpeice, F. F., presides at 57th annual 
general meeting, ix 

Smiles, Miss, her gift to the Library, xi 

Smith (Smyth), Mr. J. Challenor, 47 note, 
55 

Matthew, 99 

Mr. Reginald, 149 

S. Armitage, his John of Gaunt's 

Register, 154 

Snowe, John, 142 

Soldiers, disbanded, relief of, 106 

Somerset Archaeological Society, exca- 
vations by, 155. See also Bristol 
(Redcliffe), Glastonbury, Minehead and 
Wincanton 



Southam, collection for, 102 
Southampton, passengers to, 105 
Southfieet (Kent), passengers from, 105 
Soutlnvark, M.P. for, 30 

Morgans Lane, 101, 103 

sign, the Green Dragon in, 99 

Squiers, Robert, 109 

Stacy (Stassy), , 98 

Thomas, vicar of Camberwell, his 

brass, 24 

Stackford, Robert, 143 
Staffordshire. See Wolverhampton 
Staker, , 94 

Stane Street, Hilaire Belloc's work on, 156 
Stan ton, George, 144 

William, 144 

Stassy. See Stacy 

Statham, H. 11., his work on architecture, 

155 
Stebbing, W. P. D., his Notes on Walton 

on the Hill, 157 
STEPHENSON, MILL, B.A., List of the 

Monumental Brasses in Surrey, by, 

1-80 
Note by, on finds of coins at 



Ewell, 135 139 

re-elected to Council, xii 



the 



Stevens, Henry, 111 

Steward, Edward, Vicar General of 
Bishop of Winchester, 82 

Stockton, 102 

Stoke (Stoak), collection for, 102 

Stoke d'Abernon church, Some recent Dis- 
coveries, by P. M. JOHNSTON, F.S.A., 
F.R.I.B.A., 121 133 

brass, 26 ; date, 125, 126 ; fire- 
place, 129131; font, 132; Norbury 
chapel, 121, 129, 132 ; Sir J. Norbury's 
tomb, 133; paintings, 123; piscina, 132; 
porches, 128, 130; repairs, 121; rector, 
122, 128, 133; restoration, 125, 129, 130 

Storm of 1703, 115 

Stradder, Richard, 143 

Stratford Stony (Bucks.), 103 

Stuart Papers, Report on, 154 

Stydalf, Thomas, 141 

Style, Arthur, J., re-elected to Council, xii 

John, 144 

Sudeley, Lord, his paper on the utility of 
public museums, 155 

Suffolk, passengers from and to, 105 ; and 
see Haughley and Mildenhall 

Sunningdale, urn found at, 150 

Surgeons, Royal College of, museum of, 
148 

Surrey Archaeological Society, 57th Annual 
General Meeting of, ix xii : accounts, 
xiii, xiv : annual excursion in 1911, ix : 
do. in 1912, xv : Collections, general 
index, ix, xii : collection of deeds, x, 
Note on, by S. C. RATCLIFF, 151 : 
and the preservation of antiquities, x 



INDEX. 



173 



Surrey Archaeological Society Museum, 
recent additions to, xi, 150, 151; gifts 
to, x, 149, 151 ; proposed gift to, 139; 
its opening, xi ; rules for, xii 

bibliography, Notes on, 157 [141 

Bridges and Waterways, Notes on, 

in the Cambridge Comity Geogra- 
phies, 160 

Surrey churches, paintings of, xi 
County Council : committee for pre- 
servation of antiquities, x 

crown lands, surveyors of, 142 146 

industries: copper mills, 111, 115; 

gunpowder works, 118 ; iron works, 151 

Inns, article on, 157 

Iron Kailway Company, 151 

M.P. for, 30, 48 

Record Society's publications, 154 

(and Sussex) sheriffs. 10, 30, 48 

topography, works on, 156 

Victoria County History of, 153 

Sussex Record Society's publications, 154 

Roman pot found in, 149 

sheriffs of. See Surrey (and Sussex) 

sheriffs ; and see Ardingly, Bolney, 
Bosham, Crowhurst, Horsham, Javing- 
ton, Lyminster, Nyetimber, Rye, Selham, 
Sidenham and Singleton 
Sutton, , Mr., 145 

James, 76 ; his brass, 77 

Maud, her brass, 77 



T. 



Tableer, William, his brass, 72 

Tayeller, Andry, 98 

Tavlour, Thomas, 142 

Tegge (Tegg), Thomas, 115, 119 

churchwarden of Carshalton, 112 

Teignmouth (Devon), 100, 103 
Temple, the Inner, 10 
Tetricus I, coin of, 138 
Thame (Oxon.), 12 note 
Thanksgivings, bell-ringing on, 117 
Thirsk (Yorks.), 101, 103 
Thomowe, Dionis, curate of Lingfield, 82, 
Thompson, , his children, 107 [98 
A. Hamilton, his work on Military 

Architecture, 155 ; on Parish Churches, 
Thomson, Henry, 142 [156, 161 
Matthew, chaplain, 24. See also 

Thomson 

Thorpe church, visit of the Society to, xv 
Tiles found at Ewell, 148 ; Stoke d 'Aber- 

non, 133 
Titsey, beaker found at, 150 

Roman villa, excavations at, 151 

Token, farthing, of London, 137 

Tomson, Jane, 67 

Lawrence, 67, 68 ; his brass, 67, 68. 

See also Thompson 



Topography. See under Surrey 

Torrington (Devon), 102 

Trades and occupations : ambassador, 49 ; 
brewer, 94 ; clerk of the wardrobe, 65, 
66 ; gentleman usher, 34, 38 ; Master in 
Chancery, 49 ; miller, 99 ; page of the 
jewel office, 20 ; Remembrancer of the 
Exchequer, 46, 48 ; sergeant of the wine 
cellar, 65, 66 ; squire for the royal body, 
26, 30 ; town clerk, 20 

Trading Companies, charters of, ed. by 
C. T. Carr, 154 

Travellers. See Passengers 

Tremayle, William, 142 

Treves, coins struck at, 136, 137 

Trinity, The. figures of, 61, 62 

Trophy money, 118 

Turner, , 97 

Mr., of Dorking, 149 

F., his paper on Great Fosters, xv 

John, 9499 

Twisden, Mr., 114 

Twopenny, William, drawings by, 129, 
130, 133 



U. 



Underhild, John, 91 

Underbill, , 94 

Upton ( Glos.), 103 

Urns. See Cinerary Urns 

Urswick family arms, 15, 16, 18, 19, 44 

Usington (Devon), 160 



V. 



Valens, coin of, 137 

Valentinian I, coins of, 136, 137 

Valentinian II, coin of, 136 

Vaux, Rev. G. B., rector of Carshalton, 41 

Vauxhall (Fawxehall, Foxhall). See 
under Lambeth 

Bridge, 119 

Vespasian, coin of, 135 

Vestments. See Church goods and Cos- 
tume, ecclesiastical 

Victoria County History of Surrey, com- 
pletion of, 153 

Victorinus, coin of, 136 

Virgin Mary. See Mary 

Virginia, shipwrecked passengers from, 105 

Volunteers' badge, 137 



W. 

Walesworth (Glos.), 103 

Wall, J. C., his Porches and Fonts, 155 

Waller, J. G., his brass-rubbings, 2, 12, 

34,54 
Wallington, tenements in, 118 



174 



INDEX. 



Walsham (Wallham), North (Norfolk), 
104 

Walsingham, Alice, 48 

Sir Edward, 48 

Walton (Devon), 104 

Walton-on-the-Hill, historical notes on, 157 

Walton-on-Thames manor, and Cobham 
bridge, 142 

Wandle, the alluvium of, 148 ; Mr. 
Giuseppi's paper on, 141 

Wands worth, Ancient Houses of, article 
on, 156 

Mills and Mealmen of, article on, 156 

railway from, 151 

Ward, John, F. S. A., his works on Roman- 
Britain, 153 

Warnborough, South (Hants.) 27 note, 32 

Watney, Sir John, re-elected to Council, xii 

Watson, John, 111 

Walton, Robert, his brass, 12 note 

Webster, Messrs., photographers, 147 

Welbeck family arms, 23 

Wells, John, churchwarden of Carshalton, 
116 

Westbroke, William, 141 

Westminster, Abbot of : his Lambeth pro- 
perty, 146 

Derby Court in, 101 

Weston, Sir Richard, 141 

Westwell, 97, 98 

Wey bridge, local secretary for, x, 115 

St. George's Hill, preservation of, x, 

Whishaw (Scotland), 103 [155 

Whitby (Yorks.), 105 

White (Whyte), Margaret, 27 note, 31, 32 

Robert, 27 note, 31, 32 ; his brass, 

27 note 

Whitmore Common, urn found at, 150 

Wigan (Yorks. [*ic]), 103 

William III at Carshalton, 117 

Williams, Thomas, 111 

Willis, Mr. C. S., 138 

Mr. Henry, 148 

Wilson (Willson), John, 106, 115 

William, churchwarden of Carshal- 
ton, 116, 117 

Wiltshire. See Salisbury 

Wimbledon Common, duels on, article on, 
156 



Wimbledon Common, W. Johnson's work 
on, 156 

Wincanton (Somerset), 102 

Winchester, Bishop of. See Gardiner 

episcopal registers, publication of, 154 

Witley, Notes on, by E. A. Chandler, 156 

Wodeward, William, his brass, 59 

Wodowes, John, 142 

Wody, , 93 

John, 93 

Thomas, 95, 96 

Woking : Brookwood, 145 

\Volsey, Cardinal, enquiry into possessions 
of, 10 

Wolverhampton (Staffs.), 101 

Wonersh, deeds relating to, 152 

Wood, Robert, 143 

Samuel, his MicTtleJiam Records, 157 

Wooden, John, 98 

Woolwich Antiquarian Society, excava- 
tions by, 155 

Worcestershire. See Bewdley 

Works, Office of, and Surrey antiquities, x 

Worms, Baron G. de, entertains the So- 
ciety, xv 

Wotton Church, Dr. Fairbank's work on, 
159 

Wren, Sir Christopher, Clapham houses 
by, 147 

Wylde, Richard, 142 

Wynsloe, Thomas, 143 

Wyrley, Sir John, parson of Cheam, his 
brass, 67 



Y. 



Yarmouth, Great (Norfolk), 102, 105 
Yelverton, Judge, brass to, 28 note 
Yerde (Earde) ; family arms, 43. 44, 56, 62 

Anne, 57 ; her brass, 54 57 

Elizabeth, 6064 

John, 57, 6064 ; his brass, 5457 ; 

his will, 56, 57 

Margaret, 57 

Thomas, 57 

Yews in churchyards, 156 

Yorkist collar, 26, 27 note, 28 

Yorkshire. See Beverley, Bridlington, 

Thirsk and Whitby 



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